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Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny

Krystyna Gutkowska, Jacek Czarnecki, Dominika Głąbska, Dominika Guzek, Agnieszka Batóg
Background: Consumers may feel confused by receiving conflicting information about health-related aspects of beef. Therefore, it is invariably important to assess how consumers perceive the health benefits of beef. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of consumer perception of beef values on consumer behavior towards this type of meat. Material and methods: The study consisted of a survey conducted among residents of Świętokrzyskie voivodeship in the period February 2013 – September 2014...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Monika Mania, Tomasz Szynal, Małgorzata Rebeniak, Jacek Postupolski
Background: One of the important source of food contamination with elements harmful to human health such as lead or cadmium is migration from the articles intended to come into contact with food. Ceramic and glass articles can also be a source of zinc and copper which compounds are used during the production process of vessels. Objective: Determination of migration of lead, cadmium, zinc and copper from ceramic and glass wares available on the market in Poland and assessment of consumer exposure to these elements...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Ewa Mędrela-Kuder, Karolina Szymura
Background: In the prevention of osteoporosis and its treatment, it is important to prevent bone loss by reducing the occurrence of factors determining human health, which reduce the risk of osteoporosis, such as health behaviors. Objective: Characteristics of modifiable risk factors predisposing to osteoporosis, such as: low intake of calcium and vitamin D3 in the diet, smoking, coffee and alcohol abuse. Material and methods: The study involved 400 women aged 50-74 who are suffering from osteoporosis T-score <-2...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Joanna Bartkowicz, Katarzyna Mironiuk
Background: Adequate nutrition is one of the most important environmental factor that determines the development of children and adolescents. Childhood, as well as puberty significantly take part in forming proper nutritional attitudes and behaviours Objectives: Assessment of selected nutritional behaviors among college adolescents from Pomerania Province. Subjects were students of high schools, trade schools and technical institutes. Material and methods: In the study 198 students participated – 121 girls and 77 boys...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Regina Wierzejska, Mirosław Jarosz, Barbara Wojda, Magdalena Siuba-Strzelińska
Background: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is indispensable to ensure proper development of the fetal central nervous system and pregnancy duration. Daily intake of DHA should be at least 100 mg higher as compared to the pre-pregnancy values. Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate DHA intake during pregnancy and compare it to the current recommendations. Material and methods: A total of 100 pregnant women presenting for labor at the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Oncology, Medical University of Warsaw, were included in the study...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Marzena Malara, Natalia Zaleska, Grażyna Lutosławska
Background: Proper eating behaviours among youth condition their bodies’ optimal growth and development and impact future diet choices, which affects maintenance of health in later years. Studies concerning assessment of the way of eating among adolescents in Poland over the past years indicate a number of errors. Objective: The aim of these studies was to asses diet diversity of middle school students, living in urban and rural areas located in the Masovian Voivodeship...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Izabela Zbrońska, Ewa Mędrela-Kuder
Background: An important factor in maintaining elderly people in good health is an appropriate level of physical activity. The research into physical activity level of the elderly is quite crucial as the low level of such activity may lead to disability and that, in turn, generates the need of additional care which constitutes a serious social problem. As the existing data seem to lack a lot, new research would enrich our knowledge in new conclusions. Objective: The aim of the study is to analyze and estimate the physical activity of the elderly persons with overweight or obesity elderly...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Agnieszka Bzikowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Halina Weker, Aleksandra Wesołowska
Background: Human milk is the optimal nutrition for newborns and infants during the first period of their life – from birth to 6-th month. It contains a uniquely quantitative and qualitative balanced nutrients profile. Composition of breast milk is dynamic and may vary according to maternal nutritional status. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate associations between human milk composition and maternal nutritional status. Material and methods: One-day milk samples were provided by exclusively breastfeeding mothers (n=40) at the first month of lactation...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Martina Gažarová, Petra Lenártová, Jana Kopčeková, Jana Mrázová, Mária Holovičová, Zuzana Chlebová, Joanna Wyka
Background: Bread is one of the world’s most consumed food commodity. However, in the last years consumption of bread and bakery products has declined, especially in the Western population. The reason for concern is the weight gain and presence of gluten in these products. Gluten is unacceptable in the diet only in patients with celiac disease who are forced adhere the gluten-free diet all the time. The consequences of gluten-free diet in healthy people are the subject of many recent studies...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Monika Bronkowska, Aureliusz Kosendiak, Dagmara Orzeł
Background: The knowledge about nutrition of the marathoners is insufficient. An insightful and personalized approach to the diet of long-distance athletes, including the consumption of important nutrients such as dietary fiber, is needed to improve the efficiency of their performance. Objective: Estimation of the frequency of consumption of food products as a source of dietary fiber by people preparing for the marathon. Material and Methods: The frequency of intake of selected dietary fiber sources by women (n=105) and men (n=87) aged 19 to 73 years, who compete in marathons...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Orish Ebere Orisakwe, Emmanuel Ayuba Dagur, Herbert Orji Chidi Mbagwu, Nnvaemeka Arinze Udowelle, Samuel James Offor
Background: North Central Nigeria is the food basket of Nigeria but is also known for its artisanal mining with attendant public health consequences which is hitherto unquantified. Vegetables grown close to these mining sites may be contaminated with heavy metals. Objective: This study has estimated health risk associated with heavy metals HM (Cd, Cr, Cu, Zn, Se and Ni) in vegetables harvested inform the mining areas of Dilimi, Bukuru and Barkin Ladi by calculating the Daily intake, Target Hazard Quotient (THQ), Hazard Index (HI) and the Cancer risk (CR) for adults and children in the local population...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Klaudia Nadolnik, Damian Skrypnik, Katarzyna Skrypnik, Pawe Bogdański
Common health problems of the elderly in the near future will become even more common with aging of the population and longer average life expectancy. The elderly tend to have multiple disorders at one time, some of which may aggravate the course of others. One of the most common diseases, diabetes – “the epidemics of XXI century”, treatment of which costs approximately 11% of world health care budget – is the leading reason of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease. Diabetic nephropathy can be a complication of both diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Róża Chmielewska, Maciej Gawlak, Magdalena Bamburowicz-Klimkowska, Magdalena Popławska, Ireneusz P. Grudziński
Background: Polyethylenimine (PEI) plays important roles in the pharmaceutical design of non-viral gene delivery systems. Due to a set of unique physicochemical properties this cationic polymer has a great potential in modern gene therapies. Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the distribution of branched PEI (0.8 kDa) in zebrafish embryos (Danio rerio). Material and methods: Zebrafish embryos at 3 hours post-fertilization (hpf) were incubated with PEI (10 μg/ml) for 24 and 48 hours and studied using the confocal laser microscopy...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Katarzyna Urbanek-Olejnik, Monika Liszewska, Alicja Winczura, Agnieszka Hernik, Paweł Strucinski, Jan K. Ludwicki
Background: The changes in DNA methylation are considered as one of the early events in hepatocarcinogenesis. Objective: We evaluated the ability of phenobarbital (PB) – the most widely used anticonvulsant worldwide and classical rodent liver carcinogen – to cause the promoter region of the c-myc protooncogene hypomethylation as well as changes of mRNA level of this gene. Moreover, the expression of Dnmt1 protein in rat treated with this compound was analyzed...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Patrycja Kłósek, Sebastian Grosicki, Beata Całyniuk
Backgroun: Obesity is considered a disease. The treatment of obesity should include the modification of health behaviors in order to achieve long-term weight loss. Objectives: The comparison between traditional weight loss treatment with and without a motivational therapy. Materials and Methods: The study included 104 overweight women or women with obesity with a median age of 34. They were under the supervision of a dietician. The patients were divided into two groups: the standard group which was on an individualized and low-calorie diet developed by a dietitian and received substantial support, and the study group which additionally used motivational techniques...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Paweł Stempel, Anna Galczak-Kondraciuk, Jan Czeczelewski, Małgorzata Kołdej
Background: Children constitute a group that is particularly susceptible to the effects of improper nutrition. The knowledge of parents and guardians about proper nutrition affects their children’s nutritional habits and behaviours. Children develop their patterns of nutritional behaviours on the basis of their observations of nutritional habits of adults, nutrition trends and nutritional education. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess nutritional behaviours of children aged 3-7 from selected kindergartens in Biala Podlaska county...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Katarzyna Gołąbek, An Mandecka, Angelika Chachaj, Katarzyna Drożdż, Andrzej Szuba, Bożena Regulska- Ilow
Background: The inadequate nutritional status of hospitalized patients leading to the malnutrition is one of the crucial clinical problems. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess nutritional status of patients on the basis of the mini nutritional assessment (MNA) questionnaire. Material and Methods: The study group included 120 patients staying on the internal medicine ward. The average age for female and male was 65±9.7 and 63±8...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Daniel Puciato, Władysław Mynarski, Michał Rozpara, Agnieszka Nawrocka
Background: Modern research of health determinants and health-related behavior patterns places a particular emphasis on the assessment of physical activity levels in various social and professional groups. The deficit of physical activity has become a common cause of serious diseases. Following the ecological model of health behavior, physical activity as a biological and cultural phenomenon can be indirectly modified by such interpersonal factors as age, sex, somatic traits and education...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Dagmara Orzeł, Aureliusz Kosendiak, Monika Bronkowska
Background: One of the prerequisites to achieve high sports scores is to ensure the proper supply of nutrients. Both deficiency and excess of these components can cause malfunctions of bodies in athletes, which adversely affects their health and performance. Objective: Comparison of the frequency of intake of groups of vegetables and fruits, being sources of vitamins and minerals, by marathon runners in periods before and after the long-distance run. Material and Method: The frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption by marathoners was analyzed among women (n = 105) and men (n = 87) aged between 19 and 73 years, before and after running competition...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Martina Gažarová, Lucia Mečiarová, Jana Kopčeková, Mária Holovičová, Marta Habánová, Monika Bronkowska
Background: Physical activity is bodily movement produced by skeletal muscle that requires energy expenditure and promotes health benefits. Appropriate physical activity is important in the prevention of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, metabolic syndrome, breast cancer, and others. Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the body composition of the selected group of women in relation to physical activity (group of sporting women (S) versus group of non-sporting women (N-S) using an InBody 230 instrument based on the principle of bioelectric impedance...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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