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Reviews on Environmental Health

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763030/an-overview-of-radioactivity-measurement-studies-in-pakistan
#1
REVIEW
Wazir Muhammad, Matiulluh, Asad Ullah, Sajjad Tahir, Fawad Ullah, Matiulluh Khan
In our environment, various naturally occurring radionuclides are present (both underground and overground) in several places, which results in lifelong human exposure. The radiation dose received by human beings from the radiation emitted by these naturally occurring radionuclides is approximately 87%. Exposure to radiation poses radiological health hazards. To assess the human health hazards from radiation, the concentration of these naturally occurring radionuclides are measured in soil (used for cultivation), building materials (soil, bricks, sand, marble, etc...
February 12, 2019: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753165/impact-of-ambient-air-pollution-and-wheeze-associated-disorders-in-children-in-southeast-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Ly M T Luong, Peter D Sly, Phong K Thai, Dung Phung
Several systematic reviews have been conducted so far to examine the effect of air pollution on respiratory diseases, but there has not been a corresponding meta-analysis to estimate the effect sizes for wheeze-associated diseases/disorders, which is one of the leading causes of emergency department visits and hospitalizations for children worldwide. The aim of this review is to systematically evaluate the relationship between air pollution and risk of wheeze-associated disorders in children in Southeast Asia...
February 12, 2019: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753164/web-medical-information-produces-anxiety-in-parents-of-infants-with-suspected-galactosemia
#3
Kostas Iakovou, Kleopatra Schulpis
Parents had already taken information about galactosemia from web medical pages because they were asked for a second blood sample from their infant suspected for the disease. All enzyme types of this disorder are diagnosed by neonatal screening perinatally and treated with a galactose (GAL) free diet. The most frequent information about the disease was mental retardation (100%), eye cataracts (100%) liver dysfunction (90.5%), speech delay (76.1%), hypoglycemia (69.0%), seizures (31.0), etc. Most clinical and laboratory information about galactosemia taken from the Internet was correct for the classical type of the disorder...
February 12, 2019: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710488/authors-reply-to-drei%C3%A3-en-s-letter-to-the-editor-on-a-novel-database-of-bio-effects-from-non-ionizing-radiation
#4
LETTER
Victor Leach, Steven Weller, Mary Redmayne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2019: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710487/early-life-exposure-to-lead-pb-and-changes-in-dna-methylation-relevance-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
REVIEW
Syed Waseem Bihaqi
Recent advances in neuroepigenetics have revealed its essential role in governing body function and disease. Epigenetics regulates an array of mechanisms that are susceptible to undergoing alteration by intracellular or extracellular factors. DNA methylation, one of the most extensively studied epigenetic markers is involved in the regulation of gene expression and also plays a vital role in neuronal development. The epigenome is most vulnerable during early the embryonic stage and perturbation in DNA methylation during this period can result in a latent outcome which can persist during the entire lifespan...
February 2, 2019: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685745/lignocellulosic-biomass-for-bioethanol-an-overview-on-pretreatment-hydrolysis-and-fermentation-processes
#6
REVIEW
Bodjui Olivier Abo, Ming Gao, Yonglin Wang, Chuanfu Wu, Hongzhi Ma, Qunhui Wang
Bioethanol is currently the only alternative to gasoline that can be used immediately without having to make any significant changes in the way fuel is distributed. In addition, the carbon dioxide (CO2) released during the combustion of bioethanol is the same as that used by the plant in the atmosphere for its growth, so it does not participate in the increase of the greenhouse effect. Bioethanol can be obtained by fermentation of plants containing sucrose (beet, sugar cane…) or starch (wheat, corn…). However, large-scale use of bioethanol implies the use of very large agricultural surfaces for maize or sugarcane production...
January 26, 2019: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676008/the-moscow-signal-epidemiological-study-40-years-on
#7
Jose A Martínez
Between 1953 and 1979, the USSR irradiated the United States embassy in Moscow with microwaves. This episode, a classic Cold War affair, has acquired enormous importance in the discussions on the effect of non-ionizing radiation on people's health. In 2011, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified radiofrequency electromagnetic fields as being a possible human carcinogen (Group 2B), but the results of recent laboratory and epidemiological studies have led some researchers to conclude that radiofrequency electromagnetic fields should be reclassified as a human carcinogen instead of merely a possible human carcinogen...
January 6, 2019: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30511940/the-roles-of-radio-functional-natural-chemicals-for-the-development-of-cancer-radiation-therapy
#8
Lei Jiang, Hitoshi Iwahashi
Ionizing radiation (IR) targeted at killing cancer cells also damages normal human cells and tissues through oxidative stress. Thus, the practical treatment of cancer using radiation therapy (RT) is sometimes limited because of the acute side effects in individual patients. In addition, some radioresistant cancers are difficult to treat with limited doses of IR, which leads to treatment failure. Natural chemicals that have unique physiological functions and low toxicity offer significant advantages for the development of new radiation therapies...
December 4, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30530910/risk-factors-for-poor-health-in-indigenous-communities
#9
EDITORIAL
David O Carpenter, Peter D Sly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30325736/demographic-socio-economic-and-behavior-as-risk-factors-of-tuberculosis-in-malaysia-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
Nur Adibah Mohidem, Zailina Hashim, Malina Osman, Rafiza Shaharudin, Farrah Melissa Muharam, Punitha Makeswaran
Background Tuberculosis (TB) is making a comeback and has remained one of the main causes of mortality among the list of infectious diseases in Malaysia. Objective To evaluate the burden and demographic, socio-economic and behavior as risk factors of TB among communities in Malaysia. Method A comprehensive search of Scopus, Sciencedirect, PubMed, DOAJ, CINAHL Plus, MyJournal, BIREME, BMC Public Health, Medline, CAB, EMBASE (Excerpta Medica dataBASE), and Web of Science (WoS) was undertaken from the articles published from 1st January 2008 to 31st December 2017 using medical subject heading (MeSH) key terms...
October 16, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30307899/letter-to-the-editor-concerning-the-paper-a-novel-database-of-bio-effects-from-non-ionizing-radiation
#11
LETTER
Sarah Drießen, Dagmar Dechent, David Graefrath, Anne-Kathrin Petri, Lambert Bodewein, Tanja Emonds, Thomas Kraus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30307898/application-of-lactic-acid-derived-from-food-waste-on-pathogen-inactivation-in-fecal-sludge-a-review-on-the-alternative-use-of-food-waste
#12
Emmanuel Alepu Odey, Bodjui Olivier Abo, Zifu Li, Xiaoqin Zhou
Food waste generation and disposal have led to several environmental problems, especially in developing countries. This phenomenon is partly because most cities rapidly urbanize, which results in population increase, urban settlement and waste generation. Improper management of waste has continued to create environmental problems. These problems have indeed interfered with the inadequate measures in managing other organic waste such as food waste. Food waste can be fermented and used for pathogen inactivation in fecal sludge (FS)...
October 11, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30291786/influence-of-climate-and-environmental-change-in-nigeria-a-review-on-vulnerability-and-adaptation-to-climate-change
#13
Emmanuel Alepu Odey, Bodjui Olivier Abo, Zifu Li, Xiaoqin Zhou, Abdulmoseen Segun Giwa
This paper reviews the current issues that involve environmental changes in Nigeria and environmental threats within the country. The fundamental aim of scientific knowledge in environmental studies is to reconcile climate change and environmental sustainability with developmental goals. Therefore, information on impact adaptation to climate change and vulnerability research is required to develop specific, action-oriented, interdisciplinary, successful, sociopolitical and democratic reform for the entire population of a country...
October 6, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30256763/impact-of-ambient-air-temperature-on-human-health-in-india
#14
Harshal R Salve, Raghavan Parthasarathy, Anand Krishnan, D R Pattanaik
A systematic search was carried out in the databases of Pubmed, Indmed and Mausam for articles on the effect of ambient temperature on health. Relevant data were extracted using a standard data abstraction form by two authors independently. The overall effects of ambient air temperature are reported as odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) on mortality. Of 812 records identified, only seven were included in the final review as per pre-defined criteria. An increase in the all-cause mortality rate of 41% are reported during a heat wave in India...
September 26, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30205650/nanostructures-between-natural-environment-and-medical-practice
#15
REVIEW
Maria Concetta Trovato, Daniele Andronico, Salvatore Sciacchitano, Rosaria Maddalena Ruggeri, Isa Picerno, Angela Di Pietro, Giuseppa Visalli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30173206/changing-landscape-at-reviews-on-environmental-health
#16
EDITORIAL
Peter D Sly, David O Carpenter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30074898/a-review-of-the-chemical-and-biological-pollutants-in-indoor-air-in-hospitals-and-assessing-their-effects-on-the-health-of-patients-staff-and-visitors
#17
REVIEW
Fatemeh Ghanizadeh, Hatam Godini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29982240/the-natural-environment-as-a-reservoir-of-pathogenic-and-non-pathogenic-acinetobacter-species
#18
REVIEW
Mary A Adewoyin, Anthony I Okoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29975668/air-pollution-exposure-during-pregnancy-and-spontaneous-abortion-and-stillbirth
#19
REVIEW
Alexandra Grippo, Jun Zhang, Li Chu, Yanjun Guo, Lihua Qiao, Jun Zhang, Ajay A Myneni, Lina Mu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29897887/progress-on-the-amendment-in-biochars-and-its-effects-on-the-soil-plant-micro-organism-biochar-system
#20
REVIEW
Loissi Kalakodio, Moussa Bakayoko, Adiara Kalagodio, Bodjui Olivier Abo, Jean Pierre Muhoza, El Moctar Ismaila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
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