journal
Journals Journal of Child Psychology an...

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38877779/socio-demographic-variation-in-diagnosis-of-and-prescribing-for-common-mental-illnesses-among-children-and-young-people-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-time-series-analysis-of-primary-care-electronic-health-records
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Louise Jane Hussey, Evan Kontopantelis, Pearl L H Mok, Darren M Ashcroft, Matthew J Carr, Shruti Garg, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur, Karina Lovell, Roger T Webb
BACKGROUND: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of children and young people (CYP) has been widely reported. Primary care electronic health records were utilised to examine trends in the diagnosing, recording and treating of these common mental disorders by ethnicity and social deprivation in Greater Manchester, England. METHODS: Time-series analyses conducted using Greater Manchester Care Record (GMCR) data examined all diagnosed episodes of anxiety disorders and depression and prescribing of anxiolytics and antidepressants among patients aged 6-24 years...
June 15, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38864317/sex-differences-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-and-clinical-care-a-national-study-of-population-healthcare-records-in-wales
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joanna Martin, Kate Langley, Miriam Cooper, Olivier Y Rouquette, Ann John, Kapil Sayal, Tamsin Ford, Anita Thapar
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have observed sex biases in the diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Females are less likely to be diagnosed or prescribed ADHD medication. This study uses national healthcare records, to investigate sex differences in diagnosis and clinical care in young people with ADHD, particularly regarding recognition and treatment of other mental health conditions. METHODS: The cohort included individuals diagnosed with ADHD, born between 1989 and 2013 and living in Wales between 2000 and 2019...
June 12, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38860431/research-review-social-cognition-and-everyday-social-skills-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a%C3%A2-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#3
REVIEW
Belen Haza, Corentin J Gosling, Flavia Ciminaghi, Laurence Conty, Charlotte Pinabiaux
BACKGROUND: Previous studies that have assessed social cognition in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have produced inconsistent findings. To summarize these data and shed light upon moderators that may explain observed inconsistencies, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis exploring social cognition (Theory of Mind (ToM), Empathy, Facial and Non-Facial Emotion Recognition) and Everyday Social Skills in children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: The current meta-analysis involved 142 studies including 652 effect sizes...
June 11, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38837359/changes-in-emotion-regulation-strategies-during-the-pandemic-prospective-pathways-to-adolescent-depressive-symptoms
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sihan Liu, Jianjie Xu, Huiting Cao, Ye An, Yijia Li, Zhuangyang Li, Mengyu Miranda Gao, Zhuo Rachel Han
BACKGROUND: Emotion regulation (ER) is considered central in adolescent psychopathology, and ER strategies may change during challenging times, such as a global pandemic. Despite this, there remains a limited understanding of individual differences in ER mechanisms and their associations with psychopathology. This study examined whether and how cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, and self-compassion changed over COVID-19 and how these changes uniquely predicted adolescents' depressive symptoms...
June 4, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38831654/a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-well-parent-japan-in-routine-care-in-japan-the-training-and-nurturing-support-for-mothers-transform-study
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shizuka Shimabukuro, Takashi Oshio, Takahiro Endo, Satoshi Harada, Yushiro Yamashita, Akemi Tomoda, Boliang Guo, Yuko Goto, Atsuko Ishii, Mio Izumi, Yukiko Nakahara, Kazushi Yamamoto, David Daley, Gail Tripp
BACKGROUND: Well Parent Japan (WPJ) is a new hybrid group parent training programme combining sessions to improve mothers' psychological well-being with a culturally adapted version of the New Forest Parenting Programme (NFPP). This study investigates the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of WPJ against treatment as usual (TAU) within Japanese child mental health services. METHODS: TRANSFORM was a pragmatic multi-site randomised controlled trial (RCT) with two parallel arms...
June 3, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817012/patterns-of-sub-optimal-change-following-cbt-for-childhood-anxiety
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lizel-Antoinette Bertie, Kristian Arendt, Jonathan R I Coleman, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell, Thalia C Eley, Catharina Hartman, Einar R Heiervang, Tina In-Albon, Karen Krause, Kathryn J Lester, Carla E Marin, Maaike Nauta, Ronald M Rapee, Silvia Schneider, Carolyn Schniering, Wendy K Silverman, Mikael Thastum, Kerstin Thirlwall, Polly Waite, Gro Janne Wergeland, Jennifer L Hudson
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents demonstrate diverse patterns of symptom change and disorder remission following cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders. To better understand children who respond sub-optimally to CBT, this study investigated youths (N = 1,483) who continued to meet criteria for one or more clinical anxiety diagnosis immediately following treatment or at any point during the 12 months following treatment. METHODS: Data were collected from 10 clinical sites with assessments at pre-and post-treatment and at least once more at 3, 6 or 12-month follow-up...
May 30, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38802092/moving-forward-use-of-the-start-now-skills-training-program-for-female-youth-with-odd-and-cd-a-commentary-on-stadler-et%C3%A2-al-2024
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gail Tripp
Female youth with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) are an under studied and underserved population at high risk for poor adjustment in later life. Stadler et al. (2024) attempt to redress this situation for adolescent females with CD or ODD with an adapted version of the skills training program START NOW. They describe the results of an ambitious randomized control trial, comparing START NOW with standard care in youth welfare settings in Germany, Switzerland, and The Netherlands...
May 27, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38798101/hidden-in-plain-sight-delayed-adhd-diagnosis-among-girls-and-women-a-commentary-on-skoglund-et%C3%A2-al-2023
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jessica C Agnew-Blais
Skoglund et al. (Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2023) finds women with ADHD experience a nearly 4-year delay in receiving an ADHD diagnosis compared to men, despite also having high rates of prior contact with the mental health care system. In this commentary, I discuss the findings of Skoglund et al. and how they shed light on possible explanations for this diagnostic delay among women, and the need to consider women-specific issues, like times of hormonal change, in ADHD diagnosis and treatment...
May 26, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38772385/annual-research-review-mapping-the-multifaceted-approaches-and-impacts-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses
#9
REVIEW
Bitna Kim, Meghan Royle
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) significantly impact lifelong health and well-being. Despite extensive research, a comprehensive understanding of ACEs' multifaceted impacts continues to be challenging to achieve. This study synthesizes meta-analytic evidence to provide a comprehensive view of ACEs' effects, addressing various approaches to conceptualizing ACEs and their diverse outcomes. Employing an umbrella synthesis methodology, this review integrated findings from 99 meta-analyses involving 592 effect sizes...
May 21, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38747554/clinical-distinction-between-cognitive-disengagement-syndrome-and-adhd-presentations-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-spanish-children-and-adolescents
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
G Leonard Burns, Stephen P Becker, Juan José Montaño, Mateu Servera
BACKGROUND: This study sought to determine whether cognitive disengagement syndrome (CDS, formerly sluggish cognitive tempo) has different external correlates relative to ADHD-inattentive presentation (INP), ADHD-hyperactive/impulsive presentation (HIP), and ADHD-combined presentation (CP). METHODS: Parents of a nationally representative sample of 5,525 Spanish youth (ages: 5-16, 56.1% boys) completed measures of CDS, ADHD-inattention (IN), and ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI) and other measures...
May 15, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38740058/positive-and-negative-social-media-experiences-and-proximal-risk-for-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jessica L Hamilton, Maya Dalack, Simone Imani Boyd, Saskia Jorgensen, Melissa J Dreier, Jas Sarna, David A Brent
BACKGROUND: Social media (SM) has received considerable attention as a potential risk factor for adolescent suicide. Few empirical studies, however, have examined adolescents' daily negative and positive experiences on SM and its proximal impacts on suicidal ideation (SI), particularly using intensive monitoring designs. METHOD: Adolescents (N = 60; 14-17 years; 49% girls; 62% LGBTQ+) recruited using SM across the United States and participated in an 8-week intensive monitoring protocol...
May 13, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38736394/health-behavior-and-social-outcomes-among-offspring-of-parents-with-criminal-convictions-a-register-based-study-from-sweden
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aurora Järvinen, Paul Lichtenstein, Brian M D'Onofrio, Seena Fazel, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Antti Latvala
BACKGROUND: There is currently insufficient understanding of the health and behavior of children whose parents engage in criminal behavior. We examined associations between parental criminal convictions and wide range of offspring health, behavioral, and social outcomes by age 18 in a large, national sample, aiming to get a comprehensive picture of the risks among children of offending parents. METHODS: We studied 1,013,385 individuals born in Sweden between 1987 and 1995, and their parents...
May 13, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38724448/-i-m-still-su-c-dal-when-you-re-done-with-the-paperwork-an-inductive-framework-thematic-analysis-of-camhs-on-tiktok
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Molly Foster, Hannah Frith, Mary John
BACKGROUND: Young people are sharing their experiences of Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) in the United Kingdom on TikTok. Little is known about the content of these videos and their influence on young people's attitudes towards seeking professional mental health support. METHODS: This study explored how CAMHS is represented in a sample of 100 #camhs TikTok videos using participatory inductive framework thematic analysis. RESULTS: Four themes were developed alongside young people as co-researchers: (a) CAMHS can be frustrating and unhelpful, but sometimes life-saving, (b) Young people can feel their distress is invalidated by CAMHS, (c) CAMHS makes young people feel responsible for their distress, and (d) Young people may not feel CAMHS professionals are trustworthy...
May 9, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38719455/practitioner-review-assessment-and-treatment-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-young-people
#14
REVIEW
Georgina Krebs, Daniel Rautio, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Andrea S Hartmann, Amita Jassi, Alexandra Martin, Argyris Stringaris, David Mataix-Cols
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common and highly impairing mental disorder that is strikingly underdiagnosed and undertreated in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). The only clinical guidelines for the management of BDD in youth were published nearly 20 years ago, when empirical knowledge was sparse. Fortunately, there has been a surge in research into BDD over the last 10 years, shedding important insights into the phenomenology, epidemiology, assessment and treatment of the disorder in young people...
May 8, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38719439/examining-variability-in-naturalistic-developmental-behavioral-intervention-strategy-use-in-caregivers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hallie Brown, Deanna Swain, Hye Won Kim, Sally Rogers, Annette Estes, Connie Kasari, Catherine Lord, So Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions (NDBIs) for young children with autism spectrum disorder commonly involve caregiver-mediated approaches. However, to date, there is limited research on how caregivers' skills change, and, in turn, impact child outcomes. METHODS: We evaluated the NDBI strategy use of 191 caregivers prior to participation in NDBIs (or control groups) across multiple randomized controlled trials, using the Measure of NDBI Strategy Implementation, Caregiver Change (MONSI-CC)...
May 8, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38715160/life-course-predictors-of-child-emotional-distress-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-findings-from-a-prospective-intergenerational-cohort-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Primrose Letcher, Christopher J Greenwood, Jacqui A Macdonald, Joanne Ryan, Meredith O'Connor, Kimberly C Thomson, Ebony J Biden, Felicity Painter, Catherine M Olsson, Ben Edwards, Jennifer McIntosh, Elizabeth A Spry, Delyse Hutchinson, Joyce Cleary, Tim Slade, Craig A Olsson
BACKGROUND: We examine precursors of child emotional distress during the COVID-19 pandemic in a prospective intergenerational Australian cohort study. METHODS: Parents (N = 549, 60% mothers) of 934 1-9-year-old children completed a COVID-19 specific module in 2020 and/or 2021. Decades prior, a broad range of individual, relational and contextual factors were assessed during parents' own childhood, adolescence and young adulthood (7-8 to 27-28 years old; 1990-2010) and again when their children were 1 year old (2012-2019)...
May 7, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38710637/associations-between-trauma-exposure-and-irritability-within-the-family-unit-a-network-approach
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Grace Cotter, Kristina Morreale, Amanda Valdegas, Meghan Fish, Rebecca Beebe, Damion Grasso, Carla Stover, Wan-Ling Tseng
BACKGROUND: Pediatric irritability is a pervasive psychiatric symptom, yet its etiology remains elusive. While trauma exposure may contribute to the development of irritability, empirical research is limited. This study examined the prevalence of irritability among trauma-exposed children, identified factors that differentiate trauma-exposed children with and without irritability, and employed a network analysis to uncover associations between irritability and trauma exposure in the family unit...
May 6, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38708717/shorter-night-time-sleep-duration-and-later-sleep-timing-from-infancy-to-adolescence
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ifigeneia Manitsa, Alice M Gregory, Matthew R Broome, Andrew P Bagshaw, Steven Marwaha, Isabel Morales-Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Here, we (a) examined the trajectories of night-time sleep duration, bedtime and midpoint of night-time sleep (MPS) from infancy to adolescence, and (b) explored perinatal risk factors for persistent poor sleep health. METHODS: This study used data from 12,962 participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Parent or self-reported night-time sleep duration, bedtime and wake-up time were collected from questionnaires at 6, 18 and 30 months, and at 3...
May 6, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38700112/adhd-medication-adherence-reduces-risk-of-committing-minor-offenses-in-adolescents
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Paul T Rosenau, Andrea Dietrich, Barbara J van den Hoofdakker, Pieter J Hoekstra
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between adolescents' adherence to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication and their risk of committing minor offenses. METHODS: Using two Dutch databases, Statistics Netherlands (CBS) and the Foundation for Pharmaceutical Statistics (SFK), we aimed to investigate the association between adherence to ADHD medication and registered minor offenses between 2005 and 2019 of 18,234 adolescents (12-18 years)...
May 3, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38698763/a-bayesian-approach-for-exploring-person%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-environment-interaction-within-the-environmental-sensitivity-meta-framework
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Francesca Lionetti, Antonio Calcagnì, Giulio D'Urso, Maria Spinelli, Mirco Fasolo, Michael Pluess, Massimiliano Pastore
BACKGROUND: For investigating the individual-environment interplay and individual differences in response to environmental exposures as captured by models of environmental sensitivity including Diathesis-stress, Differential Susceptibility, and Vantage Sensitivity, over the last few years, a series of statistical guidelines have been proposed. However, available solutions suffer of computational problems especially relevant when sample size is not sufficiently large, a common condition in observational and clinical studies...
May 3, 2024: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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