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Journal of Psychology

Rebecca M Chory, Hailey Grace Gillen Hoke
This study examined workplace romance perceptions among Millennial employees who had participated in a workplace romance and those who had observed one. Two samples (workplace romance partners and coworkers) of 18- to 29-year-old employees completed questionnaires in which they reported their perceptions of workplace romance's positive and negative effects. The relationships between the effects and respondent role (partner/coworker), sex (male/female), and the romance's status dynamic (peer-peer/hierarchical) were also examined...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Abigail M Stark, Olivia Tousignant, Gary D Fireman
The study extends research on the effect of frames. It is the first study to examine how framing affects the impact of being bullied. College students were randomly assigned to one of two groups: one framing bullying in terms of resilience and the other framing bullying with negative psychosocial consequences. Participants were asked to engage in a brief writing task aimed to actively create a frame and then completed both implicit and explicit measures. There was a significant main effect by gender and several significant interaction effects between frame and gender...
March 5, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Patricia C Dahm, Yeonka Sophia Kim, Theresa M Glomb
Drawing on self-discrepancy theory, which posits discomfort when actual selves deviate from ideal or ought selves (Higgins, 1987), we examine the complementary and compounding effects of work-life tradeoffs on self-conscious emotions, life role satisfaction, and spouse/partner work satisfaction. Across multiple samples, we augment and refine extant tradeoff measures to include minor tradeoffs (e.g., limiting networking, missing a family event) in addition to the more frequently researched major tradeoffs (e...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Dirk De Clercq, Inam Ul Haq, Muhammad Umer Azeem, Haq Nawaz Ahmad
This article investigates the mediating role of job dissatisfaction in the relationship between employees' perceptions of workplace incivility and their helping behavior, as well as the buffering role of political skill in this process. Three-wave, time-lagged data collected from employees and their supervisors revealed that employees' exposure to workplace incivility diminished their helping behavior through their sense of job dissatisfaction. This mediating role of job dissatisfaction was less salient, however, to the extent that employees were equipped with political skill...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Alejandro J Delgado-Iglesias, Marina Ortiz-López, Adelaida Monteoliva-Sánchez, Ma Del Carmen Aguilar-Luzón, Antonia Calvo-Salguero
Modern sexist beliefs are currently emerging as one of the most important barriers to achieving gender equality in managerial positions in organizations. However, little research addresses the factors that can reduce or soften the negative effects that these beliefs have on unfavorable attitudes toward female leaders. In the present study, it is analyzed whether the experience of having a female leader moderates this relationship. Additionally, we sought to verify whether this moderation is found in both genders...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Jian Zhang, Chun Cao, Shanshan Shen, Meng Qian
Utilizing the Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) as the theoretical framework, this study proposed a moderated mediation model investigating the complex functioning mechanisms of how self-efficacy beliefs and leader support can be related to research motivation among Chinese university teachers. A group of 310 Chinese teachers working in different universities completed an online survey. Results from structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis revealed distinct influencing paths from the predictor variables (i...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Silvia Casale, Laura Rugai, Barbara Giangrasso, Giulia Fioravanti
This study builds on previous findings regarding emotional intelligence among narcissists by considering the maladaptive aspects of emotional manipulation and distinguishing between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. Trait-emotional intelligence and emotional manipulation capabilities of grandiose narcissists, vulnerable narcissists, and non-narcissists were compared. A convenience sample of 584 undergraduates from the University of Florence (Italy) with a mean age of 22.61 (SD = 2.19) was recruited. A two-way ANOVA showed that vulnerable narcissists scored significantly lower than grandiose narcissists and non-narcissists in all the Bar-On EI dimensions, while grandiose narcissists scored higher than non-narcissists in Intrapersonal intelligence and the General Mood Bar-On scales...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Xiao-Min Xu, Kun Yu
Drawing upon the career construction theory and the trait activation theory, the present study first aims to uncover the interactive effect of core self-evaluation (CSE) and ethical leadership on career adaptability. In addition, the authors examined how career adaptability mediates the interaction effect of CSE and ethical leadership on organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Two-wave data from 156 employees were collected in a manufacturing company over a one-month interval. Results showed that ethical leadership moderated the relationship between CSE and career adaptability...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Yuan Liu, Kit-Tai Hau, Xin Zheng
This research examined the possible long-term effects of autonomous motivation on educational outcomes in the large scale High School Longitudinal Study 2009 (HSLS:09) data. We used a three-wave cross-lagged model to examine the longitudinal effects of intrinsic and identified motivation on 18,132 students in the mathematics domain and 16,684 students in the science domain. The results showed that intrinsic motivation was a long-term and effective enhancement agent on the subsequent academic performance, self-efficacy, identity, and course effort...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Yana Du, Li Zhang, Zhenduo Zhang
Considerable research has been conducted on employee creativity, but it has generally focused on creative outcomes and rarely paid attention to employees' engagement in creative processes, that is, creative process engagement. Further, job characteristics as antecedents are little understood. Drawing on the job demands-resources model and the conservation of resources theory, this study examines the relationship between challenge-hindrance demands and creative process engagement at different levels of job control...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Dirk De Clercq, Dave Bouckenooghe
This study considers how employees' POC-defined as their beliefs that the organizational climate stifles change and values compliance with the status quo-reduce their trust in top management, as well as how this negative relationship might be buffered by access to two personal resources that support organizational change: openness to experience and affective commitment to change. Data from a sample of Pakistan-based organizations reveal that POC reduce trust in top management, but this effect is weaker at higher levels of openness to experience and affective commitment to change...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Delia Vîrgă, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Toon W Taris, Ilona van Beek, Coralia Sulea
Researchers are becoming increasingly interested in how early experiences within the family are relevant to an individual's behavior at work. Drawing on Bowlby's attachment theory, the present study addresses this topic by examining the relationship between attachment in adulthood and job performance, and the mediating role of burnout in that relationship. We used data from two samples (201 Dutch employees and 178 Romanian working students) and structural equation modeling to test this mediation model and its possible invariance across both samples...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Psychology
Susan Sorensen, Stanley R Steindl, Genevieve A Dingle, Anthony Garcia
Loving-kindness meditation (LKM), a meditative practice directing caring feelings toward self and others, is a popular, evidence-base approach to increasing well-being. Music listening is also a popular form of emotion regulation used to enhance well-being. This interdisciplinary study evaluated a novel intervention called Convergence-combining LKM with accompanying classical guitar music-and its effects on adults' well-being, mindfulness, compassion and self-compassion outcomes. Convergence was compared to active control groups LKM-only and Music-only regarding their relative effectiveness in improving these outcomes...
December 28, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Christopher Leone, LouAnne B Hawkins, Melissa Bright
We investigated the effects of gender-based social categories (i.e., men, women, boys, and girls) on attitudes about child sexual abuse and individual differences in the use of such categories. In four experiments, we systematically varied perpetrators' sex and victims' sex. In three investigations, we assessed personality variables potentially related to participants' use of these social categories. Across these four experiments, we varied perpetrator-victim relationships (teacher-student, neighbors) and victims' ages...
December 24, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Yuling Hsu
This study examined the mediating role of capability-oriented imagination between personality traits and creativity, by combining two sub-studies. A total of 612 student participants were recruited from universities in Taiwan. Study 1 calibrated the factors of the three variables and validated three instruments of the variables, and the results were consistent with previous studies. The results also indicated that the relationships among the variables of the full five-factor personality traits, capability-oriented imagination, and two-feature creativity were valuable, which prompted further examination...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Jui-Chen Peng, Mei-Man Tseng
This study explores the mediating effect of work engagement on the relationship between transformational leadership (TFL) and nurses' job performance, along with the moderating effect of conscientiousness on work engagement within the TFL/performance relationship. Survey data were collected from 234 supervisor-subordinate dyads at a regional hospital in Taiwan, and linear regression modeling performed to examine the hypotheses. TFL was found to be positively correlated with nurses' job performance; and the motivation mechanism of work engagement did mediate the relationship between TFL and job performance, but only when nurses' conscientiousness was high...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Edward C Chang, Olivia D Chang, Elizabeth A Yu, Kaidi Wu, Abigael G Lucas, P Priscilla Lui, David Rollock, Xinjie Chen, Jameson K Hirsch, Elizabeth L Jeglic
We examined the role of basic psychological needs as a mediator of the association between future orientation and depressive symptoms in a sample of 202 (159 female and 43 male) multiethnoracial adults. Multiple mediation analysis with 10,000 bootstraps was conducted to test for mediation. The association between future orientation and depressive symptoms was found to be accounted for by dimensions of basic psychological needs. Specifically, future orientation was negatively related to depressive symptoms through positive associations involving autonomy and competence, but not relatedness...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Fuschia M Sirois, Susan Bögels, Lisa-Marie Emerson
Shame and guilt are common during the course of parenting and can reflect feelings of "bad self "and "bad behaviour" in relation to parenting events. Self-compassion is known to be beneficial for well-being by reducing negative emotions, yet there is little research examining whether self-compassion might reduce parental guilt and shame. The current study examined the effects of dispositional and induced self-compassion on guilt and shame in a sample of 167 parents (Mage = 37.23, SD = 6...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Yu Tian, Zong Xin Guo, Jie Ru Shi, Yu Long Bian, Pi Guo Han, Peng Wang, Feng Qiang Gao
This 1-year longitudinal study examined the bidirectional mediating role of loneliness in the association between shyness and generalized pathological Internet use (GPIU) in a sample of 291 Chinese university students (143 men, mean age = 19.07 years). A fully cross-lagged panel design was used in which shyness, loneliness, and GPIU were assessed at 3 time points separated by 6-month intervals (named T1, T2, and T3). The results indicated that relationships among shyness, loneliness, and GPIU were dynamic and bidirectional...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Sérgio A Carvalho, José Pinto-Gouveia, David Gillanders, Paula Castilho
The association between chronic pain (CP) and depression is complex and influenced by several psychological processes. Cognitive fusion (i.e. being entangled with one´s internal experiences) and self-compassion (i.e. being touched by one´s suffering, with a motivation to alleviate it) have been hypothesized as relevant psychological processes in physical and mental health, but few studies have addressed them in CP, and none in a comprehensive model relating pain intensity and depressive symptoms. This study tests, in a moderated mediation model, the mediator role of cognitive fusion between pain intensity and depressive symptoms, and the moderator effect of self-compassion in this mediation...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Psychology
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