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Journals Journal of Nervous and Mental ...

Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573754/bullying-victimization-in-children-and-adolescents-and-its-impact-on-academic-outcomes
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ramu Vadukapuram, Chintan Trivedi, Saral Desai, Zeeshan Mansuri, Shailesh Jain, Abhishek Reddy
Bullying victimization has been identified as a significant factor influencing academic outcomes. We sought to evaluate the educational outcomes and psychiatric comorbidities in children and adolescents who are victims of bullying using the National Survey of Children's Health dataset for the study. The participants were children and adolescents (age: 6-17 years) categorized into two groups: group 1, not bullied (n = 21,015), and group 2, bullied more than once (n = 21,775). Individuals whose health status was fair or poor have experienced more bullying (2...
March 28, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573736/quality-of-life-and-loneliness-among-american-military-veterans
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katherine Musacchio Schafer, Marie Campione, Thomas Joiner
Quality of life and loneliness are closely associated with mental and physical health outcomes. This relationship is particularly important in Veterans who experience elevated rates of disabilities, comorbidities, and chronic health conditions as compared with non-Veterans. In the present project, we use data from the Military Health and Well-Being Project (n = 1469, 67.2% men, 32.3% women, 0.5% transgender, nonbinary, prefer not to say) to investigate the link between five domains of quality of life (i.e., general quality of life, physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment) with loneliness in American Military Veterans...
March 18, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38536041/neurotic-disorders-in-children-and-adults-under-social-stress-neurosis-in-kids-and-adults-social-stress
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sergii Boltivets, Tymur Gonchar, Oleksiy Gonchar, Lyudmila Uralova, Yuliya Chelyadyn
The relevance of the research subject is to explore the neurotic disorders that arise in people affected by the Russian-Ukrainian war and who witness violence and war crimes. The purpose of the research is to reflect the specific features of the mental reaction of children and adults to military actions as an example of global social stress. Bibliographic, bibliosemantic, and statistical research methods were used in the research. Since the beginning of the full-scale invasion, the number of patients with prolonged depression and schizophrenia has increased, and neurotic disorders has become more severe and acute...
March 13, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38536039/the-nature-of-combat-stress-development-during-military-operations-and-psychotherapy-in-extreme-situations
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yanina Ovsyannikova, Diana Pokhilko, Mykola Krasnokutskyi, Valentyn Kerdyvar, Kateryna Kreshchuk
The purpose of the research work is the theoretical and empirical analysis of the study of the nature of combat stress in military personnel and the assessment of psychotherapeutic methods of providing psychological assistance in extreme situations. The authors used the following methods to achieve this goal: method of analysis and synthesis, hermeneutic method, testing method, comparative method, and generalization method. The results of the research work have revealed the meaning of traumatic stress, psychological trauma, and combat mental trauma, and explained the concept of combat stress and the dynamics of its growth...
March 13, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38416406/social-support-and-social-stress-among-suicidal-inpatients-at-military-treatment-facilities-a-multidimensional-investigation
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Charles A Darmour, Jeremy W Luk, Jessica M LaCroix, Kanchana U Perera, David B Goldston, Alyssa A Soumoff, Jennifer J Weaver, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
The associations between social support and stress with internalizing symptoms (depressive symptoms and hopelessness) and hazardous drinking were tested in an inpatient sample of suicidal military personnel. Baseline data from a randomized clinical trial were analyzed. Different sources of support and stressors in the social context of military personnel were differentially linked to internalizing symptoms and hazardous drinking. In the full sample (n = 192), family and nonfamily support were both inversely associated with internalizing symptoms but not hazardous drinking...
February 5, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38416420/assessment-of-the-readability-and-quality-of-online-information-for-patients-and-their-families-regarding-schizophrenia
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Okan Ekinci, Alcin Naz Koyuncu
To our knowledge, this is the first study that specifically aims to assess the readability and quality of online information about schizophrenia. The analysis is performed on 93 of 195 websites that appeared in an advanced Google search of the term "schizophrenia" performed on a single day. The websites were categorized as commercial, nonprofit, professional, and government. The websites were evaluated using the Health on the Net Foundation (HON) code certificate, DISCERN tool, and Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmark criteria for quality and the Flesch Reading Ease Formula, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL) Formula, Simple Measure of Gobbledygook, and Gunning Fog indices for readability...
January 25, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38416422/narcissistic-trauma-main-characteristics-and-life-impact
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Liana Spytska
Narcissistic trauma can lead to disruption of the personality functioning system. Therefore, it is important to study the persons who have it, their traits, the sphere of relationships, and strategies of social adaptation. The research aims to study narcissism indicators among individuals with narcissistic trauma diagnosed during a therapeutic conversation to identify its connection with loneliness, life satisfaction, and communication style. The empirical research involved 32 people who sought psychotherapeutic help...
January 24, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38598731/letter-to-the-editor-undiagnosing-st-joan-she-does-not-need-a-medical-or-psychiatric-diagnosis
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Barbara Schildkrout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38598730/covid-19-related-financial-hardship-is-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-in-substance-use-treatment-across-gender-and-racial-groups
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aijia Yao, Andrew S Huhn, Jennifer D Ellis
Many individuals lost their employment during the COVID-19 pandemic and experienced financial hardship. These experiences may increase risk for co-occurring conditions, including substance use disorders (SUDs) and related symptoms of depression and anxiety. This study aimed to examine the associations between COVID-19-related financial hardship and/or job loss and co-occurring symptoms, across gender and racial groups. Respondents (N = 3493) included individuals entering SUD treatment in the United States in March-October of 2020...
May 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38598729/written-imaginal-exposure-for-hoarding-disorder-a-preliminary-pilot-study
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katie Fracalanza, Hannah Raila, Tatevik Avanesyan, Carolyn I Rodriguez
Hoarding disorder (HD) is marked by difficulty discarding possessions. Many refuse treatment or drop out, which may be due to treatment's incorporation of in-home decluttering, which is feared and avoided. Thus, strategies to prepare patients for decluttering/discarding are needed. Imaginal exposure (IE), or imagining one's worst fears about discarding, could be one such strategy. This pilot preliminarily tested a short-duration IE intervention compared with a control intervention. Over 3 days, adults diagnosed with HD (n = 32) were randomly assigned to either write about and imagine their worst fears about discarding (IE condition) or a neutral topic (control writing [CW] condition)...
May 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38598728/lgbti-healthcare-in-medical-education
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gulcin Elboga, Sengul Kocamer Sahin, Bahadır Demir, Gulin Ozdamar Unal, Beyza Alparslan, Ezel Altıntaş, Talip Kerem Marangoz, Tanyeli Guneyligil Kazaz, Abdurrahman Altindag
Our aim is to reveal the interaction of cultural and religious influences with professional equipment by determining the level of knowledge, sexual attitudes, and homophobia of medical students about LGBTI+ individuals. The study included 324 students from our faculty of medicine. The Hudson and Ricketts Homophobia scale, the Attitudes Towards Lesbians and Gay Men scale, and the Hendrick Sexual Attitudes scale were used with the sociodemograpic data form. Data were collected and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tests...
May 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38536048/mixed-connective-tissue-disease-presenting-with-psychosis-a-case-report
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nikhil Tondehal, Arnab Sengupta, Kavya Mohankumar, Chintan Trivedi, Zeeshan Mansuri, Shailesh Jain
Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is a systemic autoimmune disease with features overlapping multiple autoimmune disorders. One study found that over 55% of patients with MCTD experienced neuropsychiatric symptoms, the most common of which was an "aseptic meningitis-like syndrome." We present a case of a 17-year-old adolescent girl presenting with abnormal speech and behavior, auditory hallucinations, and paranoid delusions after an isolated episode of fever. She was treated for her psychotic symptoms but later developed symptoms resembling neuroleptic malignant syndrome...
April 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38536047/restoring-trust-for-people-with-psychosis-through-psychotherapy
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jeremy M Ridenour, Jay A Hamm, Courtney N Wiesepape, Benjamin Buck
Mistrust is a significant problem for people with psychosis and can interfere with their capacity to engage in psychosocial treatment. In this article, the developmental trajectory of mistrust is outlined, including the impact that attachment disruption, childhood trauma, attributional biases, internalized stigma, and discrimination can have on the person's capacity to form trusting bonds with others. After this review, three elements are described that may allow for the restoration of trust: the therapist's openness to understanding the patient's experience and agenda for therapy, the therapist's effort to honestly disclose their thoughts to encourage dialogue and mutual reflection, and therapist's attempt to promote metacognition through helping the patient develop more complex representations of the minds of others...
April 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38536046/what-happens-next-maintenance-of-gains-after-discharge-from-va-residential-ptsd-treatment
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Peter P Grau, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Mark A Ilgen, Dara Ganoczy, Rebecca K Sripada
Residential posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment in the Department of Veterans Affairs is helpful for many Veterans, yet the majority experience symptom rebound after discharge. This study examined a national cohort of Veterans (n = 1872) who completed VA residential PTSD treatment and identified factors associated with maintenance of gains from discharge to 4-month follow-up. We generated three logistic regression models based on response profiles during residential treatment. In the "marginal responders" group, 1-3 "booster" sessions of PTSD treatment were associated with decreased odds of maintenance of gains (odds ratio [OR], 0...
April 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38412245/exercise-dependency-and-overuse-injuries-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anusha V Ramji, Oliver R Runswick, Eleanor J Dommett
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition, but current medications have limitations, pushing a drive for alternative approaches. Different exercise-focused approaches have shown promise, but concern has also been raised about individuals with ADHD showing greater risk of addiction, including exercise dependency. Using an online survey, we examined current exercise practices, including exercise dependency and the presence of overuse injury, which could result from overexercising, in 114 adults with ADHD...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38412244/psychotic-experiences-and-daily-functioning-in-borderline-personality-disorder-and-schizophrenia
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stefan Tschöke, Yvonne Knauer, Erich Flammer, Paula Usemann, Carmen Uhlmann
Psychotic experiences have been shown to be comparable in borderline personality disorder (BPD) and schizophrenia. Preliminary evidence suggests differences in the impact of psychotic experiences on daily functioning. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the role of psychotic experiences in daily functioning in BPD compared with schizophrenia. We performed post hoc analyses on data from 23 inpatients with BPD and 21 inpatients with schizophrenia, for whom results from the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales were available...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38412243/dissociative-identity-disorder-a-review-of-research-from-2011-to-2021
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guy A Boysen
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) has historically been one of the most controversial topics in the study of psychopathology. Building on a previous review of empirical research on DID from 2000 to 2010, the present review examined DID research from 2011 to 2021. The research output included 56 case studies and 104 empirical studies. Within the empirical studies, approximately 1354 new cases of DID emerged, which resulted in an average samples of approximately 20. Reanalysis of previous samples was standard in the literature with only 40% of reported cases being new...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38290107/correlates-of-menarcheal-age-in-a-psychiatric-sample-of-adolescents
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Allison Stumper, Sarah A Thomas, Zaharah A Zaidi, Megan A Fydenkevez, Micaela Maron, Jennifer C Wolff, Jessica R Peters
Early pubertal timing is associated with more adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and increased risk for psychopathology during adolescence. However, most work to date has used community or epidemiological samples, and it remains unclear whether these associations persist in acute clinical samples. The present study examined associations between age at menarche and ACEs, psychiatric symptoms, and emotion regulation difficulties in a sample of N = 140 adolescents on a psychiatric inpatient unit. Youth with early menarche reported higher levels of depressive symptoms, more severe suicidal ideation, and greater difficulty with emotion regulation than youth with normative age at menarche...
February 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38290106/lack-of-identity-and-suicidality-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation-difficulties
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Angela Russolillo, Alicia Spidel, David Kealy
Identity disturbance has been connected to both psychological distress and suicidality, and associated with emotion dysregulation. However, despite empirical evidence of a relationship between lack of identity and poor psychiatric outcomes, the link between impaired identity and emotion dysregulation in suicide risk remains underexplored, particularly among individuals seeking outpatient mental health services. Using data from a large clinical sample (n = 246), the present study examined the association between lack of identity and suicidality and the role of emotion dysregulation within this process...
February 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38290105/thought-blocking-as-a-manifestation-of-catatonia-a-case-report
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Omar Elmarasi, Safaa Abdelhady, Yassir Mahgoub
Catatonia is an underrecognized disorder that has been widely described as a psychomotor syndrome, with little emphasis on its thought and cognitive dimensions. The current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, Text Revision describes only motor and behavioral presentations, whereas a few catatonia scales describe only one form of thought disorders, which is thought perseveration. Thought blocking, a disorder of the thought process, is characterized by regular interruptions in the thought stream...
February 1, 2024: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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