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Journal of Marriage and the Family

Chelsea Smith, Lisa Strohschein, Robert Crosnoe
Objective: This study took a long view of childhood experiences that can contribute to the risk of teen pregnancy in the U.S. and Canada, two countries with different norms and policies surrounding family life and inequality. Background: Teenage pregnancy is a major life experience arising from life course trajectories unfolding over a young woman's childhood. Cross-national comparisons can elucidate family-based pathways while embedding youth within broader national contexts of the U...
October 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Alyssa W Goldman, Benjamin Cornwell
Objective: We examine whether racial and socioeconomic factors influence older adults' likelihood of experiencing instability in their social network ties with their adult children. Background: Recent work shows that socially disadvantaged older adults' social networks are more unstable and exhibit higher rates of turnover, perhaps due to greater exposure to broader social-environmental instability. We consider whether this network instability applies to older adults' ties with their adult children, which are often the closest and most reliable social ties in later life...
October 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Sarah Font, Kierra Sattler, Elizabeth Gershoff
Reuniting children with their families is the preferred outcome of foster care, yet many children reunited with their families reenter foster care. This study examined how parental substance abuse and mental health problems, and the time allotted for reunification, are associated with reentry risk. We used a complete cohort of children who entered the Texas foster care system in fiscal years 2008-2009 to identify the risk of foster care reentry within five years of reunification using selection-adjusted multi-level survival analysis...
October 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Rachel E Goldberg
Although US rates of early fertility have declined, they remain high relative to other high-income countries, and disparities by population group persist. The share of the US youth population with immigrant parents has expanded greatly, yet relatively little is known about generational variations in early fertility. This study used Add Health data to investigate: (1) differences by generational status in the risk of early childbearing; (2) to what extent observed differences reflected timing of sexual onset versus post-onset proximate determinants like contraceptive use; and (3) the influence of individual-, family-, and neighborhood-level social factors...
October 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Elizabeth Ackert, Robert Ressler, Arya Ansari, Robert Crosnoe
Integrating family and child data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort with contextual data from the Census, this study examined associations among maternal employment, aspects of communities related to child care supply and demand, and the early care and education arrangements of 4-year-olds in Mexican-origin, black, and white families. Children with employed mothers were more likely to be in informal care arrangements than in early childhood education, regardless of racial/ethnic background...
October 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Mieke C W Eeckhaut, Megan M Sweeney
Although one fourth of sterilized reproductive-aged women in the U.S. express a desire to have their sterilization procedures reversed, the pathways leading to sterilization regret remain insufficiently understood. Particularly little is known about how cohabitation affects the likelihood of sterilization regret. This study used data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth to investigate how relationship context shapes women's risk of sterilization regret. Our findings point to higher levels of regret among women who were cohabiting, rather than married or single at the time of sterilization...
October 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Amanda Geller, Marah A Curtis
Stable housing is widely recognized as a prerequisite for the functioning of individuals and families. However, the housing stability of fathers is under-studied, particularly for fathers living apart from their children. This analysis measures the extent and nature of fathers' housing insecurity using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national longitudinal survey of urban families. Housing insecurity affects a substantial portion of fathers, with 25 percent experiencing insecurity at least once in their child's first nine years...
October 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Richard J Petts, Chris Knoester
Evidence suggests that paternity leave-taking is associated with higher levels of father involvement, but research has been limited in its focus on cross-sectional analyses and indicators of father involvement used. This study utilizes national longitudinal data to examine whether paternity leave-taking is associated with two indicators of father engagement when children are infants, whether paternity leave-taking is associated with trajectories of father engagement during the first few years of a child's life, and whether the relationships between paternity leave and father engagement are explained by fathering commitments and attitudes...
October 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Samuel H Fishman, Stella Min
Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), the current study examines which maternal age at birth provides offspring with optimal opportunities for higher educational attainment. The results show that maternal age has a curvilinear relationship with offspring's educational attainment, i.e., the offspring of younger and older mothers are distinctly disadvantaged. Maternal ages 31 through 40 are associated with the highest offspring educational attainment, suggesting that women who give birth in their 30s have more favorable characteristics than younger or older mothers...
August 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Jennifer March Augustine, Kate C Prickett, Daniela Negraia
The rising share of women in college with dependent children and growing emphasis on two-generation policies for reducing socioeconomic inequality have galvanized research aimed at determining whether mothers' increased education can improve their and their children's well-being. Yet as part of this effort, scholars have overlooked signs that mothers' college enrollment may not be unequivocally good for families. This research brief aims to bring greater attention to this "side of the story." To do so, we analyze time diary (2003-2015) and well-being data (2010, 2011, 2013) from the American Time Use Survey...
August 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Jenjira J Yahirun, Erika Arenas
In Mexico, offspring migration disrupts familial norms of coresidence and geographic proximity. This paper examines how offspring migration, both domestically and to the United States, affects the emotional and psychological well-being of parents who remain in the place of origin. Using nationally-representative longitudinal data from the Mexican Family Life Survey (N=4,718), we found limited evidence that parents whose offspring emigrated to the United States experience worse outcomes than parents of offspring who do not migrate...
August 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Karen Benjamin Guzzo
There is a large literature examining the stability of mid-pregnancy unions, and parallel work on unions formed after a nonmarital birth, but research has yet to compare pre- and post-birth unions and simultaneously consider whether the union is with the father or a new partner. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997 Cohort, the author compares the stability of coresidential unions (cohabitations and marriages) among three groups of mothers with non-union first conceptions: those with a mid-pregnancy union with the father (N = 203), those with a post-birth union with the father (N = 333), and those with a union with a new partner (N = 342)...
August 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Robert Crosnoe, Haley Stritzel, Chelsea Smith, Shannon E Cavanagh
Family instability means that many U.S. youth spend time without biological fathers and with other men. This study extends the literature on the developmental implications of living with fathers and father figures by investigating the association between the presence of mothers' male romantic partners in the home and secondary exposure to violence with a focus on variability according to the identities of the men and the communities of the family. Fixed effects models of multilevel data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods ( n = 2,201) revealed that living with mothers' partners did not have a general protective or risky association with youths' secondary exposure to violence...
August 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Christie Sennott, Sara Yeatman
Childbearing ambivalence is often conceptualized as a state of conflicting desires about having a child that is characteristic of particular individuals and/or life stages. This study proposes that childbearing ambivalence is dynamic and situational, resulting from the multiple socio-cultural frames surrounding childbearing. Using eight waves of prospective data from a population-based sample of young adults in Malawi, results show that 41% of women and 48% of men are ambivalent about childbearing at some point in the 2...
August 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Ann Meier, Kelly Musick, Jocelyn Fischer, Sarah Flood
Limited research on parental well-being by child age suggests that parents are better off with very young children, despite intense time demands of caring for them. This study uses the American Time Use Survey Well-Being Module ( N = 18,124) to assess how parents feel in activities with children of different ages. Results show that parents are worse off with adolescent children relative to young children. Parents report the lowest levels of happiness with adolescents relative to younger children, and mothers report more stress and less meaning with adolescents...
August 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Emily A Marshall, Hana Shepherd
Better models of culture and cognition may help researchers understand fertility and family formation. We examine cognition about fertility using an experimental survey design to investigate how fertility preferences of college women are affected by two prompts that bring to mind fertility-relevant factors: career aspirations and financial limitations. We test the effects of these prompts on fertility preferences and ask how effects vary with respondent religiosity, an aspect of social identity related to fertility preferences...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Aggie J Noah, Nancy S Landale
Despite increasing recognition of the critical importance of legal status for understanding the well-being of immigrants and their families, there has been scant research on this topic due to data limitations. Using Wave 1 of the Los Angles Family and Neighborhood Survey (2000-2002) and the 2000 decennial census, we investigate how parenting strain among Mexican-origin mothers varies by legal status and neighborhood context. We find significant differences in parenting strain by nativity and legal status, with undocumented mothers reporting the lowest level...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Rhiannon A Kroeger, Reanne Frank
This study used data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) and fixed-effects regression to consider whether associations between change in union status and change in BMI were moderated by race/ethnicity. The results indicated that intimate unions were differentially associated with gains in BMI along race/ethnic lines, especially for women. Compared to White women, marriage was associated with larger increases in BMI for Black, Hispanic and Multiracial women, and cohabitation was associated with larger increases for Black and Hispanic women...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Allen J LeBlanc, David M Frost, Kayla Bowen
The authors examined whether the perception of unequal relationship recognition, a novel, couple-level minority stressor, has negative consequences for mental health among same-sex couples. Data came from a dyadic study of 100 ( N = 200) same-sex couples in the U.S. Being in a legal marriage was associated with lower perceived unequal recognition and better mental health; being in a registered domestic partnership or civil union - not also legally married - was associated with greater perceived unequal recognition and worse mental health...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Yang Hou, Lisa A Neff, Su Yeong Kim
The current study examines the longitudinal indirect pathways linking language acculturation to marital quality. Three waves of data were collected from 416 Chinese American couples over eight years ( Mage.wave1 = 48 for husbands, 44 for wives). Actor-partner interdependence model analyses revealed that for both husbands and wives, lower levels of language acculturation were associated with higher levels of stress over being stereotyped as a perpetual foreigner. Individuals' foreigner stress, in turn, was directly related to greater levels of their own and their partners' marital warmth, suggesting that foreigner stress may have some positive relational effects...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
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