Matthew Wallace, Lucinda Hiam, Robert Aldridge
INTRODUCTION: The 'second-generation' (i.e. the children of migrants) represent one of the fastest growing subpopulations of the child and young adult populations in Europe today. The research so far appears to indicate that their mortality risk is elevated relative to people with non-migrant backgrounds. SOURCES OF DATA: Peer-reviewed publications. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Second-generation status is a clear marker of elevated mortality risk in Europe in early life (including stillbirth, perinatal, neonatal and infant mortality) and adulthood, particularly if the parent(s) were born outside of Europe...
November 1, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Camilla Böhme Kristensen, Koula Asimakopoulou, Sasha Scambler
INTRODUCTION: Patient-centred care (PCC) is widely used within the medical setting, but there is a need for more research on PCC implementation in dentistry. SOURCES OF DATA: A narrative review was conducted with literature identified from the Ovid Interface, including several databases such as Embase and Medline. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: PCC is associated with better health outcomes for patients, and greater work satisfaction among healthcare professionals...
October 13, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Yu Fu, Ge Yu, Naswa Maulana, Katie Thomson
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has shown significant health inequalities for people with low socioeconomic status associated with more risk factors. This review was to synthesize interventions that targeted CVD risks and outcomes among socioeconomically disadvantaged populations and to understand the impact associated with these interventions. SOURCES OF DATA: Cochrane CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched for records published in the last decade using a systematic search strategy, complemented by screening the reference lists and citation indexes...
September 18, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Andy Haines, Ira Helfand, Arun Mitra, Tilman Ruff, Chris Zielinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Cho Ee Ng, Sarah Bowman, Jonathan Ling, Rachael Bagshaw, Angela Birt, Yan Yiannakou
INTRODUCTION: Participant recruitment to clinical trials is often sub-optimal. Decentralized clinical trials have the potential to address challenges in traditional site-based clinical trial recruitment. SOURCES OF DATA: This review is based on recently published literature and the experience of running a large industry-sponsored interventional trial using both traditional and decentralized methods. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Efficient delivery of clinical trials is essential to continue to provide therapeutic improvements in a timely and cost-efficient way...
September 7, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Georgette Eaton
BACKGROUND: The paramedic profession within the United Kingdom has been evolving at pace over the last 20 years. While they are most associated with their work in ambulance services, paramedics are now found throughout a range of clinical and academic settings. SOURCES OF DATA: Literature Review. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Despite emergence of the paramedic across the healthcare workforce, the understanding and awareness of the professional role and capabilities is poor...
September 7, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Giuseppe Gargano, Giovanni Asparago, Filippo Spiezia, Francesco Oliva, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis results in reduced bone mass and consequent bone fragility. Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) can be used for therapeutic purposes, as molecular targets or as useful markers to test new therapies. SOURCES OF DATA: A systematic search of different databases to May 2023 was performed to define the role of siRNAs in osteoporosis therapy. Fourteen suitable studies were identified. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: SiRNAs may be useful in studying metabolic processes in osteoporosis and identify possible therapeutic targets for novel drug therapies...
September 7, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Daryl Poku, Rifat Hassan, Filippo Migliorini, Nicola Maffulli
INTRODUCTION: It is unclear whether hydrodilatation is beneficial in the management of frozen shoulder compared with other common conservative management modalities. This systematic review evaluates the efficacy of hydrodilatation for the management of frozen shoulder. SOURCES OF DATA: A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. An extensive search of PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Central, Web of Science and CINAHL databases using multiple keyword combinations of 'shoulder', 'rotator', 'adhesive capsulitis', 'hydrodilatat*', 'distension' since inception of the databases to June 2023 was implemented...
September 12, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Daniele Canarutto, Attya Omer Javed, Gabriele Pedrazzani, Samuele Ferrari, Luigi Naldini
INTRODUCTION: In haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from a healthy donor replace the patient's ones. Ex vivo HSC gene therapy (HSC-GT) is a form of HSCT in which HSCs, usually from an autologous source, are genetically modified before infusion, to generate a progeny of gene-modified cells. In HSCT and HSC-GT, chemotherapy is administered before infusion to free space in the bone marrow (BM) niche, which is required for the engraftment of infused cells...
July 17, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Benjamin Krishna, Mark Wills, Nyaradzai Sithole
INTRODUCTION: Long COVID is a chronic condition that follows after acute COVID-19 and is characterized by a wide range of persistent, cyclic symptoms. SOURCES OF DATA: PubMed search for publications featuring 'Long COVID' or 'post-acute sequelae of COVID-19'. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Long COVID occurs frequently post-acute COVID-19, with a majority of people experiencing at least one symptom (such as cough, fatigue, myalgia, anosmia and dyspnoea) 4 weeks after infection...
July 11, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Silvia Morlino, Marco Castori
BACKGROUND: Joint hypermobility (JHM) is a common physical trait. It may occur alone or in combination with musculoskeletal (MSK) pain, outside or within more complex phenotypes. Hypermobility spectrum disorders (HSD) are diagnosed in individuals with JHM and related MSK pain, when an alternative diagnosis cannot be identified. Conversely, the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) encompasses a group of rare hereditary connective tissue disorders featuring JHM along with other pleiotropic manifestations...
June 22, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Luca Miranda, Marco Quaranta, Francesco Oliva, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain, common from the sixth decade, negatively impacts the quality of life of patients and health care systems. Recently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been introduced in the management of degenerative discogenic pain. The present study summarizes the current knowledge on the effectiveness of MSCs in patients with discogenic back pain. SOURCES OF DATA: We performed a systematic review of the literature following the PRISMA guidelines...
June 21, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Jacob Baker, David W Denning
INTRODUCTION: Fungal disease has historically presented a diagnostic challenge due to its often non-specific clinical presentations, relative infrequency and reliance on insensitive and time-intensive fungal culture. SOURCES OF DATA: We present the recent developments in fungal diagnostics in the fields of serological and molecular diagnosis for the most clinically relevant pathogens; developments that have the potential to revolutionize fungal diagnosis through improvements in speed, simplicity and sensitivity...
June 16, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Filippo Migliorini, Gianluca Vecchio, Christian David Weber, Daniel Kämmer, Andreas Bell, Nicola Maffulli
INTRODUCTION: Transient bone osteoporosis (TBO) is characterized by persistent pain, loss of function, no history of trauma and magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings of bone marrow edema. SOURCE OF DATA: PubMed, Google scholar, EMABSE and Web of Science were accessed in February 2023. No time constrains were used for the search. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: TBO is rare and misunderstood, typically affecting women during the third trimester of pregnancy or middle-aged men, leading to functional disability for 4-8 weeks followed by self-resolution of the symptoms...
June 16, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Jacob Brolly, David R Chadwick
BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are intersecting pandemics, with implications for care at an individual and global scale. SOURCES OF DATA: PubMed search with relevant articles and their references reviewed. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: COVID-19 has changed the delivery of care to people living with HIV (PLWH). Vaccines are efficacious and safe for PLWH; patient care for symptomatic COVID-19 is similar to that of people without HIV...
June 13, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Yolanda Augustin, Henry M Staines, Thirumalaisamy P Velavan, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Peter G Kremsner, Sanjeev Krishna
INTRODUCTION: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic resulted in a race to develop effective treatments largely through drug repurposing via adaptive platform trials on a global scale. Drug repurposing trials have focused on potential antiviral therapies aimed at preventing viral replication, anti-inflammatory agents, antithrombotic agents and immune modulators through a number of adaptive platform trials. Living systematic reviews have also enabled evidence synthesis and network meta-analysis as clinical trial data emerge globally...
June 13, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Ilaria Brentari, Mariia Zadorozhna, Michela Alessandra Denti, Elisa Giorgio
INTRODUCTION: Ribonucleic acid (RNA) therapeutics are a new class of drugs whose importance is highlighted by the growing number of molecules in the clinic. SOURCES OF DATA: We focus on RNA therapeutics for neurogenetic disorders, which are broadly defined as diseases with a genetic background and with at least one clinical sign affecting the nervous system. A systematic search identified 14 RNA drugs approved by FDA and many others in development. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: The field of RNA therapeutics is changing the therapeutic scenario across many disorders...
May 20, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Hanna Tabisz, Aleksandra Modlinska, Sławomir Kujawski, Joanna Słomko, Pawel Zalewski
INTRODUCTION: Whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) is a controlled exposure of the whole body to cold to gain health benefits. In recent years, data on potential applications of WBC in multiple clinical settings have emerged. SOURCES OF DATA: PubMed, EBSCO and Clinical Key search using keywords including terms 'whole body', 'cryotherapy' and 'cryostimulation'. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: WBC could be applied as adjuvant therapy in multiple conditions involving chronic inflammation because of its potent anti-inflammatory effects...
May 12, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
Julia L Newton, Joseph Hamed, Helen Williams, Matt Kearney, Alison M Metcalfe, Gary A Ford
BACKGROUND: We sought to understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on lipid-lowering therapy prescribing as a potential cause of the excess cardiovascular mortality seen post-pandemic in England. We examined temporal changes over 3 years in the prescribing of high-intensity and non-high-intensity statin therapy and ezetimibe. SOURCES OF DATA: We utilized data available via the National Health Service (NHS) Business Services Authority (NHSBSA) Information Services Data Warehouse, extracting 3 monthly data from October 2018 to December 2021 on high- and low-intensity statin and ezetimibe prescribing, (commencement, cessation or continuation) through each time period of study and those before, and after, the period of interest...
May 12, 2023: British Medical Bulletin
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