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Journals Community Dentistry and Oral E...

Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587110/challenges-and-way-forward-for-implementation-of-sugar-taxation-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-mena
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hazem Abbas, Carol C Guarnizo-Herreño, Maha El Tantawi, Georgios Tsakos, Marco A Peres
BACKGROUND: Over consumption of added sugar beyond the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended level of 10% of daily energy intake has well-established negative health consequences including oral diseases. However, the average consumption of added sugar in the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA-World Bank's regional classification) is 70% higher than the WHO recommended level. Imposing taxes on added sugar has been proposed by the WHO to decrease its consumption. Yet, only 21...
April 8, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38571289/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-food-insecurity-and-behaviours-related-to-caries-development-in-adults-and-children-in-high-income-countries
#2
REVIEW
A L Cope, I G Chestnutt
OBJECTIVES: To synthesize and appraise the evidence regarding the relationship between food insecurity and behaviours associated with dental caries development in adults and children in high-income countries. METHODS: A systematic review including observational studies assessing the association between food insecurity and selected dietary (free sugar consumption) and non-dietary factors (tooth brushing frequency; use of fluoridated toothpaste; dental visiting; oral hygiene aids; type of toothbrush used; interdental cleaning frequency and mouthwash use) related to dental caries development in adults and children in high-income countries...
April 3, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566348/exploring-socioeconomic-inequality-in-caries-experience-in-an-adult-norwegian-population-the-hunt4-oral-health-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Siri Christine Rødseth, Hedda Høvik, Espen Bjertness, Rasa Skudutyte-Rysstad
OBJECTIVES: To investigate socioeconomic inequality in caries experience in an adult Norwegian population. METHODS: This population-based study included 4549 dentate participants aged 25-94 years from the cross-sectional HUNT4 Oral Health Study conducted in Central Norway in 2017-2019. Participants were randomly sampled from the larger HUNT4 Survey and answered questionnaires and underwent clinical and radiographic examinations. Caries experience was measured as numbers of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT index) and socioeconomic position was denoted by education and household income...
April 2, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38525812/flawed-mirec-fluoride-and-intelligence-quotient-publications-a-failed-attempt-to-undermine-community-water-fluoridation
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juliet R Guichon, Colin Cooper, Andrew Rugg-Gunn, James A Dickinson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence presented in a set of articles that use the Canadian Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) study database to claim that community water fluoridation (CWF) is associated with harm to foetal and infant cognitive development. METHODS: Critical appraisal of measurements and processes in the MIREC database, and articles derived therefrom. MIREC's cohort is approximately 2000 pregnant women recruited in 10 centres across Canada, 2008-2011, leading to measuring 512 children aged 3-6 years in six cities...
March 25, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38525802/economic-evaluation-of-a-water-fluoridation-scheme-in-cumbria-uk
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
William Whittaker, Michaela Goodwin, Saima Bashir, Matt Sutton, Richard Emsley, Michael P Kelly, Martin Tickle, Tanya Walsh, Iain A Pretty
OBJECTIVES: The addition of fluoride to community drinking water supplies has been a long-standing public health intervention to improve dental health. However, the evidence of cost-effectiveness in the UK currently lacks a contemporary focus, being limited to a period with higher incidence of caries. A water fluoridation scheme in West Cumbria, United Kingdom, provided a unique opportunity to study the contemporary impact of water fluoridation. This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of water fluoridation over a 5-6 years follow-up period in two distinct cohorts: children exposed to water fluoridation in utero and those exposed from the age of 5...
March 25, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38516782/behaviour-support-in-dentistry-a-delphi-study-to-agree-terminology-in-behaviour-management
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Caoimhin Mac Giolla Phadraig, Olive Healy, Aisyah Ahmad Fisal, Carilynne Yarascavitch, Maria van Harten, June Nunn, Tim Newton, Peter Sturmey, Koula Asimakopoulou, Blánaid Daly, Marie Therese Hosey, Pedro Vitali Kammer, Alison Dougall, Andrew Geddis-Regan, Archana Pradhan, Arlette Suzy Setiawan, Bryan Kerr, Clive S Friedman, Bryant W Cornelius, Christopher Stirling, Siti Zaleha Hamzah, Derek Decloux, Gustavo Molina, Gunilla Klingberg, Hani Ayup, Heather Buchanan, Helena Anjou, Isabel Maura, Ilidia Reyes Bernal Fernandez, Jacobo Limeres Posse, Jennifer Hare, Jessica Francis, Johanna Norderyd, Maryani Mohamed Rohani, Neeta Prabhu, Paul F Ashley, Paula Faria Marques, Shalini Chopra, Sharat Chandra Pani, Susanne Krämer
OBJECTIVES: Dental behaviour support (DBS) describes all specific techniques practiced to support patients in their experience of professional oral healthcare. DBS is roughly synonymous with behaviour management, which is an outdated concept. There is no agreed terminology to specify the techniques used to support patients who receive dental care. This lack of specificity may lead to imprecision in describing, understanding, teaching, evaluating and implementing behaviour support techniques in dentistry...
March 22, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38509032/complete-dentures-associated-with-frailty-among-edentulous-older-japanese-people-a-prospective-analysis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Roberto C Castrejón-Pérez, S Aída Borges-Yáñez, Ricardo Ramírez-Aldana, Ikuo Nasu, Yasuhiko Saito
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the cross-sectional and prospective associations between self-reported functionality of complete dentures (FCD), satisfaction with complete dentures (SCD) and the ability to chew hard food (ACHF) on the one hand and the frailty index (FI) on the other hand among edentulous community-dwelling older Japanese people. METHODS: The study examined 770 edentulous participants of the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging...
March 20, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38509026/socioenvironmental-sugar-promotion-and-geographical-inequalities-in-dental-health-of-5-year-old-children-in-england
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Suruchi G Ganbavale, Chris Louca, Liz Twigg, Kristina Wanyonyi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between socioenvironmental sugar promotion and geographical inequalities in the prevalence of dental caries amongst 5-year-olds living across small areas within England. METHODS: Ecological data from the National Dental Epidemiology Programme (NDEP) 2018-2019, comprising information on the percentage of 5-year-olds with tooth decay (≥1 teeth that are decayed into dentine, missing due to decay, or filled), and untreated tooth decay (≥1 decayed but untreated teeth), in lower-tier local authorities (LAs) of England...
March 20, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38486435/correction-to-the-life-cycle-analysis-of-a-dental-examination-quantifying-the-environmental-burden-of-an-examination-in-a-hypothetical-dental-practice
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38462696/incidence-mortality-and-survival-rates-of-lip-oral-cavity-and-salivary-glands-cancers-in-singapore-a-half-century-time-trend-analysis-1968-2017
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marco A Peres, Huihua Li, Gustavo G Nascimento, Fabio R M Leite
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in incidence and mortality and evaluate overall survival (OS) of oral cancer in Singapore between 1968 and 2017. METHODS: All diagnosed oral cancers by anatomical sites and population size were extracted from the Singapore Cancer Registry and the Department of Statistics Singapore. The trend of age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) and mortality rate (ASMR) (per 100 000 person-years) of the lip, oral cavity and salivary gland cancers were evaluated by Prais-Winsten regressions for each ethnicity and gender...
March 10, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38425183/a-three-delays-theoretical-framework-to-describe-social-determinants-as-barriers-to-dental-care
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shenam Ticku, Olivia Watrous, Danielle Burgess, Yuanyuan Laura Luo, Sabina DSouza, Catherine Simpson, Kareem King, Christine A Riedy, Brittany Seymour
OBJECTIVES: The Three Delays model is a well-established global public health framework for the utilization of obstetric services where each delay represents a series of factors affecting utilization: (1) Delay #1-Deciding to seek care, (2) Delay #2-Reaching an appropriate facility and (3) Delay #3-Receiving adequate care. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the application of the Three Delays model to dental service utilization and describe factors attributed to delayed utilization within this framework...
February 29, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38402550/community-and-individual-socioeconomic-inequalities-and-dental-caries-from-childhood-to-adolescence-a-10-year-cohort-study
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bruna Brondani, Jessica K Knorst, Thiago M Ardenghi, Fausto M Mendes, Mário A Brondani
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of individual and contextual socioeconomic inequalities in the occurrence of untreated dental caries during the transition from childhood to adolescence. METHODS: This 10-year prospective cohort study followed up an initial sample of 639 1-5 years old schoolchildren from southern Brazil. After 7 and 10 years from the baseline (T1), two other reassessments were conducted (T2 and T3), respectively. Untreated dental caries was measured through the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS- scores 3, 5 and 6) at T1 and T3...
February 25, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38379158/functional-oral-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-singapore
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pei Yuan Chan, Zhi Hui Janice Tan, Seyed Ehsan Saffari, Yu Jie Soh, Khim Hean Teoh
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to investigate the association between oral functional status (defined by the number of functional teeth and functional occluding units [FOUs]) on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). It also aimed to determine if dentures could compensate for the loss of FOUs in terms of OHRQoL in community-dwelling older adults in Singapore. METHODS: Community-dwelling older adults, aged 60 years and above, were recruited from a community-based oral health functional screening programme from 1 May 2018 to 31 December 2019...
February 20, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38351568/oral-health-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-adults-findings-from-a-national-oral-health-survey-in-singapore
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mun Loke Wong, Yun Hui Lee, Yu Fan Sim, Tzu-Jung Wong, Shean Han Soh, Bee Tin Goh, Choy Yoke Poon, Patrick Finbarr Allen, Kee Seng Chia, Christina P C Sim
OBJECTIVES: Prevention complements the curative management of oral diseases. Effective preventive interventions involve the adoption of oral health promoting behaviours. Little is known about the awareness of oral disease and its prevention among Singaporean adults as well as their prevailing oral health attitudes and behaviours. The study aims to describe the oral health knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of adults in Singapore. METHODS: A random sample of adults (≥21 years old) in Singapore was selected to complete an interviewer-administered questionnaire...
February 13, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282058/towards-the-integration-of-prevention-and-control-of-oral-diseases-within-child-primary-healthcare-the-case-of-peru
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ximena Concha Melgar, Diego Azañedo, Fernando Neves Hugo
OBJECTIVES: The Peruvian public health norm of primary healthcare (PHC) for growth and development medical check-ups (CRED, Spanish acronym) of children under 5 years of age was updated in 2017 with the inclusion of interdisciplinary prevention and control actions for oral diseases, such as dentist referral. The aim of this study was to explore the association between CRED and oral health services utilization (OHSU), throughout the heterogeneous Peruvian territory. METHODS: A population-based cross sectional study was conducted using the 2021 Demographic and Family Health Survey of Peru and included data from 15 836 children aged 12-59 months...
January 28, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38273719/recalled-body-silhouette-trajectories-over-the-lifespan-and-oral-conditions-in-adulthood-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-paris-prospective-study-3
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yara Saade, Omar Deraz, Eirini Chatzopoulou, Hélène Rangé, Pierre Boutouyrie, Marie-Cécile Perier, Catherine Guibout, Frédérique Thomas, Nicolas Danchin, Xavier Jouven, Philippe Bouchard, Jean-Philippe Empana
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between life-course body silhouette changes and oral conditions in adulthood. METHODS: At study recruitment (2008-2012), 5430 adults underwent a full-mouth clinical examination and recalled their body silhouettes at ages 8, 15, 25, 35 and 45. Life-course trajectories of body silhouettes were computed using group-based trajectory modelling. Gingival inflammation, dental plaque, masticatory units, numbers of healthy, missing, decayed and filled teeth at study recruitment were clustered...
January 25, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38251785/dentists-perspectives-on-structural-and-system-barriers-hindering-oral-healthcare-provision-in-residential-care-facilities
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarah Mun Yee Koh, Sayaka Tada, Gabriel Keng Yan Lee, Mun Loke Wong
OBJECTIVES: Oral healthcare service is not well integrated with existing healthcare policy in nursing homes (NHs) globally. This qualitative study aimed to identify dentists' perspectives on structural and system barriers that hinder oral healthcare (OHC) provision to seniors in NHs in Singapore and to understand the consequences of these barriers. METHODS: Nineteen dentists (8 males and 11 females, 36.0 [IQR: 32.0-48.5] years old) were recruited through combination of purposive and snowball sampling...
January 22, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38243665/contesting-the-conventional-wisdom-of-periodontal-risk-assessment
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eero Raittio, Rodrigo Lopez, Vibeke Baelum
Over the years, several reviews of periodontal risk assessment tools have been published. However, major misunderstandings still prevail in repeated attempts to use these tools for prognostic risk prediction. Here we review the principles of risk prediction and discuss the value and the challenges of using prediction models in periodontology. Most periodontal risk prediction models have not been properly developed according to guidance given for the risk prediction model development. This shortcoming has led to several problems, including the creation of arbitrary risk scores...
January 19, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38243585/oral-cancer-epidemiology-in-relation-to-inter-country-disparities-in-human-development-in-south-and-southeast-asia
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Muhammad Usman Amanat, Hutcha Sriplung, Duangporn Kerdpon
OBJECTIVES: South Asia (SA) and Southeast Asia (SEA) are geographically close; however, discrepancies in oral cancer (OC) epidemiology exist between the two regions. Socioeconomic disparities may influence the OC burden. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiology of OC and its relationship with the Inequality Adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) and its components in SA and SEA. METHODS: Cancer data for this ecological study was obtained from GLOBOCAN 2020, while the IHDI was obtained from the Human Development Report 2020...
January 19, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38238260/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-among-turkish-children-and-adults-findings-from-the-3rd-national-oral-health-survey
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ayse Isil Orhan, Afra Alkan, Kaan Orhan, Adnan Tezel, Serpil Karaoglanoglu, Dilek Oztas
BACKGROUND: Information on the current status of oral health and related risk factors is lacking in Turkiye. This study aimed to evaluate dental caries and associated factors among the Turkish population using the findings of the third national oral health survey. METHODS: This cross-sectional epidemiological survey was carried out between March and September in 2018 including five index ages and age groups (5-, 12-, 15-year-olds, 35-44 and 65-74 age groups). A multistage cluster sampling design was used to obtain a national representative sample of these age groups...
January 18, 2024: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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