journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588217/a-career-in-evolutionary-biology-and-elucidating-the-genetic-basis-of-variation-an-interview-with-hopi-hoekstra-phd
#1
Tafadzwa L Chaunzwa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588216/on-zoonotic-viruses-and-yale-new-haven-hospital-s-aids-care-program-an-interview-with-warren-andiman-md
#2
Huaqi Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588215/the-evolutionary-origin-of-the-adaptive-immune-system-an-interview-with-david-schatz-phd
#3
Jingyao Qiu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588214/conservation-and-genetics
#4
REVIEW
Charles B Fenster, Jonathan D Ballou, Michele R Dudash, Mark D B Eldridge, Richard Frankham, Robert C Lacy, Katherine Ralls, Paul Sunnucks
Humans are responsible for a cataclysm of species extinction that will change the world as we see it, and will adversely affect human health and wellbeing. We need to understand at individual and societal levels why species conservation is important. Accepting the premise that species have value, we need to next consider the mechanisms underlying species extinction and what we can do to reverse the process. One of the last stages of species extinction is the reduction of a species to a few populations of relatively few individuals, a scenario that leads invariably to inbreeding and its adverse consequences, inbreeding depression...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588213/eco-evolutionary-dynamics-the-predator-prey-adaptive-play-and-the-ecological-theater
#5
REVIEW
Mary K Burak, Julia D Monk, Oswald J Schmitz
The emerging field of eco-evolutionary dynamics has demonstrated that both ecological and evolutionary processes can occur contemporaneously. Ecological interactions, such as between predator and prey, are important focal areas where an eco-evolutionary perspective can advance understanding about phenotypically plastic and adaptive evolutionary responses. In predator-prey interactions, both species reciprocally respond and adapt to each other in order to simultaneously ensure resource consumption and predation avoidance...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588212/why-and-how-to-create-nighttime-warming-treatments-for-ecological-field-experiments
#6
REVIEW
Cori J Speights, Carter L Wolff, Martha E Barton, Brandon T Barton
While average global temperatures are increasing, a disproportionate amount of warming can be attributed to increasing nighttime temperatures rather than increasing daytime temperatures. Theory predicts that the timing of warming can generate different effects on organisms and their interactions within ecosystems. This occurs because an organism's response to warming depends on the current temperature. For example, warming when temperatures are low may have positive effects on an organism, while warming when temperatures are already high may have negative effects on an organism...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588211/insect-antennal-morphology-the-evolution-of-diverse-solutions-to-odorant-perception
#7
REVIEW
Mark A Elgar, Dong Zhang, Qike Wang, Bernadette Wittwer, Hieu Thi Pham, Tamara L Johnson, Christopher B Freelance, Marianne Coquilleau
Chemical communication involves the production, transmission, and perception of odors. Most adult insects rely on chemical signals and cues to locate food resources, oviposition sites or reproductive partners and, consequently, numerous odors provide a vital source of information. Insects detect these odors with receptors mostly located on the antennae, and the diverse shapes and sizes of these antennae (and sensilla) are both astonishing and puzzling: what selective pressures are responsible for these different solutions to the same problem - to perceive signals and cues? This review describes the selection pressures derived from chemical communication that are responsible for shaping the diversity of insect antennal morphology...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588210/natural-selection-the-microbiome-and-public-health
#8
REVIEW
Holly A Swain Ewald, Paul W Ewald
The microbiome is composed of hundreds of interacting species that have co-evolved with the host and alterations in microbiome composition have been associated with health and disease. Insights from evolutionary ecology may aid efforts to ameliorate microbiome-associated diseases. One step toward this goal involves recognition that the idea of commensalism has been applied too broadly to human/microbe symbioses. Commensalism is most accurately viewed on a symbiosis continuum as a dividing line that separates a spectrum of mutualisms of decreasing positive interdependence from parasitisms of increasing severity...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588209/eco-hydrological-footprint-of-a-river-basin-in-western-ghats
#9
T V Ramachandra, S Vinay, S Bharath, A Shashishankar
Eco-Hydrological footprint of a river basin refers to the hydrologic regime for sustaining vital ecological functions considering the appropriation of water by biotic components (including humans). It provides crucial information about the ecological status of a river, while addressing the divergence from natural conditions of the actual hydrological regime. Thus, this highlights the implicit relationship of hydrologic regime in meeting the demand of the biota. Unplanned developmental activities have altered the catchment integrity which has threatened the regional water security due to the conversion of perennial streams to seasonal ones...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588208/patterns-of-tracheal-compression-in-the-thorax-of-the-ground-beetle-platynus-decentis
#10
John S Hochgraf, James S Waters, John J Socha
Insects breathe using a system of tracheal tubes that ramify throughout the body. Rhythmic tracheal compression (RTC), the periodic collapse and reinflation of parts of the system, has been identified in multiple taxa, but little is known about the precise dynamics of tube deformation cycles. It has been hypothesized that during RTC, compression occurs synchronously throughout the body, but specific kinematic patterns along the length of individual tracheae may vary. Tube collapse or reinflation that proceeds unidirectionally along the length of a tube may function as a pump to transport air, augmenting gas exchange...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588207/physiological-maturation-lags-behind-behavioral-maturation-in-newly-eclosed-drosophila-melanogaster-males
#11
Mareike Koppik, Jan-Hendrik Specker, Ina Lindenbaum, Claudia Fricke
The accessory gland (AG) produces seminal fluid proteins that are transferred to the female upon mating in many insects. These seminal fluid proteins often promote a male's post-copulatory reproductive success. Despite its crucial function many males eclose with a small gland not yet containing the full set of proteins. Thus, they need a physiological maturation period. Using Drosophila melanogaster , we tested whether this physiological maturation is linked to behavioral maturation in males and to what extent seminal fluid allocation patterns are influenced by physiological maturation...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588206/-diadema-antillarum-on-st-croix-usvi-current-status-and-interactions-with-herbivorous-fishes
#12
Jonathan I Onufryk, John P Ebersole, John DeFilippo, Gregory Beck
The 1983-84 mass mortality of the long-spined sea urchin, Diadema antillarum , intensified the loss of herbivory that was a major factor in the degradation of coral reefs in the wider Caribbean. As determined from recent surveys, densities of D. antillarum populations at back reef locations on St. Croix, US Virgin Islands, are higher than densities immediately following the die-off - but still about an order of magnitude below pre-die-off densities and patchy in both time and space. Comparisons to similar surveys during the past twelve years and to earlier historical records indicate that recovery on St...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588205/obligate-mutualism-in-an-extended-consumer-resource-framework
#13
Roger A Cropp, John Norbury
The development of a theory to underpin the obligate mutualist interactions that appear to be ubiquitous in nature has not proceeded at the same pace as the development of theory to support competition and predation. A constraint may be that obligate mutualism appears unable to be presented in the simple linear models that have so successfully served as heuristics for the other interactions. A number of simple nonlinear models have been used to propose explanations of obligate mutualism, but these solutions are often predicated on careful choices of functional forms...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588204/host-specificity-and-ecology-of-digenean-parasites-of-nassariid-gastropods-in-central-queensland-australia-with-comments-on-host-parasite-associations-of-the-nassariidae
#14
Leonie J Barnett, Terrence L Miller
Nassariid gastropods are well represented in Australia, and Nassarius dorsatus (Röding), Nassarius olivaceus (Bruguière), and Nassarius pullus (Linnaeus) are common in the intertidal mangroves of the Capricornia region in Central Queensland. A survey of the digenean trematode fauna of nassariids of the region revealed cercariae of 12 species from six trematode families associated with these gastropods. Six species of Acanthocolpidae were found, including three putative species of the genus Stephanostomum ...
December 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30534025/erratum-effects-of-alpha-hydroxy-isocaproic-acid-upon-body-composition-in-a-type-i-diabetic-patient-with-muscle-atrophy-a-case-study
#15
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 161 in vol. 91, PMID: 29962922.].
September 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30258322/patient-centered-and-patient-independent-technologies-in-acute-neurological-injury-and-the-art-of-making-useful-medical-contributions-an-interview-with-kevin-sheth-md
#16
Neal G Ravindra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30258321/do-physicians-dream-of-electric-sheep-examining-the-conflict-between-compassion-and-technology
#17
REVIEW
Benjamin L Mazer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30258320/generating-human-organs-via-interspecies-chimera-formation-advances-and-barriers
#18
REVIEW
Alejandro De Los Angeles, Nam Pho, D Eugene Redmond
The shortage of human organs for transplantation is a devastating medical problem. One way to expand organ supply is to derive functional organs from patient-specific stem cells. Due to their capacity to grow indefinitely in the laboratory and differentiate into any cell type of the human body, patient-specific pluripotent stem (PS) cells harbor the potential to provide an inexhaustible supply of donor cells for transplantation. However, current efforts to generate functional organs from PS cells have so far been unsuccessful...
September 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30258319/two-surgeries-do-not-always-make-a-right-spinal-cord-stimulation-for-failed-back-surgery-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Phan Q Duy, William S Anderson
Failed back surgery syndrome (FBBS) is characterized by chronic pain that persists following spine surgery. In this review, we discuss the use of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for FBBS treatment and how the clinical use of SCS may be influenced by private manufacturers. While SCS therapy can be promising for the appropriate patient, there remain knowledge gaps in understanding the full potential of SCS technology for delivering optimal therapeutic benefit. We caution that the use of SCS without a complete understanding of the technology may create exploitative situations that private manufacturers can capitalize on while subjecting patients to potentially unnecessary health and financial burdens...
September 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30258318/a-review-of-cerebral-shunts-current-technologies-and-future-endeavors
#20
REVIEW
Garrett J Soler, Mengdi Bao, Devina Jaiswal, Hitten P Zaveri, Michael L DiLuna, Ryan A Grant, Kazunori Hoshino
Objective . The use of cerebrospinal shunts is the standard of care for hydrocephalus. However, shunts are extremely vulnerable to failure and lack noninvasive methods to monitor their viability. We review current shunt technologies and attempts to improve their function. Methods . A PubMed search was performed to find literature on shunts and shunt function. Company brochures and websites were also used. Results . Fixed and variable pressure valves from four major companies are discussed. Also reviewed are siphon resistive devices, intracranial pressure sensors, and recent attempts on the development of cerebrospinal fluid sensors, including a micromechanical flow sensor we have recently developed...
September 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
journal
journal
24848
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"