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Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31096763/meaningful-occupations-of-young-adults-with-muscular-dystrophy-and-other-neuromuscular-disorders
#1
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Laura McAdam
BACKGROUND.: Youth with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and other neuromuscular disorders are living well into adulthood and often need help engaging in meaningful occupations. PURPOSE.: Our purpose was to explore enablers and barriers to engaging in meaningful occupations, from the perspectives of youth, parents, and practitioners. METHOD.: This qualitative study involved 26 participants (11 parents, eight youth ages 19 to 28 [mean = 22...
May 16, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31092004/continuing-competency-in-ethical-decision-making-an-interpretive-description-of-occupational-therapists-perspectives
#2
Sandra VanderKaay, Bonny Jung, Lori Letts, Sandra E Moll
BACKGROUND.: Competency in ethical decision making is a criterion for ethical practice, and it is expected to advance with ongoing professional development. However, research exploring continuing competency needs of occupational therapists regarding ethical decision making is limited. PURPOSE.: The purpose of this study was to explore potential gaps and directions for development related to continuing competency in ethical decision making from the perspective of practicing occupational therapists...
May 15, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31088143/occupational-performance-and-multisensory-stimulation-during-post-traumatic-amnesia-an-observational-and-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#3
Hayley Walsh, Jennifer Fleming, Cristina Silvestre Edo, Montserrat Bernabeu Guitart, Narda Murillo
BACKGROUND.: Occupational performance (OP) and interventions during post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) following traumatic brain injury are poorly understood. PURPOSE.: This study aims to describe a study protocol to (a) track person factors of OP throughout PTA and (b) assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) protocol comparing an occupation-based multisensory stimulation and environmental enrichment intervention with usual care during PTA. METHOD...
May 14, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31084203/a-description-of-teachers-approach-to-handwriting-instruction-in-primary-schools
#4
Noémi Cantin, Janie Hubert
BACKGROUND.: When handwriting becomes a significant obstacle to children's academic success, occupational therapists are routinely asked to intervene. At times, therapists wonder whether teachers' instructional approaches have a role to play in explaining children's handwriting challenges. PURPOSE.: This study aimed to describe elementary school teachers' current instructional approach to handwriting throughout the school year. METHOD.: A descriptive study design utilizing a survey approach to data collection was selected for this study...
May 13, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31084201/investigating-the-provision-of-occupational-therapy-services-a-case-study
#5
Alicia Carey, Lynn Cockburn, Sylvia Langlois
BACKGROUND.: The World Health Organization has identified occupational therapists as integral human resources on health care teams, yet in many contexts, occupational therapy services are not adequately provided. One example is occupational therapy in mental health care in Saskatchewan. PURPOSE.: This study aimed to uncover what is known about the case of occupational therapy in the context of mental health services in Saskatchewan. METHOD.: An instrumental case study design was employed, applying a critical interpretive approach and thematic analysis to examine 40 publicly available documents...
May 13, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31067989/neuro-occupation-a-self-organizing-approach-to-conflate-the-brain-context-and-occupation
#6
Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad, Emily Piven
BACKGROUND.: Neuro-occupation was coined to conflate three distinctly different concepts: the brain, context, and occupation. Discussing neuro-occupation has been more of an academic exercise rather than cogently researched for everyday practice, perhaps due to the seemingly incongruity among the concepts. PURPOSE.: This article traces the self-organization approach, an assumption of complex systems, to understand how the concepts can be conflated. METHOD...
May 8, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31060363/adaptations-to-support-occupational-engagement-with-age-related-vision-loss-a-metasynthesis-study
#7
Colleen E McGrath, Ann Marie Corrado
BACKGROUND.: Age-related vision loss (ARVL) is a progressive process that adversely affects older adults' occupational engagement. As such, older adults often employ a variety of psychological adaptation strategies. PURPOSE.: The purpose of this study was to identify those psychological adaptation strategies employed by older adults aging with ARVL. METHOD.: This metasynthesis searched and identified 21 qualitative articles that described a link between psychological adaptation strategies and occupational engagement...
May 6, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31046435/assessment-priorities-in-cerebral-palsy-using-icf-core-set-by-iranian-occupational-therapists
#8
Parvin Raji, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Maryam Ahmadi, Veronica Schiariti
BACKGROUND.: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) core set for cerebral palsy allows for the description of the levels of functioning in cerebral palsy. It is not exactly clear which of these levels is more important for evaluation from the perspective of occupational therapists in Iran. By identifying these priorities, we can establish a better plan for intervention. PURPOSE.: This study defines assessment priorities in children with cerebral palsy (<6 years)...
May 2, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31035794/an-occupational-therapy-community-development-practice-process
#9
Leanne L Leclair, Heidi Lauckner, Cynthia Yamamoto
BACKGROUND.: Little research has focused on the application of the Canadian Practice Process Framework (CPPF) to occupational therapists' work in community development (CD). PURPOSE.: This study sought to describe Canadian occupational therapists' CD practice processes. METHOD.: Using interpretive description, Canadian occupational therapists engaged in CD practice participated in an initial interview and follow-up interview or focus group...
April 29, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31023075/a-comparison-of-bibliometric-indicators-in-occupational-therapy-journals-published-in-english
#10
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman
BACKGROUND.: The use of bibliometrics to evaluate the quality and impact of refereed journals has increased along with access to electronic databases and citation counts. PURPOSE.: This analysis compared and contrasted the range of publication metrics available for English-language occupational therapy journals. METHOD.: Bibliometric data were sourced for 23 English-language occupational therapy journals, including data from the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) 2- and 5-year impact factor, JCR Immediacy Index, Eigenfactor Score, Article Influence Score, Scopus Source Normalized Impact per Paper, SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) score, and ResearchGate journal impact score...
April 25, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31023068/psychometric-properties-of-home-accessibility-assessment-tools-a-systematic-review
#11
Alexandre Patry, Claude Vincent, Christian Duval, Emmanuelle Careau
BACKGROUND.: Although home environment assessments are commonly performed by occupational therapists working in home care, use of nonstandardized measures created in-house or lack of measure use can cast a shadow over the quality of these assessments for people with disabilities. To ensure quality of home environment assessments, occupational therapists need standardized measures with demonstrated psychometric properties. PURPOSE.: This study provides a critical appraisal of objective accessibility measures of the home environment...
April 25, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31023067/-we-need-more-things-for-us-being-low-income-and-underoccupied-in-older-age
#12
Kendra S Heatwole Shank, Benjamin Kenley, Stacy Brown, Jenna Shipley, Maya Baum, Chloe Beers
BACKGROUND.: Low-income older adult populations have increased vulnerability to occupational engagement barriers and poor health outcomes while aging in community settings. PURPOSE.: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between community navigation and well-being for low-income older adults. METHOD.: Community-dwelling older adults ( N = 10) were recruited for this multimethod observational cohort study, which employed GPS data, measures of well-being, and semistructured interviews across 12 months...
April 25, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31023064/the-making-of-occupation-based-models-and-diagrams-history-and-semiotic-analysis
#13
Heleen A J Reid, Clare Hocking, Liz Smythe
BACKGROUND.: Models provide a structure for organizing knowledge and facilitating learning and are upheld by occupational therapy as epitomizing the cornerstones of its practice. PURPOSE.: This article briefly examines the scientific history of occupation-based model development in the 1950s before addressing the process of conceptual model making in occupational therapy. Using the theory of semiosis, it explains and takes a critical perspective on conceptual model building in occupational therapy...
April 25, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31023062/examining-the-intersection-of-policy-and-occupational-therapy-a-scoping-review
#14
Raphael Lencucha, Keiko Shikako-Thomas
BACKGROUND.: Policy has direct bearing on occupational therapy practice and is a key dimension of the environment. To date, there has not been a synthesis of how policy is addressed in the occupational therapy literature. PURPOSE.: The purpose of this review is to identify and analyze the ways that policy is addressed in the occupational therapy literature. METHOD.: We conducted a scoping review of literature on policy and occupational therapy...
April 25, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31018672/sensory-modulation-physical-activity-and-participation-in-daily-occupations-in-young-children
#15
Dan Hertzog, Sharon Cermak, Tami Bar-Shalita
BACKGROUND.: Physical activity (PA) promotes children's health. While sensory processing is integral to motor output, research regarding PA in children with sensory processing challenges is sparse. PURPOSE.: This study aimed to examine the PA pattern and its association with daily life participation of children with sensory processing challenges. METHOD.: Forty-four children ages 5 to 7 years were divided into the study group (children with sensory processing challenges; n = 22; 16 males) and an age-matched typically developing control group ( n = 22; nine males)...
April 24, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31018654/indigenous-perspectives-on-health-integration-with-a-canadian-model-of-practice
#16
Dominique Fijal, Brenda L Beagan
BACKGROUND.: The Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission recommend change within the Canadian health care system, respecting and valuing Indigenous health and healing practices. Adjusting the lens through which occupational therapists practice to incorporate Indigenous views of health and wellness is one potential change. PURPOSE.: This critical interpretive synthesis of the literature incorporates Indigenous perspectives on health and wellness into the Canadian Model of Occupational Performance and Engagement (CMOP-E) framework, strengthening that model to better serve all peoples in Canada...
April 24, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31018650/a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-investigating-effectiveness-of-an-activity-pacing-program-for-deconditioned-older-adults
#17
Amanda J Timmer, Carolyn A Unsworth, Matthew Browne
BACKGROUND.: Acute hospitalization of older adults can lead to deconditioning and the need for rehabilitation to facilitate a return to home and previous lifestyle. An occupational therapy intervention to combat deconditioning is activity pacing, an active self-management strategy where individuals learn to modify how and when activities are completed with the aim of improving participation in occupation. PURPOSE.: This study will examine the effectiveness of occupational therapy with activity pacing during rehabilitation for deconditioned older adults...
April 24, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31014080/occupational-therapy-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-scoping-review
#18
Megan M Edgelow, Megan M MacPherson, Faye Arnaly, Linna Tam-Seto, Heidi A Cramm
BACKGROUND.: People who are diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can experience disruptions in their daily occupations. Occupational therapists may assist clients with PTSD to reengage in meaningful occupations. PURPOSE.: This scoping review aims to identify and describe the ways occupational therapy addresses PTSD in clinical practice. METHOD.: Scholarly databases were searched for documents relating to occupational therapy and PTSD...
April 23, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31013142/do-occupational-justice-concepts-inform-occupational-therapists-practice-a-scoping-review
#19
Ana Paula Serrata Malfitano, Rosangela Gomes da Mota de Souza, Elizabeth A Townsend, Roseli Esquerdo Lopes
BACKGROUND.: Occupational justice and related concepts can inform practices directed at injustice and the lack of rights in daily life. Brazilian ideas about social occupational therapy seem to be similar to these concepts about inequality. PURPOSE.: This study aimed to answer the questions, "Do occupational justice concepts inform occupational therapists' professional actions?" and "How are occupational justice concepts connected to Brazilian ideas about social occupational therapy?" METHOD...
April 23, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30987447/boredom-and-meaningful-activity-in-adults-experiencing-homelessness-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Carrie Anne Marshall, Lisa Davidson, Andrea Li, Rebecca Gewurtz, Laurence Roy, Skye Barbic, Bonnie Kirsh, Rosemary Lysaght
BACKGROUND.: Boredom has been reported as a frequent problem experienced by homeless persons, with implications for mental and social well-being. PURPOSE.: This study aimed to explore the nature and impact of boredom in the lives of homeless and formerly homeless persons. METHOD.: A mixed-methods design was used to engage 13 participants in a structured 92-item quantitative interview using six standardized measures, followed by a semistructured qualitative interview...
April 15, 2019: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
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