Journals Community Dentistry and Oral E...

Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Amara Naseer, Christine Mc Garrigle, Jacinta McLoughlin, Brian O'Connell
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between periodontal status, tooth loss and diabetes among community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and over in Ireland. METHODS: From respondents who attended a health assessment in Wave 3 of the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), an opportunistic sample was selected for an oral health examination. The oral health examination criteria were used in previous Irish surveys and WHO recommendations...
September 18, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Seham A S Mohamed, Sarah R Baker, Christopher Deery, Mario V Vettore
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between dental clinical status and school performance and school attendance in the Kingdom of Bahrain (KoB) using a life-course framework. METHODS: This time-ordered cross-sectional study included 466 school children in Grade 2 (aged 7-8 years) and their parents in the KoB. Data were collected through parents' self-administered questionnaires, children's face-to-face interviews and dental clinical examinations. Data on children's school performance and school attendance were gathered from parents and school records...
September 18, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Lisa D S Zerden, Ting Guan, Jamie L Burgess-Flowers
OBJECTIVES: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is an effective evidence-based model to provide early intervention and treatment to people with substance use disorders across diverse health settings. Yet, how SBIRT has been implemented within oral health settings and its associated outcomes has not been explored. This scoping review assessed how SBIRT has been implemented in oral health settings in the U.S. and discusses the implications for SBIRT integration in dentistry and oral health research, education and practice...
September 12, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Yanela Aravena-Rivas, Renato Venturelli, Michelle Stennett, Georgios Tsakos
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and trends in dental service use among Chilean older adults (60+ years) between 2006 and 2017; to assess the association between socioeconomic factors and dental service use and type (public/private) in 2017 and whether these differ by eligibility to a national dental programme (GES-60). METHODS: This study involved secondary data analysis of five nationally representative cross-sectional surveys between 2006 and 2017...
September 10, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Tomás Varnet-Pérez, Cecilia María Martínez-Delgado, María Del Carmen Villanueva-Vilchis, María de Los Ángeles Ramírez-Trujillo, Daniel Demétrio Faustino-Silva
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review with meta-analysis was performed to assess whether motivational interviewing (MI) effectively prevents oral morbidities in adults. METHODS: Studies considered were randomized controlled trials, cluster-randomized controlled trials and community-based randomized trials assessing interventions based on MI or indicating that a counselling technique based on the principles developed by Miller and Rollnick was used. Controls were any type of oral health education or negative controls...
September 5, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Ting Luo, Kaylin Beiter, Tung-Sung Tseng
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to examine the associations between acculturation and dental floss, regular dental visits and unmet dental care needs among Asian Americans, as well as the moderating effects of these associations. METHODS: This study analysed national representative samples from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2018. A total of 2763 Asian Americans aged 20 and older were included in this analysis. The primary predictor, acculturation score, was determined by three questions: (i) language spoken at home (higher score for English), (ii) country of birth (higher score for United States) and (iii) length of time in the United States...
August 30, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
L Sibanda, S G Ghotane, E Bernabe, S J Challacombe, N B Pitts, J E Gallagher
OBJECTIVES: Despite being almost entirely preventable, globally, dental caries is extremely prevalent. Moreover, dental caries will continue to present an even larger challenge for lower income countries, particularly those in the African context, as they transition to a more Western diet. Hence, epidemiological data providing insight into disease patterns and trends is critical to inform public health action. The purpose of this study was to examine dental caries clusters by caries detection threshold among 15-year-old adolescents in Sierra Leone, using data from the latest national survey, and to explore associated sociodemographic factors...
August 25, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Shiho Kino, Keiko Ueno, Daisuke Nishioka, Naoki Kondo, Jun Aida
OBJECTIVES: Exemption from paying dental care costs among recipients of public assistance contributes to universal health care coverage. Although this system might reduce the financial barriers to dental care among patients, there are still several other barriers for public assistance recipients. Therefore, this study examined whether receiving public assistance was associated with a higher prevalence of dental visits for any reason, treatment and prevention. METHODS: Data were obtained from 16 366 respondents from the 2019 wave of a nationwide cohort study on older adults in Japan...
August 9, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Isobel Leason, Nicholas Longridge, Farnaz Nickpour
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing recognition of the value and capabilities of design in healthcare. Beyond the development of medical devices, design is increasingly being applied to intangible, complex and systemic healthcare problems. However, there is limited evidence on the use of design specifically in the field of oral health. This systematic mapping study aims to collate and catalogue evidence of design in oral health. METHODS: A systematic search of academic databases and grey literature was performed...
August 1, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Jenny Abanto, Georgios Tsakos, Isabel Cristina Olegário, Saul Martins Paiva, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Marcelo Bönecker
AIM: The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the impact of two management options for primary molars with pulp necrosis (pulpectomy or extraction) on children's oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). DESIGN: A total of 100 children aged 3-5 years with at least one necrotic primary molar were selected and randomized into the study groups. The Brazilian version of early childhood oral health impact scale (B-ECOHIS) was completed by the parent proxy reports at baseline and after 4, 8 and 12 months...
July 30, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Annika Wilson, Ha Hoang, Leonard Crocombe, Heather Bridgman, Silvana Bettiol
OBJECTIVE: To explore women's oral health experiences and barriers to dental care and identify potential strategies to improve oral health during pregnancy. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study design was used. Purposively elected antepartum and postpartum women ≥18 years of age from Tasmania, Australia, were recruited using maximum variation sampling. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, and all qualitative data were analysed using an inductive thematic approach...
July 29, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Vinay Sharma, Michael Crowe, Oscar Cassetti, Lewis Winning, Aifric O'Sullivan, Michael O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common childhood disease worldwide. In the mid-1960s, mandatory Community Water Fluoridation (CWF) was introduced in the Republic of Ireland (RoI) aimed at reducing the prevalence and severity of dental caries in the population. In 2017, approximately, 71% of the Irish population was supplied with fluoridated drinking water. OBJECTIVES: To review all children's dental health surveys at National, Regional and County-levels conducted in the Republic of Ireland from 1950 to 2021 and describe trends in dental caries prevalence...
July 29, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Cristina Barboza-Solis, Juan Barahona-Cubillo, Romain Fantin
OBJECTIVE: The uneven distribution of dental health services in a territory can cause an imbalance in accessibility, increasing health inequalities. This study aimed to describe the geographical distribution of dental health practitioners according to urbanicity and area-level socio-economic status in Costa Rica. METHODS: A National Dentist Survey was developed to identify employment status, number of working hours, address and list of the working clinics. Data was completed using information from the national College of Surgeons, including all Costa Rican dentists...
July 29, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Kristin L Bright, Kayla Lichtman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary dental healthcare services are not accessible for a majority of Latino/a/e migrant farmworkers in the United States. Unmet dental health needs are well documented in larger states like California, Florida and New York, but the dental healthcare picture in smaller states is not well understood. The goal of this qualitative ethnographic study was to understand the delivery model of a free dentistry network serving Latine farmworkers in rural Vermont and specific barriers experienced at the network during the COVID-19 pandemic...
July 28, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Alexander R Legge, Mona Nasser, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore how dental practitioners in primary care settings perceive the impact of enhanced personal protective equipment (PPE) upon patient communication and wider clinical practice. METHODS: This study utilized a qualitative approach, rooted in critical realism. An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) methodology was adopted as the study method. In accordance with IPA, in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted...
July 27, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Kaung Myat Thwin, Hiroshi Ogawa, Prathip Phantumvanit, Hideo Miyazaki, Yupin Songpaisan, Khin Maung
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the dental caries status of indicator age groups as mentioned in the WHO pathfinder methodology, compare caries experiences among those age groups according to gender and geographical location, and assess the association between dental caries and related risk factors in primary and permanent dentition. METHODS: A sample of 5928 participants aged 6, 12, 15-18, 35-44 and 60-74 years were recruited from 21 selected townships in the first Myanmar national oral health survey...
July 27, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Negin Yekkalam, Christina Storm Mienna, Jon Petter Anders Stoor, Miguel San Sebastian
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of poor self-reported oral health and to identify socio-demographic, socio-economic and cultural-related risk factors associated with poor oral health among Sámi in Sweden. METHODS: A Sámi sample frame was constructed drawing from three pre-existing registers. All identified persons aged 18-84 were invited to participate in the study during February-May 2021. Among the 9249 invitations, 3779 answered the survey...
July 25, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
J Doughty, M E Macdonald, V Muirhead, R Freeman
This paper is the fourth of a series of narrative reviews to critically rethink underexplored concepts in oral health research. The series commenced with an initial commissioned framework of Inclusion Oral Health, which spawned further exploration into the social forces that undergird social exclusion and othering. The second review challenged unidimensional interpretations of the causes of inequality by bringing intersectionality theory to oral health. The third exposed how language, specifically labels, can perpetuate and (re)produce vulnerability by eclipsing the agency and power of vulnerabilised populations...
July 18, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Casey D Wright, Brenda Heaton, Raul I Garcia, Maureen M Leonard, Alessio Fasano, Daniel W McNeil
OBJECTIVES: Periodontal disease is multifactorial in its aetiology, which encompasses biopsychosocial contributors, including psychological stress. Gastrointestinal distress and dysbiosis have been associated with several chronic inflammatory diseases yet have rarely been investigated with respect to oral inflammation. Given the implications of gastrointestinal distress on extraintestinal inflammation, this study aimed to evaluate the potential role of such distress as a mediator between psychological stress and periodontal disease...
July 10, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Irosha Perera, Hemantha Amarasinghe, Ruwan D Jayasinghe, Iresha Udayamalee, Nadeena Jayasuriya, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Newell W Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Over the past several decades, oral cancer has been the most common malignancy among Sri Lankan males and the top 10 cancer among females, disproportionately affecting low socio-economic groups. Sri Lanka is a lower-middle-income developing country (LMIC), currently striking through an economic crisis, and social and political unrest. Occurring at an accessible body site and predominantly attributed to potentially modifiable health-related behaviours, oral cancer should be preventable and controllable...
June 28, 2023: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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