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Journal of Personality Assessment

Peder Chr Bryhn Nørbech
This study used the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), and the Rorschach Inkblot Method (RIM; Rorschach, 1921/1942) to investigate the personality structure and internal dynamics of a rage murderer. Contrasting AAI and Rorschach findings, interpreted within an attachment-oriented framework, suggested the presence of a borderline spectrum, dual personality organization, characterized by a split between a more benign, overcontrolled upfront, and a self, fused by sexualized urges and sadistic rage. I present inferences regarding the murder and discuss issues related to future violence risk and treatment...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Luciano Giromini, Donald J Viglione, Claudia Pignolo, Alessandro Zennaro
The Inventory of Problems-29 (IOP-29) is a newly developed, self-administered test designed to assist practitioners evaluating the credibility of various symptom presentations. In a recent simulation study comparing real patients against experimental feigners, its classification accuracy compared favorably with that of the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology and generalized better to different types of symptom reports (i.e., mood- or trauma-related vs. psychosis-related). Extending on these findings, this sensitivity study tested whether the IOP-29 would be similarly accurate in detecting feigning of conditions related to depression, mild traumatic brain injury, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and schizophrenia...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Sharon Rae Jenkins, Caleb J Siefert, Katherine Weber
Assessors using storytelling assessment techniques have debated the relative importance of picture imagery (card pull) versus story content for interpreting clients' stories. This study used generalizability theory to compare sources of variance in scores for Feffer's Interpersonal Decentering as a function of persons, cards, raters, or interactions. Representing situational activation of mature role-taking (mentalizing of interpersonal processes), decentering activity should differ across interpersonal situations according to the social role norms involved, resulting in more variance due to card pull than for previously studied scoring systems...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
David A Preece, Rodrigo Becerra, Ken Robinson, James J Gross
The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) is a 10-item self-report measure of 2 emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. It is a widely used measure of emotion regulation, but its factor structure has rarely been examined outside of university student samples, and some authors have recently questioned its factorial validity in general community samples. In this study, we examine the psychometric properties of the ERQ (original English version) in 3 Australian general community samples (N = 300, 400, 348)...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Laura Parolin, Pietro De Carli, Francesca Locati
The Roberts-2 (Roberts & Gruber, 2005 ) is a narrative test that was specifically designed to assess developmental and clinical functioning in children and adolescents. It was developed with the intent of addressing the lack of objective scoring systems for narrative instruments to assess childhood. The Roberts-2 is characterized by a standardized administration, scoring system, and interpretation guidelines that use a performance-based approach to narrative testing. This instrument has gained wide recognition in clinical practice but is minimally supported by empirical literature...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Eva Duarte, Maria Gouveia-Pereira, Hugo Santos Gomes, Daniel Sampaio
With the increased awareness about deliberate self-harm, the understanding of its social representations can be important for clinical intervention and prevention. However, there is still a lack of instruments to assess the social representations of the functions of these behaviors. This research focuses on the validation of the Questionnaire of Representations of the Functions of Deliberate Self-Harm for adolescents with and without a history of these behaviors. The basis for this questionnaire was the translation and adaptation of the Inventory of Statements About Self-Injury...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Joost R van Ginkel, Marielle Linting, Ralph C A Rippe, Anja van der Voort
Missing data is a problem that occurs frequently in many scientific areas. The most sophisticated method for dealing with this problem is multiple imputation. Contrary to other methods, like listwise deletion, this method does not throw away information, and partly repairs the problem of systematic dropout. Although from a theoretical point of view multiple imputation is considered to be the optimal method, many applied researchers are reluctant to use it because of persistent misconceptions about this method...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Madelyn Geldenhuys, Anita Bosch
As a foundational instrument in the measurement of gender, the study investigated the psychometric properties of the item scores on the 30-item Bem Sex Roles Inventory (BSRI) to address concerns raised in previous studies and to determine possible differential item functioning (DIF) by applying a Rasch measurement model on a multicultural South African sample. A quantitative cross-sectional research design with 55.3% women and 44.4% men was used. Overall, we found support for the reliability and validity of BSRI item scores, consistent with findings in North American and European contexts...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Jaap J A Denissen, Rinie Geenen, Christopher J Soto, Oliver P John, Marcel A G van Aken
This series of studies investigated whether the good psychometric properties of the English version of the Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2) could be replicated using its Dutch adaptation. Second, it aimed to further examine the predictive validity of both the Big Five domain and the more specific facet scales of the BFI-2 in a large and representative sample. Results indicated that the structure found in the English version was replicated in the Dutch adaptation. The 60-item BFI-2 was reliable at the level of both domains and facets, as were the abbreviated versions...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Tiffany A Brown, Martin Sellbom
This study examined the validity of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Tellegen & Ben-Porath, 2011 ) Uncommon Virtues (L-r) and Adjustment Validity (K-r) scales in detecting underreporting. The study aimed to increment the previous literature in this field using a New Zealand population. We used a combined sample of 784 university students, with 173 participants completing the MMPI-2-RF with instruction to underreport in the context of applying for a job, and 611 completing the test under standard instructions...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Andreas B Neubauer, Manuel C Voelkle, Andreas Voss, Ulf K Mertens
Within-person couplings play a prominent role in psychological research and previous studies have shown that interindividual differences in within-person couplings predict future behavior. For example, stress reactivity-operationalized as the within-person coupling of stress and positive or negative affect-is an important predictor of various (mental) health outcomes and has often been assumed to be a more or less stable personality trait. However, issues of reliability of these couplings have been largely neglected so far...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Erica Casini, Emanuele Preti, Ida Sergi, Augusto Gnisci, Juliette Richetin
Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct particularly relevant for understanding a wide variety of behaviors, especially risky behaviors. A recent conceptualization of impulsivity identifies three impulsivity factors-pervasive influence of feelings, feelings trigger action, and lack of follow-through-that have been shown to predict different behaviors. In this contribution, we examine the psychometric properties of an Italian version of such a three-factor model on a relatively large sample (N = 845). Moreover, on a subsample (n = 766) we determined whether specific dimensions of impulsivity are related to a series of risky behaviors, assessed 3 weeks later, by testing the predictive validity of the multidimensional inventory also in comparison with a standard measure of personality (HEXACO)...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Anna Zajenkowska, Monika Prusik, Michał Szulawski
We examine the psychometric validity of the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ) by applying confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Previous analysis of psychometric features of the AIHQ showed problems with internal consistency and stability of the tool over time. By using CFA we wanted to check whether the scenes depicted in the questionnaire actually measure the same construct and whether the subscale measures are intercorrelated. The analysis included ambivalent scenes and was conducted on offenders (N = 108) and the general population (N = 161)...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Martin Sellbom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Journal of Personality Assessment
Emily T O'Gorman, Haley R Cobb, Liana R Galtieri, John E Kurtz
This study examined the effects of stimulus characteristics from the Picture Story Exercise (PSE; Smith, 1992 ) on the quality of social cognition and object relational functions as expressed in narrative responses. A nonclinical sample of 140 adults told stories to five PSE cards. Three trained raters scored the narratives using the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G; Stein & Slavin-Mulford, 2018 ). Data were then analyzed to determine the extent to which different PSE cards elicited more pathological or more adaptive ratings on the 8 SCORS-G dimensions...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Kate Clauss, Joseph R Bardeen
The purpose of this three-part study was to identify and correct psychometric limitations of the Attentional Control Scale (ACS; Derryberry & Reed, 2002 ) via bifactor modeling and item modification. In Study 1 (N = 956), results from exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) suggested that the multidimensionality of the ACS might be a function of a method effect (i.e., reverse coding). In Study 2 (N = 478), reverse-coded items were recoded in a straightforward manner and submitted to EFA...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Donald J Viglione, Luciano Giromini, Patricia Landis, Joseph M McCullaugh, Todd D Pizitz, Suzanne O'Brien, Sonya Wood, Katie Connell, Atara Abramsky
This article introduces the Inventory of Problems (IOP)-a new, computerized, 181-item tool designed to discriminate bona fide from feigned mental illness and cognitive impairment-and presents the development and validation of its focal, feigning scale, the False Disorder Score (IOP-FDS). The initial sample included (a) 211 patients and 64 offenders who took the IOP under standard conditions, and (b) 210 community volunteers and 64 offenders who feigned mental illness. We split this sample into three subsamples...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Andrew J Kremyar, Tayla T C Lee, William Ajayi, Lesley A Friedhoff, John R Graham
Previous empirical studies have established that poor mental and physical health often cooccur. However, positive health behaviors and outcomes have been demonstrated to buffer against psychological dysfunction. Thus, the ability to assess for positive health behaviors and outcomes with instruments commonly used in practice, such as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), is important. However, no study has examined the ability of MMPI-2-RF somatic scale scores to predict positive health behaviors among a healthy population...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Carlo Garofalo, Mirthe G C Noteborn, Martin Sellbom, Stefan Bogaerts
The Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy (LSRP) scale is widely used to assess psychopathic traits in noninstitutionalized samples. Recent studies suggest that a three-factor structure measuring Egocentricity, Callousness, and Antisocial factors outperformed the original two-factor structure of the LSRP. This study replicated and extended these findings by examining the factor structure and construct validity of a Dutch version of the LSRP in a community sample (N = 856, subsamples ranging between 140 and 572 participants)...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Yossef S Ben-Porath
Butcher, Hass, Greene, Nelson, Nichols, and Williams ( 2018 ) responded to my (Ben-Porath, 2018 ) critique of Butcher, Hass, Greene, and Nelson's (2015) analysis of Ted Kaczynski's MMPI-2-RF, purporting to find logical fallacies in my arguments and shortcomings in my interpretation of MMPI-2-RF scales. Butcher et al. ( 2018 ) repeated several previously refuted arguments and opinions, while failing to acknowledge, let alone consider, prior responses to their claims. In this rejoinder I refute (again) Butcher et al...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
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