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International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31003585/demographic-causes-of-conflict-and-their-implications-for-public-health
#1
Philipp Hessel
Although levels of violence have declined, exposure to conflict, unfortunately, remains a common feature of many people's lives. While "demography is not destiny," demographic factors have been widely discussed as potential causes for conflict. This essay discusses the implications of two demographic megatrends - population growth and aging - on the future risk for conflict and their wider implications for public health and health care systems.
April 19, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30966853/on-the-world-health-organization-s-neglect-of-the-role-of-medical-doctors-in-its-conception-and-practice-of-primary-health-care
#2
Socrates Litsios
Primary health care (PHC) emerged in the early 1970s as WHO's response to the failure of its basic health services approach. The Soviet Union succeeded in getting WHO's governing bodies to agree to hold an international conference on PHC, a conference that was held in Alma-Ata, the capital of the Soviet Republic of Kazakhstan, in September 1978. In 1975, Dr. Halfdan Mahler, WHO's charismatic director-general, introduced the goal of "health for all" (HFA) by the year 2000. Alma-Ata declared PHC as the key for achieving HFA...
April 9, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30961426/u-s-health-care-in-the-trump-era-a-data-update
#3
David U Himmelstein, Steffie Woolhandler, Clare Fauke
We present a summary of recent studies and data regarding the state of health and health care in the United States. Health care remains unaffordable to many Americans, including many with insurance. Health outcomes are stagnating or deteriorating. Police killings disproportionately target minority men. The search for profits from prescription drug companies, medical device firms, and for-profit medical providers places patients at risk. The public Medicare and Medicaid insurance programs, which increasingly subcontract with private managed care insurers, now account for the majority of private insurers' total business...
April 8, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898002/a-5-year-retrospective-analysis-of-legal-intervention-injuries-and-mortality-in-illinois
#4
Alfreda Holloway-Beth, Rachel Rubin, Kiran Joshi, Linda Rae Murray, Lee Friedman
There has been a public outcry for the accountability of law enforcement agents who kill and injure citizens. Epidemiological surveillance can underscore the magnitude of morbidity and mortality of citizens at the hands of law enforcement. We used hospital outpatient and inpatient databases to conduct a retrospective analysis of legal interventions in Illinois between 2010 and 2015. We calculated injury and mortality rates based on demographics, spatial distribution, and cause of injury. During the study period, 8,384 patients were treated for injuries caused during contact with law enforcement personnel...
March 21, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30894048/the-public-private-mix-in-primary-care-development-the-case-of-ireland
#5
Julien Mercille
In 2001, Ireland announced a Primary Care Strategy that has led to the implementation of primary care centers (PCCs) throughout the country. This article examines the nature and extent of private and public sector involvement in establishing the PCC network since 2001. The study is based on a PCC dataset constructed using unpublished data obtained from Ireland's Health Service Executive (HSE). The dataset includes the date when PCCs became operational and their mode of delivery: public procurement, private lease, or public-private partnership...
March 20, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30839248/occupational-gradients-in-work-related-insecurity-and-health-interrogating-the-links
#6
Heather Scott-Marshall
Traditional work-related securities that constitute the career-job model of employment have been in steep decline for several decades, affecting workers across industries and occupations. Still, insecure employment remains unequally distributed across the working population according to the major axes of social stratification, namely age, gender, race, and socioeconomic class. This study investigates patterns of exposure to work-related insecurity across the occupational hierarchy and whether these contribute to occupational gradients in health outcomes...
March 6, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30839247/the-relationship-between-public-sector-employment-and-population-health-evidence-from-the-1980s-and-its-contemporary-implications
#7
Wei Zhang, Qingjun Wu
This article explores the relationship between public sector employment and population health both theoretically and quantitatively. First, we build a theoretical framework to situate public employment in the literature that explores the link between politics and health. We argue that public employment, as an instrument of pro-redistributive policies in both the labor market and the welfare state, improves equality and ultimately health. Second, based on a cross-country dataset from the 1980s, and by applying regression analysis and outlier identification techniques, we find that population health measured by life expectancy improves with the size of public employment...
March 6, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30808236/why-the-white-working-class-mortality-and-morbidity-is-increasing-in-the-united-states-the-importance-of-the-political-context
#8
Vicente Navarro
This article analyzes critically the most recent scientific bibliography on the causes of the growth of mortality and morbidity in the white working class of the United States. The methodology used in these studies, and also the insufficient conceptualization of the variables used (such as social class), limits the understanding of the increment of the "diseases of despair" in that sector of the population. This article emphasizes the need to analyze the evolution of the social classes in the United States, and the political determinants that have changed not only the character and composition of that class, but also the power differentials between this class and other classes in the United States...
February 26, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760100/international-trade-and-health-care-in-brazil-an-unpredicted-tale-threatening-health-care-entitlement
#9
Milton Santos, Jonathan Filippon, Áquilas Mendes, Elias Kondilis
The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), established in 1994, has been a key element of market liberalization of health care services. Brazil had the provision of health care services partially protected from international competition until 2015, when a constitutional change opened the national health care market to international provision. We performed a retrospective and prospective policy analysis based on a systematic policy document review, general literature review, and secondary data analysis mapping, describing and analyzing the international trade agreements signed by Brazil with the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the available legislation relevant to health care services...
February 14, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30879426/2018-reviewer-thank-you
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646806/pharmaceutical-industry-funding-of-health-consumer-groups-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#11
Alice Fabbri, Swestika Swandari, Edith Lau, Agnes Vitry, Barbara Mintzes
Relationships between consumer organizations and pharmaceutical manufacturers are the focus of transparency efforts in some jurisdictions, including Australia. This study describes the frequency and nature of industry sponsorship of Australian health consumer organizations and examines the link between sponsorship of the most highly funded organizations and manufacturers' requests for public reimbursement of products for related health conditions. We downloaded 130 transparency reports covering the period January 2013 to December 2016 from the website of Medicines Australia and carried out a descriptive analysis...
April 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30678522/financial-crisis-in-portugal-effects-in-the-health-care-sector
#12
Alexandre Morais Nunes, Diogo Cunha Ferreira, Adalberto Campos Fernandes
Portugal has faced an economic and financial crisis that began circa FY2009 and whose effects are still ongoing. In FY2011, the Portuguese state and the European triumvirate - composed of the European Commission, the International Monetary Fund, and the European Central Bank - signed the Memoranda of Understanding. This troika agreement aimed to improve the operational efficiency of public services. This crisis had a considerable impact on the Portuguese citizens' life and productivity, as well as on the public health care system...
January 24, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30638431/what-is-happening-in-sweden
#13
Bo Burström
Election to the parliament was held in Sweden on 9 September 2018. None of the traditional political blocks obtained a majority of the vote. The nationalist Sweden Democrats party increased their share of the vote from 13% in 2014 elections to 17% of the vote in 2018. As no traditional political block wants to collaborate with the Sweden Democrats, no new government has yet been formed, more than 2 months after the election. Health care was a prominent issue in the elections. Health care in Sweden is universal and tax-funded, with a strong emphasis on equity...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30626258/does-the-patent-linkage-system-prolong-effective-market-exclusivity-recent-evidence-from-the-korea-u-s-free-trade-agreement-in-korea
#14
Kyung-Bok Son, SeungJin Bae, Tae-Jin Lee
This study evaluated the effect of the patent linkage system, fully introduced by the Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement in 2015, on patent challenges and the effective market exclusivity of new medicines in Korea. We used pharmaceutical approval data and pharmaceutical litigation data to detect new medicines and their counterparts, to collect patent challenges against new medicines, and to calculate effective market exclusivity for new medicines. Then, a nonparametric event history model was applied to statistically explain the duration of the market exclusivity of new medicines...
January 9, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30616460/revisiting-the-income-inequality-hypothesis-with-292-oecd-regional-units
#15
Ki-Tae Kim
The income inequality hypothesis on the relationship between income inequality and population health has been debated for decades Disagreement exists on the hypothesis because empirical findings have reached inconsistent conclusions. At the cross-national level, the limited number of industrialized nations has created a chronic small-N problem for statistical analyses of the hypothesis. The OECD regional database containing statistics of hundreds of regional units can provide a breakthrough and is used for the first time for multiple regression in this article...
January 7, 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798685/in-defense-of-class-wars-in-population-health-the-new-landscape-of-social-class-with-bourdieu-neo-marxists-and-the-kohn-schooler-wright-integrative-models
#16
Carles Muntaner, Virginia Gunn
The field of social inequalities in health has been dominated by an individual attributes approach with a small number of indicators, namely occupation, income, and education. We review the weakness of this approach and detail the emergence of sociological alternatives tied to the writings of Bourdieu, Marx, and Weber. A particularly rich theoretical development stems from the integration of Weberian and Marxian approaches, associated with sociologists Melvin Kohn, Carmi Schooler, and Erik Olin Wright.
January 2019: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30587064/health-canada-s-use-of-its-notice-of-compliance-with-conditions-drug-approval-policy-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#17
Joel Lexchin
Health Canada has developed its Notice of Compliance with conditions (NOC/c) policy to get promising new drugs for serious diseases to market faster than would be possible through its standard approval process. Companies can receive an NOC/c for a new drug or a new indication based on incomplete evidence in return for agreeing to conduct post-market studies. This paper investigates the additional therapeutic gain from drugs approved under this policy, the percent of drugs that have fulfilled their conditions, and the length of time for fulfillment...
December 26, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30428269/reducing-health-inequalities-comparison-of-survival-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-according-to-health-provider-in-chile
#18
Faustino Alonso, Carolina Nazzal, Francisco Cerecera, José Ignacio Ojeda
Health inequalities are marked in Chile. To address this situation, a health reform was implemented in 2005 that guarantees acute myocardial infarction (AMI) health care for the entire population. We evaluated if the health reform changed AMI early and long-term survival rates by hospital provider (public/private) using a longitudinal population-based study of patients ≥15 years with a first AMI in Chile between 2002 and 2011. Time trends and early (within 28 days) and long-term (29-365 days) survival by age were assessed...
November 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30428268/the-uneven-foci-of-work-disability-research-across-cause-based-and-comprehensive-social-security-systems
#19
Ellen MacEachen, Sharanya Varatharajan, Bronson Du, Emma Bartel, Kerstin Ekberg
This scoping review identified what kinds of work disability policy issues are critiqued in articles published in countries with cause-based versus comprehensive welfare systems. Drawing on a review of work disability policy research, we identified 74 English-language, peer-reviewed articles that focused on program adequacy and design. Articles on cause-based systems dwelled on system fairness and policies of proof of entitlement, while those on comprehensive systems focused more on system design complexities relating to worker inclusion and scope of medical certificates...
November 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30388375/health-services-access-inequalities-between-native-and-immigrant-in-a-southern-european-region
#20
Elena Rodríguez-Álvarez, Nerea Lanborena, Luisa N Borrell
With the economic crisis in Spain, austerity measures were applied. However, it is unknown how these measures have affected the pattern of use of health services for the immigrant population. Thus, the objective of this study was to examine the inequalities in access to different levels of health care services according to place of birth. We used data from the 2014 Foreign Immigrant Population Survey (n = 1,908) and the Basque Health Survey 2013 for the native population (n = 4,232) for adults aged 16-59 years residing in the Basque Country, Spain...
November 2, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
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