journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863057/investigating-the-relation-between-electronic-cigarette-use-and-sleep-duration-in-kentucky-using-the-brfss-2016-2017
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
W Jay Christian, Nimish R Valvi, Courtney J Walker
OBJECTIVES: Like traditional cigarettes, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) contain nicotine, which is known to negatively influence sleep quality. Few studies, however, have examined the relation between e-cigarettes and sleep quality using population-based survey data because of the relatively recent appearance of these products on the market. This study investigated the relation between e-cigarette and cigarette use and sleep duration in Kentucky, a state with high rates of nicotine dependence and related chronic diseases...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863056/using-community-paramedicine-to-treat-hepatitis-c-virus-in-upstate-south-carolina
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Susan Maria Cordero Romero, Mirinda Ann Gormley, Jennica Siddle, Wesley R Wampler, Prerana Roth, Phillip Moschella
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an infection of the liver that can lead to significant liver damage and hepatocellular carcinoma. Individuals born between 1945 and 1965 and individuals with intravenous drug use represent the largest HCV demographics and often experience barriers to treatment. In this case series, we discuss a novel partnership between community paramedics (CPs), HCV care coordinators, and an infectious disease physician to provide HCV treatment to individuals with barriers accessing care...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863055/remdesivir-induced-bradycardia
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sai Gautham Kanagala, Hardeep Dholiya, Poonam Jhajj, Meet A Patel, Vasu Gupta, Sachin Gupta, Shiau-Ing Wu, Rohit Jain
Remdesivir, a viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase inhibitor, found extensive use in coronavirus disease 2019-infected patients because it curbs the viral load expansion. Among patients hospitalized as a result of lower respiratory tract infection, remdesivir proved to improve recovery time; however, remdesivir also can induce significant cytotoxic effects on cardiac myocytes. In this narrative review, we discuss the pathophysiological mechanism of remdesivir-induced bradycardia and diagnostic and management strategies for these patients...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863054/pivoting-during-a-pandemic-reimagining-intern-orientation-epa-based-osce
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Manish Suneja, Kate DuChene Thoma, Ellen Franklin, Jane Rowat
OBJECTIVES: Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) provide reliable and standardized means for assessing the performance of specific clinical skills. Our previous experience with entrustable professional activity-based multidisciplinary OSCEs suggests that this exercise offers just-in-time baseline information regarding critical intern skills. The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic forced medical education programs to reimagine such educational experiences. For the safety of all of the participants, the Internal Medicine and Family Medicine residency programs pivoted from an in-person OSCE to a hybrid model (combination of in-person and virtual encounters) while maintaining the goals of the OSCEs administered in previous years...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863053/providing-structured-real-time-feedback-on-postdischarge-outcomes-using-electronic-health-record-data
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matthew H Zegarek, J├╝rgen L Holleck, Naseema Merchant, Donna M Windish, Seonaid Hay
OBJECTIVES: Most trainees do not receive information about postdischarge outcomes, despite the importance of external feedback for accurate self-assessment and improvement in discharge planning skills. We aimed to design an intervention to foster reflection and self-assessment by trainees regarding how they can improve transitions of care with minimal investment of program resources. METHODS: We developed a low-resource session delivered near the end of an internal medicine inpatient rotation...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863052/dermatology-residency-applicant-self-reported-stressors-and-coping-mechanisms-by-sex-race-and-geographic-region-during-the-2020-2021-application-cycle
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leila M Tolaymat, Ashley L Walker, Mingyuan Yin, Mindy Gillis, Claire Haga, Michael Heckman, Nancy Dawson, Mary S Hedges
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to identify self-reported stressors and coping mechanisms during the 2020-2021 application cycle by dermatology residency applicants. We hypothesized that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) would be the most reported stressor. METHODS: During the 2020-2021 application season, the Mayo Clinic Florida Dermatology residency program sent a supplemental application to each applicant requesting that they describe a challenging life situation and how they handled it...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863051/barriers-to-effective-transitions-of-care-from-adolescent-to-adult-medicine
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kehinde Eniola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863050/a-survey-of-louisiana-pediatricians-approach-to-parenting-teens-and-adolescent-reproductive-health
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S Amanda Dumas, Nikka Khorsandi
OBJECTIVE: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians provide a medical home for adolescent parents, and this study sought to determine pediatricians' compliance with this recommendation within the context of other adolescent reproductive health services provided. METHODS: An Internet-based survey was administered to Louisiana pediatricians. The survey contained 17 Likert scale questions relating to sexual and reproductive health services provided to female and male adolescents, and ascertaining their comfort and experience with issues related to the care of adolescents, including adolescent mothers...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863049/association-between-body-composition-parameters-and-heart-rate-in-a-sample-of-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Brenna N Denhardt, Sarah E Sobalvarro, Jasmine M Reese, Jason Parton, Amy Ellis
OBJECTIVES: Eating disorders affect the physical and mental health of millions of Americans. Body composition trends in relation to heart rate in adolescents with eating disorders remain understudied. The aim of the present study was to determine whether body composition parameters (percent body fat, percent skeletal muscle mass) are correlated with heart rate in a sample of adolescents with anorexia nervosa. METHODS: This study included patients 11 to 19 years old who presented to an outpatient eating disorder clinic (N = 49)...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863048/marijuana-use-in-middle-and-high-school-students-insights-from-the-2020-national-youth-tobacco-survey
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sanjana Rao, Christopher J Peterson, Shengping Yang, Kenneth Nugent
OBJECTIVE: The use of marijuana by middle and high school students could have important consequences, including physical harm, poor decision making, increased use of tobacco products, and involvement in the legal system. Determining the level of use by students provides the initial information needed to understand the extent of the problem and possible approaches to reducing student use. METHODS: The National Youth Tobacco Surveys provide important information about the frequency of use of nicotine and tobacco products by a representative sample of students in schools in the United States...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863047/time-to-hip-fracture-surgery-and-mortality
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kacy Clinkenbeard, Kristyn Bossle, Tyler Pape, Leslie N Woltenberg, Sibu Saha
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study explored the impact of time to surgery in acute hip fractures and outcomes in patients with acute hip fractures at a level I trauma center within an academic medical center in the southeastern United States. The objective was to explore the association between time to surgery and 30-day mortality and outcomes in adults 65 years and older undergoing hip fracture surgery for traumatic injuries in 2014-2019. METHODS: The population of this study consisted of patients who presented with a hip fracture and required operative measures...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863046/elective-hand-surgery-is-delayed-among-private-insurance-holders
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Samuel Schick, Joseph W Elphingstone, Caleb Hood, Aaron J Casp, Yazen Shihab, Achraf Jardaly, Kyle D Paul, Brent A Ponce, Eugene W Brabston, Amit M Momaya
OBJECTIVES: Patients with private healthcare plans often defer nonemergent or elective procedures toward the end of the year once they have met their deductible. No previous studies have evaluated how insurance status and hospital setting may affect surgical timing for upper extremity procedures. Our study aimed to evaluate the influence of insurance and hospital setting on end-of-the-year surgical cases for elective carpometacarpal (CMC) arthroplasty, carpal tunnel, cubital tunnel, and trigger finger release, and nonelective distal radius fixation...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863045/barriers-to-mental-health-care-identified-by-sexual-and-gender-minority-individuals-in-georgia-and-south-carolina
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elizabeth K Pryor, Margaret Tyre, Susan Brands, Ryan E Flinn, Lara M Stepleman, Natalie R Holt
OBJECTIVE: Geographic location can affect access to appropriate, affirming mental health care for sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals, especially for those living in rural settings. Minimal research has examined barriers to mental health care for SGM communities in the southeastern United States. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize perceived barriers to obtaining mental health care for SGM individuals living in an underserved geographic area. METHODS: Drawing from a health needs survey of SGM communities in Georgia and South Carolina, 62 participants provided qualitative responses describing barriers they encountered to accessing mental health care when needed in the previous year...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863044/early-performance-of-the-patients-over-paperwork-initiative-among-family-medicine-physicians
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Oliver T Nguyen, Karim Hanna, Lisa J Merlo, Arpan Parekh, Amir Alishahi Tabriz, Young-Rock Hong, Sue S Feldman, Kea Turner
OBJECTIVES: In 2019, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services began implementing the Patients Over Paperwork (POP) initiative in response to clinicians reporting burdensome documentation regulations. To date, no study has evaluated how these policy changes have influenced documentation burden. METHODS: Our data came from the electronic health records of an academic health system. Using quantile regression models, we assessed the association between the implementation of POP and clinical documentation word count using data from family medicine physicians in an academic health system from January 2017 to May 2021 inclusive...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863043/meds-to-beds-at-hospital-discharge-improves-medication-adherence-and-readmission-rates-in-select-populations
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bonnie Stedge, Jennifer Xu, Julianne N Kubes, Erica Han, Christa Russie, Lou Woods, Christopher O'Donnell
OBJECTIVES: Medication nonadherence caused by difficulty obtaining and paying for medicines can increase hospital readmissions. This project implemented Medications to Beds ("Meds to Beds," M2B), a multidisciplinary predischarge medication delivery program, at a large urban academic hospital that provided subsidized medications for uninsured and underinsured patients to reduce readmissions. METHODS: This 1-year retrospective analysis of patients discharged from the hospitalist service after implementing M2B contained two groups: one with subsidized medications (M2B-S) and one with unsubsidized medications (M2B-U)...
March 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36724543/banning-monoclonal-antibody-therapies-for-covid-19-using-in-vitro-data
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tony Zitek, Brittney Pardinas, David A Farcy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36724542/hypertension-in-chronic-kidney-disease-an-update-on-diagnosis-and-management
#17
REVIEW
Ankur Gupta, Shankar Prasad Nagaraju, Mohan V Bhojaraja, Shilna Muttickal Swaminathan, Pooja Basthi Mohan
Hypertension (HTN) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are pathophysiologic states that are intimately related, such that long-term HTN can lead to poor kidney function, and renal function decline can lead to worsening blood pressure (BP) control. HTN in CKD is caused by an interplay of factors, including salt and water retention, with extracellular volume expansion, sympathetic nervous system overactivity, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activation, and endothelial dysfunction. BP variability in the CKD population is significant, however, and thus requires close monitoring for appropriate management...
February 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36724541/retrospective-analysis-of-hospitalized-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-treated-with-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-therapy
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Khaingthazin San, Joshua Fogel, Dmitriy Khazron
OBJECTIVES: The use and overall benefit of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist therapy for hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has limited data regarding impact and safety. We studied the impact and safety of GLP-1 receptor agonist therapy in hospitalized DM patients with CKD. METHODS: Retrospective study of 51 patients using either dulaglutide (n = 3) or liraglutide (n = 48). Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) groups of stages 3 to 5 and 1 and 2 were compared...
February 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36724540/127-years-of-new-orleans-radiology-the-evolution-of-practice-and-those-who-led-it
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Edward I Bluth
The history of New Orleans radiology helps us understand how innovative medical ideas are transmitted and adopted and how the specialty evolved to incorporate these new ideas. As radiology became a required component of medical practice, additional expertise was needed. This resulted in the need for standardized specialized training and the necessity for some form of certification. New Orleans radiologists have always been involved in these American Board of Radiology efforts and also have held leadership positions in other national radiology organizations...
February 2023: Southern Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36724539/tri-site-academic-center-experience-with-immunotherapy-for-metastatic-skin-cancer-in-solid-organ-transplant-patients
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hannah S Berman, Catherine A Degesys, Leila Tolaymat
OBJECTIVES: Organ transplant recipients have an increased risk of skin cancer, but treatment options for metastatic skin cancer are limited because of their immunosuppressed state. We sought to qualify the clinical experience and patient safety of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) for skin cancer treatment in transplant recipients at one large academic institution. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review including patients who had at least one organ transplant, a diagnosis of skin cancer, and received an ICI to treat their skin cancer...
February 2023: Southern Medical Journal
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