journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38686579/cholangiocarcinoma-and-occupational-exposure-to-asbestos-insights-from-the-italian-pooled-cohort-study
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stefania Curti, Mena Gallo, Daniela Ferrante, Francesca Bella, Lorenza Boschetti, Veronica Casotto, Marcello Ceppi, Daniela Cervino, Lucia Fazzo, Ugo Fedeli, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Lucia Giovannetti, Paolo Girardi, Cecilia Lando, Enrica Migliore, Lucia Miligi, Enrico Oddone, Vincenza Perlangeli, Roberta Pernetti, Sara Piro, Cinzia Storchi, Rosario Tumino, Amerigo Zona, Manuel Zorzi, Giovanni Brandi, Stefano Ferretti, Corrado Magnani, Alessandro Marinaccio, Stefano Mattioli
BACKGROUND: Recent studies supported the association between occupational exposure to asbestos and risk of cholangiocarcinoma (CC). Aim of the present study is to investigate this association using an update of mortality data from the Italian pooled asbestos cohort study and to test record linkage to Cancer Registries to distinguish between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic/extrahepatic forms of CC. METHODS: The update of a large cohort study pooling 52 Italian industrial cohorts of workers formerly exposed to asbestos was carried out...
April 24, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38686578/mental-disorders-among-healthcare-students-attending-a-large-university-hospital-in-milan-italy
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marco Mendola, Francesco Masi, Raimondo Castiglione, Antonio Soriano, Safi Zazou, Fabio Tonelli, Paolo Carrer
BACKGROUND: The high incidence rates, treatment difficulties, and tendency to become chronic, which subsequently affects personal and occupational functioning, make mental health disorders among the most important public health concerns. In this context, healthcare university students (HS) appear to be more vulnerable to psychological distress than others. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the prevalence of diagnosed mental illness among different groups of HS to detect students who may be psychologically vulnerable and determine whether the implementation of support interventions is necessary...
April 24, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38686577/occupational-risk-for-coronary-artery-disease-in-shift-workers-a-systematic-review
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gabriele D'Ettorre, Prisco Piscitelli, Vincenza Pellicani, Roberta Tornese, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Gabriella D'Ettorre, Giuseppe La Torre
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) prevention in shift workers (SWs) poses a significant challenge worldwide, as CAD remains a major cause of mortality and disability. In the past, SWs were found at higher risk of CAD than non-s SWs. Nevertheless, the pathogenic mechanism between shift work and CAD to date is unclear. This systematic review aims to enhance understanding of the risk of CAD occurrence in SWs. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted from January 2013 to December 2023...
April 24, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38686576/risk-of-skin-cancer-in-workers-exposed-to-diesel-exhaust-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marika D'Agostini, Giulia Collatuzzo, Federica Teglia, Paolo Boffetta
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to study the association between occupational exposure to diesel exhaust (DE) and skin cancer. METHODS: A systematic review following STROBE guidelines and PECOS criteria was conducted to identify cohort studies describing the association between occupational DE exposure and the risk of skin cancer. We extracted 12 independent risk estimates for melanoma skin cancer (MSC), 8 for non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), and 3 for skin cancer not otherwise specified (SC-NOS)...
April 24, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38686575/exposure-assessment-and-monitoring-of-antiblastic-drugs-preparation-in-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Francesca Borghi, Carolina Zellino, Arianna Zago, Giovanni De Vito, Rocco Loris Del Vecchio, Andrea Cattaneo, Andrea Spinazzè, Domenico Maria Cavallo
Several antiblastic drugs (ADs) are classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic, and/or toxic for reproduction. Despite established guidelines and safe handling technologies, ADs contamination of the work environments could occur in healthcare settings, leading to potential exposure of healthcare staff. This systematic review aims to investigate the main techniques and practices for assessing ADs occupational exposure in healthcare settings. The reviewed studies unveil that workplace contamination by ADs appears to be a still-topical problem in healthcare settings...
April 24, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38686574/artificial-intelligence-and-occupational-health-and-safety-benefits-and-drawbacks
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed El-Helaly
This paper discusses the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on occupational health and safety. Although the integration of AI into the field of occupational health and safety is still in its early stages, it has numerous applications in the workplace. Some of these applications offer numerous benefits for the health and safety of workers, such as continuous monitoring of workers' health and safety and the workplace environment through wearable devices and sensors. However, AI might have negative impacts in the workplace, such as ethical worries and data privacy concerns...
April 24, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38686573/regulatory-and-ethical-considerations-on-artificial-intelligence-for-occupational-medicine
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Antonio Baldassarre, Martina Padovan
Generative artificial intelligence and Large Language Models are reshaping labor dynamics and occupational health practices. As AI continues to evolve, there's a critical need to customize ethical considerations for its specific impacts on occupational health. Recognizing potential ethical challenges and dilemmas, stakeholders and physicians are urged to proactively adjust the practice of occupational medicine in response to shifting ethical paradigms. By advocating for a comprehensive review of the International Commission on Occupational Health ICOH code of Ethics, we can ensure responsible medical AI deployment, safeguarding the well-being of workers amidst the transformative effects of automation in healthcare...
April 24, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38411980/determinants-of-covid-19-infection-among-employees-of-an-italian-financial-institution
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Roberta De Vito, Martina Menzio, Pierluigi Laqua, Stefano Castellari, Alberto Colognese, Giulia Collatuzzo, Dario Russignaga, Paolo Boffetta
BACKGROUND: Understanding the trend of the severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is becoming crucial. Previous studies focused on predicting COVID-19 trends, but few papers have considered models for disease estimation and progression based on large real-world data. METHODS: We used de-identified data from 60,938 employees of a major financial institution in Italy with daily COVID-19 status information between 31 March 2020 and 31 August 2021...
February 22, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38411979/predictors-of-job-satisfaction-and-association-with-psychological-distress-among-academic-medicine-faculty-in-kazakhstan
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Assem Uristemova, Ayan Myssayev, Serik Meirmanov, Lyudmila Migina
BACKGROUND: The growing concern for the faculty's well-being is allied with the emotionally demanding nature of teaching, which has an adverse effect on physical and mental health. There is abundant evidence that academic medicine faculty are subjected to high rates of dissatisfaction, distress, burnout, and turnover among medical educators. This study is dedicated to the exploration of the association between job satisfaction and psychological distress among academic medicine faculty in Kazakhstan...
February 22, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38411978/sinonasal-cancer-cases-in-a-nationwide-hospital-cancer-registry-in-brazil-2007-2021
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Francisco Koller, Dario Consonni, Carolina Mensi, Luciana de Alcantara Nogueira, Cristiano de Oliveira Ribeiro, Paulo Ricardo Bittencourt Guimarães, Luciana Puchalski Kalinke
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancers (SNC) are rare cancers with a high proportion attributable to occupational carcinogens. This study aims to describe the sociodemographic, clinical, and occupational characteristics of subjects with SNC in Brazil. METHODS: Observational study conducted with secondary data from a network of Hospital Cancer Registries. We selected epithelial/unspecified SNC records with a year of diagnosis from 2007 to 2021. We performed descriptive statistics of SNC cases and calculated crude and age-standardized rates (ASR, standard: world population) by gender and Region of residence...
February 22, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38411977/assessing-workplace-violence-methodological-considerations
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicola Magnavita, Francesca Larese Filon, Gabriele Giorgi, Igor Meraglia, Francesco Chirico
The risk of violence is present in all workplaces. It must be accurately assessed to establish prevention and protection measures tailored to the features of each situation. The risk management process requires compliance in a sequential order: 1) risk identification, 2) quantitative risk assessment, and 3) impact assessment. Gathering workers' experiences using lists, focus groups, or participatory ergonomics groups is necessary to identify the phenomenon. For risk assessment, spontaneous reporting of events is often insufficient...
February 22, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38411976/the-role-of-physical-exercise-in-the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-manual-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Valentina Bullo, Francesco Favro, Davide Pavan, Alessandro Bortoletto, Stefano Gobbo, Giuseppe De Palma, Stefano Mattioli, Emma Sala, Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Di Blasio, David C Cruz-Diaz, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Marco Bergamin
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are the most common occupational health problem in the European Union. Physical exercise interventions have been investigated in the prevention of WMSDs in many sectors. Therefore, our aim was to assess the effect of physical exercise in manual workers for the primary and secondary prevention of WMSDs. We conducted a systematic search of the literature and papers were included if: the participants were adult employees exclusively engaged in manual labor tasks; non-acute physical exercise intervention; pain, disability, physical functioning, or health-related quality of life outcome, with pre-post intervention measurements...
February 22, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38411975/outcome-of-the-compensation-process-initiated-by-an-occupational-and-environmental-diseases-center
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mathilde Scherer, Celine Lamouroux, Alizée Fiquemont, Jean-Baptiste Fassier, Laure Gautheron, Amélie Massardier-Pilonchéry, Barbara Charbotel
BACKGROUND: Regional Centers for Occupational and Environmental Pathologies (CRPPE) are responsible for identifying possible occupational etiologies of pathologies. When an occupational origin is determined, an Initial Medical Certificate (IMC) is given to the patient to allow him to initiate a procedure for recognition as an occupational disease (OD) by his health insurance organization. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of occupational disease claims in patients who received an IMC delivered by the CRPPE of Lyon...
February 22, 2024: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38060211/workplace-bullying-in-italy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Corrado Colaprico, Daniela Grima, David Shaholli, Ilaria Imperiale, Giuseppe La Torre
BACKGROUND: Within any work environment, employees may be affected by "workplace bullying", a form of violent and repeated social behavior towards subordinates and colleagues. This review aimed to investigate the prevalence of bullied workers in Italy, the causes of the phenomenon, and the consequences at physical, psychological, and organizational levels. METHODS: We included observational studies and systematic reviews examining the prevalence of bullied workers and the causes and consequences in Italian workplaces...
December 7, 2023: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38060210/cross-sectional-study-of-the-psychological-well-being-of-healthcare-workers-in-a-large-european-university-hospital-after-the-covid-19-initial-wave
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emma Sala, Emilio Paraggio, Maria Angela Abrami, Cesare Tomasi, Emanuela Tomasini, Emanuele Sansone, Stefano Barlati, Antonio Vita, Giuseppe De Palma
BACKGROUND: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic greatly impacted healthcare workers (HCWs) dedicated to caring for COVID-19 patients. The study was conducted in a large European hospital to study the psychological distress of HCWs engaged in COVID-19 wards in the early phase of the pandemic. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 1229 HCWs aimed at collecting the following information: 1) sociodemographic data; 2) depression, anxiety, and stress scales (DASS-21); 3) event impact scale (IES-R); 4) perceived stress scale (PSS); and 5) work interface analysis...
December 7, 2023: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38060209/occupational-risk-factors-for-laryngeal-cancer-in-tunisia-a-case-control-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Asma Gaddour, Aicha Brahem, Hiba Mosbah, Chaima Sridi, Maroua Saidane, Mouna Belakhdher, Asma Chouchene, Imen Kacem, Maher Maoua, Houda Kalboussi, Olfa El Maalel, Souheil Chatti, Wassim Kermani, Mrizek Najib
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use and alcohol consumption are the primary risk factors for laryngeal cancer (LC). In most populations, occupational exposures are likely to play a minor role in laryngeal carcinogenesis. We aimed to investigate the association between occupational exposure and laryngeal cancer. METHODS: It is a case-control study that included 140 cases diagnosed between January 2013 and December 2016 and 140 controls matched by sex, age, alcohol consumption, and tobacco consumption...
December 7, 2023: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38060208/quantitative-assessment-of-asbestos-fibers-in-abdominal-organs-a-scoping-review
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yohama Caraballo-Arias, Francesco Roccuzzo, Francesca Graziosi, Nataliia Danilevskaia, Samantha Rota, Carlotta Zunarellli, Paola Caffaro, Paolo Boffetta, Mattia Bonetti, Francesco Saverio Violante
BACKGROUND: Quantification of asbestos fibers has been mainly performed in the lung but rarely in other organs. However, this may be relevant to understanding better translocation pathways and the oncogenic effects of asbestos on the human body. Electron microscopy is the best technology available to assess the type of fiber, dimensions, and distribution of asbestos fibers in different tissues and as a biomarker of cumulative dose. OBJECTIVES: This scoping review aims to summarize the findings of the studies in which asbestos fibers have been quantified by electron microscopy, occasionally associated with X-ray microanalysis, in normal and pathological tissue of ten abdominal organs...
December 7, 2023: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38060207/covid-19-marked-a-change-in-the-scope-of-occupational-medicine-from-occupational-to-work-related-diseases-and-total-worker-health%C3%A2
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Massimo Corradi, Silvia Ranzieri
The COVID-19 pandemic challenged occupational medicine, while its focus had already shifted from occupational diseases to work-related illnesses. Such a broader scope allowed the inclusion of transmissible diseases among the causes for concern in working settings. COVID-19 has had a profound impact globally, resulting in millions of infections, often lethal. From its appearance, COVID-19 was found to affect specific groups of workers at higher risk of contracting the virus due to their occupation or workplace conditions, which accounts for its consideration as a potential work-related disease...
December 7, 2023: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38060206/from-pandemic-to-world-instability-and-war-crimes-lessons-learned-in-a-turbulent-socio-political-landscape
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Antonio Mutti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2023: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38060205/learning-from-the-experience-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-a-new-paradigm-for-occupational-biohazard-assessment-and-management
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Paolo Durando, Alborz Rahmani, Alfredo Montecucco, Guglielmo Dini
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected workplaces in many different aspects. In this scenario, Occupational Physicians played a crucial role in assessing and managing the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and associated diseases to guarantee workers' health and the safety of workplaces. However, the pandemic experience has drawn attention to several critical issues in overall biohazard prevention and management strategies, originating from important knowledge gaps in our scientific understanding. An extensive analysis of the relevant hurdles that have emerged in our medical field can bring valuable lessons for the post pandemic future, not only in preparation for possible new pathogens with pandemic potential but also with principles and concepts applicable to managing all biological agents...
December 7, 2023: La Medicina del Lavoro
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