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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

Raul Palacio, Jing Shen, Luke Vale, Christopher Robert Vernazza
OBJECTIVES: This study illustrates the use of a decision analytic model (DAM) to evaluate whether fluoride varnish application (FV) increases the proportion of caries-free children in the Chilean preschool population, at an acceptable cost. METHODS: Different FV interventions were compared with an oral health counselling-only intervention. The FV interventions were tested (with and without screening) every 6 months over 2 years, in either a preschool setting or during a well-child programme appointment in a primary care setting...
February 19, 2019: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Nirosha Ranasinghe, Estie Kruger, Rohana Chandrajith, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to use Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to investigate the spatial distribution of the concentration of fluoride (F) in groundwater resources of Sri Lanka, and the geographic accessibility to an alternative water source having a low or safe F limit to mitigate dental fluorosis. METHODS: The study used randomly collected (6107) groundwater samples from Sri Lanka and categorized them as "dentally optimal" and "unsafe" based on their F content...
February 13, 2019: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Meng-Wong Taing, Norman Firth, Pauline J Ford, Christopher R Freeman
OBJECTIVES: In Australia, more than 80% of pharmacists and pharmacy assistants are consulted for oral healthcare advice up to five times or more each week. This study assesses Australian community pharmacy staff's (pharmacists and pharmacy assistants) ability to recognize and manage common oral health presentations using case vignettes, and determine whether appropriate identification and management are associated with self-reported confidence. METHODS: Five oral healthcare case vignettes were developed based on previous literature by a multidisciplinary team of dental and pharmacy practitioner academics...
February 8, 2019: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Esma J Doğramacı, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of orthodontic treatment on long-term caries experience in 30-year-old South Australians. The research hypothesis that was tested was that those with previous orthodontic treatment would have lower caries experience. METHODS: In 2005-2006, a sample of 1859 30-year-olds from Adelaide, South Australia, who comprised 47% of participants who had previously taken part in an oral epidemiology study in 1988-1989, were traced from the Australian electoral roll and invited to participate in a cross-sectional study investigating long-term dental health outcomes...
January 17, 2019: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Christopher Sexton, Ratilal Lalloo, Nicole Stormon, Kelsey Pateman, Ingrid van der Mei, Janet Campbell, Pauline Ford
OBJECTIVES: The literature describing the oral health of people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is scant and the findings equivocal. The aim of this study was to describe the oral health and oral self-care behaviours of people living with MS and compare it to the Australian population. METHODS: Participants enrolled with the Australian MS Longitudinal Study (AMSLS) were invited to participate in the survey using an online or paper-based questionnaire. Data were collected on level of disability, oral health, oral self-care and factors influencing attendance for oral health care...
January 7, 2019: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Martha Paisi, Elizabeth Kay, Anastasios Plessas, Lorna Burns, Cath Quinn, Nicola Brennan, Sandra White
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to identify and conceptualize the barriers and enablers to accessing dental services for people experiencing homelessness in the United Kingdom. METHODS: A literature search for studies relevant to homelessness and dental care was conducted. The PRISMA and ENTREQ guidelines were followed. Electronic databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, DOSS, CINAHL, SOCINDEX and PsycINFO) and grey literature sources (Electronic Theses Online Service - EThOS, Kings Fund, NICE Evidence, Open Grey, Google and the Health Foundation) were searched up to 28 August 2018...
January 6, 2019: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Camila S Sfreddo, Carlos Heitor C Moreira, Roger K Celeste, Belinda Nicolau, Thiago M Ardenghi
OBJECTIVES: To explore the pathways through which the socioeconomic inequalities may influence gingival bleeding in adolescents, assessing the direct and indirect effects of material and psychosocial variables. METHODS: This cohort study followed a multistage, random sample of 1134 12-year-old adolescents from 20 public schools of Santa Maria, a city in southern Brazil. The percentage of teeth with gingival bleeding was recorded according to the Community Periodontal Index criteria (scored as healthy or bleeding) at baseline and at 2-year follow-up...
December 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Rami Kankaanpää, Juha Auvinen, Kari Rantavuori, Jari Jokelainen, Jaro Karppinen, Satu Lahti
INTRODUCTION: Dental fear is a prevalent problem leading to severe deterioration of oral health and health-related quality of life. Despite the knowledge that dental fear is closely linked to painful experience, the association between pain sensitivity and dental fear remains unclear. This study was designed to evaluate this association with validated measures of dental fear and pressure pain sensitivity in a cohort population. METHODS: The study population consisted of a subpopulation of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966...
December 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Mariél de Aquino Goulart, Renato José De Marchi, Dalva Maria P Padilha, Mario A Brondani, Michael I MacEntee
OBJECTIVES: To explore the sociocultural context in which patients and dentists in urban and rural communities in Southern Brazil interpret dental problems. METHOD: Beliefs and experiences related to dental problems were explored in eight focus groups involving a total of 41 older patients, and in direct interviews with two dentists and two dental assistants. The interactions were audio recorded and transcribed for thematic analysis. RESULTS: The beliefs and experiences of the participants focused on four main themes: cultural beliefs; dental services; decisions to extract teeth; and expectations for change...
December 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Herry Novrinda, Dong-Hun Han, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Jae-In Ryu
AIM: The aims of this study were to examine inequalities in periodontitis and tooth loss among South Korean adults using the Wright's Neo-Marxian social class (NMSC) indicator and to assess the impact of material, psychosocial, health behavioural and workplace environmental factors in the association of social class with oral health. METHODS: This study used the data from the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey with 6710 participants aged 19-54 years old...
December 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Aderonke A Akinkugbe, Oswaldo Moreno, Tegwyn H Brickhouse
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiologic studies of risk and protective factors for poor oral health have mostly been among children and adults, seldom focusing on adolescents. The aims of this study were to examine whether serum cotinine, a marker of tobacco exposure, and serum vitamin D are independently associated with dental caries experience among adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 2579 adolescent participants in the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey were analysed...
December 10, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Tom Broomhead, Dimitris Ballas, Sarah R Baker
Public health research in dentistry has used geographic information systems since the 1960s. Since then, the methods used in the field have matured, moving beyond simple spatial associations to the use of complex spatial statistics and, on occasions, simulation modelling. Many analyses are often descriptive in nature; however, and the use of more advanced spatial simulation methods within dental public health remains rare, despite the potential they offer the field. This review introduces a new approach to geographical analysis of oral health outcomes in neighbourhoods and small area geographies through two novel simulation methods-spatial microsimulation and agent-based modelling...
December 7, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Nicole Stormon, Nicholas Kazantzis, Pauline J Ford, Ratilal Lalloo
OBJECTIVES: Research into dental diseases in children is no longer primarily focussed on biological and dietary factors, with social determinants an important influence. The aim of this study was to systematically review the focus of research on influences on children's oral health in Australia. METHODS: Relevant databases were searched for English language publications between 2008 and 2017. Included studies were original research articles with a focus on influences of oral health for Australian children...
December 3, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Gustavo Hermes Soares, Nayara Fernanda Pereira, Maria Gabriela Haye Biazevic, Mariana Minatel Braga, Edgard Michel-Crosato
OBJECTIVES: To determine the severity of dental caries in South American Indigenous peoples. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted regarding the severity of dental caries in South American Indigenous peoples using the following electronic databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, SCOPUS, SciELO, LILACS and grey literature up to March 2018. Literature search was conducted up to March 2018. No restrictions on language or year of publication were applied. Descriptive analysis and meta-analysis of studies were performed to determine mean dmft/DMFT index (decayed, missing and filled teeth) and temporal trends for selected age brackets...
December 3, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Mohamed ElSalhy, Ussama Ali, Hollis Lai, Carlos Flores-Mir, Maryam Amin
OBJECTIVE: To explore how caries was reported in studies that employed the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS). METHODS: A systematic database search up to August 2017 was carried out using PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane library and ISI Web of Science electronic databases. Only studies that used the ICDAS for dental caries examinations were included. Studies were excluded if the examination was done only for the validation or the calibration of the ICDAS and/or if the examination was not done for the whole dentition...
February 2019: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Dara M Shearer, W Murray Thomson, Claire M Cameron, Sandhya Ramrakha, Graham Wilson, Tien Yin Wong, Michael J A Williams, Rachael McLean, Reremoana Theodore, Richie Poulton
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between periodontitis at ages 32 and 38 and a range of early cardiometabolic risk biomarkers at age 38. METHODS: Periodontal probing depth and bleeding on probing data collected during the age-32 and age-38 assessments in the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study were used to quantify periodontal inflammatory load. Retinal microvascular abnormalities, endothelial dysfunction, and metabolic syndrome data were collected during the age-38 assessment...
December 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Reem Reda Oweis, Steven M Levy, Julie M Eichenberger-Gilmore, John J Warren, Trudy L Burns, Kathleen F Janz, James C Torner, Punam K Saha, Elena Letuchy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between period-specific and cumulative fluoride (F) intakes from birth to age 17 years, and radial and tibial bone measures obtained using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). METHODS: Participants (n = 380) were recruited from hospitals at birth and continued their participation in the ongoing Iowa Fluoride Study/Iowa Bone Development Study until age 17. Fluoride intakes from water, other beverages, selected foods, dietary fluoride supplements and dentifrice were determined every 1...
December 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Fredrick A C Wright, Garry G Law, Kate L Milledge, Steven K-Y Chu, Benjumin Hsu, Eduardo Valdez, Vasi Naganathan, Vasant Hirani, Fiona M Blyth, David G LeCouteur, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Markus J Seibel, Robert G Cumming
OBJECTIVES: To describe the associations between chewing function with oral health and certain general health characteristics, in a population of community-dwelling older Australian men. METHODS: Analysis of data obtained from a cross-sectional analysis of the 4th wave of the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project cohort of 614 participants, 524 whom were dentate, aged 78 years and over. Their chewing capacity was assessed using three main indicators: capacity to chew eleven food items ranging from boiled eggs through to fresh carrots and nuts; discomfort when eating; and interruption of meals...
November 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Masahiro Tsuchiya, Jun Aida, Takashi Watanabe, Masamichi Shinoda, Yumi Sugawara, Yasutake Tomata, Yutaka Yabe, Takuya Sekiguchi, Makoto Watanabe, Ken Osaka, Keiichi Sasaki, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Ichiro Tsuji
OBJECTIVES: The Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami cause large-scale destruction in the north-eastern coastal areas in Japan, and forced many survivors to relocate to prefabricated temporary housing, a typical emergency accommodation. Based on the hypothesis that higher toothache prevalence among the disaster survivors is associated with postdisaster distress, we determined the impact of temporary residential environment as potential stressor on the subjective toothache prevalence...
November 15, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Hege Nermo, Tiril Willumsen, Jan-Are K Johnsen
OBJECTIVE: Identify predictive variables related to the development and continuation of high dental anxiety among young people over 2 years and assess differences between youth experiencing increased, decreased or unchanged dental anxiety scores over time. METHODS: An observational panel study of 15- to 21-year-old people in Tromsø and Balsfjord region followed students from their first to their last year of upper secondary school (2010/11-2012/13). Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) of possible predictive variables assessed at baseline when using dental anxiety score from the second wave as a dichotomous dependent variable...
November 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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