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Bulletin of Entomological Research

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30971323/cooperation-of-enzymes-involved-in-carbohydrate-digestion-of-colorado-potato-beetle-leptinotarsa-decemlineata-say
#1
E Szilágyi, C Hámori, P Bíró-Molnár, L Kandra, J Remenyik, G Gyémánt
Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Say) is the main pest of Solanaceae and its survival is mainly dependent on the carbohydrate digestion. Characterizing the gut enzymes may help us with finding effective inhibitors for plant protection. Activity measurements revealed that gut extracts contain α- and β-glucosidase in addition to α-amylase. For larvae, amylase activity was detected only in gut saturated with nutrients. Leptinotarsa decemlineata α-amylase (LDAmy) had optimum pH of 6.0 and was active under 30-40°C temperature measured on a selective α-amylase substrate, 2-chloro-4-nitrophenyl-4-O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-maltoside...
April 11, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30968805/production-of-alarm-pheromone-starts-at-embryo-stage-and-is-modulated-by-rearing-conditions-and-farnesyl-diphosphate-synthase-genes-in-the-bird-cherry-oat-aphid-rhopalosiphum-padi
#2
C-X Sun, Z-X Li
The major component of aphid alarm pheromone is (E)-β-farnesene (EβF), but the molecular mechanisms of EβF synthesis are poorly understood. Here we established a biological model to study the modulation of EβF synthesis in the bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi by using quantitative polymerase chain reaction, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and RNA interference. Our results showed that the rearing conditions significantly affected the weight of adult and modulated EβF synthesis in a transgenerational manner...
April 10, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30968801/-bottom-up-effects-in-a-tritrophic-plant-aphid-parasitoid-system-why-being-the-perfect-host-can-have-its-disadvantages
#3
M Mehrparvar, A Rajaei, M Rokni, A Balog, H D Loxdale
In this study the host plant genotype effect on cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae (L.)(Hemiptera: Aphididae) preference and performance, the effect of aphid genotype on parasitoids performance, as well as the indirect effects of plant genotypes on aphid parasitoid performance, were tested using different population samples of the aphid and its primary endoparasitoid wasp, Diaeretiella rapae (M'Intosh) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Experiments were run as fully-factorial randomized block design in a greenhouse...
April 10, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30968799/foraging-behavior-of-aphidius-matricariae-hymenoptera-braconidae-on-tobacco-aphid-myzus-persicae-nicotianae-hemiptera-aphididae
#4
M Rezaei, A A Talebi, Y Fathipour, J Karimzadeh, M Mehrabadi
The aim of this study was to investigate the foraging behavior of Aphidius matricariae (Haliday) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) as a biological control agent of Myzus persicae nicotianae Blackman (Hemiptera: Aphididae), a key and cosmopolitan pest of tobacco fields. To achieve a strategy for the control of this pest and a mass-rearing program of the parasitoid, host stage preference, switching, functional response, and mutual interference of A. matricariae were investigated at 25 ± 1°C, 70 ± 5% RH and 16:8 h L:D photoperiod...
April 10, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30968794/species-composition-diversity-and-the-abundance-of-arthropods-inhabiting-burrows-of-the-common-hamster-cricetus-cricetus-l
#5
P Celebias, A Melke, D J Gwiazdowicz, M Przewoźny, K Komosiński, E Baraniak, K Winnicka, I Melosik, J Ziomek
The is insufficient knowledge of arthropod communities occurring in specific microhabitats. In this study, we characterize the arthropod assemblages inhabiting burrows of the common hamster (Cricetus cricetus L.) and factors that determine their diversity and abundance. We tested the following hypotheses: (1) arthropod assemblages are associated with a particular dominant vegetation occurring in the vicinity of burrows; (2) a correlation exists between fine-scale geographic distances among burrows and assemblage dissimilarity; and (3) the type of trap influences the sampling success of captured arthropods...
April 10, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30968790/patterns-and-drivers-of-genetic-diversity-and-structure-in-the-biological-control-parasitoid-habrobracon-hebetor-in-niger
#6
M Garba, A Loiseau, C Tatard, L Benoit, N Gauthier
When a promising natural enemy of a key pest exists locally, it is a common practice in biological control (BC) to rear and release it for supplementary control in the targeted agroecosystem even though significant knowledge gaps concerning pre/post release may still exist. Incorporating genetic information into BC research fills some of these gaps. Habrobracon hebetor, a parasitoid of many economically important moths that infest stored and field crops worldwide is commonly used, particularly against the millet head miner (MHM), a key pest of millet in Sahelian countries...
April 10, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30968787/associated-cultivated-plants-in-tomato-cropping-systems-structure-arthropod-communities-and-increase-the-helicoverpa-armigera-regulation
#7
A G Dassou, S D Vodouhè, A Bokonon-Ganta, G Goergen, A Chailleux, A Dansi, D Carval, P Tixier
Cultivating plant mixtures is expected to provide a higher productivity and a better control of pests and diseases. The structure of the arthropod community is a major driver of the magnitude of natural pest regulations.With the aim of optimizing pest management, a study was carried out to determine the effect of the cropping system type (tomato mono-cropping vs. mixed-cropping) on the diversity and abundance of arthropods from three trophic groups (herbivores, omnivores, predators) and the abundance of Helicoverpa armigera...
April 10, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30968784/the-diagnostic-utility-of-sequence-based-assays-for-the-molecular-delimitation-of-the-epidemiologically-relevant-culex-pipiens-pipiens-taxa-diptera-culicidae
#8
L Francuski, N Gojković, B Krtinić, V Milankov
The northern house mosquito (Culex pipiens pipiens L.) is a vector of several important pathogens and comprises two epidemiologically distinct ecotypes (molestus Forskål and pipiens). The delimitation of its ecotypes is a crucial, yet controversial step in vector surveillance due to varying diagnostic values of different characters. Therefore, we reviewed the success of a diagnostic assay based on the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I locus (COI) by analyzing previously published sequences of molestus and pipiens sampled in different geographical areas...
April 10, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30968782/pest-kill-rate-as-aggregate-evaluation-criterion-to-rank-biological-control-agents-a-case-study-with-neotropical-predators-of-tuta-absoluta-on-tomato
#9
J C van Lenteren, V H P Bueno, G Burgio, A Lanzoni, F C Montes, D B Silva, P W de Jong, L Hemerik
Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), a key pest of tomato, is quickly spreading over the world and biological control is considered as one of the control options. Worldwide more than 160 species of natural enemies are associated with this pest, and an important challenge is to quickly find an effective biocontrol agent from this pool of candidate species. Evaluation criteria for control agents are presented, with the advantages they offer for separating potentially useful natural enemies from less promising ones. Next, an aggregate parameter for ranking agents is proposed: the pest kill rate km...
April 10, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30806341/effect-of-fruit-and-host-fly-species-on-the-associative-learning-by-fopius-arisanus
#10
A Monsia, G S B Mègnigbèto, D Gnanvossou, M F Karlsson
Parasitoids, released in augmentative biological control programmes, which display a rapid host-location capacity, have a higher likelihood of successfully controlling target pest species. By learning to associate sensory cues to a suitable oviposition site, might parasitoids used as biological control agents, locate hosts more rapidly, and perhaps increase the efficacity of e.g. Tephritidae fruit fly management. We studied associative learning of Fopius arisanus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and tested its range of learning in natural and conditional hosts and host fruits, i...
February 26, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30806338/the-symbiotic-complex-of-dendroctonus-simplex-implications-in-the-beetle-attack-and-its-life-cycle
#11
A-A Durand, P Constant, E Déziel, C Guertin
The eastern larch beetle (Dendroctonus simplex Le Conte) is recognized as a serious destructive forest pest in the upper part of North America. Under epidemic conditions, this beetle can attack healthy trees, causing severe damages to larch stands. Dendroctonus species are considered as holobionts, as they engage in multipartite interactions with microorganisms, such as bacteria, filamentous fungi, and yeasts, which are implicated in physiological processes of the insect, such as nutrition. They also play a key role in the beetle's attack, as they are responsible for the detoxification of the subcortical environment and weaken the tree's defense mechanisms...
February 26, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30789108/latrophilin-mediates-insecticides-susceptibility-and-fecundity-through-two-carboxylesterases-esterase4-and-esterase6-in-tribolium-castaneum
#12
L Wei, S Gao, W Xiong, J Liu, J Mao, Y Lu, X Song, B Li
Latrophilin (LPH) is known as an adhesion G-protein-coupled receptor which involved in multiple physiological processes in organisms. Previous studies showed that lph not only involved the susceptibility to anticholinesterase insecticides but also affected fecundity in Tribolium castaneum. However, its regulatory mechanisms in these biological processes are still not clear. Here, we identified two potential downstream carboxylesterase (cce) genes of Tclph, esterase4 and esterase6, and further characterized their interactions with Tclph...
February 21, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744707/old-residents-and-new-arrivals-of-rhagoletis-species-in-europe
#13
A A Augustinos, C A Moraiti, E Drosopoulou, I Kounatidis, P Mavragani-Tsipidou, K Bourtzis, N T Papadopoulos
The genus Rhagoletis (Diptera: Tephritidae) comprises more than 65 species distributed throughout Europe, Asia and America, including many species of high economic importance. Currently, there are three Rhagoletis species that infest fruits and nuts in Europe. The European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi (may have invaded Europe a long time ago from the Caucasian area of West Asia), and two invasive species (recently introduced from North America): the eastern American cherry fruit fly, R. cingulata, and the walnut husk fly, R...
February 12, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732661/volatiles-mediate-host-selection-in-the-corn-hoppers-dalbulus-maidis-hemiptera-cicadellidae-and-peregrinus-maidis-hemiptera-delphacidae
#14
M V Coll Aráoz, V G Jacobi, P C Fernandez, E Luft Albarracin, E G Virla, J G Hill, C A N Catalán
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released by plants are generally involved in host recognition and host selection for many phytophagous insects. However, for leafhoppers and planthoppers, host recognition is mainly thought to involve a phototactic response, but it is not clear if a host plant could be selected based on the volatile cues it emits. In this study we evaluated olfactory responses in dual choice tests of two Hemiptera species, Dalbulus maidis (De Long) (Cicadellidae) and Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) (Delphacidae), vectors of maize-stunting diseases, to three maize (Zea mays L...
February 8, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724141/genetic-structure-and-range-expansion-of-zeugodacus-cucurbitae-diptera-tephritidae-in-africa
#15
H Delatte, M De Meyer, M Virgilio
Hypotheses about the worldwide colonization routes of the melon fly, Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae), are mainly based on sparse historical records. Here we aim at reconstructing the colonization history of the African continent based on an improved description of the population structure of Z. cucurbitae and approximate Bayesian analyses. Individuals of Z. cucurbitae were sampled in 17 localities from East, West and Central Africa and genotyped at 19 microsatellite markers. Bayesian analyses showed intracontinental population structuring with populations from Uganda diverging from those of Tanzania and populations from Burundi and Kenya showing traces of admixture with West African samples...
February 6, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724140/novel-host-immune-evasion-strategy-of-the-endoparasitoid-drino-inconspicuoides
#16
K Yamashita, K Zhang, R T Ichiki, S Nakamura, S Furukawa
The tachinid fly Drino inconspicuoides (Diptera: Tachinidae) is an ovolarviparous endoparasitoid whose larvae develop in the host haemocoel and avoids the host immune system. In this study, we investigated the immune evasion mechanisms of this species during infestation in the host Mythimna separata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). We discovered a unique 'cloak' that surrounded D. inconspicuoides larvae that penetrated into the host and determined through genomic polymerase chain reaction analysis that this structure originated from the host rather than the tachinid...
February 6, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724138/ophelimus-mediterraneus-sp-n-hymenoptera-eulophidae-a-new-eucalyptus-gall-wasp-in-the-mediterranean-region
#17
N Borowiec, J La Salle, L Brancaccio, M Thaon, S Warot, M Branco, N Ris, J-C Malausa, R Burks
We report here for the first time the presence of Ophelimus mediterraneus sp. n. in Mediterranean Europe. This species appears to be closely related to Ophelimus maskelli, a well-known invasive pest of Eucalyptus. Based on molecular (cytochrome oxidase I, 28S), morphological (multivariate ratio analysis) and bio-ecological investigations, our study gives unambiguous relevant criteria that allow the discrimination between these two species. A full description of O. mediterraneus sp. n. is also provided. The geographic distribution of O...
February 6, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30704539/impairment-of-pupation-by-rna-interference-aided-knockdown-of-broad-complex-gene-in-leptinotarsa-decemlineata-say
#18
Q-Y Xu, Q-W Meng, P Deng, K-Y Fu, W-C Guo, G-Q Li
Dietary delivery of bacterially expressed double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) has a great potential for management of Leptinotarsa decemlineata. An important first step is to discover possible RNA-interference (RNAi)-target genes effective against larvae, especially the old larvae. In the present paper, five putative Broad-Complex (BrC) cDNAs (Z1-Z4, and Z6) were identified in L. decemlineata. The expression of the five LdBrC isoforms was suppressed by juvenile hormone signaling, whereas the transcription was upregulated by 20-hydroxyecdysone signaling at the fourth (final) instar larval stage...
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670111/geographical-variation-in-life-history-traits-suggests-an-environmental-dependent-trade-off-between-juvenile-growth-rate-and-adult-lifespan-in-a-moth
#19
C Chen, H Yang, F Xue, Q Xia
Life-history theory predicts a trade-off between the juvenile growth rate and adult traits related to survival. However, this hypothesized negative correlation is difficult to test robustly because many trade-offs are mild, and environmental variables, such as changes in nutrient availability, can ameliorate the trade-off or make it more pronounced. Thus, it is reasonable to expect that the expression of the trade-off can be condition-dependent. In the present study, we first examined the pre-adult life-history traits of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera, collected from northern, central, and southern China at different temperatures...
January 23, 2019: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30950364/effects-of-eprinomectin-on-the-survival-reproduction-and-feeding-activity-of-the-dung-beetles-onthophagus-lenzii-harold-and-rare-species-copris-ochus-motschulsky-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-corrigendum
#20
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