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Folia Microbiologica

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30756236/microencapsulation-of-phages-to-analyze-their-demeanor-in-physiological-conditions
#1
Esra Acar Soykut, Emine Kübra Tayyarcan, Şefika Evran, İsmail Hakkı Boyacı, İbrahim Çakır, Maha Khaaladi, Sami Fattouch
Nowadays, phage therapy emerges as one of the alternative solutions to the problems arising from antibiotic resistance in pathogenic bacteria. Although phage therapy has been successfully applied both in vitro and in vivo, one of the biggest concerns in this regard is the stability of phages in body environment. Within the scope of this study, microencapsulation technology was used to increase the resistance of phages to physiological conditions, and the resulting microcapsules were tested in environments simulating body conditions...
February 12, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746611/metabolic-profiling-of-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-conglutinans-race-2-in-dual-cultures-with-biocontrol-agents-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-and-trichoderma-harzianum
#2
Andrea Palyzová, Kateřina Svobodová, Lucie Sokolová, Jiří Novák, Čeněk Novotný
There are increasing efforts to identify biocontrol-active microbial metabolites in order to improve strategies for biocontrol of phytopathogens. In this work, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. conglutinans was confronted with three different biocontrol agents: Trichoderma harzianum, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in dual culture bioassays. Metabolites produced during the microbial interactions were screened by a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). T. harzianum exhibited the strongest inhibition of growth of F...
February 12, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739237/probiotic-characteristics-of-bacteriocin-producing-enterococcus-faecium-strains-isolated-from-human-milk-and-colostrum
#3
Ufuk Bagci, Sine Ozmen Togay, Ayhan Temiz, Mustafa Ay
As potential probiotic traits of human milk-isolated bacteria have increasingly been recognized, this study aimed to evaluate the probiotic properties of bacteriocin-producing Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from human milk and colostrum. Among 118 human milk- and colostrum-isolated lactic cocci, only 29 were identified as Enterococcus. Of these, only four Enterococcus faecium isolates exhibited bacteriocigenic activity against several pathogenic Gram-positive bacteria, including Listeria monocytogenes...
February 9, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734157/structure-based-design-of-%C3%AE-lactones-for-new-antifungal-drug-development-susceptibility-mechanism-of-action-and-toxicity
#4
Daiane F Dalla Lana, Ânderson R Carvalho, William Lopes, Marilene H Vainstein, Luciano S P Guimarães, Mário L Teixeira, Luis F S de Oliveira, Michel M Machado, Saulo F de Andrade, Marcus M Sá, Theo V C Russo, Gustavo P Silveira, Alexandre M Fuentefria
Dermatophytes are the etiological agents of cutaneous mycoses, including the prevalent nail infections and athlete's foot. Candida spp. are opportunistic and emerging pathogens, causing superficial to deeper infections related to high mortality rates. As a consequence of prolonged application of antifungal drugs, the treatment failures combined with multidrug-resistance have become a serious problem in clinical practice. Therefore, novel alternative antifungals are required urgently. δ-Lactones have attracted great interest owing to their wide range of biological activity...
February 7, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30721446/characterization-of-salmonella-typhimurium-and-its-monophasic-variant-1-4-5-12-i-isolated-from-different-sources
#5
Yolande Therese Rose Proroga, Andrea Mancusi, Maria Francesca Peruzy, Maria Rosaria Carullo, Angela Michela Immacolata Montone, Andrea Fulgione, Federico Capuano
In order to characterize the most commonly detected Salmonella serotypes, we tested 124 isolates of S. Typhimurium and 89 isolates of the monophasic variant of S. Typhimurium (S. 1,4, [5],12:i:-) for their antimicrobial susceptibility by means of the Kirby-Bauer disk-diffusion method, and for the detection of 19 genes (four Phage Markers (g13, Sieb, eat, g8), ten prophage-related virulence genes (gipA, gtgB, nanH, gogB, grvA, sopE, sspH1, sspH2, sodC1, gtgE), and five plasmid-borne virulence genes (spvC, pefA, mig5, rcK, srgA)) by means of PCR-based assays...
February 5, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706301/fecal-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-from-horses-their-species-variability-and-biofilm-formation
#6
E Bino, Andrea Lauková, J Ščerbová, I Kubašová, A Kandričáková, V Strompfová, R Miltko, G Belzecki
The intestinal microbiota has enormous impact on the health and performance of horses. Staphylococci belong in the phylum Firmicutes, and their occurrence, especially of methicillin-resistant strains and species, has been reported in horses previously. Moreover, biofilm formation is one of the virulence factors; it has been not completely studied in fecal coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) from horses. Therefore, this study was focused on biofilm formation by various species of fecal CoNS from horses because it has been never reported before...
January 31, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706300/stb5p-is-involved-in-kluyveromyces-lactis-response-to-4-nitroquinoline-n-oxide-stress
#7
Alexandra Bencova, Alexandra Konecna, Nora Toth Hervay, Yvetta Gbelska
In yeast, the STB5 gene encodes a transcriptional factor belonging to binuclear cluster class (Zn2 Cys6 ) of transcriptional regulators specific to ascomycetes. In this study, we prepared the Kluyveromyces lactis stb5Δ strain and assessed its responses to different stresses. We showed that KlSTB5 gene is able to complement the deficiencies of Saccharomyces cerevisiae stb5Δ mutant. The results of phenotypic analysis suggested that KlSTB5 gene deletion did not sensitize K. lactis cells to oxidative stress inducing compounds but led to Klstb5Δ resistance to 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide and hygromycin B...
January 31, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680590/introducing-a-thermotolerant-gluconobacter-japonicus-strain-potentially-useful-for-coenzyme-q-10-production
#8
Foozieh Moghadami, Jamshid Fooladi, Ramin Hosseini
In this report, Gluconobacter strains were screened for coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10 ) production. A thermotolerant strain, Gluconobacter japonicus FM10, was eventually employed for CoQ10 production optimization. To do so, a two-step optimization strategy was used. The first step focused on biomass increase and the second step focused on increase in CoQ10 production. Factors including temperature, pH, carbon, and nitrogen sources were optimized at the first step, and temperature, pH, and aeration were optimized at the second step...
January 25, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680589/phylogenetic-affiliation-and-antimicrobial-effects-of-endophytic-actinobacteria-associated-with-medicinal-plants-prevalence-of-polyketide-synthase-type-ii-in-antimicrobial-strains
#9
Anwesha Gohain, Rupak Kumar Sarma, Rajal Debnath, Juthika Saikia, Bhim Pratap Singh, Rajeev Sarmah, Ratul Saikia
The most diverse and versatile endophytic actinobacteria are relatively unexplored potential sources of bioactive metabolites useful for different medical, agricultural, and other commercial applications. Their diversity in symbiotic association with traditionally utilized medicinal plants of northeast India is scantly available. The present investigation assessed the genetic diversity of endophytic actinobacteria (n = 120) distributed around the root, stem, and leaf tissues of six selected medicinal plants (Emblica officinalis, Terminalia chebula, T...
January 24, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30666590/analysis-of-genetic-variations-of-heat-shock-proteins-hsp70-and-hsp90-in-isaria-farinosa-strains-from-the-yunnan-province-of-china
#10
Lu He, Hong Yu, Yongdong Dai, Yuanbing Wang
In the present study, the cDNA sequences of Hsp70 and Hsp90 genes of Isaria farinosa (designated IFHSP70 and IFHSP90) were cloned and characterized using multiple techniques of molecular biology and bioinformatics. The genetic differentiation of the two genes was investigated among 10 geographically separated populations distributed in the Yunnan province. The complete sequence of the IFHSP70 cDNA had a length of 2158 bp, and contained an open reading frame (ORF) of 1962 bp, encoding a 71-kDa polypeptide comprising of 653 amino acids...
January 21, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661218/quantitative-evaluation-of-biofilm-extracellular-dna-by-fluorescence-based-techniques
#11
Martina Boháčová, Jarmila Pazlarová, Viviana Fuchsová, Tereza Švehláková, Kateřina Demnerová
The formation of a hardly removable biofilm in food processing and clinical settings calls for a deeper understanding of composition of the matrix that protects the biofilm cells, as the crucial matrix component is extracellular DNA (eDNA), participating in adhesion, aggregation and penetration reduction, yet serving as a horizontal gene transfer reservoir. Therefore, we evaluated eDNA release from the biofilm of two pathogens, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus, with respect to their origin under different culturing condition...
January 19, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30656592/human-gut-microbes-are-susceptible-to-antimicrobial-food-additives-in-vitro
#12
Lucia Hrncirova, Tomas Hudcovic, Eliska Sukova, Vladimira Machova, Eva Trckova, Jan Krejsek, Tomas Hrncir
The aim of this work was to test the hypothesis that antimicrobial food additives may alter the composition of human gut microbiota by selectively suppressing the growth of susceptible gut microbes. To explore the influence of antimicrobial food additives on the composition of the human gut microbiota, we examined the susceptibility of both aerobic and anaerobic gut bacteria to sodium benzoate, sodium nitrite, and potassium sorbate, and their combinations, using a broth microdilution method. The tested bacteria exhibited a wide range of susceptibilities to food additives...
January 17, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30656591/heat-killed-candida-albicans-augments-synthetic-bacterial-component-induced-proinflammatory-cytokine-production
#13
Riyoko Tamai, Yusuke Kiyoura
Candida albicans can enhance the invasion of oral epithelial cells by Porphyromonas gingivalis, although the fungus is not a periodontal pathogen. In this study, we investigated whether C. albicans augments proinflammatory cytokine production by mouse macrophage-like J774.1 cells incubated with synthetic bacterial components. Mouse macrophage-like J774.1 cells, mouse primary splenocytes, human THP-1 cells, and A549 cells were pretreated with or without heat-killed C. albicans (HKCA) or substitutes for C. albicans cell wall components in 96-well flat-bottomed plates...
January 17, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30637574/polyphenols-as-resistance-modulators-in-arcobacter-butzleri
#14
Vanessa Sousa, Ângelo Luís, Mónica Oleastro, Fernanda Domingues, Susana Ferreira
Arcobacter butzleri is an emerging human and animal pathogen for which an increased prevalence of resistance to antibiotics has been observed, and so alternative compounds to modulate resistance of A. butzleri are required. This work aims to study the potential use of several polyphenols as efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) and to evaluate their interaction with antibiotics, in order to enhance antibiotic activity against A. butzleri. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of (-)-epicatechin, (+)-catechin, rutin, gallic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, resveratrol, pterostilbene, and pinosylvin was determined, in absence and presence of four known EPIs...
January 13, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627971/characterization-of-the-bacteriocin-produced-by-enterococcus-italicus-onu547-isolated-from-thai-fermented-cabbage
#15
Andrii Merlich, Mykola Galkin, Yvan Choiset, Nataliia Limanska, Nataliia Vasylieva, Volodymyr Ivanytsia, Thomas Haertlé
Seventy-eight isolates of lactic acid bacteria from Ukraine and Thailand were screened for bacteriocinogenic activity against indicator strain Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei JCM 1157. One isolate showed an antagonistic activity of cell-free supernatant eliminated after the treatment with Proteinase K. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence, this isolate was identified as Enterococcus italicus. Bacteriocin produced by this strain showed antimicrobial activity against L. sakei subsp. sakei JCM 1157, Brochothrix thermosphacta DSMZ 20171, and Listeria ivanovii subsp...
January 9, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30610538/functional-diversity-performs-a-key-role-in-the-isolation-of-nitrogen-fixing-and-phosphate-solubilizing-bacteria-from-soil
#16
Poulomi Chakraborty, Prosun Tribedi
Functional diversity covers diverse functional traits of microorganisms in an ecosystem. Thus, we hypothesized that it could play an important role in the isolation of nitrogen-fixing and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria. These bacteria have been considered as biofertilizer for sustainable agriculture development. Soils were collected from different sites of agricultural field and performed several microbiological tests in which we observed considerable differences in heterotrophic microbial abundance and microbial activities among the microcosms...
January 4, 2019: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30565048/secondary-metabolites-produced-by-microbacterium-sp-lgmb471-with-antifungal-activity-against-the-phytopathogen-phyllosticta-citricarpa
#17
Daiani Cristina Savi, Khaled A Shaaban, Francielly M W Gos, Jon S Thorson, Chirlei Glienke, Jürgen Rohr
The citrus black spot (CBS), caused by Phyllosticta citricarpa, is one of the most important citrus diseases in subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas, and fruits with CBS lesions are still subject to quarantine regulations in the European Union. Despite the high application of fungicides, the disease remains present in the citrus crops of Central and South America. In order to find alternatives to help control CBS and reduce the use of fungicides, we explored the antifungal potential of endophytic actinomycetes isolated from the Brazilian medicinal plant Vochysia divergens found in the Pantanal biome...
December 18, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30554379/melanoma-related-changes-in-skin-microbiome
#18
Jakub Mrázek, Chahrazed Mekadim, Petra Kučerová, Roman Švejstil, Hana Salmonová, Jitka Vlasáková, Renata Tarasová, Jana Čížková, Monika Červinková
Melanoma is the least common form of skin tumor, but it is potentially the most dangerous and responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. We suggest that the skin microbiome might be changed during the progression of melanoma. The aim of this study is to compare the composition of the skin microbiota between different locations (skin and melanoma) of a MeLiM (Melanoma-bearing Libechov Minipig) pig model (exophytic melanoma). Ninety samples were used for PCR-DGGE analysis with primers specifically targeting the V3 region of the 16S rRNA gene...
December 15, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30552581/fulminant-mucormycosis-after-a-traffic-accident-a-case-report
#19
Alicja Sękowska, Małgorzata Prażyńska, Magdalena Twarużek, Aleksander Deptuła, Ewa Zastempowska, Ewelina Soszczyńska, Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska
Mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection in immunocompetent patients, whereas in immunocompromised, it may be systemic and disseminated infection associated with high mortality. Mucormycosis is one of the most rapidly progressing and fulminant forms of fungal infections; Mucor circinelloides is rarely isolated species, also from immunocompromised patients. The reported case of mucormycosis after a traffic accident indicates that it may be the result of a contamination of wound by M. circinelloides coming from the environment...
December 14, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30552580/recommendations-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-analysis
#20
REVIEW
D Hepnar, P Adam, H Žáková, M Krušina, P Kalvach, J Kasík, I Karpowicz, J Nasler, K Bechyně, T Fiala, M Mamiňák, I Malíková, J Mareš, V Šigut, Z Tokár, J Vránová
Diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) mean for the human organism a potentially dangerous situation. An investigation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) provides important information about a character of CNS impairment in the decision-making diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm. The authors present a brief overview of available cerebrospinal fluid assays, shortened indication criteria, a recommended algorithm of CSF assessment in different suspected diseases, and a view of the external quality system. The whole portfolio of obtainable CSF methodology is further subdivided according to the adequate choice into the first and inevitable basic routine panel, and following complicated analyses of highly specialized character...
December 14, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
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