Alberto Stefana, Zorana Jolić Marjanović, Aleksandar Dimitrijević
Recognizing the need for a concise self-report measure of mentalizing capacity, we developed a 12-item iteration of the well-established Mentalization Scale (MentS). Using college student and community samples of Serbian adults ( N  = 566), we performed a precise selection of items and then examined the psychometric attributes of the shortened scale (MentS-12). The new scale maintains the original three-dimensional structure: self-related mentalization, other-related mentalization, and motivation to mentalize...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Tommaso Feraco, Nicole Casali, Gerardo Pellegrino, Christopher J Soto, Christopher M Napolitano, Barbara Carretti, Chiara Meneghetti
The importance of social, emotional, and behavioral (SEB) skills is recognized worldwide, but their measurement has always been a challenge. The BESSI measures 32 SEB skills, divided into five domains (social engagement, cooperation, self-management, emotional resilience, and innovation), but its validity must be expanded to new languages and contexts. Across two studies ( N1 = 990, N2 = 824) we developed the Italian version of the BESSI, provided further support for its convergent and discriminant validity with the Big Five, and expanded its nomological network to procrastination, self-efficacy, and emotion regulation...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Marko Biberdzic, Julia F Sowislo, Nicole Cain, Kevin B Meehan, Emanuele Preti, Rossella Di Pierro, Eve Caligor, John F Clarkin
Both the new ICD-11 and the latest Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders focus on self and interpersonal functioning as the central feature of personality pathology, also acknowledging that personality disorders are organized along a dimensional continuum of severity. This revised understanding is in line with long-standing psychodynamic conceptualisations of personality pathology, in particular Kernberg's object relations model of personality organization. Despite existing evidence for the clinical utility of the derived Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO-R), empirical support for the identification of clear cut-points between the different levels of personality functioning is missing...
April 2, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Brianna N Davis, Rebekah Brown Spivey, Sarah Hernandez, Hadley McCartin, Tia Tourville, Laura E Drislane
The extent to which psychopathy can be reliably assessed via self-report has been debated. One step in informing this debate is examining the internal consistency of self-report psychopathy measures, such as the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM; Patrick, 2010). Reliability generalization (RG) studies apply a meta-analytic approach to examine the internal consistency of an instrument in a more robust manner by aggregating internal consistency statistics reported across the published literature. This study conducted an RG analysis to yield the average Cronbach's alpha among published studies ( k  = 219) that administered the TriPM...
March 26, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Elisa Altgassen, Luc Zimny, Jessika Golle, Katharina Allgaier, Ingo Zettler, Oliver Wilhelm
Personality trait measures for children are rarely based on the HEXACO Model of Personality, although research using this framework could provide important insights into the structure and development of children's personalities. There is no HEXACO measure for elementary school children to date, and existing measures for older children seem inappropriate for this age group (e.g., due to some item content). We thus compiled two HEXACO-based short forms for measuring personality in elementary school children (8-10 years old) via parent reports...
March 21, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Amanda L Y Valone, Adam W Meade
Self-report assessments are the standard for personality measurement, but motivated respondents are able to manipulate or fake their responses to typical Likert scale self-report. Although progress has been made in research seeking to reduce faking, most of it has focused on normative personality traits such as those measured by the five factor model. The measurement of socially aversive personality (e.g., the Dark Triad) is less well-researched. The negative aspects of socially aversive traits increase the opportunity and motivation of respondents to fake typical single-stimulus self-report assessments underscoring the need for faking resistant response formats...
March 19, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Matthew R Baity
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
William B Ridgway, James J Picano, Charles A Morgan, Robert R Roland, Yaron G Rabinowitz
Shedding light on the validity of sentence completion test (SCT) verbal defensiveness as an index of defensive behavior, the current two-part study examined the relationship between psychological threat and verbal defensiveness among military security and mission-critical team candidates using SCTs. Our study showed that as the threatening nature of SCT stems increased, defensive responses also increased, substantiating the link between psychological threat and defensive behavior. In addition, expert ratings of stem content revealed moderately strong relationships with defensive responses across two different SCTs, irrespective of their structural characteristics...
March 15, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Markus R Tünte, Tara M Petzke, Sebastian Brand, Jennifer Murphy, Michael Witthöft, Stefanie Hoehl, Mathias Weymar, Carlos Ventura-Bort
Alterations in interoception have been linked to psychopathology. Recent findings suggest that both the attention to and the accuracy of, interoceptive perceptions may be oppositely related to subclinical symptomatology. Thus, providing well-validated tools that tap into these interoceptive processes is crucial for understanding the relation between interoceptive processing and subclinical psychopathology. In the current study ( N  = 642), we aimed to (1) validate the German version of the Interoceptive Attention Scale (IATS; Gabriele et al...
March 13, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Alexander Weiss, Michelle Luciano, Anton Aluja
Prior studies used exploratory bifactor analyses to examine the structure of the Neuroticism scale from the Short-scale Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-RS). These studies revealed a general factor and two group factors-Anxious-Tense and Worried-Vulnerable. These factors were related to poorer mental health, but their associations with physical health differed, as did their genetic and neurobiological underpinnings. A later study found that their associations with the Big Five Inventory-2 Short Form's factors and facets differed...
March 8, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Emma McEnaney, Christian Ryan
The study and measurement of alexithymia - a trait marked by difficulty identifying and describing feelings - can be improved by incorporating objective measures to supplement self-report scales. The Alexithymia Provoked Response Questionnaire (APRQ) is an observer-rated alexithymia tool that shows promise yet can be time-consuming to administer. The present study aimed to assess the feasibility of computer administration and scoring of the APRQ. Further, the APRQ's association with verbal IQ and emotional vocabulary use was examined, as was the relationship between the APRQ and the self-report Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire-B (BVAQ-B)...
February 29, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Clemens M Lechner, Constanze Beierlein, Eldad Davidov, Shalom H Schwartz
Schwartz's theory of basic human values is the dominant framework for assessing values. One of its strengths is that it allows for different levels of analysis. The 10 basic values can be reliably assigned to four higher-order dimensions: Openness to Change, Conservation, Self-Transcendence, and Self-Enhancement. In this paper, we examined the psychometric properties of the Higher-Order-Value Scale-17 (HOVS17), an inventory that economically assesses these higher-order values. We analyzed data from the GESIS Panel, an ongoing large-scale probability-based panel study that fields HOVS17 annually since 2013 and for which HOVS17 was originally developed...
February 26, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Melanie V Partsch, Gabriel Olaru, Clemens M Lechner
The Values in Action (VIA) framework encompasses 24 universally valued character strengths. Recent factor-analytic work has identified three global core strengths (metatraits) that proved to be well-interpretable and cross-culturally replicable: positivity , dependability , and mastery . However, there are no short scales to economically measure these core strengths that would encourage (large-scale) survey-based research on the global level of the VIA trait space. In the present study, we selected 18 items to measure the three metatraits from the 96-item IPIP-VIA-R inventory...
February 26, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Attà Negri, Rachele Mariani, Annalisa Tanzilli, Alice Fiorini Bincoletto, Vittorio Lingiardi, Christopher Christian
Mental disorders with body-centered symptoms, such as somatic, eating, and body dysmorphic disorders, present difficulties in psychotherapy because psychological suffering is manifested in the body rather than expressed verbally. The present study illustrates a single case multi-method investigation sensitive to detecting characteristic change manifestations in the treatment of these disorders. We investigated a treatment of a patient with body dysmorphic disorder. Computerized linguistic measures were applied to 86 sessions to assess changes in symbolic processing; out of the 86 sessions, 40 were analyzed to calculate the proportion of speech focused on bodily symptoms versus on relationships...
February 26, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Megan A Keen, Tina E Greene, Bryce A Robinson, Cole S Morris, Paul B Ingram
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is heterogeneous in nature, which complicates diagnostic efforts and makes accurate assessment tools critical. The MMPI family of instruments are widely used broadband measures of psychopathology, including trauma symptomology. The MMPI-3's Anxiety Related Experiences scale (ARX) is an expansion of the MMPI-2-RF Anxiety (AXY) scale which has historically represented the MMPI family's best measure of trauma symptoms. This study expands research on ARX in 2 samples of college students ( n  = 332 [PCL-5 Criterion] & n =  58 [CAPS-5 Criterion]) by examining ARX's incremental, criterion, and classification validity...
February 23, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Kenneth G Rice, Qianyi Wang, Hannah Wetstone, Joseph Bulbulia, Chris G Sibley, Don E Davis
Short empirically-supported scales or individual items are preferred in comprehensive surveys, brief screeners, and experience sampling studies. To that end, we examined the Short Almost Perfect Scale (SAPS) to evaluate empirical support for the interchangeability of items to measure perfectionistic strivings (Standards) and perfectionistic concerns (Discrepancy). Based on a large and diverse sample ( N  = 1,103) and tests of tau-equivalence (equal factor loadings) for each respective set of items, Study 1 advanced a subset of SAPS items to measure Standards (2 items) and Discrepancy (3 items)...
February 23, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
James McCollum, Joe Razo, Katie Aafjes-van Doorn, George Silberschatz
Pathogenic beliefs are maladaptive cognitive schema that may obstruct a person's ability to achieve meaningful goals in their life. This study sought to revise a previously existing measure of pathogenic beliefs (the Pathogenic Beliefs Scale) by improving the quality of items and separating the ratings of the presence of a pathogenic belief from the distress associated with it. In Study 1 ( n  = 272), we used item-response theory to identify 21 items from an initial pool of 44 items. In Study 2 ( n  = 422), we tested the items from Study 1 using confirmatory factor analysis...
February 15, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Sylvia Ryszewska, David L Pogge, John Stokes
Anxiety and depression are the two most common psychiatric problems of adolescence. The Personality Assessment Inventory, Adolescent Version (PAI-A) is a broadband instrument designed to assist in the detection and differential diagnosis of common psychiatric disorders in adolescents, and it includes a Depression scale (DEP) to detect the presence of major depressive episodes and an Anxiety scale (ANX) designed to detect clinically significant anxiety. However, there is limited research on this measure. The current study examined both the convergent and discriminant validities of the PAI-A Anxiety and Depression scales by observing their relationships to other self-report measures (e...
February 15, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Weijia Li, Florrie Fei-Yin Ng, Chui-De Chiu
Research has linked individuals' dispositional guilt and shame to their interpersonal processes. Although caregivers' guilt and shame proneness in the parenting context likely have important implications for their mental health and parenting, there is a lack of validated measures for such dispositions. In three studies with Chinese parents, we developed and validated the Parental Guilt and Shame Proneness scale (PGASP), which was based on the Guilt and Shame Proneness scale (GASP). The PGASP comprises two guilt subscales-negative behavior-evaluations (guilt-NBE) and repair action tendencies (guilt-repair)-and two shame subscales-negative self-evaluations (shame-NSE) and withdrawal action tendencies (shame-withdraw)...
February 9, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
Hwayong Shin, Priti Shah, Stephanie D Preston
Our well-being can improve when people heed evidence rather than simply follow familiar or charismatic advisors who neglect evidence. We developed the Reasoning through Evidence versus Advice (EvA) scale to measure individual differences in reasoning through evidence like science and statistics versus following advisors such as politicians and celebrities. No existing scales directly measure these tendencies; moreover, it was theoretically unknown whether they reflect a single dimension (from evidence- to advice-based) or distinct tendencies to value or distrust each...
January 25, 2024: Journal of Personality Assessment
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