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Journal of Drug Issues

Amy M Burdette, Noah S Webb, Terrence D Hill, Stacy Hoskins Haynes, Jason A Ford
In this article, we use data from the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) to examine the association between religious involvement and marijuana use for medical and recreational purposes in U.S. adults ( N = 41,517). We also consider whether the association between religious involvement and marijuana use varies according to personal health status. Our results show that adults who attend religious services more frequently and hold more salient religious beliefs tend to exhibit lower rates of medical and recreational marijuana use...
July 2018: Journal of Drug Issues
Carrie B Oser, Erin Pullen, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Brea L Perry, Jennifer R Havens, Michele Staton-Tindall, Carl G Leukefeld
This study uses data from 564 African American women to examine the correlates of lifetime prevalence of a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Specifically, we test the effects of perceptions about the availability of African American males, five partner characteristics, and drug history. At the bivariate-level, women with an STI diagnosis were significantly more likely to have dated a man who was married, older, had sex with another man, involved in concurrent partnerships, and had been incarcerated. About half of the participants stated it was difficult to find an eligible African American male and attributed the limited pool of same-race partners to drug trafficking, a lack of monogamy, and high rates of incarceration...
October 2017: Journal of Drug Issues
Anna Pagano, Noah Gubner, Barbara Tajima, Deborah Yip, Catherine Henderson, Joseph Guydish
Graphic warning labels (GWLs) on cigarette packs have been tested among diverse groups at high risk for tobacco use. However, little is known about the effectiveness of GWL interventions for persons with substance use disorders, whose smoking prevalence is 3 to 4 times that of the general population. After an experimental study which exposed clients in residential addiction treatment to GWLs for 30 days, we conducted five focus groups with trial participants ( N = 33) to explore how exposure to the labels may have impacted their readiness to quit smoking...
July 2017: Journal of Drug Issues
Enrique R Pouget, Alex S Bennett, Luther Elliott, Andrew Rosenblum, Peter C Britton
Rising rates of overdose mortality underscore the importance of understanding and preventing overdose. We developed a seven-item scale for the assessment of nonfatal opioid-related overdose experiences, adding items on others' perceptions of whether the participant had overdosed and whether an intervention was attempted to frequently used criteria. We administered the scale to 240 primarily male and minority veterans, recruited using venue-based and chain-referral sampling, who separated from the military post-9/11 and reported current opioid use...
July 2017: Journal of Drug Issues
Kaston D Anderson-Carpenter, Jesse B Fletcher, Cathy J Reback
The present study examined associations between methamphetamine use and social factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women. Over a four-year period, 7,419 HIV outreach encounters were conducted with MSM ( n =6,243) and transgender women ( n =1,176). Logistic and negative binomial regressions estimated associations between sociodemographics, incarceration history, housing status, and methamphetamine use. Incarceration history was associated with marginal housing or homelessness (AOR=3...
July 2017: Journal of Drug Issues
Judith A Richman, Robyn Lewis Brown, Kathleen M Rospenda
People with physical impairments are at greater risk for economic hardship and more alcohol-related problems compared to the general population. We address age cohort differences in modes of coping with economic adversity and the extent to which modes of coping explain the relationships between age cohort membership and drinking outcomes among people with physical impairments. 176 respondents with physical impairments derived from a national sample completed a mail survey. Using SEM, we demonstrate that members of the Generation X age cohort manifest higher levels of alcohol consumption and problem-related drinking compared to baby boomers due to their lesser tendency to engage in politically-oriented coping to deal with economic adversity...
2017: Journal of Drug Issues
Amy L Stamates, Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Brynn E Sheehan, Peter D Preonas, Cathy Lau-Barraco
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined event-level characteristics (e.g., contextual factors, risk behaviors) during the most recent episode of Molly use among a sample of college students who reported previously using Molly. PARTICIPANTS: Participants ( N = 151; 66.7% female) were drinkers aged 18 to 25. Data were collected from October to November 2014, February to April 2015, and September to November 2015. METHOD: Participants completed measures regarding typical Molly use and items related to context and behaviors during their most recent episode of Molly use...
2017: Journal of Drug Issues
Phillip Marotta
The following study assesses the relationship between affiliating with delinquent peer groups, participation in delinquency, and several substance misuse and injecting drug use outcomes in a nationally representative sample of inmates in state and federal facilities in the United States. After controlling for potential confounders, affiliating with peers who engaged in deviant behaviors and participation in delinquency was associated with onset of alcohol and illicit drug use, substance dependence, alcohol dependence, types of substances used, and injecting drug use outcomes...
2017: Journal of Drug Issues
Alana Rosenberg, Allison K Groves, Kim M Blankenship
Despite knowledge of racial bias for drug-related criminal justice involvement and its collateral consequences, we know less about differences between Black and White drug offenders. We compare 243 Blacks and White non-violent drug offenders in New Haven, CT for demographic characteristics, substance use, and re-entry services accessed. Blacks were significantly more likely to have sales and possession charges, significantly more likely to prefer marijuana, a less addictive drug, and significantly less likely to report having severe drug problems...
2017: Journal of Drug Issues
Christopher Cambron, Katarina Guttmannova, Charles B Fleming
As of January 2016, 23 U.S. states and the District of Columbia have legalized medical or nonmedical cannabis, with more likely to follow. This dynamic policy context represents a substantial challenge for policy evaluation. Part I of this article provides a summary of state-level cannabis policy components across states and federal action regarding state-level policies. Part II presents a detailed history of cannabis policies in Washington State from 1998 to 2015 and analyzes the potential impacts of the policy changes on cannabis supply and demand...
January 2017: Journal of Drug Issues
James M DuBois, John T Chibnall, Emily E Anderson, Michelle Eggers, Kari Baldwin, Meghan Vasher
Improper prescribing of controlled substances contributes to opioid addictions and deaths by overdose. Studies conducted to-date have largely lacked a theoretical framework and ignored the interaction of individual with environmental factors. We conducted a mixed-method analysis of published reports on 100 cases that occurred in the United States. An average of 17 reports (e.g., from medical boards) per case were coded for 38 dichotomous variables describing the physician, setting, patients, and investigation...
October 2016: Journal of Drug Issues
Marvin D Krohn, Thomas A Loughran, Terence P Thornberry, Daniel Wonho Jang, Adrienne Freeman-Gallant, Erin D Castro
We tested the assumption that theories of drug use are able to account for behavior across varying contexts and populations by examining whether control, learning, and elaborated theories provide similar explanations for adolescent drug use in adjacent generations. We used data from the Rochester Youth Development Study and Rochester Intergenerational Study which followed a sample of adolescents starting at age 14 and their oldest biological child. Cross-generational analysis between theoretical variables measured at age 14 and drug use measured at approximately ages 15 and 16 were used...
October 2016: Journal of Drug Issues
Rachael A Korcha, Douglas L Polcin, Jason C Bond
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The impetus to abstain from alcohol and drugs is especially robust when individuals seek help. However, motivation to continue abstinence during ongoing recovery is less understood. The present study assessed how social support interacted with motivation to affect abstinence over an 18-monthe time period. METHODS: A sample of 289 residents entering residential recovery homes were recruited and followed at 6-, 12-, and 18-months. Motivation was measured as the perceived costs and benefits of abstinence...
July 2016: Journal of Drug Issues
Jordan P Davis, Douglas C Smith, Jason W Morphew, Xinrong Lei, Saijun Zhang
Very little prospective research investigates how cannabis withdrawal is associated with treatment outcomes, and this work has not used the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5) thresholds for cannabis withdrawal. The sample included 110 emerging adults entering outpatient substance use treatment who were heavy cannabis users with no other drug use and limited alcohol use. We used survival analyses to predict days to first use of cannabis and logistic regression to predict whether participants were abstinent and living in the community at 3 months...
January 2016: Journal of Drug Issues
Douglas L Polcin, Amy Mericle, Sarah Callahan, Ronald Harvey, Leonard A Jason
Although research shows treatment for alcohol and drug problems can be effective, persons without stable housing that supports recovery are at risk for relapse. Recovery residences (RRs) for drug and alcohol problems are a growing response to the need for alcohol- and drug-free living environments that support sustained recovery. Research on RRs offers an opportunity to examine how integration of these individuals into a supportive, empowering environment has beneficial impacts on substance use, housing, and other outcomes, as well as benefits for the surrounding community...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Drug Issues
Connor M Sheehan, Richard G Rogers, Jason D Boardman
The link between substance use and suicide is well established. However, little research analyzes how substance use is related to the method of suicide. This paper analyzes how specific drugs are associated with method of suicide, a critical topic because drug use bears on the etiology of suicide and may lead to policies aimed at deterring suicide. We use the COVDRS and logistic regression to examine postmortem presence of drugs among 3,389 hanging and firearm suicides in Colorado from 2004-2009. Net of demographic controls, we find that opiates are positively associated with firearms (OR: 1...
July 2015: Journal of Drug Issues
Eric R Pedersen, Jeremy N V Miles, Karen Chan Osilla, Brett A Ewing, Sarah B Hunter, Elizabeth J D'Amico
Based on expectancy theory, adolescents at risk for mental health symptoms, such as those involved in the juvenile court system, may use marijuana due to the belief that use will attenuate anxiety and depressive symptoms. In a diverse sample of youth involved in the Santa Barbara Teen Court system (N = 193), we examined the association between mental health symptoms and marijuana expectancies on marijuana use and consequences. In general, stronger positive expectancies and weaker negative expectancies were both associated with increased marijuana use...
April 1, 2015: Journal of Drug Issues
Trenette T Clark, Anh B Nguyen, Emanuel Coman
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking trajectories were assessed among monorace Blacks, Black-American Indians, Black-Asians, Black-Hispanics, and Black-Whites. METHOD: We used a subsample of nationally representative data obtained from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). The sample consisted of adolescents who were in Grades 7 - 12 in 1994, and followed across four waves of data collection into adulthood. Wave 4 data were collected in 2007-2008 when most respondents were between 24 and 32 years old...
January 2015: Journal of Drug Issues
Holly Swan
Individuals with a drug use history often experience drug use relapse when they are released from incarceration. This article explores the processes by which a sample of adults experienced relapse post-incarceration and consequently experienced HIV treatment interruption. Data are from in-depth interviews with 25 formerly incarcerated HIV-positive adults who have a self-reported history of drug use. Findings reveal that each participant relapsed post-incarceration. Some participants relapsed immediately after release; others remained drug free until something "triggered" a relapse...
January 1, 2015: Journal of Drug Issues
Leonard A Jason, Bradley D Olson, Ron Harvey
This study examined the role played by aftercare following (mainly) inpatient community-based treatment in the outcomes of criminal ex-offenders with substance use disorders. Two hundred and seventy individuals who had been released from the criminal justice system were randomly assigned to either a Therapeutic Community (TC), recovery homes called Oxford Houses (OHs), or usual care settings (UA). The OHs and TCs are residential settings that emphasized socialization and abstinence from drugs and alcohol, but OHs do not include the formal therapeutic change interventions common to TCs, nor did they include any on-site access to drug abuse or health care professionals...
January 2015: Journal of Drug Issues
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