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Social Work

Shanti Joy Kulkarni, Amanda M Stylianou, Leila Wood
Domestic violence (DV) shelters provide safety for survivors to consider their options and heal from abuse. Unfortunately, survivors have reported negative experiences associated with shelter rule enforcement. Rules, such as curfew, decreased access to community social networks; and staff's rule enforcement may trigger survivors' past experiences with abusive control and structural racism. Rule enforcement may deter safe, trusting relationships between staff and residents. Statewide DV coalitions have been innovation leaders in shelter rules reduction efforts over the past decade...
March 4, 2019: Social Work
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2019: Social Work
Jill Theresa Messing
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive problem in the United States. IPV is often repetitive and may escalate; in a small number of cases, IPV leads to homicide. This article presents an evidence-based practice (EBP) model for risk-informed social work intervention with survivors and perpetrators of IPV. The EBP model combines the best available research evidence, practitioner expertise, and client self-determination to determine the most appropriate intervention. IPV risk assessment instruments provide the best available evidence of future reassault, severe reassault, or homicide...
February 7, 2019: Social Work
Noelle M St Vil, Christopher St Vil, Colita Nichols Fairfax
African American marriages and relationships have strived to model the white patriarchal nuclear family model, but the experiences of slavery and contemporary structural racism have prevented the attainment of this model. Posttraumatic slave syndrome offers a framework that allows social workers to place African American experiences within a trauma-informed perspective and think about their implication for trauma-specific interventions. This article provides a brief overview of the traumatic experiences of African Americans as they relate to African American relationships, integrates the historical experiences of African Americans into a trauma-informed perspective to help social workers recognize the manifestations of trauma in African American relationships, and discusses implications for trauma-specific interventions to strengthen African American relationships...
February 4, 2019: Social Work
Ashley Nicole Prowell
Since the 1970s, the construct of resilience has become detached from its original context of trauma and reassembled as a normative behavior, patterned after society's dominant class. A decade after becoming a focus of academic attention, resilience began to influence the advocacy community through the strengths-based approach commonly used by social workers. While many continue to use resilience within the context of trauma, mainstream society has marketed a new construct of resilience with dangerous, underlying assumptions...
February 4, 2019: Social Work
David S Byers, Janet R Shapiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2019: Social Work
Abigael G Lucas, Edward C Chang, Mingqi Li, Olivia D Chang, Jameson K Hirsch
The present study was designed to examine the extent to which perfectionism and social problem solving add to the prediction model of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), independent of suicide risk, in a sample of 386 ethnoracially diverse college students. Moreover, the authors were interested in whether social problem solving, beyond perfectionism, would account for additional variance in their prediction model. Results indicated that social problem solving did account for significant variance in the prediction model of NSSI, above and beyond perfectionism...
February 4, 2019: Social Work
Lynne Briggs, Patricia Fronek
This article explores the relevance of demoralization to social work research and practice. Demoralization connects to the very core of being human. It is present in social work client groups and is an important but neglected concept in social work. Demoralization occurs when life becomes so overwhelming that daily functioning is affected and people lose all hope, agency, and the capacity to overcome their circumstances. Although a demoralized state is not recognized as a mental illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, it is often confused with psychiatric disorders and its presence can lead to clinical conditions and suicide...
January 31, 2019: Social Work
Trupti Rao, Elizabeth Reiman, Ashley Ausikaitis
Children with developmental disabilities are overrepresented in the child welfare system. Although caseworkers play a key role in ensuring that the special needs of these children are met, little is known regarding caseworkers' knowledge about, exposure to, and comfort with people with developmental disabilities. In this exploratory study, through use of an online anonymous survey, local county caseworkers (N = 251) were asked to self-rate their knowledge, exposure, and comfort levels. Findings indicated caseworker agreement regarding the relevance of having knowledge and training about this population within the child welfare system...
January 31, 2019: Social Work
Meripa T Godinet, Halaevalu O Vakalahi, Noreen Mokuau
The Pacific Islander American racial group is smaller in terms of numbers relative to other racial groups and yet one of the fastest-growing in the United States. The complexity of their lives exceeds the implications of such small numbers, yet it reflects the contribution of their transnational ties and relationships in the Pacific and increasing multiple cultural identities as Pacific Islander Americans. Although this identity provides potential opportunities, challenges and struggles in navigating dual cultures and systems is a reality...
January 31, 2019: Social Work
Allen Rubin, Danielle E Parrish, Christina E Miyawaki
The efficacy of reminiscence and life review (LR) therapy in alleviating depression among older adults is well established. However, providers in nonresearch settings might implement these interventions inadequately, and such settings rarely can evaluate their outcomes using control groups. Alternatively, evaluators in such settings can calculate a within-group effect size and then compare it with average within-group effect size benchmarks derived from the randomized clinical trials (RCTs) supporting the intervention's effectiveness...
November 14, 2018: Social Work
Tricia B Bent-Goodley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2018: Social Work
Michael E Woolley, Geoffrey L Greif
For a mother-in-law (MIL) and daughter-in-law (DIL), the benefits of maintaining a close relationship weave through other central family relationships. Those relationship triangles start with one's son, who is the other's husband, and echo through the raising of any grandchildren from the marriage. The current study examined the factors that related to MIL reports of having a close relationship with her DIL. Using survey data gathered from 267 MILs authors report on a regression model that included six factors that predicted closeness...
November 5, 2018: Social Work
L Christian Carr, Patrick Leung, Monit Cheung
The 2018 proposed Family First Prevention Services Act suggests a change in the funding formula of Title IV-E of the Social Security Act-from entitlement to block grants. This study aimed to support the continuation of entitlement support based on the evidence that Title IV-E educational programs are effective in improving retention after the workers have obtained an MSW degree. Using a multigroup, multiple regression approach, this study analyzed secondary data collected from an e-survey sent to public child welfare (PCW) workers in a southern state...
November 5, 2018: Social Work
Edward C Chang, Olivia D Chang, Abigael G Lucas, Mingqi Li, Collin B Beavan, Rachel S Eisner, Brianna M McManamon, Natalie S Rodriguez, Olivia M Katamanin, Eliza C Bourke, Amaia de la Fuente, Olga CardeƱoso, Kaidi Wu, Elizabeth A Yu, Elizabeth L Jeglic, Jameson K Hirsch
This study tested a psychosocial model of suicide risk in a sample of 156 Latino college students. Specifically, depression and loneliness were hypothesized to be important predictors of suicide risk (namely, hopelessness and suicidal behaviors) in Latino students. Results of conducting regression analyses indicated that, independent of age and gender, depression and loneliness were significant predictors of both indices of suicide risk examined in the present study. It is noteworthy that within the psychosocial predictor set of depression and loneliness, depression was consistently found to be nearly twice as strong a predictor than was loneliness...
November 5, 2018: Social Work
Nicole Gail Willis, Veronica Molina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2018: Social Work
Susan Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2018: Social Work
Danielle R Adams
In recent years, community-academic partnerships (CAPs) have gained traction in academia as a method for bridging the research-to-practice gap and reducing health disparities for marginalized populations. The field of social work may be well poised to enhance its ability to engage in partnerships and research around partnerships given its emphasis on conducting practice research and its historical roots in boundary spanning. In this article, the author begins by defining collaborative partnerships between academics and community stakeholders and then states specific advantages and challenges to collaborative partnerships in the field of social work...
October 26, 2018: Social Work
Richard Hoefer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2018: Social Work
Eunjung Lee, A Ka Tat Tsang, Marion Bogo, Marjorie Johnstone, Jessica Herschman, Monique Ryan
Epistemic injustice occurs when therapists implicitly and explicitly impose professional and institutional power onto clients. When clients have a diagnosis of schizophrenia, this very fact further complicates and highlights the power disparity within the helping relationship. Inspired by the work of critical philosopher Miranda Fricker on epistemic injustice, and using critical theories of language and knowledge, this article analyzes audiotaped session transcripts between a client with a history of psychosis and a social worker in an outpatient mental health agency...
October 26, 2018: Social Work
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