Leila Karami
Tamoxifen as an antiestrogen is successfully applied for the clinical treatment of breast cancer in pre- and post-menopausal women. Due to the side effects related to the oral administration of Tamoxifen (such as deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, hot flushes, ocular disturbances and some types of cancer), liposomal drug delivery is recommended for taking this drug. Drug encapsulation in a liposomal or lipid drug delivery system improves the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. In this regard, we carried out 200-ns molecular dynamics (MD) simulations for three systems (pure DPPC and neutral and protonated Tamoxifen-loaded DPPC)...
March 20, 2023: Steroids
Huanming Huang, Wenqing Wang, Yu Cui, Cai-Xia Hu, Ming Du
BACKGROUND: bullous dermatosis is a group of skin diseases that occur on the skin and mucous membrane, with blister and bulla as basic damage, mainly including pemphigus and bullous pemphigoid. Glucocorticoid (GC) is still the preferred drug for its treatment, but some patients respond poorly to GC and even develop glucocorticoid resistance (GCR). However, at present about the disease the understanding of the mechanisms for GCR is limited. OBJECTIVE: This study attempted to investigate the molecular mechanism of GCR in bullous dermatosis with heat shock proteins 90 (HSP90) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) as molecular targets...
March 20, 2023: Steroids
Yiwen Fan, Soon-Young Na, Yoon Seok Jung, Kamalakannan Radhakrishnan, Hueng-Sik Choi
Lysyl oxidase (LOX), the copper-dependent extracellular enzyme, plays a critical role in the regulation of protein cross-linking in the extracellular matrix (ECM). It is also involved in liver regeneration and liver fibrosis. However, the mechanism of LOX regulation in mouse hepatocytes is still unclear. Here, we identify a molecular mechanism showing that orphan nuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor γ (ERRγ) regulates LOX gene expression in the presence of the pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin 6 (IL6)...
March 20, 2023: Steroids
Ahmed Jibrin Uttu, Muhammad Sani Sallau, Hamisu Ibrahim, Ogunkemi Risikat Agbeke Iyun
The root bark of Strychnos innocua has long been employed by traditional healers to treat a variety of ill health conditions including fungal infections. The objective of this study was to isolate, characterized and evaluate the antifungal potential (insilico model) of steroids from root bark of S. innocua. Conventional method of column chromatography was carried out on the ethyl acetate root bark extract of S. innocua, leading to the isolation of two steroids. On the basis of 1D NMR, 2D NMR, GC-ESI/MS analyses, and literature comparisons, the compounds were characterized as Stigmast-5-en-3β-ol (1) and Campest-5-en-3β-ol (2)...
March 14, 2023: Steroids
Hongyan Li, Nan Ge, Xin Guan, Chao Han, Ying Li, Liming Shen, Mengmeng Chen, Bingqiang Zhang, Chao Qu, Wei Zou
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common central nervous system tumor and is associated with poor outcomes. There have been no significant improvements in GBM mortality in recent decades. ER-α36 is a variant of ER-α66 that may be involved in carcinoma growth and proliferation via genomic and nongenomic mechanisms. This variant might play an essential role in tamoxifen resistance of several tumors. Previously, our laboratory found that ER-α36 is expressed in GBM and participates in proliferation; nevertheless, the role of ER-α36 in GBM invasion remains unknown...
March 14, 2023: Steroids
Ambreen Aziz, Atia-Tul Wahab, Mahwish Siddiqui, Nisha Khan, Almas Jabeen, Zaheer Ahmed, M Iqbal Choudhary
Transformation of steroidal drug mesterolone (1) with Glomerella fusarioides yielded two new (17α-hydroxy-1α-methyl-5α-androstan-3-one-11α-yl acetate (2) and 15α-hydroxy-1-methyl-5α-androstan-1-en-3,17-dione (3)), and four known derivatives (15α,17β-dihydroxy-1α-methyl-5α-androstan-3-one (4), 15α-hydroxy-1α-methyl-5α-androstan-3,17-dione (5), 1α-methyl-androsta-4-en-3,17-dione (6) and 15α,17β-dihydroxy-1-methyl-5α-androstan-1-en-3-one (7))...
March 7, 2023: Steroids
Prajya Arya, Pradyuman Kumar
The potential of the (25R)-Spirost-5-en-3β-ol (diosgenin) is underutilized due to its astringent mouthfeel and aftertaste. To make the consumption more, this research rivets over the use of suitable techniques for encapsulating the diosgenin to use its health benefits for preventing the health disorders. The (25R)-Spirost-5-en-3β-ol(diosgenin) is gaining popularity in the food market by proving its potential health benefits. This study rivets over the encapsulation of diosgenin due to its high bitter taste which restricts its incorporation in functional foods...
March 7, 2023: Steroids
Yan-Min Huang, Yang Cheng, Zi-Ning Peng, Li-Ping Pang, Jun-Yan Li, Jun-An Xiao, Yuan-Fei Zhang, Jian-Guo Cui
The introduction of selenium-containing functional groups into steroids to study the biological activities of related derivatives is rarely reported in the literature. In the present study, using cholesterol as raw material, four cholesterol-3-selenocyanoates and eight B-norcholesterol selenocyanate derivatives were synthesized, respectively. The structures of the compounds were characterized by NMR and MS. The results of the in vitro antiproliferative activity test showed that the cholesterol-3-selenocyanoate derivatives did not exhibit obvious inhibitory on the tested tumor cell lines...
March 7, 2023: Steroids
Ling Song, Lei Shi, Wei Liu
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is of great significance for early detection, timely standardized treatment and prevention of long-term complications. This study aimed to observe and measure the intraovarian blood flow distribution and blood flow indexes in patients with PCOS by three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasonography, and to evaluate its diagnostic value for PCOS and its correlation with serum sex hormone levels. EXPERIMENTAL: design: Patients who were diagnosed with PCOS and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited as the PCOS group, and 85 age-matched healthy women were arranged in healthy control (HC) group...
February 22, 2023: Steroids
Edson Fernando Muller Guzzo, Gabriel de Lima Rosa, Amanda Muliterno Domingues, Rafael Bremm Padilha, Adriana Simon Coitinho
Epilepsy is a chronic disease characterized by an ongoing predisposition to seizures. Although inflammation has emerged as a crucial factor in the etiology of epilepsy, no approaches to anti-inflammatory treatment have been clinically proven to date. Betamethasone (a corticosteroid drug used in the clinic for its anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects) has never been evaluated in attenuating the intensity of seizures in a kindling animal model of seizures. Using a kindling model in male wistar rats, this study evaluated the effect of betamethasone on the severity of seizures and levels of pro-inflammatory interleukins...
February 22, 2023: Steroids
Buu N Tran, Richard Okoniewski, Barbara C Spink, David M LeMaster, Kenneth M Aldous, David C Spink
From 2012 to 2013, approximately 16 New York residents reported vague, nonspecific adverse health effects which included fatigue, loss of scalp hair, and muscle aches. One patient was hospitalized for liver damage. An epidemiological investigation identified a common factor among these patients; the consumption of B-50 vitamin and multimineral supplements from the same supplier. To investigate whether these nutritional supplements might have been responsible for the adverse health effects observed, comprehensive chemical analyses of marketed lots of the supplements were performed...
February 14, 2023: Steroids
Riham A El-Shiekh, Akram A Shalabi, Othman S S Al-Hawshabi, Mohamad Ayman Salkini, Essam Abdel-Sattar
From the dichloromethane (DCM) fraction of the crude ethanolic extract of Caralluma awdeliana, four pregnane glycosides and a flavone glycoside were isolated using a bio-guided isolation approach. The different extracts of C. awdeliana were subjected to in vitro enzyme inhibitory assays of anticholinesterase (AChE and BChE) and anti-inflammatory (COXs and 5-LOX). The highest inhibitory activity was exhibited by DCM fraction against COX-1, COX-2, and 5-LOX with IC50 of 4.8±0.5 μg/mL, 0.68±0.2 μg/mL, and 39...
February 11, 2023: Steroids
Huan Liu, Changsheng Huan, Luting Nie, Huiwen Gu, Jiaqi Sun, Xiangying Suo, Daohan Liu, Jingru Liu, Mian Wang, Yu Song, Zhenxing Mao, Chongjian Wang, Wenqian Huo
PURPOSE: There were limited studies that have probed into the combined effect of the cortisol/testosterone (C/T) ratio as a biomarker of stress and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) on coronary heart disease (CHD). This research aimed to explore the association of C/T ratio and PSQI with the risk of CHD in a rural Chinese population, as well as the interaction and combined effect between C/T ratio and PSQI on CHD. METHODS: A case-control study was performed including 307 individuals without CHD and 307 patients drawn from Henan Rural Cohort...
February 9, 2023: Steroids
Mohammed Ahmed Elawad, Modawy Elnour Modawy Elkhalifa, Alashary Adam Eisa Hamdoon, Liga Hasan Mohammed Salim, Zeeshan Ahmad, Muhammad Ayaz
Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne infection caused by protozoan parasites from the genus leishmania and is among the most neglected tropical diseases. It is highly prevalent disease, affecting about 350 million population worldwide. Only limited number of anti-leishmanial agents are approved for clinical use till now and they are associated with side effects and have limited efficacy. Subsequently, natural products based discovery of more safe and effective drugs against leishmania is under scientific consideration...
February 8, 2023: Steroids
Ping Lin, Chuan Tian, Xiao-Ping Peng, Hong-Xiang Lou, Gang Li
In our process of studying fusidane-type antibiotics, metabolomics-guided chemical investigation on the endophytic Acremonium pilosum F47 led to the isolation of two unique heterodimers, acremonidiols B and C (1 and 2) consisting of a fusidane-type triterpenoid motif and a steroid unit. Four biosynthetically related known natural products including fusidic acid (FA, 3), as well as ergosterol derivatives (4-6) were also obtained. Their structures were determined by the analyses of ESI-HRMS and NMR data. Compounds 1 and 2, as hybrid molecules comprising the fusidane triterpenoid and steroid, are rare in nature...
February 2, 2023: Steroids
Amel Sami, Imad Elimairi, C Anthony Ryan, R Paul Ross, Catherine Stanton
Males in the Sudanese population are known to utilise a smokeless tobacco product (Toombak) that is placed in the oral cavity and replaced several times a day. Toombak has been shown to harm human health and is highly addictive. The effect on body cortisol response over a retrospective period in users of this product has not been previously explored. In addition, the psycho-dependency level distributed amongst users of Toombak has also not been analysed to date. In this study, 37 male subjects, age 18-45 years were recruited, of which 18 were non-users of Toombak and 19 were Toombak users...
February 2, 2023: Steroids
Arfeen Iqbal, Asna Khan, Saiema Ahmedi, Nikhat Manzoor, Tabassum Siddiqui
A series of steroidal thiazolopyrimidine derivatives were developed and evaluated for their antifungal properties against Candida species using steroid as the basic skeletonand a thiazolopyrimidine heterocycle as a pharmacophore in the D-ring. Dehydroepiandrosterone, aromatic aldehydes, and 2-aminothiazole were used in a one-pot multicomponent reaction with silica sulphuric acid to generate the target molecules. Additionally, molecular docking studies were conducted to determine how synthesized steroidal derivatives interacted with the amino acid residues of CYP51 ofCandida albicans...
February 1, 2023: Steroids
Mohamed A Tantawy, Aziza B Shalby, Ibrhim El-Bernawy, Shahad W Kattan, Ahmed A Abd-Rabou, Gamal A Elmegeed
To identify new steroidal agents with potential biological activities, we synthesized hybrid steroids containing thiazole, pyrazole, isoxazole, thiophene or phthalazine moiety. Epi-androsterone 1 reacted with phenylthiosemicarbazide to afford the corresponding androstane-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone derivative 2. The latter product was used in the synthesis of a series of annulated steroid derivatives. Also, Epi-androsterone 1 reacted with the thienopyridazine derivative 16 to afford the thieno[3,4-d]pyridazino-N-ylidenoandrostane derivative 17...
February 1, 2023: Steroids
Xiao-Yan Wang, Shuang Jiang, Yan Liu
OBJECTIVE: Pholiota adiposa is a valuable edible and medicinal fungus. In this research, Ergosta-4, 6, 8(14), 22-tetraen-3-one (ETO) was obtained from Pholiota adiposa which is the first time to study the anti-diabetic and related mechanism. METHODS: Ergosta-4, 6, 8 (14), 22-tetraen-3-one (ETO) was defined by IR and NMR. Relevant biochemical indicators were detected by ELISA assay, hematoxylin-eosin staining (H & E), fasting glucose levels (FBG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), tissue homogenate biochemical measurements, immunohistochemical staining and western blot...
January 28, 2023: Steroids
Elizabeth Thomas, Retheesh S Thankan, Puranik Purushottamachar, Jianxia Guo, Robert A Parise, Jan H Beumer, Vincent C O Njar
VNPP433-3β (compound 2, (3β-(1H-imidazole-1-yl)-17-(1H-benzimidazole-1-yl)-androsta-5,16-diene), a multitarget anticancer agent has emerged as our lead next generation galeterone analogs (NGGA). Compound 2 is currently in development as potential new therapeutic for prostate and pancreatic cancers. The preliminary toxicity study reveals that the compound 2 was better tolerated by the normal male CD-1 mice than the male Nude mice. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in the Nude mice was estimated to be between 25 < 50 mg/kg...
January 23, 2023: Steroids
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.