Giulio Binaghi, Matteo Casula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2023: Cardiology
Marko Mornar Jelavic, Ovidiu Țica, Hrvoje Pintaric, Otilia Țica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2023: Cardiology
Britt Borregaard, Sandra B Lauck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2023: Cardiology
Xingyu Luo, Yaokun Liu, Jiahui Liu, Jin Zhang, Songyuan Gao, Yanyan Zhang, Zuoyi Zhou, Haotai Xie, Weijie Hou, Yan Jun Gong, Bo Zheng, Yan Zhang, Jianping Li
INTRODUCTION: The main aim of this study was to investigate the impact of isolated coronary microvascular disease (CMD) as diagnosed via various modalities on prognosis. METHOD: A systematic literature review of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library databases was conducted to identify relevant studies published up to March 2023. Included studies were required to measure coronary microvascular function and report outcomes in patients without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) or any other cardiac pathological characteristics...
September 14, 2023: Cardiology
Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Claire Huang-Lucas, Heinrich Taegtmeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2023: Cardiology
Gokturk Ipek, Tugay Kamber, Hale Yilmaz, Osman Bolca
BACKGROUND: Coronary slow flow (CSF) is a condition characterized by impaired blood flow rates in the coronary arteries. It can result in severe cardiovascular outcomes. There is not sufficient evidence regarding the certain etiology and reversibility of slow flow patterns and change in frame counts with long-term management. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 48 patients with chronic coronary syndrome and CSF who underwent a second angiography. A corrected coronary frame rate (CFR) > 27 was defined as CSF...
August 26, 2023: Cardiology
Sufeng Zhou, Anchen Zhang, Hua Liao, Zhebo Liu, Feiyan Yang
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) involves all organs of the body, of which the interaction with cardiovascular diseases is the most important. Numerous studies have reported that COVID-19 patients complicated with cardiovascular comorbidities (hypertension, coronary heart disease, chronic heart failure, cerebrovascular disease) are more likely to develop into critical illness and have higher mortality. Conversely, COVID-19 may also cause myocardial injury in patients through various pathological mechanisms such as direct virus attack on cardiomyocytes, overactivation of immune response, microthrombus formation, which may lead to fatal acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, acute worsening of chronic heart failure, etc...
August 16, 2023: Cardiology
Tanja Rudolph, Clare Appleby, Victoria Delgado, Helene Eltchaninoff, Catherine Gebhard, Christian Hengstenberg, Wojtek Wojakowski, Nathan Petersen, Jana Kurucova, Peter Bramlage, Sabine Bleiziffer
INTRODUCTION: The management of patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) may differ according to patient age. The aim of this analysis was to describe patterns of aortic valve replacement (AVR) use in European countries stratified by age. METHODS: Procedure volume data for AVR, including surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), for the years 2015-2020 were obtained from national databases for twelve European countries (Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland)...
August 16, 2023: Cardiology
Ivar Risnes, Pål Aukrust, Runar Lundblad, Thor Ueland, Stein Erik Rynning, Eivind Solheim, Sahrai Saeed
BACKGROUND: Deep sternal wound/mediastinitis is a rare but feared complication in CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) patients and seems to increase the risk of cardiac death, and is also associated with the risk of early internal mammary artery (IMA) graft obstruction. The pathological mechanism explaining the link between mediastinitis and IMA graft obstruction and the impact on mortality is complex, multifactorial and not fully investigated. Mediastinitis has been associated with increased concentrations of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and troponin T (TnT) at mid-term follow-up, representing persistent low-grade myocardial injury and impaired cardiac function...
August 16, 2023: Cardiology
Marko Banovic
Heart failure is a dynamic syndrome with changing clinical trajectories. This dynamics may be captured in several ways, including alterations in cardiac structure and function and by patient' clinical status. The meticulous and long-term follow-up, together with continuation of medical treatment or by applying interventional treatment procedures where possible and reasonable, is recommended to ensure that exacerbation or recurrence of HF symptoms or left ventricular dysfunction do not occur. In this sense, a registry-based longitudinal study by Frankestein and coworkers, published in this issue of Cardiology, gives an important contribution to better understanding of HF evolution...
August 10, 2023: Cardiology
Marko Mornar Jelavic, Zdravko Babic, Hrvoje Pintaric
INTRODUCTION: This meta-analysis brings comprehensive evaluation about still controversial association between the body mass index (BMI) and the outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: PubMed/ScienceDirect databases were systematically searched for studies with baseline parameters, primary (heart failure (HF), cardiogenic shock, cardiac arrest, reinfarction, stroke, death, total in-hospital complications) and secondary outcomes (reinfarction, stroke, death, total major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE)) in relation to BMI strictly classified into four groups (Underweight (<18...
August 8, 2023: Cardiology
Rahul Bhatnagar, Kristian Berge, Ragnhild Røysland, Arne Didrik Høiseth, Jon Brynildsen, Geir Christensen, Torbjørn Omland, Helge Røsjø, Magnus Nakrem Lyngbakken
INTRODUCTION: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) measurements are recommended in patients with acute dyspnea. We aimed to assess the prognostic merit of cTnT compared to NT-proBNP for 30-day readmission or death in patients hospitalized with acute dyspnea. METHODS: We measured cTnT and NT-proBNP within 24 hours in 314 patients hospitalized with acute dyspnea and adjudicated the cause of the index admission. Time to first event of readmission or death ≤30 days after hospital discharge was recorded and cTnT and NT-proBNP measurements were compared head-to-head...
August 5, 2023: Cardiology
Behnam Tajik, Ari Voutilainen, Arja Lyytinen, Jussi Kauhanen, Gregory Y H Lip, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Masoud Isanejad
INTRODUCTION: Frailty and atrial fibrillation (AF) are common aging problems and increasing globally. The association(s) between frailty and AF have been inconclusive. The purpose of this prospective population-based cohort was to investigate the associations between frailty and incident atrial fibrillation (AF) in older men and women. METHODS: In total 839 participants, women (n=458) and men (n=381), aged 61-74 years from the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study were included (March 1, 1998, to December 31, 2001)...
August 5, 2023: Cardiology
Peng Wang, Junxia Guo, Yuhui Li, Hui Liu, Xiaohong Kang, Shuangshuang Liu, Yongchun Zhang
INTRODUCTION:  Sympathetic nervous system disorder promotes atrial fibrillation (AF), and neuropeptide Y (NPY) is an important neurotransmitter. This study aimed to explore the predictive value of plasma NPY in patients with AF. METHODS: Five hundred seventy-six patients were divided into the AF (including paroxysmal and persistent AF; 360) and sinus rhythm (SR) groups (216). NPY level was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and NPY mRNA expression level was detected using q-PCR...
August 4, 2023: Cardiology
Ian M Graham
1. While the major causes of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease are known, clinical audits continue to show inadequate risk factor control, even in the highest risk subjects. 2. More effective risk estimation methods may help, and advances in this field are outlined. 3. There exist excellent Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention, but their very length and complexity may limit their use. Other factors inhibiting guideline implementation are explored. 4. While new medications continue to be developed, the real challenges to effective CVD prevention are societal and political...
August 4, 2023: Cardiology
Xiaoxue Meng, Jianjian Jin, Xia Han, Bing Han, Ming Bai, Zheng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Meteorological factors and air pollutants are believed to be associated with cardiovascular disease. Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a major public health issue worldwide. Few studies have investigated the associations among meteorological factors, air pollutants and IHD daily hospital admissions in Lanzhou, China. METHODS: We conducted a distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) on the basis of five years data, aiming at disentangling the impact of meteorological factors and air pollutants on IHD hospital admissions...
July 29, 2023: Cardiology
Tobias Täger, Paulina Rößmann, Norbert Frey, Bent Estler, Mirjam Mäck, Philipp Schlegel, Jan Beckendorf, Lutz Frankenstein, Hanna Fröhlich
INTRODUCTION: The long-term evolution of clinical, echocardiographic and laboratory parameters of cardiac function in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) with either reduced (HFrEF) or mildly reduced (HFmrEF) left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is incompletely characterized. METHODS: We identified patients with chronic stable HF who presented at least twice to a university HF outpatient clinic between 1995 and 2021. Trajectories of NYHA functional class, LVEF, left ventricular internal enddiastolic diameter (LVIDD), NT-proBNP concentrations and HF treatment over ten years follow-up were analysed using fractional polynomials...
July 29, 2023: Cardiology
Gaigai Ma, Ligang Fang, Xue Lin, Peng Gao, Quan Fang
INTRODUCTION: Echocardiographic assessment of diastolic function during atrial fibrillation (AF) remains challenging due to the irregular cardiac cycle length. We sought to assess whether the index-beat method, the beat following two preceding cardiac cycles of equal duration, could provide a more reliable measurement of E/e' (mitral E wave/diastolic tissue Doppler velocity) than the conventional averaging of consecutive beats and hence facilitate the non-invasive estimation of elevated left atrial pressure (LAP) in patients with AF...
July 28, 2023: Cardiology
Karl Sjölin, Christina Christersson, Stefan James, Johan Lindbäck, Signild Åsberg, Joachim Burman
INTRODUCTION: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with a high incidence of new silent brain infarcts (SBI) on postprocedural neuroimaging. A venous blood sample reflecting neuronal damage following TAVI, could help identify patients with potential SBI. We aimed to investigate if a biochemical marker of neuronal injury, neurofilament light chain (NFL), is elevated after TAVI. METHODS: In this observational study, NFL was measured in plasma from 31 patients before and after TAVI...
July 28, 2023: Cardiology
Daniel Hofer, François Regoli, Ardan M Saguner, Giulio Conte, Julius Jelisejevas, Maria Luce Caputo, Vera Graup, Lorenzo Grazioli Gauthier, Alessio Gasperetti, Jan Steffel, Angelo Auricchio, Alexander Breitenstein
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Long-term complication rates in standard transvenous pacemakers are reported around 4-12% with a higher incidence in the elderly population. We report our experience in octogenarians undergoing leadless pacemaker implantation in two large-volume centres in Switzerland. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing leadless pacemaker implantation at two Swiss large volume centers (University Hospital Zurich, Zurich and Cardiocentro Ticino Institute, Lugano) between October 2015 and March 2020 were included in this retrospective analysis...
July 24, 2023: Cardiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.