journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38619478/committed-dis-honesty-a-systematic-meta-analytic-review-of-the-divergent-effects-of-social-commitment-to-individuals-or-honesty-oaths-on-dishonest-behavior
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Janis H Zickfeld, Simon T S Karg, Sebastian S Engen, Ana Sofía Ramirez Gonzalez, John Michael, Panagiotis Mitkidis
People feel committed to other individuals, groups, organizations, or moral norms in many contexts of everyday life. Such social commitment can lead to positive outcomes, such as increased job satisfaction or relationship longevity; yet, there can also be detrimental effects to feeling committed. Recent high-profile cases of fraud or corruption in companies like Enron or Volkswagen are likely influenced by strong commitment to the organization or coworkers. Although social commitment might increase dishonest behavior, there is little systematic knowledge about when and how this may occur...
April 15, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38619477/on-the-relationship-between-unprompted-thought-and-affective-well-being-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julia W Y Kam, Aaron Y Wong, Raela F Thiemann, Fiza Hasan, Jessica R Andrews-Hanna, Caitlin Mills
There is a growing recognition that thoughts often arise independently of external demands. These thoughts can span from reminiscing your last vacation to contemplating career goals to fantasizing about meeting your favorite musician. Often referred to as mind wandering, such frequently occurring unprompted thoughts have widespread impact on our daily functions, with the dominant narrative converging on a negative relationship between unprompted thought and affective well-being. In this systematic review of 76 studies, we implemented a meta-analysis and qualitative review to elucidate if and when unprompted thought is indeed negatively associated with affective well-being in adults...
April 15, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38421788/mind-wandering-increases-in-frequency-over-time-during-task-performance-an-individual-participant-meta-analytic-review
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anthony P Zanesco, Ekaterina Denkova, Amishi P Jha
Attention has a seemingly inevitable tendency to turn inward toward our thoughts. Mind-wandering refers to moments when this inward focus diverts attention away from the current task-at-hand. Mind-wandering is thought to be ubiquitous, having been estimated to occur between 30% and 50% of our waking moments. Yet, it is unclear whether this frequency is similar within-task performance contexts and unknown whether mind-wandering systematically increases with time-on-task for a broad range of tasks. We conducted a systematic literature search and individual participant data meta-analysis of rates of occurrence of mind-wandering during task performance...
February 29, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38407059/religiosity-predicts-prosociality-especially-when-measured-by-self-report-a-meta-analysis-of-almost-60-years-of-research
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
John Michael Kelly, Stephanie R Kramer, Azim F Shariff
This meta-analysis explores the long-standing and heavily debated question of whether religiosity is associated with prosocial and antisocial behavior at the individual level. In an analysis of 701 effects across 237 samples, encompassing 811,663 participants, a significant relationship of r = .13 was found between religiosity and prosociality (and antisociality, which was treated as its inverse). Nevertheless, there was substantial heterogeneity of effect sizes, and several potential moderators were explored...
February 26, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38358686/wipe-it-off-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-psychological-consequences-and-antecedents-of-physical-cleansing
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Spike W S Lee, Kathleen Chen, Cecilia Ma, Joe Hoang
Physical cleansing is a human universal. It serves health and survival functions. It also carries rich psychological meanings that interest scholars across disciplines. What psychological effects result from cleansing? What psychological states trigger cleansing? The present meta-analysis takes stock of all experimental studies examining the psychological consequences and antecedents of cleansing-related thoughts, feelings, and behaviors (e.g., feeling less guilty after cleansing; spontaneously cleansing oneself after thinking of unwelcomed sexual encounter)...
February 15, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38358685/can-sociocultural-and-contextual-factors-explain-gender-differences-in-sex-drive-a-response-to-frankenbach-et-al-2022
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Terri D Conley, T Ariel Yang
Most theories predict, and most studies demonstrate, that men have a higher sex drive than women do. A spirited debate has emerged surrounding the origins of gender differences in sex drive; Frankenbach et al. (2022) commented on this controversy in the context of their impressive meta-analysis. We provide a different interpretation of these findings: Specifically, women get worse sex than men do. We argue that if the differences between the sex that women get and the sex that men get were accounted for, gender differences in sex drive would be reduced or eliminated completely...
February 15, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38358684/too-risky-to-use-or-too-risky-not-to-lessons-learned-from-over-30-years-of-research-on-forensic-risk-assessment-with-indigenous-persons
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mark E Olver, Keira C Stockdale, L Maaike Helmus, Phil Woods, Jordan Termeer, Jessica Prince
Indigenous peoples are overrepresented in correctional systems internationally, reflecting a history of systemic racism and colonial oppression, and the practice of risk assessment with this population has been a focus of legal and sociopolitical controversy. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the risk assessment literature comparing Indigenous and non-Indigenous (White majority) groups. We retrieved 91 studies featuring 22 risk tools and 15 risk/need/cultural domains ( N = 59,693, Indigenous; N = 237,729, non-Indigenous/White) and four documents identifying culturally relevant factors...
February 15, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38330348/a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-relation-between-spatial-anxiety-and-spatial-skills
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elyssa A Geer, Connie Barroso, Rachel A Conlon, Jamie M Dasher, Colleen M Ganley
Spatial skills are key predictors of achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines, despite being acquired through everyday life and not formally taught in schools. Spatial skills include a diverse group of abilities broadly related to reasoning about properties of space such as distance and direction. Recently, more research has investigated the link between spatial skills and spatial anxiety, defined as a fear or apprehension felt when engaged in spatial thinking. There has yet to be a meta-analytic review summarizing these findings...
February 8, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38330347/the-stability-of-cognitive-abilities-a-meta-analytic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Moritz Breit, Vsevolod Scherrer, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, Franzis Preckel
Cognitive abilities, including general intelligence and domain-specific abilities such as fluid reasoning, comprehension knowledge, working memory capacity, and processing speed, are regarded as some of the most stable psychological traits, yet there exist no large-scale systematic efforts to document the specific patterns by which their rank-order stability changes over age and time interval, or how their stability differs across abilities, tests, and populations. Determining the conditions under which cognitive abilities exhibit high or low degrees of stability is critical not just to theory development but to applied contexts in which cognitive assessments guide decisions regarding treatment and intervention decisions with lasting consequences for individuals...
February 8, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38330346/the-immediate-effect-of-discrimination-on-mental-health-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-causal-evidence
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christine Emmer, Julia Dorn, Jutta Mata
This meta-analysis synthesizes experimental studies on the immediate effects of discrimination on mental health, exploring the effects of different paradigms and discrimination types on diverse facets of mental health. We analyzed data from a systematic literature search (73 studies; 12,097 participants; 245 effect sizes) for randomized controlled trials with manipulation of discrimination as a predictor and mental health as an outcome using a three-level random-effects model. Experimentally manipulated discrimination led to poorer mental health ( g = -0...
February 8, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38330345/a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-associations-of-personality-intelligence-and-physical-size-with-social-status
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael P Grosz, Robbie C M van Aert, Mitja D Back
Theories have proposed diverse reasons for why individual differences such as personality traits lead to social status attainment in face-to-face groups. We integrated these different theoretical standpoints into a model with four paths from individual differences to status: a dominance, a competence, a virtue, and a micropolitics path. To investigate these paths, we meta-analyzed over 100 years of research on bivariate associations of personality traits, cognitive abilities, and physical size with the attainment of status-related outcomes in face-to-face groups (1,064 effects from 276 samples including 56,153 participants)...
February 8, 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38436650/parental-self-regulation-and-engagement-in-emotion-socialization-a-systematic-review
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katherine Edler, Kristin Valentino
Parental emotion-related socialization behaviors (ERSBs)-including reactions to emotions, emotional expressiveness, and emotion-related discussion-can foster or hinder children and adolescents' self-regulation development. Toward a goal of identifying specific mechanisms by which children and adolescents develop skillful, adaptive self-regulation or, conversely, self-regulation difficulties and psychopathology, it is crucial to identify processes that shape and maintain parental engagement in ERSBs. This present study is a systematic review of the associations between parental self-regulation and three different ERSBs (reactions to emotions, emotional expressiveness, and emotion-related discussion), building upon research that posits parental top-down self-regulation (i...
February 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38436649/home-learning-environments-and-children-s-language-and-literacy-skills-a-meta-analytic-review-of-studies-conducted-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sonali Nag, Shaher Banu Vagh, Katrina May Dulay, Margaret Snowling, Enrica Donolato, Monica Melby-Lervåg
A robust finding from research in high-income countries is that children living in resource-poor homes are vulnerable to difficulties with language and literacy but less is known about this association in low- and middle-income (LMI) countries. We present a meta-analysis of 6,678 correlations from studies in 43 LMI countries. Overall, the results indicate a small but significant association ( r = .08) between home language and literacy environment and children's language and literacy skills. After examining a range of moderators, adult literacy practices and books-at-home had a significantly larger association with children's language and literacy skills than did home tutoring...
February 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38376911/the-multifaceted-role-of-emotion-regulation-in-suicidality-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analytic-evidence
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guyonne Rogier, Carlo Chiorri, Sara Beomonte Zobel, Stefania Muzi, Cecilia Serena Pace, Mike W-L Cheung, Patrizia Velotti
Despite the number of empirical contributions on the topic, scientists have offered contrasting perspectives on the role of adaptive versus maladaptive emotion regulation (ER) strategies in suicidality. Moreover, suicidal attempts and suicidal ideation are likely to be differentially related to single ER strategies. To provide more systematic knowledge that can be used to draw sound conclusions and formulate clinical indications, we carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis that we reported in compliance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) standards (Moher et al...
January 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38376910/empathy-sympathy-and-emotion-regulation-a-meta-analytic-review
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
H Melis Yavuz, Tyler Colasante, Emma Galarneau, Tina Malti
Empathy, sympathy, and emotion regulation are core components of social-emotional development. Regulating vicariously induced negative emotions is thought to support feeling empathy and sympathy for others in need, but empirical evidence for such effects is mixed. Moreover, despite the longstanding conceptual distinction between empathy and sympathy, most researchers refer to and measure these constructs interchangeably. This meta-analysis examined associations between emotion regulation and empathy and/or sympathy in childhood and adolescence, as well as potential methodological, study, and sample moderators...
January 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38376909/unpacking-the-effects-of-socialization-programs-on-newcomer-retention-a-meta-analytic-review-of-field-experiments
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Songqi Liu, Daniel Watts, Jie Feng, Ying Wu, Jingfeng Yin
Decades of research conducted using field experiments and quasi-experiments have enabled us to accumulate causal evidence on the effectiveness of onboarding and socialization programs (SPs) across various contexts including employment, higher education, and military services. However, the literature is devoid of an integrated conceptual framework and a quantitative review evaluating the effect of such SPs on reducing newcomer turnover and its boundary conditions. In this study, we draw from a configurational approach to categorize strategic components of SPs, propose bundles of these components based on extant theories in the socialization literature, and examine the moderating effects of these bundles on the retention benefits of SPs...
January 2024: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38127505/sleep-loss-and-emotion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-over-50-years-of-experimental-research
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cara A Palmer, Joanne L Bower, Kit W Cho, Michelle A Clementi, Simon Lau, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Candice A Alfano
In a largely sleep-deprived society, quantifying the effects of sleep loss on emotion is critical for promoting psychological health. This preregistered systematic review and meta-analysis quantified the effects of various forms of sleep loss on multiple aspects of emotional experiences. Eligible studies used experimental reductions of sleep via total sleep deprivation, partial sleep restriction, or sleep fragmentation in healthy populations to examine effects on positive affect, negative affect, general mood disturbances, emotional reactivity, anxiety symptoms, and/or depressive symptoms...
December 21, 2023: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38095933/suicidality-among-individuals-with-gambling-problems-a-meta-analytic-literature-review
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joakim Hellumbråten Kristensen, Ståle Pallesen, Jonas Bauer, Tony Leino, Mark D Griffiths, Eilin K Erevik
Gambling problems have consistently been linked to suicidality, including suicidal ideation, attempts, and suicide. However, the magnitude of the relationship has varied significantly across studies and the potential causal link between gambling problems and suicidality is currently unclear. A meta-analytic literature review was conducted to (a) synthesize pooled prevalence rates of suicidality among individuals with gambling problems; (b) determine if individuals with gambling problems had an increased likelihood of reporting suicidality compared to individuals without gambling problems; and (c) review evidence on causality and directionality...
December 14, 2023: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37971856/prenatal-stress-and-externalizing-behaviors-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Irene Tung, Alison E Hipwell, Philip Grosse, Lindsey Battaglia, Elena Cannova, Gabrielle English, Allysa D Quick, Bianca Llamas, Megan Taylor, Jill E Foust
Accumulating evidence suggests that psychological distress during pregnancy is linked to offspring risk for externalizing outcomes (e.g., reactive/aggressive behaviors, hyperactivity, and impulsivity). Effect sizes across studies have varied widely, however, due to differences in study design and methodology, including control for the confounding continuation of distress in the postnatal period. Clarifying these inconsistencies is necessary to guide the precision of prevention efforts and inform public health policies...
November 16, 2023: Psychological Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37971855/project-harmony-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-psychotherapy-and-pharmacologic-trials-for-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-disorders
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Denise A Hien, Santiago Papini, Lissette M Saavedra, Alexandria G Bauer, Lesia M Ruglass, Chantel T Ebrahimi, Skye Fitzpatrick, Teresa López-Castro, Sonya B Norman, Therese K Killeen, Sudie E Back, Antonio A Morgan-López
We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analyses (NMA) of psychotherapy and pharmacologic treatments for individuals with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol or other drug use disorder (AOD). A comprehensive search spanning 1995-2019 yielded a pool of 39 studies for systematic review, including 24 randomized controlled trials for the NMA. Study interventions were grouped by target of treatment (PTSD + AOD, PTSD-only, and AOD-only) and approach (psychotherapy or medication)...
November 16, 2023: Psychological Bulletin
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