V Skočková, P Raptová, K Pospíchalová, I Sovadinová, E Sychrová, M Smutná, K Hilscherová, P Babica, L Šindlerová
Cyanobacterial harmful blooms (CyanoHABs) pose a global ecological problem, and their lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are among the bioactive compounds they release. Previous studies on CyanoHAB-LPS from single cyanobacterial species have shown varying bioactivities in different in vitro cell models. In this study, we isolated LPS from 19 CyanoHAB samples collected at 18 water bodies in the Czech Republic over two consecutive seasons. The proportions of cyanobacteria, Gram-negative bacteria (G-), and other bacteria in the biomass were determined by qPCR, while the cyanobacterial genera were identified using light microscopy...
December 8, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Lyle D Burgoon, Christopher J Borgert, Claudio Fuentes, James E Klaunig
The kinetically-derived maximal dose (KMD) is defined as the maximal external dose at which kinetics are unchanged relative to lower doses, e.g., doses at which kinetic processes are not saturated. Toxicity produced at doses above the KMD can be qualitatively different from toxicity produced at lower doses. Here, we test the hypothesis that neoplastic lesions reported in the National Toxicology Program's (NTP) rodent cancer bioassay with ethylbenzene are a high-dose phenomenon secondary to saturation of elimination kinetics...
December 7, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
R Dekant, R Bertermann, J Serban, S Sharma, M Shinohara, Y Morizawa, H Okamoto, W Brock, W Dekant, A Mally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Wendy J Wilburn, Sahra Gabure, Margaret M Whalen
Triclosan (TCS) is an antimicrobial compound widely used in personal hygiene products such as mouthwash and toothpaste; and has been found in human blood, breast milk, and urine. Interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1 beta (IL-1β) are pro-inflammatory cytokines regulating cell growth, tissue repair, and immune function; increased levels of each have been associated with many diseases, including cancer. Previous studies showed that TCS at concentrations between 0.05 and 5 µM consistently increased the secretion of IL-1β and IL-6 from human immune cells within 24 h of exposure...
December 6, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Thomas Colnot, Wolfgang Dekant, Helmut Greim
Hazardous properties of a large number of esters of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (parabens) have been proposed by ECHA to be assessed as a group. We recommend to restrict the grouping approach to short chain esters, i.e. methyl, ethyl, propyl and butyl paraben which are very similar in chemical structures, physicochemical properties, toxicokinetics, and hazardous properties. While these parabens show a weak estrogenicity in some in vitro or in vivo screening assays, they do not induce estrogen-receptor-mediated adverse effects in intact animals...
December 5, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Maciej Noga, Agata Michalska, Kamil Jurowski
Nerve agents are organophosphate chemical warfare agents that exert their toxic effects by irreversibly inhibiting acetylcholinesterase, affecting the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the synaptic cleft. Due to the risk of exposure to dangerous nerve agents and for animal welfare reasons, in silico methods have been used to assess acute toxicity safely. The next-generation risk assessment (NGRA) is a new approach for predicting toxicological parameters that can meet modern requirements for toxicological research...
December 5, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Inmaculada Medina-Cáliz, Judith Sanabria-Cabrera, Marina Villanueva-Paz, Lauryna Aukštikalnė, Camilla Stephens, Mercedes Robles-Díaz, José M Pinazo-Bandera, Miren García-Cortes, Isabel Conde, German Soriano, Fernando Bessone, Nelia Hernandez, Vinicius Nunes, Raymundo Paraná, M Isabel Lucena, Raúl J Andrade, Hao Niu, Ismael Alvarez-Alvarez
Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) associated with drug reactions with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is poorly characterized among patients of Western countries. We aimed to comprehensively assess the clinical characteristics, outcomes, and causative agents in a prospective, well-vetted cohort of DILI patients with DRESS (DILI-DRESS). We identified 53 DILI-DRESS cases from the Spanish DILI Registry and the Latin American DILI Network. For comparison purposes, we defined a group of DILI patients (n = 881)...
December 5, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Martina Franzin, Rachele Ruoso, Michela Peruch, Gabriele Stocco, Stefano D'Errico, Riccardo Addobbati
Sudden death could occur after assumption of illicit drugs for recreational purposes in adults or after intoxication in children, and toxicological testing would help identify the cause of the death. Analytical methods sensitive and specific for the quantification of a great number of drugs and metabolites in at least 2 matrices should be used. Bile, collected postmortem, may be considered a specimen alternative to blood and urine to perform toxicological testing because of its extended detection window. The present study proposed a LC-MS/MS method to quantify 108 drugs and metabolites in bile...
December 5, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Ulla Vogel, Anne T Saber, Nicklas R Jacobsen, Pernille H Danielsen, Karin S Hougaard, Niels Hadrup
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Evgenios Agathokleous, Edward J Calabrese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Alzahraa Fergany, Cai Zong, Frederick Adams Ekuban, Bin Wu, Satoshi Ueha, Shigeyuki Shichino, Kouji Matsushima, Yoichiro Iwakura, Sahoko Ichihara, Gaku Ichihara
Acrylamide is an environmental electrophile that has been produced in large amounts for many years. There is concern about the adverse health effects of acrylamide exposure due to its widespread industrial use and also presence in commonly consumed foods and others. IL-1β is a key cytokine that protects the brain from inflammatory insults, but its role in acrylamide-induced neurotoxicity remains unknown. We reported recently that deletion of IL-1β gene exacerbates ACR-induced neurotoxicity in mice...
November 16, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Ana Dias-Carvalho, Susana Isabel Sá, Félix Carvalho, Eduarda Fernandes, Vera Marisa Costa
Life expectancy has increased immensely over the past decades, bringing new challenges to the health systems as advanced age increases the predisposition for many diseases. One of those is the burden of neurologic disorders. While many hypotheses have been placed to explain aging mechanisms, it has been widely accepted that the increasing pro-inflammatory status with advanced age or "inflammaging" is a main determinant of biological aging. Furthermore, inflammaging is at the cornerstone of many age-related diseases and its involvement in neurologic disorders is an exciting hypothesis...
November 15, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Cong Li, Huishan Zhang, Jiali Mo, Jingye Zuo, Leping Ye
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is widely used in industry and consumer products. Previous studies have showed that PFOS gestational exposure is associated with offspring lung damage in rat. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the role of gasdermin E (GSDME) in lung injury of offspring and its underlying mechanisms using in vivo and in vitro approaches. Pregnant SD rats were exposed to PFOS (1 mg/kg BW/d) between gestational day 12-18, and the lung tissue of the offspring was evaluated on postnatal day 7...
November 13, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Zijian Huang, Yuan Ma, Zhiguo Sun, Long Cheng, Gang Wang
Ferroptosis is a newly discovered form of regulatory cell death characterized by excessive iron-dependent lipid peroxidation. In the past decade, significant breakthroughs have been made in comprehending the features and regulatory mechanisms of ferroptosis, and it has been confirmed that ferroptosis plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiological processes of various diseases, including tumors, inflammation, neurodegenerative diseases, and infectious diseases. The pancreas, which is the second largest digestive gland in the human body and has both endocrine and exocrine functions, is a vital organ for controlling digestion and metabolism...
November 7, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Yun-Chung Hsiao, Gregory Johnson, Yifei Yang, Chih-Wei Liu, Jiahao Feng, Haoduo Zhao, Sheryl S Moy, Kathryn M Harper, Kun Lu
Glyphosate is a widely used active ingredient in agricultural herbicides, inhibiting the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids in plants by targeting their shikimate pathway. Our gut microbiota also facilitates the shikimate pathway, making it a vulnerable target when encountering glyphosate. Dysbiosis in the gut microbiota may impair the gut-brain axis, bringing neurological outcomes. To evaluate the neurotoxicity and biochemical changes attributed to glyphosate, we exposed mice with the reference dose (RfD) set by the U...
November 3, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Isabella Randerath, Natalia Quinete, Julian Peter Müller, Julia Stingl, Jens Bertram, Thomas Schettgen, Thomas Kraus, Patrick Ziegler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Lars Hareng, Susanne N Kolle, Caroline Gomes, Steffen Schneider, Markus Wahl
The acyclic linear monoterpenes Linalool (Lin) and Linalyl acetate (LinAc) occur in nature as major constituents of various essential oils such as lavender oils. A potential endocrine activity of these compounds was discussed in literature including premature thelarche and prepubertal gynecomastia due to lavender product use. This study aims to follow-up on these critical findings reported by testing Lin and LinAc in several studies in line with current guidance and regulatory framework. No relevant anti-/ER and AR-mediated activity was observed in recombinant yeast cell-based screening tests and guideline reporter gene in vitro assays in mammalian cells...
October 31, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Jia-Long Fang, Michelle M Vanlandingham, Greg R Olson, Mackean P Maisha, Robert Felton, Frederick A Beland
Triclosan is a widely used antimicrobial agent in personal care products, household items, medical devices, and clinical settings. Due to its extensive use, there is potential for humans in all age groups to receive lifetime exposures to triclosan, yet data on the chronic dermal toxicity/carcinogenicity of triclosan are still lacking. We evaluated the toxicity/carcinogenicity of triclosan administered dermally to B6C3F1 mice for 104 weeks. Groups of 48 male and 48 female B6C3F1 mice received dermal applications of 0, 1...
October 24, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Laura Smedegaard Heisel, Freja Drost Andersen, Sâmia Joca, Lambert Kristiansen Sørensen, Ulf Simonsen, Jørgen Bo Hasselstrøm, Charlotte Uggerhøj Andersen, Kirstine Lykke Nielsen
Changes in pharmacokinetics and endogenous metabolites may underlie additive biological effects of concomitant use of antipsychotics and opioids. In this study, we employed untargeted metabolomics analysis and targeted analysis to examine the changes in drug metabolites and endogenous metabolites in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), midbrain, and blood of rats following acute co-administration of quetiapine and methadone. Rats were divided into four groups and received cumulative increasing doses of quetiapine (QTP), methadone (MTD), quetiapine + methadone (QTP + MTD), or vehicle (control)...
October 23, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
Wanyu He, Jiaqi Ding, Ning Gao, Lingyan Zhu, Lin Zhu, Jianfeng Feng
With the widespread use of organophosphate esters (OPEs), the accumulation and toxicity effect of OPEs in biota are attracting more and more concern. In order to clarify the mechanism of toxicity of OPEs to organisms, this study reviewed the OPEs toxicity and systematically identified the mechanism of OPEs toxicity under the framework of adverse outcome pathway (AOP). OPEs were divided into three groups (alkyl-OPEs, aryl-OPEs, and halogenated-OPEs) and biota was divided into aquatic organism and mammals. The results showed that tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) and triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) mainly caused neurotoxicity, reproductive, and hepatotoxicity in different mechanisms...
October 21, 2023: Archives of Toxicology
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