Journals Community Dentistry and Oral E...

Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Luisa N Borrell, Carol C Guarnizo-Herreño, Anja Heilmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Irosha Perera, Hemantha Amarasinghe, Ruwan D Jayasinghe, Iresha Udayamalee, Nadeena Jayasuriya, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Newell W Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Over the past several decades, oral cancer has been the most common malignancy among Sri Lankan males and the top 10 cancer among females, disproportionately affecting low socio-economic groups. Sri Lanka is a lower-middle-income developing country (LMIC), currently striking through an economic crisis, and social and political unrest. Occurring at an accessible body site and predominantly attributed to potentially modifiable health-related behaviours, oral cancer should be preventable and controllable...
June 28, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Caoimhin Mac Giolla Phadraig, Pedro Vitali Kammer, Koula Asimakopoulou, Olive Healy, Isabel Fleischmann, Heather Buchanan, Jonathon Tim Newton, Blánaid Daly, Jacobo Limeres Posse, Marie Therese Hosey, Carilynne Yarascavitch, Yvonne MacAuley, Chris Stirling, Aisyah Binti Ahmad Fisal, June Nunn
INTRODUCTION: There is no agreed taxonomy of the techniques used to support patients to receive professional oral healthcare. This lack of specification leads to imprecision in describing, understanding, teaching and implementing behaviour support techniques in dentistry (DBS). METHODS: This review aims to identify the labels and associated descriptors used by practitioners to describe DBS techniques, as a first step in developing a shared terminology for DBS techniques...
June 27, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Nichamon Chaianant, Teerawat Tussanapirom, Matana Kettratad, Piyada Prasertsom, Warangkana Vejvithee, Kornkamol Niyomsilp, Srisuda Leelasithorn, Piyada Gaewkhiew
OBJECTIVES: The Universal Coverage Health Scheme (UCS) was implemented in Thailand in 2002 to increase access to health services among the Thai population. This study aimed to evaluate socioeconomic inequalities in dental service utilization (DU) before and after UCS implementation and to assess factors associated with DU among Thai adults. METHODS: This study is based on secondary data from four Thai national oral health surveys in 2000-2001, 2006-2007, 2012 and 2017...
June 23, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Jilen Patel, Natasha Bear, Robyn Long, Steven Naoum, Linda Slack-Smith, Estie Kruger
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to conduct a process evaluation of the Kimberley Dental Team (KDT), a not-for-profit, volunteer organization providing care to remote Aboriginal communities in Western Australia. METHODS: A logic model was constructed to detail the operational context of the KDT model. Subsequently, the fidelity (the extent to which each of the programme's elements were implemented as planned), dose (types and quantity of services provided) and reach (demographic characteristics and communities serviced) of the KDT model were evaluated using service data, deidentified clinical records and volunteer rosters maintained by KDT from 2009 to 2019...
June 12, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Joanne Hedges, Brianna Poirier, Gustavo Soares, Dandara Haag, Sneha Sethi, Pedro Ribeiro Santiago, Madison Cachagee, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVES: Arguably, the deficit narrative of oral health inequities, perpetuated by colonial re-search agendas, media and sociopolitical discourse, contributes to oral disease burden and fatalism among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. There remains a need to evolve the way oral health is understood, in a manner that reflects the lived experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. METHODS: This paper proposes decolonising methodologies as a strategy to ensure oral health re-search creates more equitable oral health outcomes and realities for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Communities...
June 9, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
R A Chapman, W M Thomson, J M Broadbent
OBJECTIVES: That no study has investigated oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) through the transition from adolescence to young adulthood is partly due to no OHRQoL index having been validated in both adult and child populations. Having separate measures for adolescence and young adulthood has meant that the different measures cannot be compared directly. Accordingly, the study objectives were: to determine whether the CPQ11-14 is a valid and reliable OHRQoL measure in young adults and to compare its performance with the OHIP-14 in young adults...
June 8, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Jun Aida, Miho Ishimaru, Shiho Kino
Despite the general recognition of economic factors as fundamental upstream social determinants of health inequalities, interventions to improve health and reduce inequalities tend to focus on proximal health determinants. However, recent socioeconomic crises have increased the focus on economic factors. Health-related approaches to address economic factors can be divided into two categories: (1) indirect approaches, such as financial support for obtaining dental care and fiscal policies targeting unhealthy commodities and (2) direct approaches, such as cash transfers or provision of a universal basic income...
June 6, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Arheiam Arheiam, Abdelgader Alhashani, Tasnem Kwidir, Yasmin Bosif, Lamis Ballo, Maha El Tantawi
OBJECTIVES: The present study assessed whether living in a conflict zone and in internally displaced person (IDP) camps were associated with the number of untreated caries in primary, permanent and all teeth in Libyan children and whether these associations differed by parents' educational attainment. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were conducted in Benghazi, Libya, in 2016/2017 during the war and in 2022 after the war including children in schools and in IDP camps in the same setting...
June 6, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Hazem Abbas, Kenji Takeuchi, Ken Osaka, Carol C Guarnizo-Herreño, Georgios Tsakos, Richard G Watt
Oral conditions are a public health problem globally and stark oral health inequalities exist between and within countries. Yet, oral diseases are rarely considered as a health priority and evidence-informed policy generation is challenging. Science communication and health advocacy are critical in that respect. However, due to time limitations, research workload and other factors, academics are usually hindered from participating in such lengthy endeavours. Here, we make the case that 'science communication and health advocacy task forces' should be a priority at academic institutions...
June 6, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Thais Gimenez, Luana Rodrigues Estevam, Yohana de Oliveira Ponte, Adriana Dalboni, Ana Flávia Bissoto Calvo, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Laura Regina Antunes Pontes, Bruna Lorena Pereira Moro, Daniela Prócida Raggio, Mariana Minatel Braga, Fausto Medeiros Mendes
BACKGROUND: There is currently a lack of evidence supporting the use of valid surrogates in caries clinical trials. This study aimed at examining the validity of two surrogate outcomes used in randomized clinical trials for caries prevention, pit and fissure sealants and fluoridated dentifrices, according to the Prentice criteria. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in MEDLINE (PubMed), LILACS and Scopus databases up to 05 October 2022. The grey literature and the list of eligible studies' references were also screened...
May 29, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Richard G Watt
At times of major geopolitical conflict, macroeconomic crisis and the 'aftershocks' of the COVID-19 syndemic still having a global impact, it is the most vulnerable and disadvantaged in society who undoubtedly suffer the most. During these turbulent and uncertain times, it is essential that sufficient policy attention is given to tackling the persistent and stark health inequalities that exist both between and within countries. This commentary aims to critically reflect on developments in oral health inequalities research, policy and practice over the last 50 years...
May 27, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Marjorie Borgeat, Iris Espinoza, Karina Navarro, Claudia Carvajal, Paola Carvajal
OBJECTIVE: To identify which social determinants of health explain the gap in the remaining teeth between men and women. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data from the Chilean National Health Survey (CNHS) 2016-2017 was performed on the number of remaining teeth in adults. The explanatory variables were organized into structural and intermediate social determinants of health according to the WHO framework. The contribution of both groups and the contribution of each individual explanatory variable to the remaining teeth gap was estimated using the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis...
May 26, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Sridhar Venkatapuram, Michael Marmot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Gustavo Hermes Soares, Fernanda Maria Rovai Bado, Alexandre Gomes Lopes, Maria Gabriela Haye Biazevic, Edgard Michel-Crosato, Fabio Luiz Mialhe
OBJECTIVES: Schizophrenia is a disabling mental disorder associated with severe social dysfunction. Individuals with long-term mental conditions have poorer Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) compared to the general population, but little is known about the measurement properties of OHRQoL instruments in this group of patients. This study aimed to examine the replicability of OHRQoL networks across samples of the general community (GC) and patients with schizophrenia (PWS). METHODS: Data were obtained from 603 community-dwelling participants and 627 patients with schizophrenia...
May 11, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Cinthia Fonseca Araujo, Helena Silveira Schuch, Mariana Gonzalez Cademartori, Renata Moraes Bielemann, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Elaine Tomasi, Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Flávio Fernando Demarco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the lack of a functional dentition and edentulism with mortality in a cohort of older adults in a Southern Brazilian city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a longitudinal study carried out with community-dwelling older adults (≥60 years old) from Pelotas, Brazil, using data from the baseline (2014) and the first follow-up (2017). Main exposures were functional dentition (20+ teeth present) and edentulism (absence of all teeth), derived from self-reported number of teeth...
April 25, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Yasmen E Elsadek, Sarah R Baker
OBJECTIVES: To explore and assess what is known about oral health promotion through health-promoting primary schools in developing countries. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted using the Arksey & O'Malley framework. Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library were searched, followed by the reference lists of the resulting studies. The UN classification of developing countries was used to define the countries included and the search was between 1986 and 2021...
April 14, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
T. S. (Tessa) van Ligten, D. (Daan) Schmitz, C. M. C (Catherine) Volgenant, R. (Robine) Donken, G. M. J. G. (Geert) van der Heijden, D. (Denise) Duijster
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess associations between socio-demographic characteristics and dental costs of children living in Amsterdam. Having incurred dental costs was an indicator for having visited the dentist. Having incurred low or high dental costs may indicate the type of dental care provided (periodic examination, preventive care or restorative treatment). METHODS: This study followed a cross-sectional, observational design. The research population contained all children up until 17 years living in Amsterdam in 2016...
April 12, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Karen Glazer Peres, Carlos Alberto Feldens, Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, Marco A Peres, Márcia Regina Vitolo, Aluísio J D Barros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Fathi Homa, Rousseau Jacqueline, Bedos Christophe
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand the perspectives of dentists towards the Montreal-Toulouse model, an innovative approach that encompasses person-centredness and social dentistry. This model invites dentists to take three types of actions (understanding, decision-making, intervening) on three overlapping levels (individual, community, societal). This study aimed to understand (a) How dentists perceived the Montreal-Toulouse model as a framework for the practice of dentistry and (b) What parts of this model they were ready to adopt in their own practice...
April 12, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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