For-Wey Lung, Hsuan Lung, Po-Fei Chen, Bih-Ching Shu
PURPOSE: This study used data from a national birth cohort study to investigate the duration of internet use at the age of 12 years among children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disabilities (IDs) and learning disabilities (LDs) at the age of five and a half years (66 months) to understand whether an ADHD, ASD, ID and LD diagnosis in childhood increases the risk of problematic internet use (PIU) in adolescence...
June 16, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Yajiong Xue, Sy A Saeed, Kalyan S Muppavarapu, Kathrine Jones, Linda L Xue
While COVID-19 has caused significant mental health consequences, telemental health services have the potential to mitigate this problem. But due to the sensitive nature of mental health issues, such services are seriously underutilized. Based on an integrated variance-process theoretical framework, this study examines the impact of applying different education strategies on individuals' attitude toward telemental health and subsequently their intention to adopt telemental health. Two different education videos on telemental health (peer- or professional-narrated) were developed based on social identity theory...
June 12, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Noa Vardi, Teddy Lazebnik
Much has been written about the COVID-19 pandemic's epidemiological, psychological, and sociological consequences. Yet, the question about the role of the lockdown policy from psychological and sociological points of view has not been sufficiently addressed. Using epidemiological, psychological, and sociological daily data, we examined the causal role of lockdown and variation in morbidity referring to emotional and behavioral aspects. Dynamics of support requests to the Sahar organization concerning loneliness, depression, anxiety, family difficulties, and sexual trauma were investigated alongside processes of emergency and domestic violence reports to the Ministry of Welfare and Social Affairs...
June 10, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Timothy Schmutte, Lauren S Krishnamurti, Larry Davidson, Anne Klee, Joshua Bullock, Raymond M Panas, Paul N Pfeiffer, Matthew Chinman
OBJECTIVE: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) recognizes peer support as an underused intervention in suicide prevention. PREVAIL is a peer-based suicide prevention intervention that was designed and piloted with non-veteran patients recently hospitalized for suicidal thoughts or behaviors. The purpose of this study was to elicit veteran and stakeholder feedback to inform the adaptation of PREVAIL for piloting with veterans flagged for high suicide risk. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with multiple stakeholders from a VHA medical center in the northeast...
June 6, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Melania Boni, Antonella Ciaramella
Although previous studies have shown that psychiatric and personality disorders are more prevalent in chronic pain than in pain-free groups, few studies have investigated the prevalence of personality disorders (PerDs) in patients with chronic pain with and without a psychiatric comorbidity. The aim of the present study was therefore designed to investigate the burden of PerDs on the prevalence and perception of chronic pain in patients with and without psychiatric comorbidity. 232 patients from the Gift Institute for Integrative Medicine in Pisa, Italy, of which n = 161 (69...
June 2, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Daiva Grazulyte, Monika Kvedaraite, Ieva Jovaisiene, Paulina Zelviene, Jurate Sipylaite
Cardiac surgery may lead to various neuropsychiatric conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) included a new complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) disorder in addition to PTSD. This study aimed to explore whether cardiac surgery could be associated with PTSD and CPTSD at a five-year follow-up after cardiac surgery. The study sample comprised 210 patients (mean age 67, 69.5% male) who had undergone cardiac surgery...
June 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Nathaniel A Dell, Michael G Vaughn, Jin Huang, Michael Mancini, Brandy R Maynard
Although personality disorders (PDs) are more common among persons experiencing homelessness than the general population, few studies have investigated the risk of experiencing homelessness among persons with PDs. This study seeks to identify the demographic, socioeconomic, and behavioral health correlates of past-year homelessness among persons with antisocial, borderline, and schizotypal PDs. Nationally representative data of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States was used to identify correlates of homelessness...
May 25, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Tomoyuki Okazaki, Keigo Nakatsu, Satoshi Asaoka, Hitoshi Okamura
Improving adherence to medication and quality of life is a challenge in treating bipolar disorder. Therefore, psychoeducation plays an important role. This study examined factors associated with long-term medication adherence in patients with bipolar disorder who participated in a short-term psychoeducation program. Additionally, the relationships between medication adherence and medication attitudes and quality of life (QOL) were assessed. Multiple regression analysis was conducted on 67 inpatients and outpatients using medication adherence (Brief Evaluation for Medication Influences and Beliefs [BEMIB] score) as the dependent variable and clinical and demographic variables before and after the program as explanatory variables, one year after completion of the program...
May 24, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Nathaniel A Sowa, Xiaoming Zeng
Studies of the effects of COVID-19 on youth suggest a worsening in mental health globally. We performed a retrospective analysis of data from January 2019-November 2021 for all outpatient referrals, as well as outpatient, inpatient, and emergency department (ED) encounters for behavioral health (BH) reasons in children aged < 18 in a large academic health system in the United States. Mean weekly rates of outpatient psychiatry referrals, outpatient psychiatry visits, ED visits, and inpatient admissions for BH reasons were compared between pre-pandemic and pandemic periods...
May 23, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Lívia Sicaroni Rufato, Clarissa Mendonça Corradi-Webster, Graziela Reis, Claire Bien, Larry Davidson, Chyrell Bellamy, Mark Costa
Hearing Voices peer support groups allow people to construct understandings of their voices. The groups focus on supporting voice hearers in reducing distress associated with voices through an array of strategies. This study sought to describe the voice management strategies shared in a hearing voices peer support group within a Brazilian public mental health service. In this qualitative study we recorded 10 group meetings. Transcripts were coded and analyzed using thematic analysis. The findings indicated five themes, described as: (1) strategies used to avoid distressing experiences; (2) strategies for managing the voices; (3) strategies for seeking social support; (4) strategies for creating a sense of belonging in the community; and (5) strategies related to spirituality and religiosity...
May 19, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Samir M Kamat, William Gansa, Tyler D'Ovidio, Saahil Patel, Halbert Bai, Matthew J Akiyama, Jacob M Appel
We aimed to understand clinician perspectives on mental healthcare delivery during COVID-19 and the utility of tele-mental health services in carceral settings. A survey was administered in November 2022 through the American College of Correctional Physicians listserv. A nationwide sample of 55 respondents included 78.2% male (n = 43) and 21.8% female (n = 12), 49.1% active clinicians (n = 27) and 50.9% medical directors (n = 28), with a median of 12 and mean of 14...
May 11, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Kaitlyn Arrow, Philip Resnik, Hanna Michel, Christopher Kitchen, Chen Mo, Shuo Chen, Carol Espy-Wilson, Glen Coppersmith, Colin Frazier, Deanna L Kelly
Although digital health solutions are increasingly popular in clinical psychiatry, one application that has not been fully explored is the utilization of survey technology to monitor patients outside of the clinic. Supplementing routine care with digital information collected in the "clinical whitespace" between visits could improve care for patients with severe mental illness. This study evaluated the feasibility and validity of using online self-report questionnaires to supplement in-person clinical evaluations in persons with and without psychiatric diagnoses...
May 5, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Sandra Anna Just, Magdalena Seethaler, Rosana Sarpeah, Nathalie Waßmuth, Felix Bermpohl, Eva Janina Brandl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Hongli Zhang, Jin Peng, Yilin Wang
This study was to investigate the association between sex hormone levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk in female schizophrenia inpatients. In total, 93 female schizophrenia patients were enrolled based on their electronic medical records of hospitalization at the Zigong Psychiatric Research Center, China, between August 2022 to September 2022. Baseline information was collected retrospectively from medical records 6 months before. Logistic regression analysis was applied to assess the potential relationship between sex hormone levels and the risk of developing MetS...
May 1, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Imelu G Mordeno, I Marie Joy S Gallemit, Dame Lent L Dinding
The literature on separation anxiety disorder (SAD) presented two contentious issues relating to its assessment. First, studies are scarce in assessing the symptom structure of DSM-5 SAD among the adult population. Second, the accuracy in assessing the severity of SAD through measuring the intensity of disturbance and the frequency of occurrence of symptoms is yet to be studied. To address these limitations, the present study aimed to: (1) examine the latent factor structure of the newly developed separation anxiety disorder symptom severity inventory (SADSSI); (2) evaluate the necessity of using frequency or intensity formats through comparison of differences in the latent level; and (3) investigate SAD latent class analysis...
April 14, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Chin-Mao Chen, Jiun-Yi Wang, Ya-Chin Yeh, Shang-Yu Yang
While vocational training may offer financial and health benefits for patients with schizophrenia (PwS), further empirical research is required to investigate the effectiveness of this intervention for PwS, as well as the factors influencing their employability. This study aimed to (i) identify the factors affecting the employability of PwS who had participated in vocational training and (ii) examine the effectiveness of vocational training. This prospective cohort study was conducted in a community rehabilitation center attached to a psychiatric hospital in southern Taiwan that provides vocational training...
March 30, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Vidhi Tyagi, Azaz Khan, Saher Siddiqui, Minal Kakra Abhilashi, Pooja Dhurve, Deepak Tugnawat, Anant Bhan, John A Naslund
This study aimed to develop and assess the acceptability of a digital program for training community health workers (CHWs) in the detection and referral of patients with schizophrenia in community settings in rural India. An iterative design process was employed. First, evidence-based content from existing community programs for schizophrenia care was incorporated into the curriculum, and reviewed by experts to ensure clinical utility and fidelity of the adapted content. Second, CHWs provided feedback on the appropriateness of language, content, and an initial prototype of the digital training program to ensure relevance for the local context...
March 29, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Griffin Hughes, Bethany Sutterfield, Reece Anderson, Sam Streck, Cody Hillman, Samuel Shepard, Audrey Wise, Ryan Ottwell, Micah Hartwell, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has debilitating effects on quality of life. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) assess changes in quality of life and serve as subjective measurements of patient experience. The aim of this study is to assess the completeness of PRO reporting within randomized controlled trials with interventions pertaining to PTSD. METHODS: This cross-sectional, meta-epidemiological study assessed the completeness of PRO reporting in RCTs investigating PTSD interventions...
March 28, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Zinan Zhao, Fei Zhao, Pengfei Jin, Xin Hu, Chao Tian, Deping Liu, Yatong Zhang
Antidepressant medications are widely used by patients with depression or a depressive disorder. In spite of a generally favorable safety profile of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin - norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SSRI/SNRI), several cases of a possible connection between SSRI/SNRI and hyponatremia have been reported. To describe the clinical characteristics of patients with hyponatremia after SSRI/SNRI exposure, and to examine the association between SSRI/SNRI exposure and the presence of hyponatremia in a Chinese population...
March 13, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Hua Li
As a crucial component of child development, maternal-infant attachment influences a child's cognitive, psychological, and social development. Maternal depression, anxiety, stress, and social support have been identified as risk factors for poor maternal-infant attachment in some studies, while others did not find such relationships. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of maternal-infant attachment with depression, anxiety, affective instability, stress, social support, and other variables in a community sample of Canadian postpartum women...
March 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
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