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Psychiatric Quarterly

Claudia Marino, Gabriele Caselli, Michela Lenzi, Maria Grazia Monaci, Alessio Vieno, Ana V Nikčević, Marcantonio M Spada
Research evidence suggests that problematic Facebook use (PFU) affects large numbers of people worldwide. A variety of studies have investigated the relationship between PFU and psychological dysfunction, revealing that negative mood and cognitive self-regulation are common among problematic Facebook users. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of craving, emotion regulation and desire thinking in predicting PFU. An online survey was administered to 750 participants (Mage  = 23.38 years; SDage  = 5...
February 1, 2019: Psychiatric Quarterly
Jon E Grant, Helen A Paglia, Samuel R Chamberlain
Despite research suggesting that lying may be a normal aspect of development and a fairly frequent occurrence in many adults, surprisingly little is known about its phenomenology and possible associations with relevant personality traits and cognitive functions. University students were invited to participate in an online study, which included a 91-item questionnaire and four neurocognitive tasks (selected to focus on frontal lobe function). The survey included questions about frequency of lying and reasons for doing so, mental health history, personality traits, religiosity, and insight into lying...
January 29, 2019: Psychiatric Quarterly
Qainat N Shah, Pooja A Dave, Daniella A Loh, Raghu K Appasani, Craig L Katz
Unmet needs in mental health care are high in low and middle-income countries like India. We propose recruiting community health workers (CHWs) to provide mental health services and address the treatment gap, but there is limited data available on the training needs for this potential role. The aim of this study is to help determine what type of formal mental health training and programming could most benefit CHWs in India. This was a cross sectional study design. Self-administered surveys were conducted amongst CHWs in the villages of Vadodara District, Gujarat, India...
January 28, 2019: Psychiatric Quarterly
Anthony J Pavlo, Maria O'Connell, Steve Olsen, Mary K Snyder, Larry Davidson
Shared decision-making (SDM) is a collaborative approach to making decisions in health care, and is a cornerstone of person-centered care. While providers are increasingly expected to utilize SDM in routine practice, widespread and sustainable implementation has proven difficult, especially in the care of individuals diagnosed with serious mental illnesses, and physicians and patients continue to identify barriers to effective collaboration. To date, SDM research has largely focused on the provision of high-quality clinical information from doctors to patients to the neglect of what may be the most important, and transformative, aspect of SDM-the relationship itself...
January 25, 2019: Psychiatric Quarterly
Alan Shafer
Four related hospital utilization questions (optimal follow-up period, predictors of readmission, definition of individuals with statistically significant high healthcare utilization, and patterns of readmissions) were examined using data for 491,094 hospital discharges for 250,091 patients across a statewide public mental health hospital system for 30 years (1987 to 2016). Using survival analysis, the first quartile of the survival time, the time when 25% of the entire population of discharges had a readmission was 229 days...
January 21, 2019: Psychiatric Quarterly
Christopher J Ferguson, Patrick Markey
Recent scholarship has suggested that the frequency of violence in PG-13 rated movies has increased in recent years. Although some scholars have expressed concern that such an increase may have public health implications, this has remained untested. In the current article, trends in PG-13 movie violence are tested against trends in violence in society, including both homicides and youth violence. Raw correlations suggest that PG-13 rated movie violence is inversely related to actual violence in society. However, controlling for autocorrelations suggests that the best interpretation is that PG-13 rated movie violence is unrelated to violence in society...
January 18, 2019: Psychiatric Quarterly
Lenora F DeBord, Mary Laurie Branstetter, Lynette S Smith
Work-related psychological stress may result in reduced coping abilities. Working nursing students can develop work-related psychological stress. This study's purpose was to describe first-year working rural nursing students with work-related psychological stress and their perception of stigma to psychological services and perceived willingness and openness to seek such services. Results showed over 55% of students reported work-related stress and a willingness to seek psychological services. Students in a licensed practical nursing program showed less stigma to seeking psychological services (F (2, 23) = 10...
January 11, 2019: Psychiatric Quarterly
Patrick A Stolz, Heidi J Wehring, Fang Liu, Raymond C Love, Marcus Ellis, Bethany A DiPaula, Deanna L Kelly
To estimate 20-year mortality risk in people with schizophrenia treated with second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) and examine the effects of cigarette smoking on mortality. Of the 1199 individuals with schizophrenia in the study, estimated 20-year all-cause mortality risk by Kaplan Meier Curve was 30% and leading causes of death included 27% cardiovascular disease, 13% cancer, 12% non-HIV infection, 5% respiratory causes, 20% other causes and 18% had unknown cause of death. For all-cause mortality, we found that white race and male sex were significant risk factors (HR = 1...
January 10, 2019: Psychiatric Quarterly
Gulnara Kobylanovna Slanbekova, Man Cheung Chung, Baizhol Iskakovich Karipbaev, Raikhan Shaikhishevna Sabirova, Roza Togayevna Alimbayeva
This study examined 1) the link between PTSD from past trauma, interpersonal sensitivity and psychiatric co-morbidity, 2) mediational effects of alexithymia on 1), and 3) moderated mediational effects with emotional expressivity as the moderator. Five hundred and fifteen Kazakh students completed the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, General Health Questionnaire-28, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20, Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire and Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure. The results showed that 28% met the criteria for full-PTSD...
December 5, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Mehmet Eskin, Fadia AlBuhairan, Mohsen Rezaeian, Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek, Hacer Harlak, Mayssah El-Nayal, Nargis Asad, Aqeel Khan, Anwar Mechri, Isa Multazam Noor, Motasem Hamdan, Ulker Isayeva, Yousef Khader, Alaa Al Sayyari, Albaraa Khader, Bahareh Behzadi, Cennet Şafak Öztürk, Laifa Annisa Hendarmin, Murad Moosa Khan, Salam Khatib
There is a scarcity of research on suicidal phenomena in the Muslim world. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the self-reported prevalence of suicidal thoughts, attempts and motives in 12 Muslim countries. A total of 8417 (54.4% women) university students were surveyed by means of a self-report questionnaire. Overall, 22% of the participants reported suicidal ideation and 8.6% reported attempting suicide. The odds of suicidal thoughts were elevated in Azerbaijan, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia, while reduced ORs were recorded in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Malaysia...
November 29, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Ofir Turel, Daniel R Cavagnaro
Time distortion is a hallmark feature of addictive behaviors including excessive technology use. It has clinically significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Additional information on such distortions after prolonged abstinence from technology use is needed. We seek to examine differences in the effects of several days of abstinence on time-distortion in two groups: social media users who are at-risk and those who are at low risk for social media "addiction." To examine this, we employed a randomized, two group, pre (t1) - post (t2) design...
November 28, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Evgenia Stefanopoulou, David Lewis, Matthew Taylor, James Broscombe, Jan Larkin
Digital interventions for anxiety disorders have been well-researched over the past two decades. However, reviews to date have focused on internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT), whereas other psychological interventions have received less attention. The aim of this review was therefore to evaluate the effectiveness of digitally delivered psychological therapies (CBT, Attention Bias Modification, Exposure Therapy, Applied Relaxation, Bibliotherapy, Psychodynamic Therapy, Mindfulness, Behavioural Stress Management, Counselling) compared with control conditions and/or other psychological interventions for anxiety disorders (Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), Health Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Specific Phobias, Panic Disorder (PD), Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)]...
November 28, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Teresa Olmi, Giulia Rioli, Gian Maria Galeazzi, Paola Ferri
Psychiatric Intensive Treatment Facilities (PITF) are health inpatient settings for patients affected by sub-acute psychiatric disorders with impaired personal and social functioning. The aim of this study is to analyse the demographic and clinical variables related to long-stays in an Italian PITF in order to highlight the risk factors for stay lengthening. We retrospectively collected the selected variables from all patients and their stays in a PITF from 1 to 11-2016 to 31-10-2017. We divided the stays according to the median of duration, ≤29 and > 29 days, to compare selected variables in the two groups of stay length...
November 28, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Mary V Seeman
Good outcome of schizophrenia has several meanings and most of these meanings carry both positive and negative undertones depending on perspective. Currently, a person's subjective sense that illness has been partly overcome and that life is meaningful has come to be viewed as the most valid signpost of a good outcome. A review of the literature shows that women have certain advantages over men in that their illness starts at a later age and that their symptoms respond more quickly and more completely to available treatments...
November 27, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Aline Drapeau, Marie Josée Fleury, Lia Gentil
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake.
November 27, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Lucie Kondrátová, Daniel König, Karolína Mladá, Petr Winkler
Attitudes towards psychiatric medication are an important factor influencing the success of treatment. Mental health care in the region of Central and Eastern Europe remains biologically oriented, yet the attitudes of people with severe mental illnesses are largely unknown. In the present study, we aimed to analyze factors of attitudes toward psychopharmacological drugs among people with schizophrenia spectrum disorder who use community social services in the Czech Republic. Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI) was used as a primary research instrument and data were analyzed using a multivariable linear regression...
November 26, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Michael G Vaughn, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Rachel John, Katherine J Holzer, Zhengmin Qian, Christopher Veeh
The objective of the present study was to provide a nationally representative psychiatric epidemiologic investigation of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its co-morbid conditions. Data from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III) collected between 2012 and 2013 was used. Results indicated that TBI was significantly associated with any lifetime mental health (AOR = 2.32, 95% CI = 1.65-3.70), substance use disorder (AOR = 1.57-1.01-2.42), and violent (AOR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1...
November 21, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Kanako Taku, Phoebe G Prioleau, David S Anderson, Yuzo Takeguchi, Hideharu Sekine, Masaharu Maeda, Hirooki Yabe, Robert T Yanagisawa, Craig L Katz
Medical students often become involved as post-disaster emergency responders despite incomplete training, and in doing so may suppress their immediate experiences as victims and survivors. This experience, however, may lead them to increase their motivation to help others. We examined how cognitive and emotional reactions to disaster correlated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) in medical students in Fukushima, Japan after the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011. To date, Fukushima continues to suffer from radiation concerns following the nuclear power plant meltdown...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Antonella Ciaramella
Recalling an event impairs an individual's later ability to recall related knowledge. Impairment in this retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) produces a dysfunction in autobiographical memory. This, like somatic symptoms, has been documented in trauma and sexual abuse survivors. To investigate the relationship between past trauma and somatoform disorders, and the role of memory recall dysfunction in this relationship, three sex-matched groups were constituted using DSM IV criteria: Somatoform (SD) (n. 22) other Psychiatric Disorders (PD) (n...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Menglong Li
To explore the influence of exercise motivation and basic psychological needs on exercise dependence among Chinese college students. 1689 college students engaged in long-term exercise were selected from three universities in Hunan province in China as the objects of the survey. 1601 valid copies of the questionnaire were collected. Exercise Addiction Inventory, Motivation for Physical Activity Measure-Revised, Psychological Need Satisfaction in Exercise Scale and other questionnaires were used in the correlation analysis and structural equation model to investigate the influence of psychological needs and exercise motivation on exercise dependence among Chinese college students...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
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