journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38896432/placenta-accreta-spectrum-a-comprehensive-review-of-guidelines
#1
REVIEW
Sonia Giouleka, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Evangelia-Rafaela Chanioti, Kyriaki Ladas, Anastasios Liberis, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Ioannis Kalogiannidis, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
IMPORTANCE: Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) represents a range of disorders characterized by abnormal placental invasion and is associated with severe maternal morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and compare the most recently published major guidelines on the diagnosis and management of this potentially life-threatening obstetric complication. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A descriptive review of guidelines from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the International Society for Abnormally Invasive Placenta, the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada on PAS disorders was carried out...
June 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38896431/suboptimally-controlled-diabetes-in-pregnancy-a-review-to-guide-antepartum-and-delivery-management
#2
REVIEW
Jennifer J M Cate, Elizabeth Bloom, Allison Chu, Samuel T Bauer, Jeffrey A Kuller, Sarah K Dotters-Katz
IMPORTANCE: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common complications in pregnancy with adverse maternal and neonatal risks proportional to the degree of suboptimal glycemic control, which is not well defined. Literature guiding providers in identifying and managing patients at highest risk of complications from diabetes is lacking. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology of suboptimal control of diabetes in pregnancy, including "diabetic fetopathy"; explores proposed methods of risk stratification for patients with diabetes; outlines existing antepartum management and delivery timing guidelines; and guides direction for future research...
June 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38896430/role-of-branched-chain-amino-acids-in-metabolic-changes-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Fan-Cheng Jia, Xue-Lian Li
IMPORTANCE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine syndrome with multiple causes and polymorphic clinical manifestations, which is one of the important causes of menstrual disorders in women of childbearing age. It has been found that branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), a class of essential amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the human body, play a significant role in the metabolic changes of PCOS, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of PCOS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to summarize the relevance between BCAAs and metabolic abnormalities in PCOS and to explore their possible mechanisms...
June 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38764206/antenatal-care-a-comparative-review-of-guidelines
#4
REVIEW
Eirini Boureka, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Nikolaos Kostakis, Sonia Giouleka, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Ioannis Kalogiannidis, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
IMPORTANCE: Antenatal care plays a crucial role in safely monitoring and ensuring the well-being of both the mother and the fetus during pregnancy, ultimately leading to the best possible perinatal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and compare the most recently published guidelines on antenatal care. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A descriptive review of guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, the Public Health Agency of Canada, the World Health Organization, and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists regarding antenatal care was conducted...
May 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38764205/parvovirus-b19-in-pregnancy
#5
REVIEW
Jaye Boissiere, Virginia Watkins, Jeffrey A Kuller, Sarah K Dotters-Katz
IMPORTANCE: Although the risk of parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy and subsequent risk of adverse fetal outcome are low, understanding management practices is essential for proper treatment of fetuses with nonimmune hydrops fetalis. In addition, continued investigation into delivery management, breastfeeding recommendations, and congenital abnormalities associated with pregnancies complicated by parvovirus B19 infection is needed. OBJECTIVE: This review describes the risks associated with parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy and the management strategies for fetuses with vertically transmitted infections...
May 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38640129/diagnosis-and-management-of-macrosomia-and-shoulder-dystocia-a-comprehensive-review-of-major-guidelines
#6
REVIEW
Sonia Giouleka, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Elpida Ralli, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Ioannis Kalogiannidis, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
IMPORTANCE: Macrosomia represents the most significant risk factor of shoulder dystocia (SD), which is a severe and emergent complication of vaginal delivery. They are both associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and compare the most recently published influential guidelines on the diagnosis and management of fetal macrosomia and SD. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comparative review of guidelines from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG), and the Department for Health and Wellbeing of the Government of South Australia on macrosomia and SD was conducted...
April 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38640128/the-impact-of-environmental-and-occupational-noise-on-maternal-and-perinatal-pregnancy-outcomes
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mara Ulin, Nneoma Edokobi, Brandon Ganjineh, Everett F Magann, Megan D Whitham
IMPORTANCE: Pregnant women are exposed to both occupational and environmental noise during their pregnancy. The association between noise and adverse health outcomes is well known. Less is known about the relationship between noise and its effects on the embryo/fetus and pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study is to review what is known about the effect(s) of environment and occupational noise during pregnancy on maternal and perinatal outcomes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and Embase) were searched from 1995-2023 with the only limitation being that the articles were in English...
April 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38482747/cell-free-dna-screening-for-single-gene-disorders
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Brighton S Goodhue, Sky E Danity, Neeta Vora, Jeffrey A Kuller, Matthew R Grace
IMPORTANCE: In pregnancy, cell-free DNA (cfDNA) represents short fragments of placental DNA released into the maternal blood stream through natural cell death. Noninvasive prenatal screening with cfDNA is commonly used in pregnancy to screen for common aneuploidies. This technology continues to evolve, and laboratories now offer cfDNA screening for single-gene disorders. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to review cfDNA screening for single-gene disorders including the technology, current syndromes for which screening may be offered, limitations, and current recommendations...
March 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38482746/congenital-anomalies-in-multiple-pregnancy-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Jae Eun Shin, Hyun Sun Ko, Jin Young Bae, Won Joon Seong, Tae Gyu Ahn, You Jung Han, Geum Joon Cho, In Yang Park
IMPORTANCE: Multiple pregnancy is relatively common in many countries and is associated with various pregnancy complications, including preterm birth, low birth weight, and congenital anomalies. In particular, a poorer prognosis has been reported when congenital anomalies overlap with other pregnancy complications in multiple pregnancy compared with singleton pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: This study reviews the characteristics of congenital anomalies that occur in multiple gestations as compared with singleton pregnancies...
March 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38377455/luteal-phase-defects-and-progesterone-supplementation
#10
REVIEW
Lucas C Collins, Luke A Gatta, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Jeffrey A Kuller, Danny J Schust
IMPORTANCE: Luteal phase defects (LPDs), or an insufficiency of progesterone production during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, have been identified as a potential cause of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), but its exact contribution to RPL is not well-defined. In addition, the role of exogenous progesterone supplementation during pregnancy remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review is to provide an updated, evidence-based summary of LPD, including prevalence and potential pathophysiologic mechanisms, and to explore the current controversies regarding progesterone supplementation for management and treatment of RPL...
February 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38377454/postnatal-care-a-comparative-review-of-guidelines
#11
REVIEW
Sonia Giouleka, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Nikolaos Kostakis, Eirini Boureka, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Ioannis Kalogiannidis, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
IMPORTANCE: Postnatal care refers to the ongoing health care provision of both the mother and her offspring and contributes to the timely identification and effective management of complications in the postpartum period, to secure maternal and infant short- and long-term well-being. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and compare the most recently published influential guidelines on postnatal care practices. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comparative review of guidelines from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the World Health Organization, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, and the Public Health Agency of Canada regarding postnatal care was conducted...
February 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38306292/combination-of-mifepristone-and-misoprostol-for-first-trimester-medical-abortion-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Vera Kelesidou, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Andriana Virgiliou, Themistoklis Dagklis, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Ioannis Kalogiannidis
IMPORTANCE: Several medications have been used to achieve medical abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy. The most commonly used is the combination of mifepristone and misoprostol; however, different doses and routes of administration have been proposed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize published data on the effectiveness, adverse effects, and acceptability of the various combinations of mifepristone and misoprostol in medical abortion protocols in the first trimester of pregnancy...
January 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38306291/evidence-based-management-of-labor
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Linda M Zambrano Guevara, Caledonia Buckheit, Jeffrey A Kuller, Beverly Gray, Sarah Dotters-Katz
IMPORTANCE: Induction of labor (IOL) is a common obstetric intervention. Augmentation of labor and active management of the second stage is frequently required in obstetric practice. However, techniques around labor and induction management vary widely. Evidence-based practice regarding induction and labor management can reduce birth complications such as infection and hemorrhage and decrease rates of cesarean delivery. OBJECTIVE: To review existing evidence on IOL and labor management strategies with respect to preparing for induction, cervical ripening, induction and augmentation, and second stage of labor techniques...
January 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38134342/prevention-of-early-onset-neonatal-group-b-streptococcal-disease-a-comprehensive-review-of-major-guidelines
#14
REVIEW
Eirini Boureka, Dimitrios Krasias, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Anna-Maria Karathanasi, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
IMPORTANCE: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization during pregnancy is associated with significant neonatal morbidity and mortality and represents a major public health concern, often associated with poor screening and management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and compare the most recently published influential guidelines on the screening and management of this clinical entity during antenatal and intrapartum periods. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A descriptive review of guidelines from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada on the prevention of early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal disease was carried out...
December 2023: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38134341/spontaneous-rupture-of-the-unscarred-uterus-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Inshirah Sgayer, Shirin Dabbah, Rola Khamisy Farah, Maya Wolf, Nadine Ashkar, Lior Lowenstein, Marwan Odeh
IMPORTANCE: Uterine rupture is defined as a nonsurgical disruption of all layers of the uterus. Most ruptures occur in the presence of a scar, usually secondary to a previous cesarean delivery. Rupture of an unscarred uterus is rare and is associated with severe maternal and neonatal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To outline the literature on potential predisposing factors, clinical findings, and maternal and fetal outcomes of a rupture of an unscarred uterus. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed was searched for the phrases "uterine rupture," "unscarred," and "spontaneous...
December 2023: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38134340/central-sensitization-in-vulvodynia-and-endometriosis-what-have-we-been-overlooking-so-far
#16
REVIEW
Giulia Emily Cetera, Camilla Erminia Maria Merli, Veronica Boero, Carlotta Caia, Federica Facchin, Giussy Barbara, Ermelinda Monti, Paolo Vercellini
IMPORTANCE: Women experience more frequent and greater pain than men, although they receive less adequate treatment and are perceived as more anxious than males. Recent clinical research has lead to hypothesize a common etiology for overlapping chronic pain conditions and mood disorders, namely, central sensitization, which originates from an alteration of pain processing pathways in the central nervous system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to collect all available evidence regarding the potential role of central sensitization in vulvodynia and endometriosis...
December 2023: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38134339/fetal-growth-restriction-a-comprehensive-review-of-major-guidelines
#17
REVIEW
Sonia Giouleka, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Ioannis Kalogiannidis, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
IMPORTANCE: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a common pregnancy complication and a significant contributor of fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, mainly due to the lack of effective screening, prevention, and management policies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and compare the most recently published influential guidelines on the management of pregnancies complicated by FGR. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A descriptive review of guidelines from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada (SOGC), the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand, the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland, the French College of Gynecologists and Obstetricians (FCGO), and the German Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics on FGR was carried out...
November 2023: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38134338/management-and-interventions-in-previable-and-periviable-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Amy Phillips, Megan Pagan, Alex Smith, Megan Whitham, Everett F Magann
IMPORTANCE: Periviable and previable premature rupture of membranes (pPPROM) occurs in <1% of pregnancies but can have devastating consequences for the mother and the fetus. Understanding risk factors, possible interventions, and both maternal and neonatal outcomes will improve the counseling and care provided for these patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to describe the etiology, risk factors, management strategies, neonatal and maternal outcomes, and recurrence risk for patients experiencing pPPROM...
November 2023: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38134337/diagnosis-and-management-of-osteoporosis-a-comprehensive-review-of-guidelines
#19
REVIEW
Elpiniki Rentzeperi, Stavroula Pegiou, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Ioannis Kalogiannidis, Anargyros Kourtis, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
IMPORTANCE: Osteoporosis causes increased morbidity and mortality, and thus poses a significant economic burden to the health systems worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and compare the most recently published major guidelines on diagnosis and management of this common medical entity. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A thorough comparative review of the most influential guidelines from the RACGP (Royal Australian College of General Practitioners), the ESCEO-IOF (European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis-International Osteoporosis Foundation), the NOGG (National Osteoporosis Guideline Group), the NAMS (North American Menopause Society), the ES (Endocrine Society), and the ACOG (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) was conducted...
November 2023: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37976316/neurocutaneous-disorders-in-pregnancy
#20
REVIEW
Jay Idler, Onur Turkoglu, Kara Patek, Sean Stuart, Birce Taskin, Lalitha Sivaswamy, Amy Whitten
IMPORTANCE: Neurocutaneous disorders have significant implications for care of the pregnant patient. As neurocutaneous disorders are uncommon, obstetricians may be unfamiliar with these disorders and with recommendations for appropriate care of this population. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to summarize existing literature on the interaction between neurocutaneous disorders and pregnancy and to provide a guide for physicians caring for an affected patient. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar search was carried out with a broad range of combinations of the medical subject headings (MeSH) terms "pregnancy," "Sturge -Weber," "Neurofibromatosis Type 1," "neurofibromatosis type 2," "von Hippel Lindau," "Tuberous Sclerosis," "neurocutaneous disorder," "treatment," "congenital malformations," "neurodevelopmental defects," "miscarriage," "breastfeeding," "autoimmune," "pathophysiology," and "management...
October 2023: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
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