Sara E Lowmaster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Amy Y See, Theo A Klimstra, Rebecca L Shiner, Mythily Subramaniam, Say How Ong, Jaap J A Denissen
Adolescence is a period where personality difficulties can start emerging. At the same time, a great deal of development in narrative identity takes place. Given that identity impairments are a key feature in personality pathology, it is useful to understand how pathological traits and narrative identity features are related. The current study addressed this by linking pathological personality trait domains to narrative identity features in clinically-referred Singaporean adolescents. Participants ( n  = 118, Mage = 16...
March 24, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Jason P Rose, Keith A Edmonds, Elizabeth Gallinari, Noelle K Herzog, Megh Kumar
People vary in their individual tendencies to compare to others-referred to as social comparison orientation (SCO). Researchers have heretofore developed and validated a scale to assess SCO-the Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure (INCOM). The standard INCOM assesses non-directional comparisons, but not directional comparisons to better- and worse-off others. The goal of the present research was to examine the factor structure and validity of directional (and non-directional) comparison tendencies using the expanded INCOM...
March 21, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Melissa Packer West, Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
Many measures, varying in breadth and length, have been constructed to measure narcissism. In recent years, super-short forms have become popular in research settings. Although brief measures hold some advantages, their brevity can come at psychometric costs. Participants recruited from Amazon's Mechanical Turk (N = 473) completed long and brief narcissism measures and criterion measures in a randomized order. Short forms were examined and compared to long forms in terms of their completion times and psychometric properties...
March 15, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Muirne C S Paap, Geir Pedersen, Elfrida Kvarstein, Benjamin Hummelen
The Level of Personality Functioning - Brief Form 2.0 (LPFS-BF 2.0) is a 12-item self-report questionnaire developed to gain a quick impression of the severity of personality pathology according to the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (AMPD). The current study evaluated the construct validity and reliability of the Norwegian version of the LPFS-BF 2.0 in a large clinical sample (N = 1673). Dimensionality was examined using confirmatory factor analysis and bifactor analysis followed by an analysis of distinctiveness of the subscales using the proportional reduction in mean squared error (PRMSE), and the concurrent validity was examined using correlations with self-report questionnaires and clinical interviews assessing PDs according to section II of the DSM-5...
March 10, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
R Michael Furr, Rob R Meijer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
William H Menton, David M Corey, Yossef S Ben-Porath
In the present study, we examined performance rating correlates of the Selection Validation Survey (SVS), an informant rating form used to describe the characteristics of newly hired public safety personnel following their initial training period. We correlated SVS ratings for n  = 174 police officers with aggregate scores derived from daily performance observation ratings provided by their field training officers (i.e., senior law enforcement officers assigned to train, observe, and evaluate police recruits during a formal 16-week training period)...
March 1, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Matt Bruce, David Weinraub
The role of implicit gender bias in the assessment of mental disorders remains a contentious and consequential issue. Inaccurate assessment of psychopathy and personality disorders (PD) among health care professionals can have deleterious consequences with respect to treatment access and planning, as well as legal decision making within forensic settings. Using a quantitative cross-sectional experimental design, 180 licensed psychologists from the USA were recruited via email using non-probability convenience sampling...
March 1, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Xuliang Gao, Linpo Xia, Fang Wang, Minmin Hou, Yi Gong
Incoming students have many difficulties adjusting to college, and selecting appropriate measures to effectively screen them is indispensable, especially in China, where there is insufficient research in this area. To enrich domestic research, this study seeks to examine psychometric characteristics and develop a computerized adaptive version of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ-CAT) based on a sample of Chinese students. Under the framework of item response theory, the item bank of student adaptation to college was formulated after uni-dimensionality testing, model comparison, item fit testing, and local independence testing...
February 27, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Bastian P Kückelhaus, Gerhard Blickle
The Five-Factor Machiavellianism Inventory (FFMI) was specifically designed to rectify validity concerns with traditional measures of Machiavellianism. In this study with 550 career targets and 1,127 knowledgeable informants at work from a broad range of occupations and organizations we tested whether the FFMI outperforms traditional measures of Machiavellianism in the prediction of agentic career success using a multifaceted range of proximal and distal career outcomes. Apparent sincerity is a social skill that enables individuals to instill trust and confidence while disguising other intentions...
February 1, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Alireza Rashtbari, Danielle L Taylor, Omid Saed, Hossein Malekizadeh
The contrast avoidance model (CAM) hypothesizes that individuals with chronic worry recruit worry to create and maintain a negative emotional state to avoid sudden increases in negative emotions. Preliminary evidence using the contrast avoidance questionnaires (CAQs) suggests that there might be a similar mechanism across mood and other anxiety disorders. To continue to assess the CAQs, they should be adapted for other languages and evaluated across multiple symptom domains. The present study aimed to develop the Persian versions of the CAQs and examine the transdiagnostic nature of CAM across two studies...
January 31, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Veljko Jovanović, Tyler L Renshaw
The Youth Internalizing Problems Screener (YIPS) is a recently developed measure of general internalizing problems in adolescence. Validity evidence supporting interpretation and use of the YIPS outside the USA is still limited, and no research to date has examined cross-national invariance of this scale. Using two samples of Serbian adolescents, the present study examined the factor structure, internal consistency reliability, and convergent and incremental validity of a Serbian language version of the YIPS...
January 25, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Mark A Blais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2023: Journal of Personality Assessment
Man Yee Ho, Siya Liang, Joshua N Hook
The character strength of forbearance contributes to peace in broader society, as well as familial harmony. Although forbearance is essential to healthy interpersonal relationships, no psychometrically sound measure has been developed to assess the multi-dimensional nature of forbearance. The present set of studies describes the development and initial validation of the Forbearance Scale (FS). In Study 1, items were generated from focus group interviews with college students ( n  = 43) to establish the content validity of the scale...
December 13, 2022: Journal of Personality Assessment
Mojtaba Elhami Athar, Ali Ebrahimi
The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 , Brief Form (PID-5-BF) was developed to assess DSM-5's Alternative Trait Model for Diagnosing Personality Disorders (AMPD) . This study aimed to examine the factor structure, internal consistency, measurement invariance, and convergent, discriminant, and known-group validity of the Persian PID-5-BF with 941 university students (aged 18-67, M age= 28.36, SD = 9.09, 39.1% males) and 178 male from a clinical (aged 18-60, M age= 33.77, SD = 10.60) sample in Iran. Confirmatory factor analyses supported the five-factor model in both groups, being fully and partially invariant across gender and study groups, respectively...
December 13, 2022: Journal of Personality Assessment
Aleksander Heltne, Johan Braeken, Benjamin Hummelen, Sara Germans Selvik, Tore Buer Christensen, Muirne C S Paap
The current study examined clinicians' utilization of the SCID-5-AMPD-I funnel structure. Across 237 interviews, conducted as part of the NorAMP study, we found that clinicians administered on average 2-3 adjacent levels under each subdomain, effectively administering only about 50% of available items. Comparing administration patterns of interviews, no two interviews contained the exact same set of administered items. On average, when comparing individual interviews, only about half of the administered items in each interview were administered in both interviews...
December 13, 2022: Journal of Personality Assessment
William Hart, Charlotte Kinrade, Joshua T Lambert, Christopher J Breeden, Danielle E Witt
People's commitment to moral principles affects how they self-regulate and directs people down different ethical paths. The Integrity Scale was designed to assess the strength of people's commitment to moral principles. Here, we sought to contribute to evaluating the construct validity of the Integrity Scale. We related the scale to various theoretically relevant criteria including low antagonism features, social-cognitive foundations for morality, self-control, rationality, and self-presentation behavior. Suggestive of the scale's construct validity, the present research showed that scores on the Integrity Scale related to (a) reduced antagonistic-personality features relevant to exploitation and dishonesty more so than immodesty, tough-heartedness, fearlessness, or cynicism; (b) enhanced social-cognitive skills (e...
December 12, 2022: Journal of Personality Assessment
Ana Stojanov, Annegret Hannawa
Increased scientific interest in conspiracy beliefs raises the need for validated individual difference measures in the general tendency to believe in conspiracy theories, otherwise referred to as conspiracy mentality . In this article, we present a German language version of the Conspiracy Mentality Scale (CMS). A representative sample of German-speaking Swiss residents ( N  = 468) filled in the scale, along with measures of trust in several sources of information, need for social validation, compliance with Covid-19 preventive measures, perceived severity of the pandemic, loneliness, functional literacy and interpersonal conflict...
December 12, 2022: Journal of Personality Assessment
Eric Sah, Annie Asher, Claire Houtsma, Joseph I Constans
Firearm violence causes significant public health burden, but there is a lack of research concerning motivations for firearm access despite clear epidemiological risk. Developing robust tools to measure attitudes toward firearms and firearm-related behaviors can improve our ability to conduct firearm violence research. We aimed to develop a feasible and effective tool that could indirectly measure firearm beliefs. A total of 274 undergraduates were recruited from two southern universities and completed an implicit association test (IAT) designed to indirectly assess attitudes toward firearms (Firearm IAT)...
December 12, 2022: Journal of Personality Assessment
John Maltby, Will H J Norton, Eoin McElroy, John Cromby, Martin Halliwell, Sophie S Hall
The current paper presents a five-factor measurement model of anger summarizing scores on public-domain self-report measures of anger. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of self-report measures of anger (UK, n  = 500; USA, n  = 625) suggest five replicable latent anger factors: anger-arousal, anger-rumination, frustration-discomfort, anger-regulation, and socially constituted anger. Findings suggested a 5-factor interpretation provided the best fit of the data. We also report evidence of measurement invariance for this 5-factor model of anger across gender, age, and ethnicity...
December 8, 2022: Journal of Personality Assessment
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