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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Fei Wang, Li-Rong Meng, Qing E Zhang, Lu Li, Bernice O C Lam Nogueira, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Lianqi Liu, Wei Zhao, Fu-Jun Jia, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: To examine sleep disturbances in older adults in Macau and Guangzhou, China and their associated factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Four-hundred and thirty seven subjects in Guangzhou and 244 subjects in Macau were interviewed. FINDINGS: In total, 681 older adults participated in the study, and 27.8% reported sleep disturbance, with 43.9% in Macau and 18.8% in Guangzhou. Physical quality of life was negatively associated with sleep disturbances...
February 19, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Yadigar Çevik Durmaz, Gül Ünsal
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to conduct a reliability and validity study of the Ego Function Assessment (EFA) scale. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was conducted with a total of 426 participants, which included 213 patients with schizophrenia and a control group of 213 normal individuals. The Individual Information Form, EFA Scale, Wonderlic Personnel Test, Adjective Check List, and Symptom Check List were used for data collection. FINDING: All the statistical procedures performed in the validity and reliability stages of the study show that the scale is a valid, reliable measurement tool for the Turkish culture...
February 14, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Mollie Aleshire, Traci Scott, Youn Ok Lee
PURPOSE: To describe the practice of e-cigarette marketing to vulnerable populations and to suggest strategies to help reduce e-cigarette use. CONCLUSIONS: E-cigarette companies target vulnerable populations through civil rights, freedom marketing, and advertising strategies, which may perpetuate continued tobacco disparities in these populations. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Health care providers have the responsibility as social justice advocates to engage in efforts to reduce e-cigarette use among vulnerable populations...
February 11, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Lin Lu, Dianxu Ren, Prabir Mullick, Heeyoung Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to evaluate a long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics program regarding the quality of care and outcomes of individuals with schizophrenia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Observational design with retrospective chart review and survey was utilized in an outpatient clinic. FINDINGS: Individuals on LAIs receive the quality of care by exhibiting favorable knowledge about LAIs, positive attitude toward medications, and satisfaction with care...
February 11, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Sevinç Mersin, Meral Demiralp, Emine Öksüz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of nursing students to determine the psychosocial needs of patients and identify the needs and problems encountered by nursing students. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study is a mixed method research. The nursing care plans of 40 nursing students that provided care to 129 patients with chronic medical diseases were examined retrospectively. Individual interviews were also conducted with five nursing students and six academicians. FINDINGS: It was determined that nursing students defined an average of 15...
February 11, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Chia-Hui Wang, Tzu-Yin Lee, King-Cheung Hui, Min-Huey Chung
PURPOSE: This study explored the medical comorbidities of mental disorders using association rule mining. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with mental disorders between 2002 and 2010 were identified. An equal number of nonmental disorder subjects were randomly selected and matched with case group by age and gender. FINDINGS: Sleep disorders and digestive diseases were frequent comorbidities among mental disorders. The specific medical comorbidities were diabetes mellitus, chronic liver disease, extrapyramidal diseases, disorders of stomach function, general symptoms, sleep disturbance, and family circumstances...
February 7, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Khaldoun M Ismail, Malakeh Z Malak, Rasmieh M Alamer
PURPOSE: This study purposed to assess the psychosocial correlates of work-related fatigue among Jordanian emergency department nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among Jordanian emergency nurses (n = 220). Measures included Occupational Fatigue Exhaustion/Recovery Scale (OFER15) and Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire version Two (COPSOQ II). FINDINGS: The psychosocial factors correlated with all types of work-related fatigue (acute, chronic, and inter-shift [recovery]) were quantitative demands, work-family conflict, sexual harassment, threats of violence, physical violence, and bullying...
February 6, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Eman Khamis Alnazly, Amjed Abojedi
PURPOSE: To investigate psychological distress among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder and the associated sociodemographic factors influencing parents' distress. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design with a sample of 123 Jordanian parents providing care to children with autism spectrum disorder was used. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Oberst Caregiving Burden Scale, the Bakas Caregiving Outcomes Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were utilized for data collection...
February 6, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Janiece E DeSocio
PURPOSE: This paper explores complex challenges in diagnosis and treatment of patients with comorbid eating disorders and mood disorders. An integrative review of the literature examines overlapping symptoms, phenotypes, neural circuits, and genetic factors for these disorders. A case study illustrates how the integration of knowledge from research and practice can inform a diagnostic formulation and multifaceted treatment plan. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with complex clinical presentations inspire a search for research and clinical literature that helps build the neuroscience foundations of advanced practice...
February 6, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Hacı Ömer Yılmaz, Nurcan Yabancı Ayhan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess whether there is prejudice toward obese persons among student nurses and registered nurses. DESIGN AND METHOD: A total of 379 participants were included (190 student nurses, 189 registered nurses). The Fat Phobia Scale and Belief About Obese Persons Scale were used to determine the prejudice. FINDINGS: Registered nurses were found to have more negative prejudices toward obese persons than those of student nurses...
January 30, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Fei Wang, Ines H I Chow, Lu Li, Xiao-Hong Li, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Ai-Hong Wang, Fu-Jun Jia, Ye Zhang, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: A meta-analysis on sleep duration and patterns in patients with diabetes in China. DESIGN AND METHODS: Two investigators independently carried out a systematic literature search in both international and Chinese databases. FINDINGS: A total of 47 studies with 98 911 patients were included. The pooled mean sleep duration was 7.15 hours/day in patients with diabetes and 7.49 hours/day in healthy controls. The estimated percentage of short sleep duration of less than 6 hours/day was 23...
January 29, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Gül Dikeç, Gülçin Uzunoğlu, Funda Gümüş
PURPOSE: This study determined the stigmatization experiences of parents with a child who received inpatient treatment at the psychiatry clinic in Turkey. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive approach was used. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted. The study sample consisted of 15 parents. The data were evaluated using the thematic analysis method. FINDINGS: According to the data analysis, six themes and eight subthemes were created...
January 25, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ayla Çapık, Meyreme Aksoy, Emine Yılmaz, Filiz Yılmaz
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to conduct the Turkish validity and reliability study of the Infertility Stigma Scale (ISS). DESIGN AND METHODS: This methodological study was conducted in an infertility polyclinic in Turkey. The sample consisted of 178 infertile women. FINDINGS: The validity of the four-factor structure of the scale and the appropriateness of its fit indices were confirmed. The analyses of internal consistency indicated that the total score correlations of items were sufficient; test-retest, r = 0...
January 24, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ceyda Başoğul, Leyla Baysan Arabacı, Ayşe Büyükbayram, Yeliz Aktaş, Gülçin Uzunoğlu
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between the emotional intelligence and sociotropic-autonomic personality characteristics of nurses working in psychiatry clinics and their exposure to violence. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, 103 nurses working in a mental health community hospital in Turkey were surveyed. The research data were collected using the Emotional Intelligence Evaluation Scale, the Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale, and the Personal Information Form. FINDINGS: A statistically significant relationship was determined between the "awareness of emotions" and the frequency of physical violence that was exposed; "management of emotions" and the number of psychological violence that was exposed; sociotropic personality characteristics; and the number of violent incidents...
January 24, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Nurcan Kirca, Turkan Pasinlioglu
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of planned yoga practices on stress levels in infertile women. DESIGN AND METHODS: This randomized controlled study included 128 volunteer women who were registered at a private in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinic and received infertility treatment. The patients in the experimental group took part in the yoga program twice a week for 6 weeks. A personal information form and The Copenhagen Multi-center Psychosocial Infertility (COMPI) Fertility Problem Stress Scale were used to collect data...
January 18, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Anna Korley Nartey, Eric Badu, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Naomi Gyamfi, Maxwell Preprah Opoku, Anthony Paul O'Brien, Rebecca Mitchell
PURPOSE: To explore factors influencing treatment pathways to mental health services among consumers in Ghana. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional design using quantitative method. FINDINGS: Treatment pathways for mental illness were general hospitals/clinics, psychiatric hospitals, and faith-based practices. The predisposing (age, household size, primary occupation, ethnicity, marital status, religion, and geographic location, as well as attitudes and beliefs), enabling (affordability), and need factors (severity of mental illness) were significant predictors of treatment pathways...
January 16, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Eunmi Lee, Haeyoung Lee
PURPOSE: This study examines disaster awareness and coping among college students to identify their influence on stress, anxiety, and depression. DESIGN AND METHODS: Overall, 291 college students participated. A multiple regression analysis was conducted to analyze the influence of disaster awareness and coping on stress, anxiety, and depression. FINDINGS: In the multiple regression model, anxiety, and depression were influenced by an awareness of natural and social disasters, level of perception of disaster response strategies, and level of information relating to disasters...
January 16, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Mahtab Motamed, Seyyed Taha Yahyavi, Vandad Sharifi, Javad Alaghband-Rad, Farinaz Aghajannashtaei
PURPOSE: This study aims to explore how psychiatric residents and nurses experience the conditions of psychiatric emergency services. DESIGN AND METHODS: This qualitative study was carried out using content analysis. Data were collected through unstructured interviews conducted during three focus groups. FINDINGS: The results of the focus groups were classified into the following five categories of issues influencing the staff's experiences: repetitive problems, long wait times, ambiguity, insecurity, and stability...
January 13, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Emriye Hilal Yayan, Mürşide Zengin, Yeşim Erden Karabulut, Ayşehan Akıncı
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the quality of life and depression levels of the youth with type I diabetes. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional descriptive study. FINDINGS: It was found that there is a negative correlation between participants' HbA1c levels and quality of life, and a positive correlation between HbA1c levels and depression. It was determined that quality of life and depression are significant predictors of HbA1c (R 2  = 0...
January 7, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Brenda Happell, Julia Bocking, Brett Scholz, Chris Platania-Phung
PURPOSE: Academic positions for consumers of mental health services remain rare despite positive evaluation. This paper considers the benefits and challenges of a consumer academician position, from perspectives of stakeholders involved in the implementation. DESIGN AND METHODS: Qualitative, exploratory involving in-depth interviews with academicians. Thematic analysis identified the main benefits and challenges. FINDINGS: Benefits identified included lived experience perspective and facilitates interaction and reflection; demonstrating recovery and promoting person centered care...
January 5, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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