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Journal of School Health

Nicole L McKenzie, Tavis J Glassman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2019: Journal of School Health
Heather Rouse, Anthony Goudie, Mallik Rettiganti, Katherine Leath, Quentin Riser, Joseph Thompson
BACKGROUND: We examined prevalence, incidence, and trajectory of obesity from kindergarten through grade 8 in one of the first states to implement annual surveillance. METHODS: Participants included 16,414 children enrolled in kindergarten in Arkansas in 2004 with complete body mass index (BMI) measurements in kindergarten and eighth grade. Repeated measures of weight status were entered in multiple linear and logistic regression models with demographics and family poverty status...
February 11, 2019: Journal of School Health
Laura A Guerra, Sonali Rajan, Katherine J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health outcomes persist among adolescent youth. Secondary schools play a critical role in fostering positive mental health by implementing policies and practices grounded in evidence. The factors associated with implementation, however, are unclear. This study examines which school- and state-level factors are associated with improved implementation of mental health policies and practices at secondary schools across the United States. METHODS: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data stemming from 3 datasets (School Health Policies and Practices, School Health Profiles, and Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System) surveys were integrated and analyzed...
February 11, 2019: Journal of School Health
Holly Manaseri, Kelly D Roberts, Linda Toms Barker, Tammy Tom
BACKGROUND: The US Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) funded studies of teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention programs in 2010. The results of a 5-year OAH study conducted in the state of Hawai'i with middle school youth has implications for school leaders in the selection and implementation of comprehensive sex education curricula yielding positive outcomes for youth. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted across 34 middle school in the state of Hawai'i with 1783 student participants in pre-, post-, and 1-year follow-up surveys to determine effectiveness of a culturally responsive teen pregnancy prevention curriculum, called Pono Choices, specifically developed for youth in Hawai'i...
February 11, 2019: Journal of School Health
Allison Lemkin, Morgan Walls, Caroline J Kistin, Megan Bair-Merritt
BACKGROUND: Educational and healthcare systems operate in silos. Few studies explore educators' perspectives of collaboration with pediatricians or cross-system solutions for school-identified concerns. We sought to investigate educators' viewpoints of collaboration with pediatricians. METHODS: We conducted semistructured, qualitative interviews with full-time teachers, vice-principals, and principals, who worked with low-income first- or second-grade students. Interviews explored which students were concerning to educators, educators' experiences with collaboration, and barriers and facilitators of collaboration...
February 7, 2019: Journal of School Health
Romuladus E Azuine, Gopal K Singh
BACKGROUND: Ensuring the optimum development of all children and their attainment of age-appropriate educational outcomes is of great interest to public health researchers and professionals. Bullying and mentoring have opposite effects on child development and educational attainment. Mentoring exerts protective effects on youths against risky behaviors; however, the protective effects of community-oriented natural or informal mentoring on educational outcomes and bullying are largely underexplored...
February 7, 2019: Journal of School Health
Rebecca E Lee, Erica G Soltero, Tracey A Ledoux, Iman Sahnoune, Fiorella Saavadra, Scherezade K Mama, Lorna H McNeill
BACKGROUND: We describe the development of sustainability via active garden education (SAGE), an early care and education (ECE) garden-based curriculum developed from a 5-year community partnership to link national health policy guidelines with ECE accreditation standards. METHODS: National health guidelines and ECE accreditation standards were reviewed, and community advisory board members, ECE staff, and parents provided feedback and support throughout the development of the curriculum...
February 5, 2019: Journal of School Health
Mary Beth Beaudry, Karen Swartz, Leslie Miller, Barbara Schweizer, Kara Glazer, Holly Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Analysis of data from a NIMH-supported study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP) in promoting depression literacy and help-seeking behavior. METHODS: Eighteen Pennsylvania schools were matched on size, sex, race, test scores, median income, and free/reduced lunch status. Schools randomized to the intervention implemented ADAP as a compulsory part of the schools health curriculum, while control schools collected study measures...
January 15, 2019: Journal of School Health
Mads Bølling, Janni Niclasen, Peter Bentsen, Glen Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Education Outside the Classroom (EOtC) is a teaching method that is gaining traction, aiming to promote learning and well-being. However, research on the association between EOtC and well-being is limited. METHODS: This quasi-experimental trial involved pupils (9-13 years) from 16 Danish public schools which implemented EOtC in some classes. Pupils (N = 511) from 27 classes were regularly exposed to EOtC (2-7 hours per week), and pupils (N = 120) from 7 parallel comparison classes were much less exposed (less than 2 hours per week)...
January 13, 2019: Journal of School Health
Aleza K Summit, Emmeline Friedman, Tara B Stein, Marji Gold
BACKGROUND: With recent recommendations from professional organizations, long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods are considered appropriate first-line contraception for adolescents. Many school-based health centers (SBHCs) in New York City (NYC) have recently added onsite LARC insertion and management to their contraceptive options. We aimed to explore key elements needed to implement LARC training and services into the SBHC setting and to identify successful factors for program implementation...
January 13, 2019: Journal of School Health
Suhee Kim, Gwang Suk Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite the environment being recognized as playing an important role in health, little is known about the influence of school and community factors on student health. This study aimed to identify the ecological factors influencing obesity among middle school students, including intrapersonal, interpersonal, school, and community factors. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 2069 students from 50 middle schools, with individual-level data. School and community-level data were collected using a school nurse survey and official materials from the National and Civic Statistics...
January 13, 2019: Journal of School Health
Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Amie Goodin
BACKGROUND: Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) high school students as well as related environment and school-level risk and protective factors were examined. METHODS: Data was acquired from the 2015 CDC's Youth Behavior Risk Survey for Kentucky (N = 2577). Prevalence of substance use was calculated for all high school respondents by reported sexual orientation. Multivariate analyses estimated the relationship between school and environmental-level factors (eg, having an adult to talk to) and tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use via logistic regressions...
January 13, 2019: Journal of School Health
Theresa A LeGros, Bete Jones, Laurel Jacobs, Kathryn M Orzech, Kinsey Torbert, Stephanie H Martinez
BACKGROUND: In 2016, the United States Department of Agriculture issued a final rule to strengthen local wellness policies (LWPs). As school districts pursue compliance, states can provide critical guidance by leveraging support from intermediary programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed). After Arizona SNAP-Ed piloted a statewide model for assessing LWPs, we evaluated that model by exploring local SNAP-Ed agency experiences with the pilot. Our case study objectives were to determine the model's feasibility and utility from the perspective of local agencies supporting school districts during LWP review and revision...
January 13, 2019: Journal of School Health
Andrea Martinez-Ospina, Christopher R Sudfeld, Silvia A González, Olga L Sarmiento
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, the prevalence of overweight/obesity in children has increased by 26% in the past 5 years. School food environment may be an important contributor and offers opportunities for effective intervention. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 7- to 14-year-old schoolchildren from 10 schools in Bogotá, Colombia. We examined the school food environment and the relationship of individual-level consumption, and physical activity with overweight/obesity, measured by body mass index and percentage body fat...
January 13, 2019: Journal of School Health
Tasa Seibert, David B Allen, Jens C Eickhoff, Aaron L Carrel
BACKGROUND: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) promotes school-based strategies to increase physical activity (PA). Implementation feasibility and effect of these interventions on cardiovascular fitness (CVF) is unknown. METHODS: Forty-nine low-SES schools were randomly assigned to either (1) continue routine PA programs (N = 24 schools, 2399 students) or (2) implement 4 CDC-based PA strategies (N = 25 schools, 2495 students). CVF assessed by PACER (Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run) was obtained at the beginning and end of the school year...
January 10, 2019: Journal of School Health
Shay M Daily, Michael J Mann, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Megan L Smith, Keith J Zullig
BACKGROUND: Emergent evidence suggests a positive school climate may be a promising population-level intervention to promote academic achievement and student well-being. However, researchers have called for expanding the school climate evidence-base to better describe how the construct is associated with student outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations between 10 school climate domains and academic achievement among middle and high school students. METHODS: ANOVAs were used to analyze survey data from 6-12 grade students in a Mid-Atlantic US state (n = 2405, response rate: middle school = 82...
March 2019: Journal of School Health
Bruno G G da Costa, Kelly S da Silva, Alexsandra S Bandeira, Cilene R Martins, Jéssika A J Vieira, Edio L Petroski
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is related to unhealthy outcomes and is performed in many contexts, including school. The aim of this study was to identify sociodemographic, biological, and psychosocial correlates of SB performed at school in a sample of adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents provided information regarding sex, age, socioeconomic status, and psychosocial variables related to physical activity (self-efficacy, attitudes, perception of school environment, peer and parental support)...
February 2019: Journal of School Health
Brittany A Bugbee, Kenneth H Beck, Craig S Fryer, Amelia M Arria
BACKGROUND: Substance use is prevalent and is associated with academic performance among adolescents. Few studies have examined the association between abstinence from all substances and academic achievement. METHODS: Data from a nationally representative sample of 9578 12th graders from the 2015 Monitoring the Future survey were analyzed to examine relationships between abstinence from substance use and 4 academic variables: skipping school, grades, academic self-efficacy, and emotional academic engagement...
February 2019: Journal of School Health
Arto Gråstén, Sami Yli-Piipari
BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined the development of children's moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and physical education (PE) enjoyment through the Physical Activity as Civil Skill Program 2012-2014. METHODS: Participants were 661 (265 intervention, 396 control) elementary school children in central and northeast Finland. The program was implemented across 2 years with 3 measurement phases using self-reported MVPA and PE enjoyment, and accelerometer-determined MVPA of a random subsample (N = 76)...
February 2019: Journal of School Health
Lauraliisa Mark, Airi Värnik, Merike Sisask
BACKGROUND: Bullying has been associated with many mental health problems. The effect of bullying has been found to be affected by the way students are involved in bullying. The purpose of the study was to explore the association between mental well-being, hopelessness, and being involved in bullying (as a bully, victim, or bully-victim), and to detect more harmful bullying types to students' mental well-being. METHODS: The study was conducted among Estonian students from grades 5 to 9 (N = 2048)...
February 2019: Journal of School Health
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