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International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702402/the-neurophenomenology-of-out-of-body-experiences-induced-by-hypnotic-suggestions
#1
Enrico Facco, Edoardo Casiglia, Benedikt Emanuel Al Khafaji, Francesco Finatti, Gian Marco Duma, Giovanni Mento, Luciano Pederzoli, Patrizio Tressoldi
Inducing out-of-body experiences in hypnosis (H-OBEs) offers an almost unique opportunity to investigate them under controlled conditions. OBEs were induced as an imaginative task in a resting condition (I-OBE) or in hypnosis (H-OBE) in a group of 15 high hypnotizable subjects. A 32-channel EEG was recorded, and the spectral power and imaginary coherence of each frequency band and each couple of electrodes were calculated. At the end of each session, the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI) was administered to assess the phenomenological aspects of the subjects' experience...
January 2019: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702401/scientifc-program-paper-abstracts-and-session-descriptions
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702400/the-roles-of-response-expectancies-baseline-experiences-and-hypnotizability-in-spontaneous-hypnotic-experiences
#3
Etzel Cardeña, Devin B Terhune
This study evaluated factors underlying individual differences in spontaneous (unsuggested) experiences during hypnosis. Participants varying in hypnotizability (low, medium, and high) completed a questionnaire about various dimensions of consciousness they would expect to experience at the "deepest level of hypnosis" (expectancy), an eyes-closed resting condition (baseline), and their actual experiences during "neutral hypnosis" (hypnosis). Responses during hypnosis were characterized by higher scores in dimensions related to alterations in conscious experience, affect, and imagery, and lower scores in rationality and agency...
January 2019: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702399/evidence-based-clinical-case-studies
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702398/auditory-evoked-potentials-evidence-for-differences-in-information-processing-between-high-and-low-hypnotizable-subjects
#5
Anna V Kirenskaya, Zinaida I Storozheva, Svetlana V Solntseva, Vladimir Yu Novototsky-Vlasov, Mikhail N Gordeev
N100 and P300 auditory evoked potentials in 2-stimulus oddball paradigm were analyzed in high (HH, n = 18) and low (LH, n = 15) hypnotizable participants under waking condition. LH subjects committed more errors than HH subjects. HH subjects demonstrated shorter N100 latencies at frontal electrodes and significant N100 differences between target and nontarget stimuli (higher N100 amplitude and increased latency at parietal sites to targets vs. nontargets), whereas LH subjects failed to show any differences...
January 2019: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702397/can-subjective-ratings-of-absorption-dissociation-and-time-perception-during-neutral-hypnosis-predict-hypnotizability-an-exploratory-study
#6
Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse, Didier Ledoux, Olivia Gosseries, Athena Demertzi, Steven Laureys, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville
This study explored absorption, dissociation, and time perception on visual analogue scales (VAS) after a neutral hypnosis session to predict hypnotizability. Sixty-two subjects completed the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form C (SHSS:C) and, during a neutral hypnosis session, VAS ratings of absorption, dissociation, and time perception. The findings indicated that 44% of subjects scored high, 35% medium, and 21% low on hypnotizability, as determined by scores on the SHSS:C. Dissociation VAS ratings significantly differed when comparing low to high and medium to high hypnotizable subjects...
January 2019: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702396/skype-hypnotherapy-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-effectiveness-and-comparison-with-face-to-face-treatment
#7
Shariq S Hasan, James S Pearson, Julie Morris, Peter J Whorwell
Gut-focused hypnotherapy is an effective treatment for irritable bowel syndrome but is not widely available. This study assessed whether providing hypnotherapy by Skype might partially overcome this problem. Using a 50-point or more reduction in the IBS Symptom Severity Score as the primary outcome measure, 65% of subjects responded to Skype hypnotherapy with all other outcomes significantly improving. The primary outcome figure for face-to-face hypnotherapy was 76%. When other outcome scores for Skype and face-to-face treatment were compared, the mean changes were these: symptom severity (-94...
January 2019: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30152737/rapid-induction-analgesia-for-capsaicin-induced-pain-in-university-students-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Kathryn James, Peter D Drummond
The effect of rapid-induction analgesia (RIA) hypnosis on capsaicin-induced pain was tested in 60 healthy volunteers allocated randomly to 1 of 3 conditions: listening to an RIA recording several times before and then during the session, only the in-session RIA intervention, or listening to relaxing music (the control condition). Participants who had listened to the RIA recording beforehand were significantly more relaxed than controls when differences between the groups were identified for pain intensity. These findings suggest that relaxation induced by RIA recordings can alleviate the affective component of pain...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30152736/the-roots-and-evolution-of-ego-state-theory-and-therapy
#9
Eitan G Abramowitz, Moshe S Torem
The purpose of this article is to elucidate the origins of ego-state theory and therapy and to discuss the concept of human personality as a structure comprising numerous ego states. The historical roots of ego-state theory and therapy are reviewed. Also, the evolution of ego-state therapy from classic hypnotherapy to modern methods is identified. The article notes that these methods of ego-state therapy have been described by different authors and under different names. It is suggested that core concepts related to ego-state theory and therapy of guided hypnotic dissociation may underlie the core of clinical effectiveness in many contemporary psychotherapeutic methods...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30152735/changes-in-oxytocin-and-cortisol-in-active-alert-hypnosis-hormonal-changes-benefiting-low-hypnotizable-participants
#10
Eniko Kasos, Krisztian Kasos, Fanni Pusztai, Ágnes Polyák, Krisztina J Kovács, Katalin Varga
It is increasingly clear that oxytocin and cortisol play an intricate role in the regulation of behavior and emotions impacting health, relationships, and well-being. Their long-term, cross-generational effect makes them an important focus of the present study. This exploratory research examined changes in oxytocin and cortisol levels and their correlations with different phenomenological measures in both hypnotist and subject during active-alert hypnosis. The level of oxytocin increased whereas the level of cortisol decreased in the hypnotist...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30152734/effects-of-a-brief-hypnosis-relaxation-induction-on-subjective-psychological-states-cardiac-vagal-activity-and-breathing-frequency
#11
Sylvain Laborde, Sebastian Heuer, Emma Mosley
This study investigated the effects of a brief hypnosis including relaxation suggestions on physiological markers of relaxation, cardiac vagal activity, and breathing frequency. Forty participants were tested in a within-subjects design. Participants listened to a recorded hypnosis session and to a nonhypnotic recording. No differences were found regarding cardiac vagal activity. Participants breathed significantly faster during the audio conditions (hypnosis and nonhypnotic recording) in comparison to resting measures...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30152733/systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-hypnosis-for-the-management-of-headache
#12
Niamh Flynn
Migraine is a complex neurological condition that causes a range of symptoms, the most common of which is a severe headache. The aim of this systematic review of the literature is to determine the efficacy of hypnosis in the treatment of migraine. A systematic search of 4 scientific databases was conducted using the primary search terms migraine, headache, hypnosis, and hypnotherapy. A total of 8 studies were identified that examined hypnotic techniques either alone or in combination with other nonpharmaceutical techniques, such as visual imagery, relaxation, and pain-displacement techniques...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30152732/a-comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-acupuncture-and-hypnotherapy-in-patients-with-migraine
#13
Kenan Tastan, Ozlem Ozer Disci, Turan Set
This study investigated the effect of acupuncture, hypnotherapy, and pharmacotherapy in migraine treatments among 90 patients. They were divided into 3 groups of 30 persons each. Group 1, Group 2, and Group 3 were treated with acupuncture, hypnotherapy, and pharmacotherapy, respectively. Changes in the visual analog scale (VAS) and Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) scores from baseline were monitored. Reductions in the percentages of the VAS and MIDAS scores at the end of the third month were significantly higher in the acupuncture and hypnotherapy groups than those of the pharmacotherapy group (p < ...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29856288/ketamine-as-a-possible-moderator-of-hypnotizability-a-feasibility-study
#14
David R Patterson, Christine Hoffer, Mark P Jensen, Shelley A Wiechman, Sam R Sharar
This pilot study explored the feasibility of using ketamine to increase hypnotizability scores. Ketamine, classified as a dissociative hallucinogen, is used clinically as an anesthetic in high doses and as a treatment for chronic pain and depression in lower doses. Low-dose ketamine can contribute to dissociation and heightened perceptions and feelings of detachment, arguably hypnotic-like states. The authors predicted that a low dose of ketamine in healthy volunteers who scored in the low hypnotizable range on the Stanford Clinical Hypnotizability Scale would (a) cause an increase in subjective ratings of dissociation and (b) lead to an increase in hypnotizability...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29856286/the-effectiveness-of-hypnotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-chinese-psychiatric-patients
#15
Ling Chiu, Hing Wah Lee, Wai Keung Lam
This is a prospective randomized, controlled study of patients suffering from anxiety, depression, or mixed anxiety-depressive disorder attending a hypnotherapy clinic for 8 weeks. Participants were assessed with various clinical scales and randomly assigned to either the study or control group. The study group received 5 to 7 sessions of hypnotherapy through the 8-week period, whereas the control group received conventional psychiatric treatment. All patients' clinical conditions were reassessed at the end of the 8th week...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29856285/hypnotizability-and-pain-modulation-a-body-mind-perspective
#16
Maurizio Varanini, Rita Balocchi, Giancarlo Carli, Giulia Paoletti, Enrica L Santarcangelo
The study investigated whether the cardiac activity and cognitive-emotional traits sustained by the behavioral inhibition/activation system (BIS/BAS) may contribute to hypnotizability-related pain modulation. Nociceptive stimulation (cold-pressor test) was administered to healthy participants with high (highs) and low (lows) hypnotizability in the presence and absence of suggestions for analgesia. Results showed that heart rate increased abruptly at the beginning of nociceptive stimulation in all participants...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29856284/the-mccarthy-teapot-test
#17
Patrick McCarthy
Expectancy has often been declared to be the single most important factor in the success or failure of any hypnotic intervention. Given this truism that expectancy is so crucial, this article shows how a potential patient's expectancy can be influenced and lowered or raised by the words and actions of the therapist. The essence of this innovative, simple, and quick method is that it is an expectancy-enhancement procedure that masquerades as a hypnotizability assessment. What makes this method powerful is the author's emphasis on the theatrical components of therapist performance (it even includes acting instructions)...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29856283/bilateral-electrodermal-activity-in-the-active-alert-hypnotic-induction
#18
Krisztian Kasos, Zoltan Kekecs, Eniko Kasos, Anna Szekely, Katalin Varga
Shifts in hemispheric dominance were previously proposed to play a role in hypnosis. Participants (N = 32) were exposed to an active-alert hypnosis induction and a music-control condition while electrodermal activity was registered bilaterally, providing information on alterations in hemispheric dominance. The results suggest that highly hypnotizable participants show a shift to right-sided and low hypnotizable participants demonstrated a shift to left-sided electrodermal dominance in response to the induction, whereas no change in laterality is present in the control condition...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29856282/flow-and-hypnotizability-in-a-college-student-population
#19
Juliette Bowers, Hyeji Na, Gary Elkins
The concept of "flow" refers to a state of heightened attention and concentration in a current task. Benefits of entering a flow state may include the ability to optimize performance by reducing conscious cognitive processing. Various theories have suggested that flow is a state of consciousness similar to that of hypnosis. The present study addresses the relationship between flow and hypnotizability. In a college sample, a significant correlation was found between flow experience and hypnotizability, suggesting that those high in hypnotizability are more likely to experience flow states during hypnosis...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29856281/use-of-neurofeedback-and-mindfulness-to-enhance-response-to-hypnosis-treatment-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-results-from-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Mark P Jensen, Samuel L Battalio, Joy F Chan, Karlyn A Edwards, Melissa A Day, Leslie H Sherlin, Dawn M Ehde
This pilot study evaluated the possibility that 2 interventions hypothesized to increase slower brain oscillations (e.g., theta) may enhance the efficacy of hypnosis treatment, given evidence that hypnotic responding is associated with slower brain oscillations. Thirty-two individuals with multiple sclerosis and chronic pain, fatigue, or both, were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 interventions thought to increase slow wave activity (mindfulness meditation or neurofeedback training) or no enhancing intervention, and then given 5 sessions of self-hypnosis training targeting their presenting symptoms...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
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