Anthony Barbosa Belarmino, Damião Sampaio de Sousa, Caio Henrique Alexandre Roberto, Victor Moreira de Oliveira, Matheus Nunes da Rocha, Francisco Rogenio da Silva Mendes, Márcia Machado Marinho, Aluísio Marques da Fonseca, Gabrielle Silva Marinho
Candida auris, a pathogenic fungus, has posed significant challenges to conventional medical treatments due to its increasing resistance to antifungal agents. Consequently, due to their promising pharmacological properties, there is a compelling interest in exploring novel bioactive compounds, such as phytosterols and triterpenes. This study aimed to conduct virtual screening utilizing computational methods, including ADMET, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics, to assess the activity and feasibility of phytosterols extracted from Cryptostegia grandiflora as potential therapeutic agents...
June 18, 2024: Steroids
Bridget A Shimmin, Lydell G Haines, Ian C Shaw
Occupancy of prostate cancer (PCa) cell androgen receptors (AR) signals proliferation, therefore testosterone biosynthesis inhibitors and AR antagonists are important PCa treatments. Conversely, androgen mimics (e.g., prednisone) used in management of PCa might cause proliferation. The balance between PCa proliferation and inhibition predicts treatment success. We used in silico molecular modelling to explore interactions between ARs, androgens (testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT)) and drugs used to treat (bicalutamide) and manage (dexamethasone, prednisone, hydrocortisone) PCa...
June 16, 2024: Steroids
Fatma Dhaffouli, Nesrine Elloumi, Safa Tahri, Khadija Sellami, Mariem Mseddi, Rim Frikha, Emna Bahloul, Aida Charfi, Hamida Turki, Hend Hachicha, Hatem Masmoudi, Olfa Abida
Vitamin D dysregulation has been recognized as a factor that may cause or aggravate autoimmunity. Vitamin D deficiency was found to be common in pemphigus vulgaris (PV) in different populations. This study aimed to investigate the vitamin D-VDR pathway in PV in the Tunisian population. A serological study was carried out to determine the vitamin D status in newly diagnosed PV patients. CYP27B1, CYP24A1 and VDR mRNA expression was assessed using quantitative real-time PCR in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from untreated newly diagnosed and treated PV patients...
June 13, 2024: Steroids
Nisha H Khobragade, Devang B Sheth, Chirag A Patel, Jayesh V Beladiya, Sandip Patel, Mittal Dalal
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) represents major endocrine and metabolic disorder among women largely characterized by hyperandrogenism and oligomenorrhea precipitates serious complications such as type 2 diabetes, early atherosclerosis, infertility, and endometrial cancer. Several etiological theories were proposed to define the exact cause of the PCOS, which is characterized, by the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, ovarian morphology, and release of adrenal steroid hormones, metabolic syndrome, and hereditary factors...
June 12, 2024: Steroids
Chen Chen, Lingling Liu, Siyao Ye, Jialin Li, Li Wu, Junsen Li, Hao Jia, Yuhua Long
Chemical investigation of the fungus Trichoderma asperellum SCNU-F0048 led to the discovery of two new steroids, ergosta-4,6,8 (14),22-tetraen-3-(3'-methyl-4'-hydroxyl-γ-butenolide) (1) and camphosterol B (2), as well as two known compounds, i.e. stigmasta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one (3) and 4-hydroxy-17- methylincisterol (4). Their structures were elucidated by extensive nuclear mangnetic resonance, spectrum analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Bioassay disclosed that compound 1 showed strong cytotoxicity to a panel of tumor cell lines...
June 6, 2024: Steroids
Damon E Negron, Julia R Higdon, Jonghoon Kang
This paper presents the metabolomic distance between normal and obese children. Our PCA results quantitatively explain why girls are more prone to obesity than boys.
June 3, 2024: Steroids
Marta Sumińska, Piotr Fichna, Marta Fichna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2024: Steroids
Peng Qian, Gangxiang Yuan, Chao Yang, Qi Zhang, Lin Chen, Ningjia He
Breast cancer ranks as the most prevalent malignancy, presenting persistent therapeutic challenges encompassing issues such as drug resistance, recurrent occurrences, and metastatic progression. Therefore, there is a need for targeted drugs that are less toxic and more effective against breast cancer. Kuwanon C, an isoamylated flavonoid derived from mulberry resources, has shown promise as a potential candidate due to its strong cytotoxicity against cancer cells. The present study focused on investigating the anticancer activity of kuwanon C in two human breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB231 and T47D cells...
May 30, 2024: Steroids
Miriam Raps, Carolin Kleider, Leane Lehmann
When investigating endocrine disorders, it is essential to assess a comprehensive quantitative profile of sex (pro)hormones in plasma including conjugates. Thus, the present study aimed to develop and validate a comprehensive mass spectrometry-based multimethod combining the direct analysis of unconjugated sex (pro)hormones and oxidation products thereof (by GC), as well as their sulfates and glucuronides present in higher concentrations (by LC) with the indirect quantification of glucuronides present in lower concentrations after selective glucuronide hydrolysis (by GC) and its application to plasma derived from ten pre- and postmenopausal women and men each...
May 18, 2024: Steroids
Asim Rahman, Faheem Haider
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are steroid hormones that are extensively used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases, inflammation, and cancer. The major ill effect of administering GCs is that it has a deleterious effect on bone, which leads to GC-induced osteoporosis. GC therapy induces bone loss and is associated with the risk of nonvertebral and vertebral fractures, as it works in combination by increasing bone reabsorption and suppressing bone formation during the initial phase of therapy. It is seen and established that GC in excess or in low dose for 3 months or more can be a risk factor for fracture, and the risk increases with an increase in dose and duration of usage...
May 14, 2024: Steroids
Latifa Bouissane, Christian Bailly
The bushy plant Withania frutescens (L.) Pauquy is well distributed in the West-Mediterranean area, notably in the south of Spain, Algeria and Morocco where is it is used traditionally for the treatment of various human diseases, including diabetes. Unlike the two major species W. somnifera and W. coagulans extensively studied, the genomically close species W. frutescens has been much less investigated. Nevertheless, this shrub species displays a comparable phytochemical profile and marked antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, at the origin of reported pharmacological effects and its traditional uses...
May 11, 2024: Steroids
Patrycja Pańczyszyn-Trzewik, Magdalena Sowa-Kućma, Paulina Misztak, Anna Tabecka-Lonczynska, Katarzyna Stachowicz
To elucidate the effect of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibition on corticosterone release, mice were divided into a group receiving NS398, a selective COX-2 inhibitor at a dose of 3 mg/kg for seven days, and a group receiving NS398 for fourteen days. After this time, the mice were sacrificed, and blood serum was collected. An ELISA protocol was used to analyze serum corticosterone levels. Short-term COX-2 inhibition increased corticosterone levels, while long-term inhibition lowered them. The exact schedule of experiments was repeated after the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) Escherichia coli challenge in mice to check the influence of stress stimuli on the tested parameters...
May 7, 2024: Steroids
Ulla M Järvelin, Juho M Järvelin
Vitamin D resistance (VDRES) explains the necessity for higher doses of Vitamin D (VD) than those recommended for treatment success. VD receptor (VDR) signaling blockade, such as that caused by infections and poisons, is one basis for VDRES etiology. Mutations within genes affecting the VD system cause susceptibility to developing low VD responsiveness and autoimmunity. In contrast, VD hypersensitivity (VDHY) occurs if there is extra VD in the body; for example, as a result of an overdose of a VD supplement...
May 7, 2024: Steroids
Mengmeng Wu, Jinnuo Yu, Ao Zhong, Yifan Tang, Manzhi Li, Caixia Liu, Dong Sun
Steroid myopathy is a non-inflammatory toxic myopathy that primarily affects the proximal muscles of the lower limbs. Due to its non-specific symptoms, it is often overshadowed by patients' underlying conditions. Prolonged or high-dosage use of glucocorticoids leads to a gradual decline in muscle mass. There are no tools available to identify the course of steroid myopathy before the patient displays substantial clinical symptoms. In this study, we investigated individuals with nephrotic syndrome receiving prednisone who underwent muscle ultrasound to obtain cross-sectional and longitudinal pictures of three major proximal muscles in the lower limbs: the vastus lateralis, tibialis anterior, and medial gastrocnemius muscles...
May 4, 2024: Steroids
Lan Chen, Ting Xu, Jun Lou, Ting Zhang, Sheng Wu, Jingyu Xu, Rui Xie
Multiple epidemiologic studies have revealed that gender is considered one of the important factors in the frequency and severity of certain infectious diseases, in which estrogens may play a vital role. There is growing evidence that estrogens as female sex hormone can modulate multiple biological functions outside of the reproductive system, such as in brain and cardiovascular system. However, it is largely unknown about the roles and mechanisms of estrogens/estrogen receptors in immune health and infection disease...
April 27, 2024: Steroids
Frank Z Stanczyk, Alexandra McGough, Laura Chagam, Regine Sitruk-Ware
A variety of progestogens are widely used by women for contraception and menopausal hormone therapy. The progestogens undergo extensive metabolism by oral and parenteral routes of administration to form many metabolites. Although a small number of metabolites have been shown to be biologically active, most have not been tested for biologic activity. The present review shows that we know most about progesterone metabolism, followed by the metabolism of levonorgestrel and norethindrone. Very few studies have been carried out on metabolism of most of the progestogens...
April 24, 2024: Steroids
Ying He, Xiaoyan Li, Yueying Li, Dan Kuai, Huiying Zhang, Yingmei Wang, Wenyan Tian
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and DHEA combined with a high-fat diet (HFD) treatment of reproductive and endocrine metabolism in rats and then identify an ideal model of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Three-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were injected subcutaneously with DHEA or oil, fed with or without a HFD, for 21 days, during which body weight, feed intake, and estrous cycle monitoring were carried out...
April 18, 2024: Steroids
Kareem Shaheen, Hany H Kamel, Enas Mostafa Mohammed, Ahmed Hashim Mohammed, Sileem Ahmed Sileem, Mahmoud Fouad, Zainab Shehata Sayd, Mohamed E ElHodiby
BACKGROUND: Depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) functions as a contraceptive method by inhibiting the secretion of gonadotropins, which prevents follicular maturation and ovulation, as well as thinning of the endometrium leading to unscheduled vaginal bleeding and subsequent discontinuation of DMPA. Our study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of clomiphene citrate (CC) in stopping bleeding among DMPA users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We randomly assigned 200 DMPA users using a computer-generated random numbers table in a 1:1 ratio to one of two groups; the study group, which received CC at a dose of 50 mg twice daily for five days (n = 100), and the control group, which received a placebo for five days (n = 100)...
April 16, 2024: Steroids
Andrea Cignarella, Chiara Bolego, Matthias Barton
There are considerable sex differences regarding the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), including arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke, as well as chronic renal disease. Women are largely protected from these conditions prior to menopause, and the risk increases following cessation of endogenous estrogen production or after surgical menopause. Cardiovascular diseases in women generally begin to occur at a later age than in men (on average with a delay of 10 years). Cessation of estrogen production also impacts metabolism, increasing the risk of developing obesity and diabetes...
April 15, 2024: Steroids
Jinwen Chen, Wei Chen, Xiaoyu Li, Yiping Ye, Wenkang Huang, Lijuan Gao, Meng Zhang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common gastrointestinal cancers that results in death in worldwide. The Hedgehog (HH) signalling pathway regulates the initiation and progression of CRC. Inhibiting the HH pathway has been presented as a potential treatment strategy in recent years. Cynanbungeigenin C (CBC) is a new type of C21 steroid that has been previously reported for the treatment of medulloblastoma. However, its further investigation was limited by its poor water solubility. In this study, six new CBC derivatives were synthesized through the structural modification of CBC, and four of them showed better water solubility than CBC...
April 11, 2024: Steroids
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