Yanli Zhu, Sheng Li, Haiyue Wang, Wenhao Ren, Kaiwen Chi, Jianghua Wu, Luning Mao, Xiaozheng Huang, Minglei Zhuo, Dongmei Lin
AIMS: A new molecular subtype classification was proposed for small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). We aimed to further validate the classification in various SCLC patient samples using immunohistochemistry (IHC) to highlight its clinical significance. METHODS: We analysed the protein expression of four subtype (achaete-scute family BHLH transcription factor 1 (ASCL1), neuronal differentiation 1 (NEUROD1), POU class 2 homeobox 3 (POU2F3) and Yes1-associated transcriptional regulator (YAP1)) and two predictive markers (delta-like ligand 3 (DLL3) and MYC) using IHC in 216 specimens from 195 SCLC patients, including 21 pairs of resected biopsy tumours...
September 29, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Yue Xu, Zihan Quan, Yuting Zhan, Haihua Wang, Jiadi Luo, Weiyuan Wang, Songqing Fan
AIMS: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) belongs to the receptor tyrosine kinases family and overexpression of EGFR has been linked to poor prognosis and cancer progression. Somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR2) is a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) with diverse biological functions in humans, and it is upregulated through the NF-KB signalling pathway in nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC). However, no studies have examined the EGFR and SSTR2 in NPC. This study aimed to investigate whether SSTR2 is associated with EGFR and clinicopathological features in NPC...
September 27, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Richard R Pacheco, Hyunki Kim, Won-Tak Choi, Myeong-Cherl Kook, Mee-Yon Cho, Dipti M Karamchandani, Michael J Lee, Baek-Hui Kim, Sung-Hak Lee, Zhaohai Yang, Jihun Kim, Stephen M Lagana, Hwajeong Lee
AIMS: Interobserver variability in the assessment of gastric neoplasia biopsies between most Western and Eastern (predominantly represented by Japanese in the literature) pathologists has been documented. It is unknown if such variability exists between the US and Korean pathologists in the current era. METHODS: Ten gastrointestinal (GI) pathologists from the USA (n=5) and South Korea (n=5) evaluated 100 scanned images of gastric (n=50) and colorectal (n=50) neoplasia biopsies and answered multiple questionnaires...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Zekai Qiang, Ibrahim Jubber, Kirsty Lloyd, Marcus Cumberbatch, Jon Griffin
GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3) is a zinc-finger pioneer transcription factor involved in diverse processes. GATA3 regulates gene expression through binding nucleosomal DNA and facilitating chromatin remodelling. Post-translational modifications modulate its activity. During development, GATA3 plays a key role in cell differentiation. Mutations in GATA3 are linked to breast and bladder cancer. GATA3 expression is a feature of the luminal subtype of bladder cancer and has implications for immune status and therapeutic response...
September 19, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Gulisa Turashvili, Yuan Gao, Di Andy Ai, Abdulwahab M Ewaz, Sandra Gjorgova Gjeorgjievski, Qun Wang, Thi T A Nguyen, Chao Zhang, Xiaoxian Li
AIMS: Metastatic HER2-low breast cancer (HLBC) can be treated by trastuzumab deruxtecan. Assessment of low levels of HER2 protein expression suffers from poor interobserver reproducibility. The aim of the study was to evaluate the interobserver agreement among subspecialised breast pathologists and develop a practical algorithm for assessing HLBC. METHODS: Six breast pathologists (4 juniors, 2 seniors) evaluated 106 HER2 immunostained slides with 0/1+expression...
September 15, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Rajadurai Abarna, Ranjani J, Geeta Chacko, Rekha Pai
MGMT promoter methylation analysis in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues can be challenging since the DNA obtained is often fragmented. Bisulfite conversion, which is essential to determine methylation status, further degrades DNA. While conventional methylation-specific PCR (MSP) and pyrosequencing assays have long been used to determine the methylation status of MGMT , this study was designed to determine the utility of one-tube DNA extraction method coupled with a droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) assay, to study the epigenetic changes in the promoter region of the MGMT gene using DNA obtained from FFPE...
September 14, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Elaine Houlihan, Katherine Ryan, Jennifer Mannion, Grace Hennessy, Barbara Dunne, Elizabeth Connolly, Brian O'Connell
AIMS: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare, benign, inflammatory breast disorder of unknown aetiology usually affecting women of reproductive age. It classically presents as a unilateral painful breast mass. It is frequently mistaken for carcinoma or other inflammatory breast diseases. Diagnostic investigations include clinical examination, appropriate imaging and tissue sampling. A link between IGM and infection with the Corynebacterium species in particular Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii has been described...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Aanchal Kakkar, Rishikesh Thakur, Diya Roy, Ridhi Sood, Atul Sharma, Rajeev Kumar Malhotra, Alok Thakar
AIMS: Current understanding of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is incomplete with regard to prognostic factors that lead to the considerable heterogeneity in treatment response and patient outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the impact of individual tumour-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) subsets on prognosis as a possible rationale for this, in a retrospective observational study. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed to quantitatively assess cell densities of CD3+, CD20+, CD4+, CD8+ and FOXP3+TIL subsets in 50 surgically treated OSCC cases...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Leah G Benton, Michael Edward Kallen, Jonathan L Jacobs, Isaac E McCool, Yi Ning, Vu H Duong, Rima Koka, Zeba N Singh
The classification of haematological neoplasms recently underwent revision, generating two separate schemes-the International Consensus Classification and the fifth edition of the WHO classification. The new division into separate classification systems presents challenges for haematopathologists, haematologists/oncologists and patients. While it is too early to assess the full clinical impact, we sought to identify diagnostic discordance which may arise from applying separate classification schemes in myeloid neoplasia, and particularly in the challenging category of myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasms...
September 11, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Annikka Weissferdt, Cesar Moran
AIMS: Thymic carcinoma and atypical thymoma (WHO type B3 thymoma) are unusual tumours the separation of which may be challenging in small biopsies. Both tumours consist of epithelioid tumour cells that share similar morphology and immunophenotype with conventional markers. Therefore, additional antibodies are needed to differentiate between these tumours. METHODS: For this purpose, a panel of immunohistochemical stains including PAX2, PAX5, PAX8 (all monoclonal) and CD70 was used on whole tumour sections of 30 thymic carcinomas and 30 atypical thymomas to determine the expression pattern of these antibodies...
September 11, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Yue Shen, Xiaoling Zhang, Liyi Zhang, Zuoying Zhang, Bao Lyu, Qian Lai, Qinglin Li, Yuhua Zhang, Jieer Ying, Jinzhao Song
AIMS: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is highly malignant, with shockingly mortality rates. KRAS oncoprotein is the main molecular target for PDAC. Liquid biopsies, such as the detection of circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA), offer a promising approach for less invasive diagnosis. In this study, we aim to evaluate the precision and utility of programmable enzyme-based selective exponential amplification (PASEA) assay for rare mutant alleles identification. METHODS: PASEA uses CRISPR-Cas9 to continuously shear wild-type alleles during recombinase polymerase amplification, while mutant alleles are exponentially amplified, ultimately reaching a level detectable by Sanger sequencing...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Jaclyn Frances Hechtman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Andrew H S Lee, Zsolt Hodi, Areeg Abbas, Peter Wencyk, Ian O Ellis, Emad Rakha
AIM: The 2015 UK guidelines for HER2 assessment in breast cancer recommended repeat assessment if the core biopsy was scored as 2+ on HER2 immunohistochemistry (IHC) with borderline negative in situ hybridisation (ratio of number of HER2 to chromosome 17 centromere copies of 1.8-1.99). This case series aimed to assess the value of such repeat assessment in the surgical specimen, in particular the proportion that were HER2 positive. METHODS: Details of biopsies with 2+ IHC and borderline negative in situ hybridisation were extracted from a database...
August 30, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Joshua J X Li, Wing Cheung, Joanna K M Ng, Gary M Tse
AIMS: The international system for reporting serous fluid cytopathology (ISRSFC) set forth a five-tiered reporting system with comprehensive validation on pleural and peritoneal fluid cytology. An algorithmic approach for cytomorphological assessment and immunocytochemistry was also described in ISRSFC. Limited data on pericardial fluid are supportive but would benefit from further investigation. METHODS: Consecutive pericardial fluid cytology over a 4-year period was reviewed by multiple board-certified pathologists according to the ISRSFC...
August 29, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Paola Mattiolo, Huamin Wang, Olca Basturk, Lodewijk A A Brosens, Seung-Mo Hong, Volkan Adsay, Aldo Scarpa, Claudio Luchini
AIMS: Acinar cystic transformation (ACT) of the pancreas is a rare pancreatic cystic lesion. Owing to its rarity, comprehensive histomolecular characterisation of this entity is still lacking. We aim to perform a systematic review on this controversial entity. METHODS: We searched PubMed, SCOPUS and Embase through May 2023 to identify all studies on ACTs. Clinicopathological, immunohistochemical (IHC) and molecular data have been extracted and analysed. RESULTS: Overall, there were 121 cases of ACTs in the literature...
August 29, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Umberto Maccio, Alessandra Gianolio, Anton V Rets
Bone marrow granulomas in trephine biopsies are a rare and usually incidental finding. Possible causes include infectious (especially tuberculous and rarer non-tuberculous mycobacteria, but also many other bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic agents) and non-infectious causes (especially medications, autoimmune disease, sarcoidosis, haematological and non-haematological malignancy). Necrotising granulomas are generally suggestive of an infectious aetiology (tuberculosis being the most common), whereas fibrin ring granulomas are associated with Q-fever and Epstein Barr Virus, although exceptions are possible...
August 28, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Hung-Lin Liu, Shao-Wen Weng, Chih-Chi Chou, Huey-Ling You, Ming-Chung Wang, Ming-Chun Ma, Wan-Ting Huang
AIMS: Angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma (AITL) is a T cell lymphoma with aberrant immune activity. It is characterised by inflammatory and immune reactions. However, the impact of regulatory T (Treg) cells on AITL remains unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively collected 46 AITL cases and performed immunohistochemical analysis of forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) expression. The number of immunostained FOXP3 cells was determined using a digital pathology system with whole-slide imaging...
August 24, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Yuh Ping Chong, Say Min Lim, Tze Ping Loh, Peter Mollee, Nilika Wijeratne, Kay Weng Choy
Monoclonal gammopathy is a spectrum of disorders characterised by clonal proliferation of plasma cells or lymphocytes, which produce abnormal immunoglobulin or its components (monoclonal proteins). Monoclonal gammopathies are often categorised as low-tumour-burden diseases (eg, amyloid light chain (AL) amyloidosis), premalignant disorders (such as monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and smouldering multiple myeloma), and malignancies (eg, multiple myeloma and Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia)...
August 21, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Qiqi Ye, Hui Chen, Cody Han, Yan Peng, Xiao Huang, Hongxia Sun, Yun Wu, Constance T Albarracin, Lavinia P Middleton, Aysegul A Sahin, Lei Huo, Qingqing Ding
AIMS: Secretory carcinoma of breast (SCB) typically harbours ETV6-NTRK3 gene fusion. Pan-Trk immunohistochemistry analysis (IHC) has been shown to be sensitive for SCB diagnosis. However, weak focal pan-Trk nuclear staining was previously found in 10% of non-secretory breast carcinomas. To further examine pan-Trk IHC specificity, we evaluated pan-Trk staining in various breast carcinoma subtypes. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 346 invasive breast carcinomas (IBCs), including 8 SCBs and 48 triple-negative histological mimickers (36 metaplastic carcinomas, including 12 matrix-producing carcinomas; 5 adenoid cystic carcinomas; 5 apocrine carcinomas; 2 acinic cell carcinomas), 101 triple-negative IBCs of no special type, 101 estrogen receptor (ER)-positive/HER2-negative IBCs and 88 HER2-positive IBCs...
August 16, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Tejas Vishwanath, Rachita Dhurat
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diagnosing end-stage primary cicatricial alopecia (PCA) on routine histology is challenging since the major diagnostic feature (inflammatory infiltrate) may be minimal or absent. This study aimed to assess various staining patterns and diagnostic utility of elastic tissue staining by Verhoeff-Van Gieson (VVG) method and trichoscopy in PCA. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Fifty-three patients clinically diagnosed with PCA underwent biopsy and trichoscopy in this cross-sectional study...
August 8, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pathology
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