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Psychological Bulletin

Laci Watkins, Katherine Ledbetter-Cho, Mark O'Reilly, Lucy Barnard-Brak, Pau Garcia-Grau
Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are increasingly educated alongside typically developing peers in regular education environments. These students have impairments that may hinder their success in inclusive school settings and require individualized supports to improve outcomes. The purpose of this meta-analysis and best-evidence synthesis is to examine the characteristics of interventions for students with ASD in inclusive settings, offer quantitative analysis of intervention effects, examine potential moderating variables that influence outcomes, analyze the social validity of these interventions, and provide recommendations for practice and future research...
March 14, 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Mark Assink, Claudia E van der Put, Mandy W C M Meeuwsen, Nynke M de Jong, Frans J Oort, Geert Jan J M Stams, Machteld Hoeve
Experiencing child sexual abuse (CSA) is a major public health problem with serious consequences for CSA victims. For effective assessment and (preventive) intervention, knowledge on risk factors and their effects is crucial. Here, the aim was to synthesize research on associations between (putative) risk factors and CSA victimization. In total, 765 (putative) risk factors were extracted from 72 studies, which were classified into 35 risk domains. A series of three-level meta-analyses produced a significant mean effect for 23 of the 35 risk domains ranging from r = ...
February 18, 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Elliot M Tucker-Drob, Andreas M Brandmaier, Ulman Lindenberger
With advancing age, healthy adults typically exhibit decreases in performance across many different cognitive abilities such as memory, processing speed, spatial ability, and abstract reasoning. However, there are marked individual differences in rates of cognitive decline, with some adults declining steeply and others maintaining high levels of functioning. To move toward a comprehensive understanding of cognitive aging, it is critical to know whether individual differences in longitudinal changes interrelate across different cognitive abilities...
January 24, 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Tyler B Mason, Kathryn E Smith, Allison Engwall, Alisson Lass, Michael Mead, Morgan Sorby, Kayla Bjorlie, Timothy J Strauman, Stephen Wonderlich
Self-discrepancy theory (SDT) is a model of the relations between the self and affect which has been applied to the study of different types of psychopathology including depression, anxiety, and eating disorders. Although the theory itself is compatible with a transdiagnostic perspective on psychopathology, to date no systematic review of the literature has examined that possibility. We conducted a meta-analysis that synthesized the literature on self-discrepancy and psychopathology across a heterogeneous range of 70 studies...
January 14, 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Scott H Fraundorf, Kathleen L Hourihan, Rachel A Peters, Aaron S Benjamin
Recognizing a stimulus as previously encountered is a crucial everyday life skill and a critical task motivating theoretical development in models of human memory. Although there are clear age-related memory deficits in tasks requiring recall or memory for context, the existence and nature of age differences in recognition memory remain unclear. The nature of any such deficits is critical to understanding the effects of age on memory because recognition tasks allow fewer strategic backdoors to supporting memory than do tasks of recall...
January 14, 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Cynthia M Hartung, Elizabeth K Lefler
Sex and gender differences in psychopathology have been understudied, yet identifying and understanding variability by sex and gender is important for the development of comprehensive etiological models as well as effective assessment and treatment of psychopathology in all persons. In the current article, we discuss the importance of sex and gender in psychopathology research, review terminology used when examining these constructs, and present multiple explanations for differential prevalence rates. Next, we review articles from psychopathology journals and conclude that researchers more often include both males and females than they did two decades ago, but still do not consistently analyze by sex or gender...
January 14, 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Russell T Warne, Cassidy Burningham
Spearman's g is the name for the shared variance across a set of intercorrelating cognitive tasks. For some-but not all-theorists, g is defined as general intelligence. While g is robustly observed in Western populations, it is questionable whether g is manifested in cognitive data from other cultural groups. To test whether g is a cross-cultural phenomenon, we searched for correlation matrices or data files containing cognitive variables collected from individuals in non-Western, nonindustrialized nations...
January 14, 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Judith Mangelsdorf, Michael Eid, Maike Luhmann
Previous literature on growth after major life events has primarily focused on negative experiences and operationalized growth with measures which rely on the post hoc self-perception of change. Because this method is prone to many biases, two questions have become increasingly controversial: Is there genuine growth after major life events and does growth require suffering? The present meta-analysis is the first synthesis of longitudinal research on the effects of life events on at least one subdomain of psychological well-being, posttraumatic, or postecstatic growth...
December 20, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Andrew P Hill, Thomas Curran
We respond to Soenens and Vansteenkiste's (2019) commentary on our meta-analysis (Curran & Hill, 2019) that evidenced increases in college students' perfectionism from 1989 to 2016. In speculating on possible reasons for the increase, we argued that increases in anxious and controlling parenting could partly account for this trend. Soenens and Vansteenkiste argue that in doing so we did not differentiate between parental control as structure and parental control as pressure, with only the latter being important for the development of perfectionism...
April 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Bart Soenens, Maarten Vansteenkiste
In a cross-temporal meta-analysis, Curran and Hill (2019) demonstrated significant increases in college students' perfectionism over the last 27 years. One possible explanation for this historical trend offered by the authors is that parents became increasingly controlling during the same period. We are critical about this explanation for 2 reasons. First, in the development of their explanation, Curran and Hill do not differentiate clearly between 2 meanings of the concept of parental control, that is, control as structure and control as pressure...
April 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Peng Peng, Tengfei Wang, CuiCui Wang, Xin Lin
This study aimed to determine the relations between fluid intelligence (Gf) and reading/mathematics and possible moderators. A meta-analysis of 680 studies involving 793 independent samples and more than 370,000 participants found that Gf was moderately related to reading, r = .38, 95% CI [.36, .39], and mathematics, r = .41, 95% CI [.39, 44]. Synthesis on the longitudinal correlations showed that Gf and reading/mathematics predicted each other in the development even after controlling for initial performance...
February 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Reka Kassai, Judit Futo, Zsolt Demetrovics, Zsofia K Takacs
In the present meta-analysis we examined the near- and far-transfer effects of training components of children's executive functions skills: working memory, inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility. We found a significant near-transfer effect (g+ = 0.44, k = 43, p < .001) showing that the interventions in the primary studies were successful in training the targeted components. However, we found no convincing evidence of far-transfer (g+ = 0.11, k = 17, p = .11). That is, training a component did not have a significant effect on the untrained components...
February 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Max M Owens, Sabrina K Syan, Michael Amlung, Steven R H Beach, Lawrence H Sweet, James MacKillop
Given the robust behavioral association between delayed reward discounting (DRD) and addictive behavior, there is an expanding literature investigating the neural correlates of this relationship. The objective of this systematic review was to characterize and critically appraise the existing literature examining the neural correlates of DRD in individuals exhibiting addictive behavior using functional and structural MRI (fMRI/MRI) and to do so through the lens of the neural networks implicated in addiction...
February 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Nash Unsworth
The literature on individual differences in long-term memory (LTM) is organized and reviewed. This includes an extensive review of the factor structure of LTM abilities as well as specific individual differences in criterial tasks such as free recall, paired associates recall, and recognition. It is demonstrated that individual differences in LTM abilities are represented by various lower order factors based on criterial tasks as well as by a more general higher-order LTM factor. These individual differences are linked with multiple different constructs including working memory, intelligence, and attention control...
January 2019: Psychological Bulletin
P Priscilla Lui, Lucia Quezada
Microaggression has been considered a form of stressor that negatively affects people with marginalized statuses. Research shows variability in how microaggression is measured, and the extent to which it is associated with adjustment outcomes. A new cube model was proposed to conceptualize microaggression across social groups, interpersonal and group-level interactions, and categories of incidents. Synthesizing findings from published and unpublished studies, this study was aimed to examine the relations between microaggression and adjustment outcomes...
January 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Philipp Gerlach, Kinneret Teodorescu, Ralph Hertwig
Over the past decade, a large and growing body of experimental research has analyzed dishonest behavior. Yet the findings as to when people engage in (dis)honest behavior are to some extent unclear and even contradictory. A systematic analysis of the factors associated with dishonest behavior thus seems desirable. This meta-analysis reviews four of the most widely used experimental paradigms: sender-receiver games, die-roll tasks, coin-flip tasks, and matrix tasks. We integrate data from 565 experiments (totaling N = 44,050 choices) to address many of the ongoing debates on who behaves dishonestly and under what circumstances...
January 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Jennifer J Harman, Edward Kruk, Denise A Hines
Despite affecting millions of families around the world, parental alienation has been largely unacknowledged or denied by legal and health professionals as a form of family violence. This complex form of aggression entails a parental figure engaging in the long-term use of a variety of aggressive behaviors to harm the relationship between their child and another parental figure, and/or to hurt the other parental figure directly because of their relationship with their child. Like other forms of family violence, parental alienation has serious and negative consequences for family members, yet victims are often blamed for their experience...
December 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Bryanna Fox, David P Farrington
In the 4 decades since offender profiling (OP) was established, hundreds of journal articles, books, book chapters, reports, and magazine articles have been published on the topic, and the technique has been used by countless law enforcement agencies around the globe. However, despite the popularity and extensive literature published on OP, very little is known about its evolution, current state, or findings of the field to date. Therefore, this study presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of 426 publications on OP from 1976 through 2016...
December 2018: Psychological Bulletin
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The case against specialized visual-spatial short-term memory" by Candice C. Morey ( Psychological Bulletin , 2018[Aug], Vol 144[8], 849-883). In the article, the text describing the case reports of patient E. L. D. (Hanley, Pearson, & Young, 1990, Hanley, Young, & Pearson, 1991) the text should read that E. L. D. had difficulties compared to a control sample choosing which of 20 faces (rather than 12 faces) she had recently seen. Later in the same section, the text should read "she had little difficulty recognizing which of two familiar faces she had encountered in a recent experimental session ...
December 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Tabea Schoeler, Lauren Duncan, Charlotte M Cecil, George B Ploubidis, Jean-Baptiste Pingault
Exposure to bullying victimization is associated with a wide-range of short and long-term adverse outcomes. However, the extent to which these associations reflect a causal influence of bullying victimization remains disputed. Here, we aimed to provide the most stringent evidence regarding the consequences of bullying victimization by meta-analyzing all relevant quasi-experimental (QE) studies. Multilevel random effects models and metaregression were employed to (a) estimate the pooled QE-adjusted effect size (Cohen d) for bullying victimization on outcomes and to (b) evaluate potential sources of heterogeneity...
December 2018: Psychological Bulletin
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