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Hospital Topics

Tengiz Verulava, Ana Lordkipanidze, Nino Besiashvili, Mirian Todria, Zviad Lobjanidze, Revaz Jorbenadze, Ekaterine Eliava
The most common form of ownership of medical establishments worldwide is a nonprofit organization. In contrast, the number of nonprofit medical institutions in Georgia is very scarce, while private profit organizations hold about 90% of the medical market. The goal of the research is to study the factors that affect the development of nonprofit hospitals in Georgia. Since there are very few nonprofit medial institutions in Georgia, we hypothesize that there is not enough motivation for functioning of such institutions...
February 13, 2019: Hospital Topics
Timothy J Keogh, Jennifer C Robinson, J Michael Parnell
Nurse leaders must use behaviors that foster effective teams. The purpose of this study was to determine the behavioral style by 3,396 nurse leaders who attended leadership and communication continuing education courses. Sessions included identifying behavioral style preferences using the DiSC® Personal Profile Instrument. Of the four behavioral dimensions, Dominance, Influence, Steadiness, and Conscientiousness, 73% scored highest in Dominance and Conscientiousness. The remaining 27% scored highest in preferences for Influence and Steadiness...
February 4, 2019: Hospital Topics
Thomas R Martin, Hamlet Gasoyan, David J Wierz
Limited research exists which aids in structuring health IT contracts in an era of performance-based payments. We provide an assessment of common approaches to contracting and measuring of performance in practice. We conducted a review of existing literature and compliment this approach with a survey of healthcare professionals directly involved with health IT systems to further understand and classify current approaches. We identified architypes for structuring healthcare IT performance contracts to include: (1) internal operations, (2) external evaluation and (3) joint agreement for the delivery of value-based care...
January 12, 2019: Hospital Topics
Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini, Mohammadkarim Bahadori, Mehdi Raadabadi, Ramin Ravangard
BACKGROUND: Considering the uncontrollable occurrence of unexpected events and disasters around the world and Iran, paying attention to the readiness of hospitals, as the most important place to provide health care services, before occurring disasters is necessary and the identification of hospitals with low preparedness is very important. The present study aimed to rank hospitals based on the level of their preparedness for disasters using the TOPSIS technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional and descriptive study conducted in the first half of 2018 to assess the preparedness of hospitals in Ahwaz for unexpected events...
January 2, 2019: Hospital Topics
Rodeen Lechleitner
The aging population is steadily rising, resulting in an increased need for in-home healthcare. This study examined the impact of several carative factors demonstrated by home health nurses. Multiple regression was used to examine the impact of the carative factors, measured by the Caring Nurse Patient Interaction Scale (CNPI-70). A total of 77 home health nurses from five home health agencies in Northeastern Pennsylvania participated in the study. The findings indicate that the principles of care theory are widely applied in home health settings...
January 2, 2019: Hospital Topics
Asos Mahmood, Kavita Mosalpuria, David K Wyant, Soumitra S Bhuyan
OBJECTIVE: A regular care provider is an important measure of access to health services, but little is known about the association between having a regular provider and patients' access to services associated with electronic health records (EHR). Furthermore, the composition of the additional electronic services made available to patients is not well studied. METHODS: We analyzed the most recent data from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS5-Cycle1, 2017, n = 3,285)...
December 31, 2018: Hospital Topics
Lilia R Lukowsky, Claudia Der-Martirosian, Aram Dobalian
The purpose of this study is to identify factors influencing patient preferences for communication from the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) during natural disasters. The 37-question, probability-based survey collected data from 2,264 VA users living in the Northeast US logistic regression analyses were conducted for top four modalities, and age was identified as the most important predictor of communication preferences. The findings suggest that the use of multiple modalities, such as telephone, television, radio, text, and email is necessary to successfully disseminate information and effectively reach all VA patients in the event of large-scale emergencies...
December 27, 2018: Hospital Topics
Gabriela Orsak, Kate Starnes, Gerald Ledlow
The current study sought to examine the return on investment (ROI) of a mobile pediatric asthma clinic in a rural region with small metropolitan statistical areas, in terms of reduced costs attributed to preventable emergency department visits, inpatient admission, school absenteeism, cost of education, and parent work absenteeism. For fiscal years 2015 and 2016, an average return of $1.32 and a community ROI of $1.45 was estimated. Estimated benefits were $445,125.00 and cost avoidance was $263,853.01. A mobile pediatric asthma clinics operating in less densely populated regions is able to yield a positive ROI...
October 2, 2018: Hospital Topics
Rangarajan Parthasarathy, Theresa Steinbach, James Knight, Linda Knight
The ability of nurses to adopt and successfully use EMR is expected to have a significant impact on achieving benefits such as reduction in healthcare costs and improvement in healthcare quality. A review of the current research literature reveals issues and concerns relating to the adoption and use of EMR by nurses in hospital environments. This article presents a literature review of such issues and concerns, and suggests a framework for enhancing the adoption and use of EMR by nurses and hospitals.
October 2, 2018: Hospital Topics
Ragarupa Kotala, Daniel J West
Use of the hospitalist model has reduced the number of primary care physicians taking care of inpatients. Physician shortages in primary care has forced many healthcare systems to use locum physicians as part of their delivery system and physician practice plan. With value-based purchasing and new payment models, measuring quality and patient-satisfaction with the hospitalist model is important. Hospital administrators need to carefully monitor the use of locum hospitalists, especially around quality of care and clinical outcomes...
October 2, 2018: Hospital Topics
David P Paul
Despite their widespread use, electronic medical records have created frustrations for physicians, especially those working in busy hospital emergency departments. After a brief discussion of the causes of the problems, a potential solution-the use of medical scribes-is presented. The extant literature regarding results obtained following the implementation of medical scribes in emergency departments is reviewed and some conclusions regarding the future of this phenomenon are presented. The future looks quite bright for use of medical scribes in hospitals' emergency departments...
September 20, 2018: Hospital Topics
James R Langabeer, Karima H Lalani, Tiffany Champagne-Langabeer, Jeffrey R Helton
Hospitals continue to face financial pressures from healthcare reform and heightened competition. In this study, our objective was to quantify the financial distress in acute care hospitals in Texas, applying multivariate logistic regression in a four-year longitudinal analysis. Of the 310 acute care hospitals, 50 (16.1%) were in financial distress in the most recent year, up considerably year over year. Distressed hospitals had fewer beds, lower patient acuity, and less outpatient revenues than those in good financial condition...
July 2018: Hospital Topics
Dennis Emmett
This paper examines the accreditation of mental health facilities and sources of funding. The funding sources examined are Medicare, Medicaid, Veterans Administration, private insurance, and client fees. Other factors included are the type of ownership of the facility. The conclusion is that accreditation is important. Different accreditations are important for different funding sources. The most important accreditations are state accreditations. Type of ownership is important, but relatively the least important...
June 6, 2018: Hospital Topics
Seyed Hosein Shaker, Seyed Mohammad Hosseini Kasnavieh, Milad Amini, Ali Tahmasebi, Siamak Soltani
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is legal and ethical process which is considered as important issue in quality of patient's treatment. The aim of the current study was to assess current informed consent of patients admitted in Iranian selected Hospitals, 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2150 patients admitted in 11 public Hospitals. Data was collected using a dichotomous questionnaire with 30 questions. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software (version 18)...
May 22, 2018: Hospital Topics
Audrey M Johnson, Janice Kuperstein, Dana Howell, Esther E Dupont-Versteegden
Negative consequences of immobility during hospitalization are widely known and remain undisputed. Evidence of low mobility for general medicine adult inpatients persists. Patients who experience hospital acquired functional decline due to low mobility require costly post-acute care services. The impact of immobility on post-acute care physical function and quality of life is directly at odds with value-based care. New Medicare payment models emphasize value-based care to promote care improvement and better patient outcomes...
April 2018: Hospital Topics
James R Langabeer, Karima H Lalani, Rafeek A Yusuf, Jeffrey R Helton, Tiffany Champagne-Langabeer
Teaching hospitals are large and complex, and under constant financial pressure. In this study, we examine the financial performance of 80 large teaching hospitals in the 20 largest cities in the U.S. over the last five years, to identify which strategic and operational management factors separate high-performing hospitals from lower-performing ones. Results suggest that growth strategies should continue to be sought for improving long-term financial condition. Operational efficiency was less important than market share, economic status of surrounding community, hospital size, and teaching intensity...
April 2018: Hospital Topics
Nahid Hajimohammadi, Tabandeh Sadeghi, Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
In this semiexperimental study conducted at the university hospitals in an urban area of Iran, the number of reported incidents-as per the information from offices-was evaluated and recorded for the improvement of the quality of hospitals. Subsequently, an educational intervention was conducted for nursing managers. Three months later, the number of reported incidents was again evaluated and recorded. According to the results, the number of reported incidents increased in the hospitals after the educational intervention...
April 2018: Hospital Topics
Maria Soledad Kappes Ramirez
A study of cost has been performed that considers cases and controls of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) regarding urinary tract infections (UTI) in a public hospital in the south of Chile. To perform the study, 10 cases of UTI were examined, considering the use of a urinary catheter as a risk factor. The study contributes to clarifying the costs of HAI, justifying the investments that can be made in order to prevent HAI in health centers. This study provides the basis to determine the importance not only in preventing infections, but also in the savings that the health system should consider when health centers prevent nosocomial infections...
April 2018: Hospital Topics
Vidya Dalvi, Nandakumar Mekoth
Medication non-adherence is a global health issue. Numerous factors predict it. This study is aimed to identify the association between regimen difficulty and medication non-adherence among patients with chronic conditions and testing the interaction effects of gender and age on the same. It was a cross-sectional study conducted among 479 outpatients from India. Convenience sampling method was used. Multiple regression analyses were performed to find the predictors of non-adherence and to test interaction effects...
April 2018: Hospital Topics
Cory E Cronin, Douglas S Bolon
Mission statements are key elements of how an organization communicates its purpose and priorities to its community. This study considers how mission statements from Ohio, Florida, and Texas hospitals approach key concepts in healthcare - access, cost, and quality. It also considers the concept of community benefit, given its recent prevalence in policy changes. The analysis found quality represented within hospital mission statements at a rate of 65%, compared to 21% for access, 21% for cost, and 24% for community benefit...
January 2018: Hospital Topics
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