journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38976594/systematic-review-on-the-impact-of-salt-reduction-initiatives-by-socioeconomic-position-to-address-health-inequalities-in-adult-populations
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ana Contreras Navarro, Kerrie Gallagher, Sally Griffin, Clarissa L Leydon, Ivan J Perry, Janas M Harrington
CONTEXT: International evidence shows that individuals from low socioeconomic positions (SEPs) consume a greater amount of salt than those from higher SEPs. This health inequality reflects a disproportionate effect of salt-reduction initiatives, and explains a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease among the most vulnerable populations. Assessing this impact can help tailor implementation strategies in the future for the benefit of the whole population. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to systematically review the literature and assess the impact of salt-reduction initiatives on health and behavioral outcomes of adults by SEP...
July 8, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38976588/effectiveness-of-participatory-research-interventions-on-obesity-and-obesity-related-behaviors-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Judit Queral, Annemieke Wargers, Elisabet Llauradó, Wilma Jansen, Rosa Solà, Lucia Tarro, Famke J M Mölenberg
CONTEXT: Adolescence is an optimal period to promote healthy lifestyles because behavior patterns are established in this stage. It has been suggested that engaging youth increases the effectiveness of interventions, but an overview is lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of participatory research (PR) interventions, where adolescents (11-18 years old) from high-income countries had a significant role in the intervention development and/or delivery, compared with no (PR) intervention control groups on obesity-related outcomes and healthy lifestyle behaviors (HLBs)...
July 8, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38960726/the-frequently-used-industrial-food-process-additive-microbial-transglutaminase-boon-or-bane
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aaron Lerner, Carina Benzvi, Aristo Vojdani
Microbial transglutaminase (mTG) is a frequently consumed processed food additive, and use of its cross-linked complexes is expanding rapidly. It was designated as a processing aid and was granted the generally recognized as safe (GRAS) classification decades ago, thus avoiding thorough assessment according to current criteria of toxicity and public health safety. In contrast to the manufacturer's declarations and claims, mTG and/or its transamidated complexes are proinflammatory, immunogenic, allergenic, pathogenic, and potentially toxic, hence raising concerns for public health...
July 3, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38954563/unraveling-the-health-benefits-and-mechanisms-of-time-restricted-feeding-beyond-caloric-restriction
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruhan Wang, Yuxiao Liao, Yan Deng, Rong Shuang
Time-restricted feeding (TRF) is a lifestyle intervention that aims to maintain a consistent daily cycle of feeding and fasting to support robust circadian rhythms. Recently, it has gained scientific, medical, and public attention due to its potential to enhance body composition, extend lifespan, and improve overall health, as well as induce autophagy and alleviate symptoms of diseases like cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, and ischemic injury. However, there is still considerable debate on the primary factors that contribute to the health benefits of TRF...
July 2, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38954538/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-health-outcomes-in-adolescents-an-umbrella-review
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Annalisa Di Nucci, Marco Silano, Erica Cardamone
CONTEXT: Proper nutrition represents 1 of the domains of adolescents' well-being. In this context, the Mediterranean diet (MD), as a healthy, traditional, and sustainable dietary pattern, plays a crucial role in promoting adequate growth and preventing chronic noncommunicable diseases. OBJECTIVE: The currently available evidence on the effects of adherence to the MD (AMD) in association with several physical health outcomes in adolescence is summarized in this review...
July 2, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38950419/the-effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-neonatal-and-infant-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wen-Chien Yang, Ramaa Chitale, Karen M O'Callaghan, Christopher R Sudfeld, Emily R Smith
CONTEXT: Previous research linked vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy to adverse pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Update a 2017 systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy, identify sources of heterogeneity between trials, and describe evidence gaps precluding a clinical recommendation. DATA SOURCES: The MEDLINE, PubMed, Europe PMC, Scopus, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases were searched...
July 1, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38950416/folate-biomarkers-folate-intake-and-risk-of-death-from-all-causes-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Melika Fallah, Maryam Karim Dehnavi, Keyhan Lotfi, Azadeh Aminianfar, Leila Azadbakht, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
CONTEXT: Existing evidence on the relation between folate intake and biomarkers with mortality risk is controversial. OBJECTIVE: Previous cohort studies were examined regarding folate intake and biomarkers in relation to risk of all-cause, cardiovascular disease- (CVD), and cancer-related mortality through a systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was performed of the PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science databases up to July 2023...
July 1, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38942740/multicriteria-measures-to-assess-the-sustainability-of-diets-a-systematic-review
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mariana Rei, Alexandra Costa, Sofia Sosa, Sofia da Costa, Duarte Torres, Colin Sage, Sara Rodrigues
CONTEXT: Assessing the overall sustainability of a diet is a challenging undertaking requiring a holistic approach capable of addressing the multicriteria nature of this concept. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify and summarize the multicriteria measures used to assess the sustainability characteristics of diets reported at the individual level by healthy adults. DATA SOURCES: Articles were identified via PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science...
June 28, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38926118/adaptations-in-gastrointestinal-nutrient-absorption-and-its-determinants-during-pregnancy-in-monogastric-mammals-a-scoping-review
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Teunis Sebastian Overduin, Amanda J Page, Richard L Young, Kathryn L Gatford
CONTEXT: Pregnancy increases nutrient demand, but how nutrient uptake and its determinants adapt to facilitate this is unclear. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to identify and characterize evidence and evidence gaps regarding changes in gastrointestinal nutrient absorption and its determinants during pregnancy in monogastric mammals. DATA SOURCES: A scoping review of peer-reviewed sources was conducted across PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, and ProQuest (theses and dissertations) databases...
June 26, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38917458/methods-of-assessment-of-zinc-status-in-humans-an-updated-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marena Ceballos-Rasgado, Anna K M Brazier, Swarnim Gupta, Victoria H Moran, Elisa Pierella, Katalin Fekete, Nicola M Lowe
CONTEXT: The assessment of zinc status is difficult but essential for the identification of zinc deficiency and evaluation of interventions to improve zinc status. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review (SR) and meta-analysis was to update the previously published SR of biomarkers of zinc status, conducted by the European Micronutrient Recommendations Aligned (EURRECA) network in 2009, to answer the question: Which putative measures (biomarkers) of zinc status appropriately reflect a change in zinc intake of at least 2 weeks? DATA SOURCES: A structured search strategy was used to identify articles published between January 2007 and September 2022 from MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL)...
June 25, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38917447/effect-of-intermittent-fasting-on-liver-function-tests-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mahsa Ranjbar, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Hamed Mohammadi, Kurosh Djafarian
CONTEXT: Intermittent fasting (IF) is a diet strategy with alternate intervals of calorie reduction and normal eating. Despite its beneficial effects on weight loss and cardiometabolic risk factors, the effect of IF on liver function tests (LFTs) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of IF on LFTs through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. DATA SOURCES: An electronic search was performed using predefined search terms in databases including PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science until February 2023...
June 25, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38917435/effects-of-cinnamon-supplementation-on-metabolic-biomarkers-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Suzana Laís de Moura, Bruna Gabrielle Rocha Gomes, Mariana Julião Guilarducci, Olívia Gonçalves Leão Coelho, Nathalia Sernizon Guimarães, Júnia Maria Geraldo Gomes
CONTEXT: The global prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) has been rising significantly over the years. Recent studies have shown beneficial effects of cinnamon on metabolic biomarkers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to assess the effect of cinnamon supplementation on metabolic biomarkers in patients with DM2. DATA SOURCES: The Pubmed/MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, and Embase databases were searched up to November 10, 2022...
June 25, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38916939/the-association-of-oral-processing-factors-and-nutrient-intake-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Supatchayaporn Nitsuwat, James Webster, Anwesha Sarkar, Janet Cade
CONTEXT: Oral health and food oral-processing issues emerge with functional decline in the older adult population, potentially increasing the risk of malnutrition. Impairment of oral health is associated with poorer nutrition status; however, the relationship between oral factors and the intake of each nutrient remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The associations between different oral factors and nutrient intakes among community-dwelling older adults were investigated...
June 25, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38916925/relationship-of-curcumin-with-aging-and-alzheimer-and-parkinson-disease-the-most-prevalent-age-related-neurodegenerative-diseases-a-narrative-review
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Büşra Yurt Turer, Nevin Sanlier
The elderly population is increasing worldwide every day. Age is a significant factor in the progression of neurological diseases, which can also cause cognitive decline and memory disorders. Inflammation and oxidative stress are primary drivers of senescence and disorders, particularly those associated with aging and neurodegenerative diseases. Bioactive phytochemicals are considered a promising therapeutic strategy in combating aging and age-related pathological conditions. One of the phytochemicals with diverse biological properties encompassing antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, anticancer, antifungal, antidepressant, anti-allergic, and anti-aging properties is curcumin...
June 25, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38916919/health-benefits-of-palm-tocotrienol-rich-fraction-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aaron Deming Looi, Uma Devi Palanisamy, Mohanambal Moorthy, Ammu K Radhakrishnan
CONTEXT: Vitamin E, a well-known antioxidant with numerous positive effects on human health, encompasses tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF), a natural variant abundant in palm oil. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review analyzed findings from randomized controlled trials published until 2022 to evaluate the health impacts of palm TRF. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed in Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, OVID Medline, SCOPUS, and Web of Science from inception until December 2022...
June 25, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913392/effect-of-saffron-versus-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-ssris-in-treatment-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arman Shafiee, Kyana Jafarabady, Niloofar Seighali, Ida Mohammadi, Shahryar Rajai Firouz Abadi, Faeze Soltani Abhari, Mahmood Bakhtiyari
CONTEXT: Saffron, a natural remedy with potential antidepressant and anxiolytic properties, has gained attention as a potential therapeutic option. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of saffron versus selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in treating depression and anxiety. DATA SOURCE: Electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Cochrane database, were searched from inception to April 31, 2023...
June 24, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38908007/conference-of-the-parties-cop-28-takeaways-at-the-intersection-of-health-climate-and-food
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yevheniia Varyvoda
The 28th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 28) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change brought together 85 000 climate stakeholders to leverage solutions and accelerate climate actions in 4 key areas: energy transition; issue of funding and financing of climate actions; emphasis on nature, people's lives, and livelihoods; and ensuring inclusivity for all. This commentary highlights insights at the intersection of health, climate, and food gained by the author from participating in COP 28 events...
June 22, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38908001/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-natural-food-and-food-derived-extract-supplements-for-treating-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-current-perspectives
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tianxu Liu, Ismail Muhammad Asif, Chengmei Bai, Yutian Huang, Bin Li, Ling Wang
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) were highly prevalent and involve gastrointestinal discomfort characterized by non-organic abnormalities in the morphology and physiology of the gastrointestinal tract. According to the Rome IV criteria, irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia are the most common FGIDs. Complementary and alternative medicines are employed by increasing numbers of individuals around the world, and they include herbal and dietary supplements, acupuncture, and hypnosis. Of these, herbal and dietary supplements seem to have the greatest potential for relieving FGIDs, through multiple modes of action...
June 22, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38904422/chrononutrition-in-critical-illness
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eylul Sagun, Asli Akyol, Cetin Kaymak
Circadian rhythms in humans are biological rhythms that regulate various physiological processes within a 24-hour time frame. Critical illness can disrupt the circadian rhythm, as can environmental and clinical factors, including altered light exposure, organ replacement therapies, disrupted sleep-wake cycles, noise, continuous enteral feeding, immobility, and therapeutic interventions. Nonpharmacological interventions, controlling the ICU environment, and pharmacological treatments are among the treatment strategies for circadian disruption...
June 21, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38899508/evaluating-validated-diet-quality-indices-used-in-pregnant-women-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kee June Ooi, Rachael M Taylor, Sasha Fenton, Melinda J Hutchesson, Clare E Collins
CONTEXT: Diet quality indices (DQIs) assess the level of adherence to dietary recommendations and a specified dietary pattern in populations; however, there is limited evidence regarding the construct criteria and validation methodology of DQIs used in pregnant women. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (i) identify and describe characteristics of DQIs that have been validated for use in pregnant women in high-income countries, and (ii) evaluate criteria used to develop DQIs and validation methodologies employed...
June 19, 2024: Nutrition Reviews
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