Ken Fowler
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) may involve persistent and unwarranted anxiety, fear, and rumination, combined with various somatic symptoms (e.g., fatigue, dizziness, muscle tension, and nausea) which may compel many to withdraw socially. While studies report an inverse relationship between social support and psychological distress among adults with GAD, those that assess the distinct influence of negative social relations, particularly by sex are limited. The primary aims of this study were to (a) assess and compare respondents with a lifetime of GAD in terms of levels of perceived social support (using the Social Provisions Scale - 10 Items (SPS-10) Scale), negative social interactions (using the Negative Social Interaction (NSI) Scale) and psychological distress (using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10)), and (b) determine whether SPS-10 subdomains and NSIs predict psychological distress...
September 28, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Pallavi Nishith, Jin Huang, Jack Tsai, Gary A Morse, Nathaniel A Dell, Allison Murphy, Kim T Mueser
Individuals who live with mental illness are encumbered by related risk factors that increase the probability of legal involvement. The goal was to determine how homelessness and substance use disorder are intervening factors in the relationship between symptoms of serious mental illness (SMI) and criminal offending. A sample of 210 chronically homeless adults receiving SAMHSA-funded outreach and psychiatric rehabilitation services between 2014 and 2016 was recruited in a study of interventions to address housing in homeless persons with a SMI...
September 26, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Noa Vardi, Teddy Lazebnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Kristen M Abraham, Stephanie L Merrill, Scott M Patterson, Shanyn L Aysta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate care retention among Veterans with serious mental illness (SMI) who were lost to Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care for at least one year and subsequently returned to VHA care via the SMI Re-Engagement program, an outreach program for Veterans with SMI who are lost-to-care. METHODS: For the 410 Veterans with SMI who returned to care via SMI Re-Engagement between April 4th, 2016 and January 31, 2018, we assessed VHA in-person and telehealth utilization (overall, primary care, mental health care) for two years following the date of return to care...
September 7, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Raymond B Flannery, Georgina J Flannery
Since the 1960s, empirical research has focused on a better understanding of the characteristics of assaultive psychiatric patients. International research from 1960 to 2017 indicated that male and female patients with schizophrenia and substance use disorder presented the greatest risk for assault with nursing personnel being at higher risk. This present review of studies sought to assess the latest research findings on assaultive patients for the most recent five-year period, 2017-2022. It was hypothesized that patients with schizophrenia and substance use disorders would present the greatest assault risk for nursing personnel...
September 5, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Reshma Ramaraj, Zeina N Al-Mahayri, Reema Saleous, Karim Abdel Aziz, Fadwa Al-Mugaddam, Mouza Al-Sabousi, Aysha Alhassani, Noura Ali Al Ahbabi, Emmanuel Stip, George P Patrinos, Bassam R Ali, Danilo Arnone
Major depression is a frequent condition which variably responds to treatment. In view of its high prevalence, the presence of treatment resistance in major depression significantly impacts on quality of life. Tailoring pharmacological treatment based on genetic polymorphisms is a current trend to personalizing pharmacological treatment in patients with major depressive disorders. Current guidelines for the use of genetic tests in major depression issued by the Clinical Pharmacogenomics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) are based on CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 polymorphisms which constitute the strongest evidence for pharmacogenomic guided treatment...
September 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Xin Ye, Fangyi Zeng, Yanshang Wang, Ruoxi Ding, Miaomiao Zhao, Dawei Zhu, Ping He
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that imposes huge burden of illness on the society. We aimed to conduct a meta-analytic and systematic review of literature on the effectiveness of community-based rehabilitation interventions on symptoms and functioning for people with schizophrenia. The PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases were searched through April 16 and 17, 2021, including clinical trial registries and previous Cochrane reviews. We included 24 randomized controlled trials in this review...
September 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Maria Chiara Fastame, Benedetta Brandas, Massimiliano Pau
The main purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of cognitive reserve in the relationship between functional health (expressed through the amount and intensity of performed physical activity objectively assessed using wearable accelerometers) and psychological well-being (i.e., assessed in terms of self-reported depressive signs) of older people living in an area of exceptional longevity, the so-called Sardinian Blue Zone. A further goal was to investigate the impact of gender on the cognitive reserve and physical health of our participants, using global cognitive functioning as a covariate...
August 29, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Esra Demirci, Neslihan Tastepe, Sevgi Ozmen, Eser Kilic
Internet addiction (IA), one of the behavioral addictions, is also related to impulsivity. Although studies on its etiology and risks continue, the number of studies is limited. In this study, we aimed to assess the roles of behavioral systems, emotional regulation (ER), and impulsivity in the development of IA in adolescents and also to assess the relationship between all these clinical parameters and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neuropeptide Y (NPY). Forty-two adolescents with IA and 30 healthy controls (ages 12 -17) were included in the study...
August 23, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Glauco Valdivieso-Jiménez, Dennis Anthony Pino-Zavaleta, Susan K Campos-Rodriguez, Brando Ortiz-Saavedra, María F Fernández, Vicente Aleixandre Benites-Zapata
Aripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic medication, and its use in treating borderline personality disorder (BPD) is debatable because it is not FDA-approved for treating BPD. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole in patients with BPD. On July 2, 2021, the protocol (CRD42021256647) was registered in PROSPERO. PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Ovid-Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane (CENTRAL) were searched without regard for language or publication date. We also searched trial registries on ClinicalTrials...
August 11, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Jitender Jakhar, Mahima Kapoor, Tripti Aneja, Poonam Kashyap, Amandeep Panghal, Harsha Fani, Satish Suhas, Pradip Kharya, Partha Sarathi Biswas
The study was designed to examine the mental health impact of COVID-19 infection in postpartum women and its effects on mother-infant bonding during the first eight weeks postpartum. Fifty-seven consenting eligible postpartum women were recruited for the study. They were assessed at two time points using standardized rating scales to measure distress and uniquely designed scales assessing COVID-19-specific outcome fears and bonding. Almost half [42%] of postpartum women with COVID-19 suffered from a probable anxiety disorder, and one-third [33...
July 21, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Benedetta Silva, Mizué Bachelard, Charles Bonsack, Philippe Golay, Stéphane Morandi
Various coercive measures can be used to legally compel a person suffering from psychiatric disorder to undergo treatment. However, evidence suggests that patients' feeling of being coerced is not determined solely by their being submitted to formal coercion. This study aimed to explore voluntary and involuntary patients' experience of coercion during psychiatric hospitalisation and to identify which factors, from their perspective, most affected it. We chose a qualitative design inspired by a hermeneutic-phenomenological approach...
July 15, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Michael F Georgescu, Ian C Fischer, Sarah Lowe, Robert H Pietrzak
Following exposure to traumatic life events, most individuals are psychologically resilient, and experience minimal-to-no symptoms of posttraumatic stress, major depressive, or generalized anxiety disorders. To date, however, most research has focused on factors associated with adverse post-trauma mental health outcomes rather than understanding those associated with psychological resilience. In particular, little is known about factors associated with psychological resilience in veterans, despite their high rates of trauma exposure, such as combat and military sexual trauma...
July 13, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Jon E Grant, Madison Collins, Eve Chesivoir, Samuel R Chamberlain
Trichotillomania is a prevalent mental health condition characterized by repetitive hair-pulling. Its relationship to alcohol use problems has received virtually no research scrutiny. Adults with trichotillomania (n = 121) were recruited from the general community, along with 66 healthy controls for reference purposes (in terms of overall levels of hazardous drinking). Participants undertook structured clinical interview and completion of self-report instruments to characterize clinical profiles and associated characteristics...
July 12, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Lisa J Cohen, Michelle Hernandez, Radwa Mokhtar, Jenelle Richards, Sarah Bloch-Elkouby, Megan L Rogers, Igor Galynker
The present study examined 22 specific stressful life events (SLEs) in relation to recent and prospective suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs). The effect of assessment method (self-report vs. chart-based ratings) and inpatient/outpatient status was also investigated. Past 3-month STBs and SLEs were assessed for 1,058 psychiatric patients; 696 completed one-month follow-up assessments. SLEs were common, with 684 participants (64.7%) reporting at least one. Total number of SLEs correlated with recent and prospective STB...
July 11, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Franziska Miegel, Anne Daubmann, Steffen Moritz, Alicia Balzar, Amir-Hosseyn Yassari, Lena Jelinek
Dysfunctional beliefs are central in the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) as well as its treatment. Yet, research suggests that not all dysfunctional beliefs are equally important for each of the symptom dimensions of OCD. However, results are inconsistent in that studies contradict each other regarding the associations between specific symptom dimensions and belief domains. The aim of the present study was to clarify which belief domain is specifically associated with which OCD symptom dimension...
July 6, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Rehanguli Maimaitituerxun, Wenhang Chen, Jingsha Xiang, Yu Xie, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Xin Yin Wu, Letao Chen, Jianzhou Yang, Aizhong Liu, Wenjie Dai
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and its associated factors among inpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in China. This study was a cross-sectional study. Inpatients with T2DM admitted to the Endocrinology Department of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University in Hunan Province of China from March 2021 to December 2021 were consecutively included in this study. Participants were interviewed to obtain the data on socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle characteristics, T2DM-related information, and social support...
June 30, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
For-Wey Lung, Hsuan Lung, Po-Fei Chen, Bih-Ching Shu
PURPOSE: This study used data from a national birth cohort study to investigate the duration of internet use at the age of 12 years among children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disabilities (IDs) and learning disabilities (LDs) at the age of five and a half years (66 months) to understand whether an ADHD, ASD, ID and LD diagnosis in childhood increases the risk of problematic internet use (PIU) in adolescence...
June 16, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Yajiong Xue, Sy A Saeed, Kalyan S Muppavarapu, Kathrine Jones, Linda L Xue
While COVID-19 has caused significant mental health consequences, telemental health services have the potential to mitigate this problem. But due to the sensitive nature of mental health issues, such services are seriously underutilized. Based on an integrated variance-process theoretical framework, this study examines the impact of applying different education strategies on individuals' attitude toward telemental health and subsequently their intention to adopt telemental health. Two different education videos on telemental health (peer- or professional-narrated) were developed based on social identity theory...
June 12, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Noa Vardi, Teddy Lazebnik
Much has been written about the COVID-19 pandemic's epidemiological, psychological, and sociological consequences. Yet, the question about the role of the lockdown policy from psychological and sociological points of view has not been sufficiently addressed. Using epidemiological, psychological, and sociological daily data, we examined the causal role of lockdown and variation in morbidity referring to emotional and behavioral aspects. Dynamics of support requests to the Sahar organization concerning loneliness, depression, anxiety, family difficulties, and sexual trauma were investigated alongside processes of emergency and domestic violence reports to the Ministry of Welfare and Social Affairs...
June 10, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
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