Vida Ehyaee, Vijaya Reddy, Aadil Ahmed
CD30+ cells are typically part of lymphoproliferative disorders but can also be seen in inflammatory dermatoses. We present a case of 47-year-old man with a history of B-lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) who presented with fever, leukocytosis, and papulonodular skin lesions, involving the extremities and trunk. A punch biopsy specimen demonstrated papillary dermal edema with a neutrophilic and histiocytic infiltrate extending into the subcutis. The infiltrate also harbored scattered large cells that were positive for CD30 and demonstrated the immunohistochemical profile of monocytes...
September 28, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Saba Shafi, Ania Henning, Catherine G Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Danielle Rinck, Martin Dittmer, Daniel Tinker, Kristin Smith, Gillian Heinecke
BACKGROUND: Dermatology residents gain exposure to dermatopathology through a variety of educational modalities. While virtual pathology applications have risen dramatically, resident utilization of digital libraries, slide scanner availability, and comfort with virtual slides are not well-known. This study aims to assess the current landscape of educational resources used by dermatology residents. METHODS: A 17-question survey was sent to dermatology residents through a national email database...
September 25, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Kennedy Sparling, Kristian T Schafernak, Neil Fernandes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Natsuko Sasaki-Saito, Keisuke Goto, Megumi Aoki, Katsuhiko Nishihara, Tsubasa Hiraki, Shusuke Yoshikawa, Shigeto Matsushita
Apocrine carcinoma cases with sebaceous differentiation have not been reported and can be misdiagnosed as sebaceous carcinoma. We present two cases of apocrine carcinoma with marked sebocyte-like cytological features. Tumors were observed in the left axilla of a 68-year-old man (Case 1) and the right axilla of a 72-year-old man (Case 2). Both patients presented with multiple lymph node metastases. Histopathology revealed densely distributed solid nests of tumor cells containing foamy cytoplasm and enlarged round nuclei with prominent nucleoli...
September 24, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Fatema Khamdan, McKenzie A Dirr, Pelin Sagut, Caroline J Brailsford, Jacob A Williams, Paul J Nietert, Dirk M Elston
BACKGROUND: Cytologic atypia encompasses several features of abnormal cellular morphology. We sought to quantify these features in benign and premalignant/malignant squamous cell lesions to better characterize criteria for malignancy. METHODS: We conducted a rater-blinded observational study in which histopathology slides were evaluated under light microscopy, and the presence and relative quantity of 24 distinct cytological features were recorded, along with respective diagnoses...
September 20, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
MacKenzie Griffith, Raj Singh, Anas Alabkaa, Vijaya Reddy, Aadil Ahmed
Primary cutaneous apocrine carcinoma is a rare adnexal tumor that arises from apocrine progenitor cells. These tumors may be associated with benign apocrine hyperplasia, and a longstanding history of a lesion should not preclude a malignant diagnosis. We report a case of a 70-year-old female who presented to the clinic with a 3-year history of an asymptomatic vulvar lesion. An excisional biopsy was performed. Histopathologic examination revealed a tumor with two distinct components. The first component was determined to be a benign tubular apocrine adenoma...
September 17, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Summer N Meyer, Stephanie Le, Leah Antoinette Caro-Chang, Smita Awasthi, Maxwell A Fung, Maija Kiuru
Select Aspergillus species can produce oxalate as a fermentation byproduct, which may react with calcium ions to produce insoluble calcium oxalate crystals in tissues. These crystals are frequently associated with pulmonary Aspergillus infections, yet are rarely described in primary cutaneous aspergillosis. Herein, we report the presence of calcium oxalate crystals detected on cutaneous specimens from primary cutaneous Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigatus infections in an immunocompromised, premature infant...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Trent Irwin, Cecilia C S Yeung, Michi M Shinohara
Cutaneous graft versus host disease (cGVHD) has substantial clinical and histopathologic overlap with erythema multiforme (EM), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). This overlap can make it difficult to distinguish these disorders in patients who have received hematopoietic transplants. We sought to evaluate the utility of Dp I/II immunohistochemical stain in differentiating EM/SJS/TEN and cGVHD in a large cohort. Skin biopsy specimens from patients with cGVHD (n = 58) and EM/SJS/TEN (n = 60) were evaluated for Dp I/II expression by immunohistochemistry...
September 10, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Ankang Gu, Fengxian Han, Faku Ma, Litao Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Marcello Menta Simonsen Nico, Jose Ollague Sierra, Fernanda Gonçalves Moya, Silvia Vanessa Lourenço
Ointment pseudo-cheilitis is a recently recognized distinctive type of self-induced cheilitis. Lesions consist of a variable amount of crusts adhered to the vermilion. These crusts consist of dried saliva and dead cells mixed with applied medications attached to the lip surface. Patients are typically severely anxious or depressed; the condition impacts quality of life. Ointment pseudo-cheilitis is frequently misdiagnosed as exfoliative cheilitis or cheilitis glandularis. Biopsy reports are often non-revealing because there are no established histopathological criteria for this disease, and clinicians usually do not formulate the correct diagnostic hypothesis...
September 5, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Cuyan Demirkesen, Ayça Erşen Danyeli, Pelin Yıldız, Sümeyre Seda Ertekin, Berkhan Yılmaz, Süleyman İzzet Karahan, Armita Bahrami
Rhabdomyosarcoma with TFCP2 rearrangement is a recently identified malignant neoplasm characterized by immunohistochemical evidence of rhabdomyoblastic differentiation, keratin expression, upregulation of ALK, and an aggressive clinical course. This neoplasm has a tendency to affect craniofacial bones, with only a few reported cases of extra-osseous tumors. Here, we present a case of cutaneous rhabdomyosarcoma with FUS::TFCP2 fusion in a 35-year-old female. Notably, the tumor exhibited a pathologic spectrum, initially resembling sclerosing dermatitis at presentation but progressing into a high-grade malignant tumor within 8 months...
September 5, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Ahmed Bakhshwin, Gabriel Oaxaca, Susan Armstrong, Jennifer Ko, Steven Billings
BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic fibroblastoma (collagenous fibroma) is a rare soft tissue tumor that usually arises in the subcutis or skeletal muscle. Cases superficial to fascia are unusual and can cause diagnostic difficulty. We present 11 cases of superficial desmoplastic fibroblastoma involving a wide anatomic distribution. METHODS: Archives were searched using the term "desmoplastic fibroblastoma" over a 10-year period (2012-2022). Cases superficial to fascia were retrieved, and available clinicopathologic features were recorded...
September 4, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Chenxi Liu, Fan Li, Chunyan Mao, Zhuoma Dangzeng, Lin Wang
Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is a subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma mainly derived from NK cells and, uncommonly, T-cells. A diagnostic challenge is presented when an atypical phenotype and gene rearrangement are encountered. Herein, we report a case of ENKTL with CD20 expression and IGH gene rearrangement, which is extremely rare. A 57-year-old female patient was seen in 2021 due to a nodule on her left leg and simultaneously impaired eyesight for 6 months. Skin biopsy and immunohistochemistry were performed...
September 4, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Miguel A Hernandez-Rovira, Carine M Lama, Amy C M Musiek, Aaron J Russell
Heuristics are cognitive strategies used to facilitate decision-making. They can be helpful tools for expediting pathologic diagnoses, however, they can also affect judgment and lead to biases that guide the pathologist astray. We report the case of a 52-year-old female who presented with two unusual pigmented lesions on the wrist and thigh that clinically and histopathologically resembled an atypical melanocytic proliferation. A biopsy of the thigh revealed a broad proliferation of large, atypical cells forming nests within a heavily pigmented epidermis...
September 4, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Sebastian Senff, Thomas P Orschulok, Duncan L Lambie, Fiona Lehane
Glomus tumors are well-known but relatively rare vascular neoplasms, with their malignant counterparts still being rarer. There are very few reports of cutaneous malignant glomus tumors, and the current limited evidence suggests that they follow a more indolent course than deep-seated malignant glomus tumors. Herein, we are reporting a case of cutaneous malignant glomus tumor. A 94-year-old male presented with a right-sided ulcerated scalp lesion, which, on biopsy, showed a diffusely infiltrative epithelioid malignancy with considerable pleomorphism and a notable perivascular growth pattern...
September 3, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Dayeon Jung, Seung Min Ko, Jinwon Seo, Eun Joo Park, Kwang Joong Kim, Kwang Ho Kim
Chordoma is a rare locally aggressive bone malignancy that originates from the notochord. It typically involves the sacrococcygeal area, spheno-occipital region of the skull, and spine. Cutaneous involvement of chordoma, termed as chordoma cutis, is uncommon and usually occurs via direct invasion or local recurrence. Distant metastasis to the skin is very rare. We report a case of chordoma cutis on the scalp, which lacked characteristic physaliferous cells but tested positive for brachyury, thus supporting the diagnosis of chordoma cutis...
August 31, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Eckart Haneke, Rudolf Happle
So far, confusion exists regarding the question of whether hereditary perifollicular fibromas and fibrofolliculomas can be distinguished from each other. Here, histopathological arguments are presented to clarify this terminological problem. In 1977, Birt et al. described a large kindred affected with hereditary multiple "fibrofolliculomas," which they thought were "a hitherto unrecognized pilar hamartoma," but they never claimed the fibrofolliculomas were part of a syndrome. A careful microscopic comparison shows, however, that the tumors are clinically and histopathologically identical to perifollicular fibromas, as first described by Burnier and Rejšek in 1925...
August 30, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Apoorva T Patil, Daniel D Bennett, Jin Xu, Paul Weisman, Daniel R Matson
Pilomatricomas (PMs) are common benign adnexal tumors that show a predilection for the head and neck region and are characterized at the molecular level by activating mutations in the beta-catenin (CTNNB1) gene. Giant PMs are a rare histopathological variant, according to the World Health Organization, which are defined by a size greater than 4 cm and are reported to show upregulation of yes-associated protein compared to PMs of typical 1-3 cm size. We describe the case of a 67-year-old man with an 8 cm giant PM involving his temporal scalp, whose PM we characterized by 10X spatial gene expression analysis...
August 30, 2023: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
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