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Journal of Personality Assessment

Sara E Lowmaster, Michael J Hartman, Johannes Zimmermann, Zachary C Baldock, John E Kurtz
Assessment of protocol validity is essential for structured personality tests used in clinical decision making. Measures of inconsistent responding allow researchers and clinicians to identify random or careless response patterns that compromise an accurate interpretation of test results. Keeley and colleagues (2016) developed an Inconsistency scale (INC) for the widely used Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5; Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol. 2012 . Initial construction of a maladaptive personality trait model and inventory for DSM-5...
October 18, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Juliana Gottschling, Jan Dörendahl, Tino Prell, Julia Karbach, Maxie Bunz, Ingrid Kindermann, Juliane Moussaoui, Frank M Spinath, Sonja Wedegärtner, Otto W Witte, Samuel Greiff, Daniel L Segal
Anxiety symptoms and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent among older adults, and are associated with considerable distress, functional impairment, and burden. Also, there is growing need for brief instruments to measure anxiety symptoms in primary care and geriatric medical settings. Therefore, the current study focuses on the development and psychometric evaluation of a short-form of the Geriatric Anxiety Scale (GAS-G), a well-established anxiety instrument for use with older adults. Study 1 draws on the original data from the GAS-G validation study ( N  = 242) to develop the short-form (GAS-G-SF) and determines whether the results replicate with the short-form...
October 18, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
William Hart, Gregory K Tortoriello, Christopher J Breeden
We aimed to corroborate the notion that the Psychological Entitlement Scale (PES), a popular unidimensional index of psychological entitlement, resembles a blend of vulnerable- and grandiose-based entitlement rationales across various psychological dimensions. College participants ( N  = 523) were randomly assigned to complete either the PES or a recently validated, multidimensional adaptation of the PES that purports to assess entitlement due to deprivation (vulnerable-based entitlement; "PES-V") and superiority (grandiose-based entitlement; "PES-G") claims...
October 16, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Kim L Gratz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Christopher Marcin Kowalski, Rossella Di Pierro, Rachel A Plouffe, Radosław Rogoza, Donald H Saklofske
Subclinical sadism has received substantial attention in recent research as a trait that predicts a variety of malevolent behaviors. The objective of this study was to assess the 'psychometric robustness and portability' of the Assessment of Sadistic Personality (ASP). We examined the convergent and discriminant validity, and invariance of translated versions of the ASP within community samples of Polish and Italian individuals. The study included 568 individuals (340 women and 228 men) residing in Italy (Mage = 23...
October 14, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Annalisa Tanzilli, Ivan Gualco, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi
This study examined the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Therapist Response Questionnaire for Adolescents (TRQ-A), an 86-item clinician-report instrument measuring a wide range of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors expressed by therapists toward their adolescent patients. A sample of psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral clinicians ( N  = 192) filled in the TRQ-A and the latest version of the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure for Adolescents (SWAP-II-A) in order to assess the personality styles/disorders of a randomly selected adolescent patient in their care...
October 14, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Katarzyna Adamczyk, Radosław Trepanowski, Agata Celejewska, Monika Ganclerz
This article presents four studies aimed at developing a Polish-language version of the newest measure of life satisfaction, i.e., the English-language Riverside Life Satisfaction Scale (RLSS), and efforts towards its further validation. The pre-final Polish version of the RLSS (RLSS-PL) established in Study 1 was subsequently investigated in three online validation studies. In these studies, we replicated the findings obtained by the authors of the original RLSS regarding the unidimensionality of RLSS-PL and its high internal consistency...
October 14, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Matthew C Podlogar, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner
The "Death/Life" Implicit Association Test (d-IAT) is a reaction-time task which has been associated with past and future suicidal behavior; in some work, the association has been incremental to explicit self-report of suicide risk. Proposed mechanisms for this association relate to one's unwillingness or inability to completely disclose or be introspectively aware of implicit risk. This study investigated moderators of implicit-explicit concordance as well as predictors of d-IAT score unexplained by self-reported suicidal thoughts and behaviors among an online sample of 382 adults with higher demographic suicide risk (i...
September 23, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Laura M Perry, Michael Hoerger, Lisa A Molix, Paul R Duberstein
The Mini International Personality Item Pool (Mini-IPIP) is a brief measure of the Five-Factor Model of personality with documented validity in healthy samples of adults and could be useful for assessing personality in patient populations such as individuals with cancer. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Mini-IPIP in 2 samples of adults with cancer. A sample of 369 (Sample 1) and a sample of 459 (Sample 2) adults with cancer completed an online survey including the Mini-IPIP...
August 12, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Georg Krammer
This study aims to further our understanding of applicant faking twofold. First, it challenges viewing applicant faking as a systematic shift from otherwise honest responses. To this end, systematic item parameter shifts are proposed and tested across applicants and incumbents. Second, items' perceived relevance in a college admission process as real-life selection is scrutinized: Are applicants influenced by items' perceived relevance for the education, the prospective profession, or both? Participants ( n  = 840) filled out a Big Five inventory in a college admission process, and were retested 10 months later under standard instructions...
August 12, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Melissa R Garabiles, Chao Kei Lao, Paul Yip, Edward W W Chan, Imelu Mordeno, Brian J Hall
There are 500,000 female Filipino domestic workers worldwide. However, there are no validated instruments to assess common mental disorders in this population. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) are brief measures that could be effective screeners for depression and anxiety in domestic workers. This study aims to establish reliability and validity of the Filipino versions of the PHQ-9 and GAD-7. In Study 1, 131 domestic workers completed the PHQ-9, GAD-7, and other questionnaires with a test-retest interval of 10 days...
July 30, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Erin K Hughes, Erica B Slotter, Gary W Lewandowski
People's self-concepts are subject to change through various processes, one of which is self-expansion. Self-expansion is a motivation to increase one's self-concept through engaging in novel, exciting, and interesting activities or by taking on one's partner's qualities. Despite the plethora of research on self-expansion, there has not been much work on whether people vary in their desire to expand. This study validates a new measure, called the Self-Expansion Preference Scale, to examine people's differing motivation for self-expansion...
July 29, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Kristel Thomassin, Lauren Fay Wilson, Rachel Vaughn-Coaxum, W Keith Campbell, Amos Zeichner, Joshua D Miller
The overarching aim of this study was to develop and validate a new scale (i.e., the Praise, Indulgence, and Status Parenting Scale [PISPS]) to measure modern parenting practices and behaviors consistent with instilling ideals of specialness (i.e., the notion that one is special), self-esteem, and status in children. In 2 studies on emerging adults (Study 1: N  = 582, M age = 19.46; Study 2: N  = 464, M age = 19.58), the PISPS was developed and validated using classical test theory (Study 1) and further refined using item-response theory (Study 2)...
July 25, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Luciano Giromini, Donald J Viglione, Claudia Pignolo, Alessandro Zennaro
Self-reports could be affected by 2 primary sources of distortion: content-related (CRD) and content-unrelated (CUD) distortions. CRD and CUD, however, might covary, and similar detection strategies have been used to capture both. Thus, we hypothesized that a scale developed to detect random responding-arguably, one of the most evident examples of CUD-would likely be sensitive to both CUD and, albeit to a lesser extent, CRD. Study 1 ( N  = 1,901) empirically tested this hypothesis by developing a random responding scale (RRS) for the recently introduced Inventory of Problems-29 (Viglione, Giromini, & Landis, 2017 ), and by testing it with both experimental feigners and honest controls...
July 18, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Kruti D Patel, Julie A Suhr
Clients' personality characteristics can be important correlates of treatment engagement and alliance. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) is one of the most comprehensive and widely used personality measures in clinical settings and includes measures of symptom validity. A few prior studies using the MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF suggest that externalizing characteristics and the validity scales might be associated with treatment engagement, but no studies to date have examined MMPI correlates of treatment alliance...
July 15, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Rachel A Pad, Steven K Huprich, John Porcerelli
This study evaluated the Social Cognition and Object Relations Global Rating Method (SCORS-G; Stein, Hilsenroth, Mulford, & Pinkser, 2011; Stein and Mulford, 2018 ; Westen, 1995 ) and the Bell Object Relation and Reality Testing Inventory (BORRTI; Bell, 1995 ) to determine the extent to which the measures were correlated with each other and their relationships with 2 disorders characterized by disrupted object relations: borderline personality disorder (BPD) and depressive personality disorder (DPD). One hundred sixty-nine psychiatric outpatients and 171 undergraduate students were assessed with the Personality Disorder Interview for DSM-IV (Widiger, Corbett, Ellis, Mangine, & Tomas, 1995 ) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders (First et al...
July 15, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Sascha Krause, Michael Dufner
This research introduced novel measures of explicit and implicit romantic partner evaluations and tested whether these measures predict video-observed relationship behaviors. One hundred and eighty heterosexual participants (90 couples) completed 2 measures of explicit partner evaluations, the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS) and a short form of the Trier Partnership Inventory (TPI-S). Participants also completed measures of implicit partner evaluations, namely 2 variants of an affective priming task (APT), one of them focusing on reaction times (RT-APT) and the other one focusing on errors (EB-APT), and a facial electromyography (fEMG) task...
July 15, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Jeffrey S Nevid, Alexander J Gordon, Gregory Haggerty
Newly admitted inpatients in a 28-day chemical dependency rehabilitation unit completed the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) at admission and measures of clinical symptomatology (Symptom Checklist-90-Revised) and clinical outcome (Schwartz Outcome Scale-10) at admission and discharge. PAI drug and alcohol scale scores were clinically elevated in this inpatient sample. Modest elevations were found on scales measuring stress, depression, and antisocial and borderline features. Lower scores on most PAI clinical scales were associated with greater symptom reduction and improved psychological well-being, while controlling for pretreatment levels...
July 12, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Ashley D Kendall, Erin M Emerson, Richard E Zinbarg, Geri R Donenberg
The study of aggression in juvenile offenders, a high priority from clinical and public health standpoints, depends on properly measuring and modeling aggression. The Aggressive Behaviors scale from the Youth Self-Report (YSR-AB) has been widely used to measure youth aggression, often functioning as a stand-alone scale in analyses (of note, even when analyzed alone, the YSR-AB must be administered as part of the full YSR to retain its integrity). However, knowledge of its factor analytic structure among juvenile offenders is lacking...
July 5, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Douglas B Samuel, Meredith A Bucher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
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