C Brendan Montano, W Clay Jackson, Denise Vanacore, Richard Weisler
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a debilitating mental disorder that can be treated with a number of different antidepressant therapies, each with its own unique prescribing considerations. Complicating the selection of an appropriate antidepressant for adults with MDD is the heterogeneity of clinical profiles and depression subtypes. Additionally, patient comorbidities, preferences, and likelihood of adhering to treatment must all be considered when selecting an appropriate therapy. With the majority of prescriptions being written by primary care practitioners, it is appropriate to review the unique characteristics of all available antidepressants, including safety considerations...
March 13, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Linlin Wang, Lihui Ge, Yi Ren
OBJECTIVES: Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has been successfully used worldwide as a minimally invasive method of thoracoscopic surgery. Although pain was significantly reduced after VATS, acute postoperative pain was still significant. This study aimed to assess the advantages and feasibility of intercostal nerve block in uniportal VATS. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of perioperative data from 280 consecutive patients who underwent uniportal VATS at our institution between May 2021 and February 2022...
March 6, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Ji-Su Shim, Sun-Sin Kim, So-Hee Lee, Min-Hye Kim, Young-Joo Cho, Heung-Woo Park
OBJECTIVE: Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is associated with asthma and obesity, which is defined as a high body mass index. Body mass mainly comprises fat mass (FM) and muscle mass (MM), which are independent of each other. We investigated the effect of changes in FM over time on the development of asymptomatic AHR in adults. METHODS: This long-term longitudinal study included adults who were underwent health checkups at the Seoul National University Hospital Gangnam Center...
March 6, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Yusuf Cetin Doganer, Ebru Esra Yalcın, Umit Aydogan, Halil Dogrul, Muhammet Bereket, Melih Karamuk
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to seek the relationship between demographic characteristics, treatment compliance status, and type D personality characteristics to achieve target BP values. METHODS: This cross-sectional research was conducted on HT patients at three family medicine health-care services in Ankara, Turkey, between 1 February 2021, and 31 January 2022. The sociodemographic questionnaire survey, Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy Scale (HBCHBPTS), and Type D Scale-14 (DS-14) were applied to 317 patients...
March 1, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Elif Arslanoglu Aydin, Semanur Ozdel, Pinar Cakar Ozdal, İlknur Bagrul, Esra Baglan, Serife Tuncez, Mehmet Bulbul
OBJECTIVE: Our aim in this study was to reveal the clinical features of pediatric uveitis in the pandemic period and to compare it with the pre-pandemic era. METHODS: This retrospective study included 187 children diagnosed with uveitis between the 11th of March 2017 and the 11th of March 2022. The patients were divided into two groups based on the date of diagnosis as follows; Group 1: Patients diagnosed in the pre-pandemic period (11th March 2017-11th March 2020); Group 2: Patients diagnosed in the pandemic period (12th March 2020-11th March 2022)...
February 27, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Nantiya Nawaka, Chutima Rattanawan, Burabha Pussadhamma, Atthakorn Wutthimanop, Manit Nuinoon, Sureerut Porntadavity, Watcharinthorn Theansun, Nutjaree Jeenduang
OBJECTIVES: : Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder that is characterized by severe hypercholesterolemia. The prevalence of FH in Thailand has not been reported. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of FH and treatment patterns among Thai patients with premature coronary artery disease (pCAD). METHODS: A total of 1,180 pCAD patients at two heart centers from northeastern and southern Thailand between October 2018 and September 2020 were enrolled...
February 19, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Hussein Ali Nwayyir, Esraa Majid Mutasher, Osama Mohammed Alabid, Muthana Abdulrazzaq Jabbar, Wefak Hasan Abdulraheem Al-Kawaz, Haider Ayad Alidrisi, Majid Alabbood, Muhammed Chabek, Munib AlZubaidi, Lujain Anwar Al-Khazrajy, Ibtihal Shukri Abd Alhaleem, Ali Dawood Abdulwahhab Al-Hilfi, Falih Mohssen Ali, Ali AlBayati, Hilal Bahjet Al Saffar, Faris Abdul Kareem Khazaal
Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease that has become one of the leading causes of disability and death in the world, affecting not only adults but also children and adolescents. In Iraq, one third of the adult population is overweight and another third obese. Clinical diagnosis is accomplished by measuring body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (a marker for intra-visceral fat and higher metabolic and cardiovascular disease risk). A complex interaction between behavioral, social (rapid urbanization), environmental and genetic factors underlies the etiology of the disease...
February 18, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Angel Lopez-Candales, Khalid Sawalha, Betty M Drees, Nicholas B Norgard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Juan M Román-Belmonte, E Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán, Hortensia De la Corte-Rodríguez
The Metaverse is "an integrated network of 3D virtual worlds." It incorporates digitally created realities into the real world, involves virtual copies of existing places and changes the physical reality by superimposing digital aspects, allowing its users to interact with these elements in an immersive, real-time experience. The applications of the Metaverse are numerous, with an increasing number of experiences in the field of musculoskeletal disease management. In the field of medical training, the Metaverse can help facilitate the learning experience and help develop complex clinical skills...
February 14, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Heng-Mei Zhu, Yi-Yi Xiong, Yan-Bing Chen, Jun Xiao
BACKGROUND: Platelet distribution width (PDW) is a predictor for all-cause mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic implication of PDW in predicting cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: In total, 762 PD patients from a single center were recruited retrospectively from 2005 to 2017 and followed up until 2021. The primary and secondary outcomes were cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, respectively...
February 7, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Nilüfer Ülkü Şahin, Nihal Şahin, Merve Kılıç
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal pain has a considerable frequency in pediatric outpatients. Benign joint hypermobility (BJHS) and juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome (JFMS) are non-inflammatory causes of musculoskeletal pain. In these syndromes, pain is often accompanied by various symptoms such as fatigue, sleep difficulties, mood disorders, cognitive dysfunction, dizziness, headaches, abdominal pain, irritable bowel syndrome, and restless legs syndrome. Functional dyspepsia, functional vomiting, functional abdominal pain, functional constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome all together are termed functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders...
February 1, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Ömer Faruk Demirel, Özer Akgül, Ersel Bulu, Ezgi Tanrıöver Aydın, Nuray Uysal Cesur, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Yaşar Ali Öner
OBJECTIVE: The existence of predisposing effects of latent Toxoplasma gondii ( T. gondii ) infection in bipolar disorder (BD), major depression (MD), and even suicide attempt (SA) has long been debatable. This conjecture remains unclear because there is a lack of evidence regarding how T. gondii manipulates the brain and behavior. METHODS: We investigated the influence of T. gondii infection on BD and MD patients with or without SA compared to age-, sex-, and province-matched healthy controls (HCs) concurrently with serology and molecular-based evaluations...
February 1, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Ola Sukkarieh, Leonard E Egede, Maya Bassil
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Global rates of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are increasing, with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region having the second highest prevalence in the world. Populations from the MENA region, including Lebanon, are also witnessing massive waves of immigration to the western hemisphere. Limited data exist about how social determinants of health (SDOH) impact outcomes for T2DM in this population. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the relationship between SDOH and quality of life (QoL) in Lebanese adults with T2DM...
January 30, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Sajad Khiali, Afra Rezagholizadeh, Hossein Behzad, Hossein Bannazadeh Baghi, Taher Entezari-Maleki
Currently, the world is recovering from the shock of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic; however, this situation is still fragile. Health authorities recommend administering COVID-19 vaccines as the safest and most reliable tool for eliminating COVID-19. Subsequent to the extensive administration of the COVID-19 vaccines, a series of cardiovascular adverse effects have been reported. This comprehensive review aimed to provide an update on the etiology, pathophysiology, clinical features, and management of the cardiovascular adverse events associated with COVID-19 vaccines, including myocarditis, pericarditis, thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension, and stress-induced cardiomyopathy...
January 3, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Anupam Somashekar, Yiu Tak Leung
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare, chronic, large vessel vasculitis which affects the aorta and its large branches. Early diagnosis is important to prevent serious end organ damage, including to stroke and ischemic heart disease. Studies have demonstrated treatment response with methotrexate, azathioprine, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors. This article aims to describe to the reader key features of Takayasu's arteritis and highlights updated evidence in the diagnosis and management of these patients...
January 2, 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Daniel Pak, Hyon Ju Park
Behçet Disease is a relapsing and remitting variable vessel vasculitis characterized by recurrent mucocutaneous ulcers that can involve almost every organ system in the body. Indeed, the presence of recurrent oral or genital ulcers with other auto-inflammatory symptoms should raise suspicion for this elusive disease. It is unique among the vasculitides in that it can affect vessels of small, medium, and large size and tends to involve venous rather than arterial circulation, and its effects on the pulmonary venous circulation are particularly notable for their role in disease mortality...
December 29, 2022: Postgraduate Medicine
Wei Luo, Dan Xu, Jin Zhang, Yao Zhou, Qin Yang, Qiuju Lv, Zhen Qu
BACKGROUND: There is controversy about the association between vitamin D and cardiovascular disease (CVD). This article aims to explore the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitaminD (25 OHD) with the risk of CVD. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science database, OVID, and Cochrane Library databases (last updated in August 2022) were systematically searched. The relationship between 25OHD and the risk of CVD was assessed by using the 95% confidence intervals (CI) and hazard ratio (HR)...
December 28, 2022: Postgraduate Medicine
Debbie Hinnen, Davida Kruger, Melissa Magwire
People with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have a higher risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) than those without. This increased risk begins with pre-diabetes, potentially 7-10 years before T2D is diagnosed. Selecting medication for patients with T2D should focus on reducing the risk of CVD and established CVD. Within the last decade, several antihyperglycemic agents with proven CV benefit have been approved for the treatment of hyperglycemia and for the prevention of primary and secondary CV events, including glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors...
January 2023: Postgraduate Medicine
Youxia Liu, Hongshan Chen, Hongfen Li, Fanghao Wang, Junya Jia, Tiekun Yan
BACKGROUND: Our previous study showed ST6 β-galactoside α2,6-sialyltransferase 1 (ST6Gal-1) levels in plasma were associated with a slower progression of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Platelets are the crucial regulator of cell surface glycosylation events in circulation by supplying glycosyltransferases. METHODS: A total of 180 patients with IgAN were included in this study. ST6Gal-1 levels were analyzed before and after activation of platelets by flow cytometry...
December 19, 2022: Postgraduate Medicine
Danielle M DeHoratius
This review discusses the clinical manifestations of cutaneous small vessel vasculitis. The etiologies and work up will be explored as well as the treatment considerations. This entity is multifactorial and usually involves multiple specialties. The presentation can range from self-limited to life threatening, multi-organ failure. It is essential to be able to diagnose vasculitis and proceed with the appropriate laboratory studies and work-up. Finally, investigation of associated etiologies such as infection and drugs will guide additional diagnostic studies...
December 16, 2022: Postgraduate Medicine
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