Marie-Josée Fleury, Bahram Armoon
As permanent supportive housing (PSH) is the main strategy promoted to reduce homelessness, understanding how PSH resident profiles may be differentiated is crucial to the optimization of PSH implementation - and a subject that hasn't been studied yet. This study identified PSH resident profiles based on their housing conditions and service use, associated with their sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. In 2020-2021, 308 PSH residents from Quebec (Canada) were interviewed, with K-means cluster analysis produced to identify profiles and subsequent analyses to compare profiles and PSH resident characteristics...
April 8, 2024: Psychiatric Quarterly
Arya Krishnan, Peter K H Chew
Poor sleep quality is a concerning and prevalent consequence of social media addiction (SMA) and internet gaming disorder (IGD). Due to the lack of research examining how SMA and IGD lead to poor sleep quality, the current study aimed to understand the relationship between SMA and sleep quality, as well as that between IGD and sleep quality, through impulse control and bedtime procrastination. The study tested the hypotheses that higher levels of SMA and IGD would predict lower levels of impulse control, which would then predict higher levels of bedtime procrastination, leading to poorer sleep quality...
March 21, 2024: Psychiatric Quarterly
Peter J Na, Ian C Fischer, Ismene L Petrakis, Robert H Pietrzak
A growing number of studies have examined alcohol use during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, few longitudinal studies evaluated the prevalence and correlates of different trajectories of problematic alcohol use in vulnerable segments of the population, such as US veterans, over the 3-year course of the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study, a nationally representative, longitudinal study of 2,441 US veterans. Latent growth mixture modeling was used to identify the trajectories and correlates of problematic alcohol use...
February 6, 2024: Psychiatric Quarterly
Iulia Maria Coșa, Anca Dobrean, Robert Balazsi
Although Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has gained increased attention in scientific, clinical, and community contexts, there is still a lack of consensus regarding the best assessment tools (i.e., self-report or other reports) for assessing its symptoms. The present study aimed to investigate the reliability, validity, and measurement invariance of both versions (youth and parent) of The Lemmens Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-9. To achieve this goal, we recruited between June and October 2019 from five Romanian highschools a total of 697 adolescents (11-19 years old) and one of their parents (N = 391)...
January 31, 2024: Psychiatric Quarterly
Rebecca M Allen, James M Scanlan, Larissa Gama-Chonlon
The objective was to determine if adding low-frequency right-sided rTMS treatment to the standard high-frequency left-sided treatment (LUL), referred to as sequential bilateral treatment (SBT), confers additional benefit for depression or anxiety outcomes. A retrospective chart review from January 2015 through December 2018 yielded 275 patients, all of whom were treated with a figure-8 coil for a major depressive episode. Their protocol was either LUL or SBL. Outcome measures were the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
March 2024: Psychiatric Quarterly
Getinet Ayano, Mebratu Abraha, Light Tsegay, Yitbarek Gizachew
With the ever-increasing prevalence of mental health issues worldwide, a robust synthesis of existing epidemiological data on the prevalence of Conduct disorder (CD) in children and adolescents is needed to strengthen the knowledge base. This quantitative umbrella review aims to provide a robust synthesis of evidence on the prevalence of CD children and adolescents from meta-analytic systematic reviews. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, PsychINFO, and Scopus to identify relevant articles. The study protocol has been registered with PROSPERO (CRD42023447620)...
March 2024: Psychiatric Quarterly
Pierpaolo Congia, Eleonora Carta
This study explored the economic, social, and spatial correlates of treatment prevalence, retention, and service utilization for substance use disorder (SUD) in South Sardinia. Data from 1,667 patients with an ICD-10 diagnosis of SUD were extracted from the medical records of individuals assisted by three public addiction services in 2019. We used a spatial autoregressive model, a parametric proportional hazard model, and Poisson regression to examine the associations of spatial factors and residents' socioeconomic status with the prevalence of treatment at the census block level, treatment retention, and SUD service utilization at the individual level...
December 28, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Reyhan Calisan Kinter, Burcu Ozbaran, Ipek Inal Kaleli, Sezen Kose, Tezan Bildik, Mohammad Ghaziuddin
Eating disorders frequently accompany autism spectrum disorder (ASD). One such novel eating disorder is avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). This study compares the eating attitudes, quality of life, and sensory processing of typically developing children (TDC), autistic children, and autistic children with ARFID. A total of 111 children aged 4-10 with a diagnosis of ASD and ARFID (n = 37), ASD without ARFID (n = 37), and typical development (n = 37) were recruited...
December 12, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Emina Mehanović, Gianluca Rosso, Gian Luca Cuomo, Roberto Diecidue, Giuseppe Maina, Giuseppe Costa, Federica Vigna-Taglianti
Suicidal behaviour among young people is a serious public health concern. Each suicide attempt is related to further suicide attempts and completed suicide. This study aims to explore risk factors associated with repeated suicide attempt among adolescents and young adults. The cohort included 510 patients aged 12-29 years residing in Piedmont Region in North-Western Italy, who had been admitted to hospital or emergency department with a diagnosis of suicide attempt between 2010 and 2020. Cox regression models were used to evaluate potential risk factors for repeated suicide attempt...
December 7, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Ali Taghvaeinia, Mansoureh Karami, Amir Azizi
This study aimed to compare dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) effects on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms, quality of life (QOL), anxiety and depression among patients with IBS. Eighty three eligible patients with a Rome- IV diagnosis were randomly allocated in DBT, MBSR, ACT, and control groups (n = 22 per group). All the patients were evaluated for IBS symptoms by IBS Severity Scoring System (IBS-SSS), QOL by irritable bowel syndrome quality of life (IBS-QOL), anxiety by Beck's Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and depression by Beck Depression Inventory- II (BDI-II) on the studied groups at the time of their inclusion in the study and 8 weeks after it...
November 17, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Jackson Newberry-Dupé, Wanyu Chu, Simon Craig, Rohan Borschmann, Gerard O'Reilly, Paul Yates, Glenn Melvin, Kylie King, Harriet Hiscock
The COVID-19 pandemic and associated public health measures altered patterns of help-seeking for mental health, with increases in emergency department utilisation reported. We examined the association between COVID-19 restrictions and adult emergency department (ED) mental health presentations in Victoria, Australia, through secondary analysis of data from 39 public EDs across the state. Participants were all patients (18+ years) presenting between 1 January 2018 and 31 October 2020 with mental health or intentional self-harm...
November 8, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Hun Kang, Ian C Fischer, Samuel Dickinson, Peter J Na, Jack Tsai, Richard G Tedeschi, Robert H Pietrzak
Despite increasing recognition that positive psychological changes or posttraumatic growth (PTG) may develop after highly stressful or traumatic events, contemporary population-based data on the epidemiology of PTG in high-risk samples such as U.S. military veterans are lacking. Additionally, in light of emerging evidence suggesting an 8-factor model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, an up-to-date characterization of how these symptom clusters relate to PTG can help inform efforts to help promote PTG...
November 8, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Sara Bocci Benucci, Benedetta Tonini, Giulia Roffo, Silvia Casale, Giulia Fioravanti
Cognitive models of addictive behaviours have highlighted the central role of Desire Thinking (DT) - a conscious and voluntary cognitive process orienting to prefigure images and information about a positive target-related experience - in increasing craving and maintaining addictive behaviors. The metacognitive model of DT and craving posits that metacognition plays a central role in understanding dysregulation in DT. The current study aims to test the role of metacognitions about DT, DT, and craving in the relationship between Fear of Missing Out (FoMo), boredom proneness, negative emotional reactivity and Problematic Social Network Sites Use (PSNSU)...
October 21, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Wen Li, Yusheng Tian, Chen Chen, Haozhe Li, Hui Chen, Jiali Liu, Xianliang Chen, Huajia Tang, Jiawei Zhou, Shujian Wang, Xiaoping Wang, Weixiong Cai, Jiansong Zhou
Psychiatric symptoms are common risk factors of violent behaviors among psychiatric patients. This study explored the interrelationship between violence and psychiatric symptoms in male psychiatric inpatients. This is a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2019. All patients admitted to the Male Psychiatry Unit of the Second Xiangya Hospital were consecutively recruited. The presence of five violent behaviors and eleven psychiatric symptoms were collected by reviewing medical records and were included as categorical variable in the network analyses...
October 13, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Liza M E Hinchey, Francesca M Pernice, Janay N Christian, Amber Michon, Kevin Rice
Since the 1940s, the Clubhouse model of psychosocial rehabilitation has evolved towards a comprehensive practice of social theory and intervention. Despite the model's cost effectiveness and observational evidence of its efficacy, empirical research remains lacking. The current narrative review examines studies from recent years (2015-2021), not to assess study rigor, but to identify trends in research aims, findings, and methodology, as well as specify future research directions. A narrative review was conducted using PRISMA guidelines...
October 5, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Christina Bertholds Felix, Peter Sand
PURPOSE: Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a treatment originally developed för chronically suicidal adults. It is common to adapt it by using one specific component, the DBT skills training (DBT-ST) and apply it in a group therapy setting for a variety of mental disorders. The primary aim of the study was to explore whether patients with extended care needs would report improved mental health after participating in an intensive form of DBT-ST. The secondary aim was to explore whether the use of psychiatric inpatient care for the group would decrease...
October 4, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Nuray Uysal Cesur, Burç Çağrı Poyraz
Depression is one of the most important reasons for psychiatric referrals in elderly patients. Geriatric depression can be chronic and is associated with an increased risk of dementia. We aimed to determine the prognosis of major depression patients and associated risk factors regarding persistence of depression. Patients who were admitted to the tertiary geriatric psychiatric outpatient unit of Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul between January and December 2018 and were diagnosed with major depression according to DSM-5 diagnostic criteria were included in the study...
September 30, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Ken Fowler
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) may involve persistent and unwarranted anxiety, fear, and rumination, combined with various somatic symptoms (e.g., fatigue, dizziness, muscle tension, and nausea) which may compel many to withdraw socially. While studies report an inverse relationship between social support and psychological distress among adults with GAD, those that assess the distinct influence of negative social relations, particularly by sex are limited. The primary aims of this study were to (a) assess and compare respondents with a lifetime of GAD in terms of levels of perceived social support (using the Social Provisions Scale - 10 Items (SPS-10) Scale), negative social interactions (using the Negative Social Interaction (NSI) Scale) and psychological distress (using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10)), and (b) determine whether SPS-10 subdomains and NSIs predict psychological distress...
September 28, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Pallavi Nishith, Jin Huang, Jack Tsai, Gary A Morse, Nathaniel A Dell, Allison Murphy, Kim T Mueser
Individuals who live with mental illness are encumbered by related risk factors that increase the probability of legal involvement. The goal was to determine how homelessness and substance use disorder are intervening factors in the relationship between symptoms of serious mental illness (SMI) and criminal offending. A sample of 210 chronically homeless adults receiving SAMHSA-funded outreach and psychiatric rehabilitation services between 2014 and 2016 was recruited in a study of interventions to address housing in homeless persons with a SMI...
September 26, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
Noa Vardi, Teddy Lazebnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2023: Psychiatric Quarterly
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