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Journal of Psychosomatic Research

Yongil Cho, Tae Ho Lim, Hyunggoo Kang, Yoonje Lee, Heekyung Lee, Hongjung Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the separate and combined associations of socioeconomic status (SES) and depression with the incidences of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using nationwide health insurance claims data collected from 2002 to 2016 in South Korea. A total of 2,705,090 subjects aged 20 years or older for whom had health screening data were collected between 2004 and 2005 were analyzed. The hazard ratios (HRs) for the incidences of AMI and stroke were calculated using Cox proportional regression analyses...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Lianne Bakkum, Agnes Maresa Willemen, Lydia Zoetebier, Antonia H Bouts
OBJECTIVE: Steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) in children is often complicated by one or more relapses, as manifested by the appearance of proteinuria. Besides health-related triggers, psychological stress might be related to relapse. This longitudinal study examined the link between perceived stress, emotional valence (feeling happy vs. unhappy) and daily reported proteinuria, and investigated the temporal relation between stressful events and proteinuria. METHOD: Sixteen children (4-13 years) diagnosed with SSNS were included...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Monika Sadlonova, Thomas Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Lauren Robinson, Victoria K Aldridge, Emma M Clark, Madhusmita Misra, Nadia Micali
Although Eating Disorders (ED) are known to affect bone health and development, little is known about the longitudinal effect of ED and ED behaviours on bone health in community dwelling adult women. Women (n = 3507) enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) participated in a two-phase prevalence study to assess lifetime ED and ED behaviours (fasting, restrictive eating, vomiting and misuse of medication). Crude and adjusted linear regression methods investigated the association between ED diagnoses and behaviours, and total body, hip, leg and arm bone mineral density (BMD) DXA scans at mean ages of 48 and 52 years...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Neville H Golden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Jennifer Cronly, Alistair Duff, Kristin Riekert, Aine Horgan, Elaine Lehane, Ivan Perry, Anthony Fitzgerald, Barbara Howe, Muireann Ni Chroinin, Eileen Savage
OBJECTIVE: Screening for depression and anxiety in people with cystic fibrosis (CF) is recommended but this alone can miss the opportunity to assess and promote positive mental health and wellbeing. This cross-sectional study assessed positive mental health and wellbeing, and associations with physical health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with CF. METHODS: Adults (n = 147) with CF from 9 CF centres in the Republic of Ireland completed the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-being scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire-Revised...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Jennifer Cronly, Eileen Savage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Brjánn Ljótsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Jess G Fiedorowicz, John P A Ioannidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Eva Palmquist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Minna K Salonen, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Hannu Kautiainen, Monika E von Bonsdorff, Eero Kajantie, Niko S Wasenius, Anukatriina Pesonen, Katri Räikkönen, Johan G Eriksson
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic experiences, such as separation from parents in childhood causing early life stress (ELS) may increase the risk of adverse long-term health outcomes and biological age-related changes. This may have an impact on work career. Our aim was to examine long term consequences of ELS due to temporary separation from parents during World War II (WWII) in relation to work career. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Helsinki Birth Cohort Study comprises 13,345 individuals born in Helsinki, Finland, between the years 1934-1944...
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Tonny Elmose Andersen, Michele Sterling, Annick Maujean, Pamela Meredith
OBJECTIVES: Attachment theory represents a dynamic model for understanding how pre-existing personality factors may contribute to the development of chronic pain and disability after whiplash injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of attachment insecurity on disability 6-months post-injury. It was hypothesized that: (1) levels of attachment insecurity assessed at baseline would predict levels of disability six months post-injury, and (2) both attachment dimensions (anxiety and avoidance) would moderate associations between pain and disability, and psychological distress and disability...
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Dan V Blalock, Leah L Zullig, Hayden B Bosworth, Shannon S Taylor, Corrine I Voils
OBJECTIVE: Self-report measures of medication nonadherence are frequently adapted to new clinical populations without evidence of validity. We evaluated the predictive validity of a medication nonadherence measure previously validated in patients with hypertension among patients taking cholesterol-reducing medications. METHOD: This secondary analysis involves data from a randomized trial (VA HSR&D IIR 08-297) conducted at the Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Claudia Traunmüller, Rene Stefitz, Kerstin Gaisbachgrabner, Peter Hofmann, Andreas Roessler, Andreas R Schwerdtfeger
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that chronic stress and emotional exhaustion are related to physiological dysregulations, which could negatively impact physical and mental health. This study aimed to identify the specific physiological clusters which are most reliable and prominently associated with burnout. Emphasis was placed on variables of the autonomic nervous system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Burnout was assessed using the Emotional Exhaustion subscale of the German version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-GS)...
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Sanne van Luenen, Vivian Kraaij, Nadia Garnefski, Philip Spinhoven, M Elske van den Akker-van Marle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-utility of a guided Internet-based intervention for people living with HIV and depressive symptoms, compared to attention only (control condition). It was previously found that the intervention was effective in decreasing depressive symptoms, compared to the control group. METHODS: This economic evaluation was conducted alongside a randomized controlled trial. The control group received attention only and was put on a waiting list...
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Hans Oh, Kyle Waldman, Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Psychotic experiences appear to increase risk for health outcomes above and beyond mood/anxiety disorders. However, existing studies that have found this association were conducted mostly in low- and middle-income countries, calling for more studies to explore the association in other contexts, such as the U.S., where people of color face considerable health disparities. MATERIALS/METHODS: Data from the National Latino and Asian American Survey, and the National Survey of American Life were analyzed...
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Anand S Iyer, Kristen E Holm, Surya P Bhatt, Victor Kim, Gregory L Kinney, Frederick S Wamboldt, Michael R Jacobs, Elizabeth A Regan, Hilary F Armstrong, Katherine E Lowe, Carlos H Martinez, Mark T Dransfield, Marilyn G Foreman, Gen Shinozaki, Nicola A Hanania, Robert A Wise, Barry J Make, Karin F Hoth
OBJECTIVES: To compare the frequency of anxiety/depressive symptoms and use of anxiolytic-hypnotics/antidepressants in smokers with and without COPD and to identify characteristics associated with having unmedicated symptoms. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of ambulatory, current/former smokers ≥10 pack years enrolled in the COPDGene study. We measured anxiety/depressive symptoms using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (subscales ≥8), recorded anxiolytic-hypnotic/antidepressant use, and defined unmedicated symptoms as elevated anxiety/depressive symptoms and not on medications...
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
J Norton, A Oude Engberink, C Gandubert, A Macgregor, M David, A Mann, K Ritchie, M L Ancelin, D Capdevielle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Neha A John-Henderson, Cory J Counts, Courtney S Sanders, Annie T Ginty
Diminished cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress are associated with adverse behavioral and health-relevant outcomes. It has been proposed that diminished cardiac reactivity may be a marker for deficits in motivational functioning both at the biological and behavioral levels. Social participation reflects the frequency with which individuals participate in social events and has motivational components. As such, it is a distinct construct from other constructs such as social integration, which measures the number of social roles an individual has...
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Kenichi Azuma, Iwao Uchiyama, Naoki Kunugita
OBJECTIVE: Chemical intolerance (CI) has become a strong public health concern in industrialized countries. The Japanese Chemical Intolerance (JCI) study was conducted in January 2012 with a cohort of 7245 adults from population-based sampling as the baseline. The aim of the present study was to investigate the factors involved in the improvement and development of CI from the five-year follow-up study. METHODS: From the 7245 cohort, 735 persons with CI (case) were identified, and 1750 controls without CI were randomly selected to match gender and age for case and control groups...
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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