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Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

Anna Jończyk, Anna Szczypta, Katarzyna Talaga-Ćwiertnia
INTRODUCTION: Among medical staff, nurses are particularly vulnerable to occupational exposure since they provide direct patient care and perform medical activities which often involve using sharps. AIM: The objective of the study was to examine the frequency of injuries and their causes in nursing. METHODS: A diagnostic survey was employed using an original questionnaire. The study was carried out from 3rd March to 2nd April 2017. The study group comprised part-time nursing students...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Wojciech Malchrzak, Weronika Rymer, Małgorzata Inglot
INTRODUCTION: Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium spp. which are spread through Anopheles mosquitoes. Disease is not endemic in Poland currently but can be brought from other countries, mostly from Africa and Asia. The main sign of the disease is fever with shivers repeated periodically. There is highly effective chemoprophylaxis available and treatment, which should be given quickly CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old man have worked monthly in Nigeria since two years. He was using Malarone chemoprophylaxis, but contrary to recommendations...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Agnieszka Pawełczyk, Renata Welc-Falęciak, Anna Bajer
Co-infections of HIV and other pathogens constitute an important clinical and epidemiological problem. Many studies have played attention to opportunistic co-infections due to the fact that they are used as an indicator for development of AIDS and are present on the all continents. However, in HIV-infected patients helminth infections, which are not aetiologic agents of opportunistic infections, are becoming more and more important. Prevalence of helminth infection depends on parasite species, environmental and socio-economic factors, therefore the results of published research mainly refer to populations of patients in developing countries and endemic regions...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Anna Rzucidło-Hymczak, Hubert Hymczak, Dariusz Plicner, Aldona Olechowska-Jarząb, Anna Gorczyca, Jarosław Stoliński
INTRODUCTION: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is considered one of the most common reasons for hospitalization and the third leading cause of death related to infectious diseases in children. The incidence and prevalence of campylobacteriosis is lower in Poland than in other parts of the European Union. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to investigate the epidemiology and clinical features of AGE in hospitalized children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population comprised 462 consecutive patients with AGE, hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Hepatology at John Paul II Hospital in Krakow during 2016...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Teresa Nalewajek, Małgorzata Kłósek, Dariusz Ziora, Zenon Czuba, Bogdan Mazur
BACKGROUND: The current public health problem is the increasing bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Microorganisms isolated from infections are more often non-susceptible to most available drugs. The microorganisms producing resistance mechanisms have been classified as so called alert pathogens. METHODS: We performed a total number of 3810 tests of bronchoalveolar lavage and sputum of patients hospitalized for respiratory diseases at the Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Tuberculosis at Public Clinical Hospital No 3 in Zabrze (Poland)...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Aleksandra Mirecka
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial meningitis (BM) is one of the most severe clinical form of infections, which is well known for an acute course and high mortality. Therefore, it is crucial to establish the etiology and antibiotic susceptibility of frequently isolated microorganisms. AIM: The aim of this study was to present the etiological agents of BM in adults and antibiotic susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The inpatient medical records with positive results of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples obtained from the patients of Regional Specialist Hospital of dr Wł...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Beata Fiecek, Grażyna Lewandowska, Urszula Rogulska, Tomasz Chmielewski
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was the analysis of current Leptospira spp. infections in Poland on the basis of blood serum samples tests results and clinical data collected from clinicians in the Laboratory NIPH-NIH. METHODS: Clinical materials from 48 patients with clinical symptoms suggesting Leptospira spp suspected of leptospirosis from the years 2014-2017 were included to the study. Blood serum samples collected from patients were tested in Laboratory of Rickettsiae, Chlamydiae and Spirochaetes (currently Laboratory of Vector-borne Diseases) of NIPH-NIH...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Agnieszka Królasik, Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz
BACKGROUND: Chickenpox is a common disease in Poland. Annually, between 160,000 and 220,000 cases are registered. On average, there is an increase in incidence every 4 years. Therefore, it is justified to use preventive vaccination that effectively protects against infection. In Poland, since 2002, these are recommended vaccinations. AIM: To assess the epidemiological situation of chickenpox in Poland in 2016. and a comparison with the situation in previous years...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Joanna Bogusz, Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against mumps from 2003 is mandatory in Poland and given as two dose scheme with MMR vaccine (mumps, measles, and rubella). Earlier this vaccination was only recommended. Despite observed decline in mumps incidence for over a decade which is a result of conducted vaccinations, mumps is still a common disease among the children. AIM: To assess epidemiological situation of mumps in Poland in 2016, including vaccination coverage in Polish population, in comparison to previous years...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Joanna Bogusz, Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Rubella is the disease subject to the elimination programme coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO). Generally, rubella is an infection of mild course among children but in the case of pregnant women, who are not immunized, the probability of the occurrence of severe congenital abnormalities (congenital rubella syndrome) may amount to 95%. The strategy of the countries belonging to the WHO European Region is directed to the interruption of the rubella virus transmission in the environment in order to prevent the cases of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Joanna Bogusz, Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Since 1998 Poland has endorsed measles elimination programme which is coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO). To accomplish measles elimination in the country, achievement of vaccination coverage at 95% in the population is needed, as is the monitoring of the epidemiological situation, i.e.: reporting on cases suspected of measles and conducting laboratory diagnostics in WHO Reference Laboratory. Polish Reference Laboratory is located at the Department of Virology (NIPH-NIH)...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Agnieszka Rumik, Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Jolanta Rudowska, Irena Chrześcijańska
INTRODUCTION: In Poland, the high incidence of pertussis has been maintained for 10 years – in 2016 it was 17,77 per 100,000 population and it was 38% more compared to the previous year. The high percentage of pertussis is still present in those who are older, who may be a source of infection for non-immunized or not fully immunized newborns and infants. The most effective prevention strategy remains the implementation of vaccinations in accordance with the current calendar. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the article is to assess the epidemiological situation of pertussis in Poland in 2016 compared to the situation in previous years, with particular emphasis on the assessment of the status of inoculation of children against pertussis...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Młgorzata Sadkowska-Todys, Andrzej Zieliński, Mirosław P. Czarkowski
OBJECTIVE OF THE ARTICLE: This is for the year 2016 subsequent annual analysis of the situation of infectious and parasitic diseases in Poland as part of the Epidemiological Chronicle of the Epidemiological Review. Its purpose is to summarize the collective incidence of infectious diseases and to indicate potential threats to the health of populations from communicable diseases occurring in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The basic source of epidemiological information for this summary is a summary of data from reports of the State Sanitary Inspection, contained in the annual bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisoning in Poland in 2016” and “Protective Vaccination in Poland in 2016” (1, 2)...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz, Michał Czerwiński
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of legionellosis in Poland in 2016 in comparison to the preceding years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The assessment was based on national surveillance data published in the annual bulletin: “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2016” and its prior versions along with data from legionellosis case reports sent from Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations to the Department of Epidemiology of NIPH - NIH...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Michał Czerwiński, Mirosław P Czarkowski, Barbara Kondej
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the study is to assess the epidemiological situation of foodborne botulism in Poland in 2016 compared to previous years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this assessment we reviewed national surveillance data on foodborne botulism cases published in the annual bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2016” and in previous publications, as well as unpublished data retrieved from botulism case reports for 2016 sent from Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations to the Department of Epidemiology NIPH-NIH...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Karolina Zakrzewska, Małgorzata Stępień, Katarzyna Szmulik, Magdalena Rosińska
INTRODUCTION: In 2016, the World Health Organization implemented a Global Strategy to eliminate viral hepatitis. For Hepatitis C, the goals of this Strategy include increased harm reduction coverage, improved safety of medical procedures and an increase the percentage of people diagnosed and treated. OBJECTIVE: This article aims are evaluating the epidemiological situation of HCV infections in Poland in 2016 in reference to the data from previous years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of epidemiological situation of hepatitis C in Poland in 2016 was carried out on case-based data collected through routine surveillance system...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Andrzej Zieliński, Jolanta Rudowska
THE PURPOSE of the STUDY: The purpose of the study was to provide data on tetanus incidence in 2016 in the basic categories of epidemiological surveillance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study is based on the individual forms of tetanus cases submitted to the NIZP-PZH Epidemiology Department and the data of the bulletin “Infectious Diseases and Poisoning in Poland in 2016. RESULTS: The number of tetanus cases in 2016 was 12, exactly as it was in the previous year 2015...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Katarzyna Szmulik, Karolina Zakrzewska, Marta Niedźwiedzka-Stadnik, Magdalena Rosińska
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of newly diagnosed HIV infections and AIDS cases in Poland in 2016 in comparison to the previous years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive analysis of the epidemiological situation was based on reports of newly detected HIV cases and AIDS cases and the results of the annual survey of HIV testing conducted among the laboratories throughout the country. Data from the Department of Demographic and Labor Market Research of the Central Statistical Office on deaths due to HIV / AIDS were also used...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the main features of TB epidemiology in 2016 in Poland and to compare with the situation in the EU/EEA countries. METHODS: Analysis of case- based data on TB patients from National TB Register, data on anti-TB drug susceptibility testing results in cases notified in 2016, data from National Institute of Public Health- National Institute of Hygiene on cases of tuberculosis as AIDS-defining disease, data from Central Statistical Office on deaths from tuberculosis based on death certificates, data from ECDC report „ European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control/WHO Regional Office for Europe...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Iwona Cimała, Sebastian Grosicki, Agnieszka Barchnicka, Karolina Krupa-Kotara
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral veins cannulation is one of the most frequently executed medical procedures. Primary blood infections which might be the result of peripheral veins cannulation are serious issue that medical care centers all over the world must consider. Medical personnel can choose the area of cannulation thanks to the availability of peripheral veins. Duration of cannulation longer than 72 – 96 hours can cause peripheral veins inflammation. AIM OF THE STUDY: Assay of observation sheets of peripheral cannulation...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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