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Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30779145/genetic-underpinnings-of-callous-unemotional-traits-and-emotion-recognition-in-children-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#1
Ashlee A Moore, Lance M Rappaport, R James Blair, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, Melissa A Brotman, John M Hettema, Roxann Roberson-Nay
BACKGROUND: Callous-Unemotional (CU) and psychopathic traits are consistently associated with impaired recognition of others' emotions, specifically fear and sadness. However, no studies have examined whether the association between CU traits and emotion recognition deficits is due primarily to genetic or environmental factors. METHODS: The current study used data from 607 Caucasian twin pairs (N = 1,214 twins) to examine the phenotypic and genetic relationship between the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) and facial emotion recognition assessed via the laboratory-based Facial Expression Labeling Task (FELT)...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775788/development-of-inhibitory-control-during-childhood-and-its-relations-to-early-temperament-and-later-social-anxiety-unique-insights-provided-by-latent-growth-modeling-and-signal-detection-theory
#2
Sonya V Troller-Renfree, George A Buzzell, Maureen E Bowers, Virginia C Salo, Alissa Forman-Alberti, Elizabeth Smith, Leanna J Papp, Jennifer M McDermott, Daniel S Pine, Heather A Henderson, Nathan A Fox
BACKGROUND: Children with the temperament of behavioral inhibition (BI) face increased risk for social anxiety. However, not all children with BI develop anxiety symptoms. Inhibitory control (IC) has been suggested as a moderator of the pathway between BI and social anxiety. This study uses longitudinal data to characterize development of IC and tests the hypothesis that IC moderates associations between early BI and later social anxiety symptoms. METHODS: Children completed a Go/Nogo task at ages 5, 7, and 10 years as part of a longitudinal study of BI (measured at 2-3 years) and social anxiety symptoms (measured at 12 years)...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775782/practitioner-review-unguided-and-guided-self-help-interventions-for-common-mental-health-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Sophie D Bennett, Pim Cuijpers, David Daniel Ebert, Mhairi McKenzie Smith, Anna E Coughtrey, Isobel Heyman, Grazia Manzotti, Roz Shafran
Mental health problems are common in children and adolescents, yet evidence-based treatments are hard to access. Self-help interventions can increase such access. The aim of this paper was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the use of guided and unguided self-help for children and young people with symptoms of common mental health disorders. In contrast to previous reviews of self-help in children, all types of self-help and multiple mental health disorders were investigated in order to increase power to investigate potential moderators of efficacy...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771222/changes-in-self-concept-and-risk-of-psychotic-experiences-in-adolescence-a-longitudinal-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Colm Healy, Helen Coughlan, James Williams, Mary Clarke, Ian Kelleher, Mary Cannon
BACKGROUND: Psychotic experiences (PEs) are commonly reported in adolescence and are associated with a range of negative outcomes. Few targets for intervention for PEs have been identified. One potential target is self-concept: an individual's beliefs about his/her personal attributes. Improvements in self-concept have been shown to reduce psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia but no study has investigated the relationship between changes in self-concept and risk of PEs in the general population...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30697730/can-reciprocated-parent-child-eye-gaze-and-emotional-engagement-enhance-treatment-for-children-with-conduct-problems-and-callous-unemotional-traits-a-proof-of-concept-trial
#5
Mark R Dadds, Therese English, Subodha Wimalaweera, Olivia Schollar-Root, David J Hawes
BACKGROUND: High levels of callous-unemotional (CU) traits are associated with reduced effectiveness of parenting programmes for children with conduct problems. This may be due to low levels of emotional engagement (EE) by these children with their parents. We evaluate a theoretically driven strategy for improving emotional engagement in high CU traits children undergoing a parenting intervention (parent management training; PMT) for child conduct problems. METHODS: N = 40, 3- to 8-year-old children referred for conduct problems and showing stable, high levels of CU traits, were randomised to receive PMT+Emotional Engagement (EE), or the control condition PMT+Child Centred Play (CCP)...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690737/practitioner-review-assessment-and-treatment-of-preschool-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Jeffrey M Halperin, David J Marks
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often emerges during the preschool years and remains impairing throughout the life span. Early identification and intervention may yield lasting benefits that alter the often-adverse trajectory of the disorder. METHODS: This Practitioner Review provides up-to-date information regarding the evaluation and treatment of ADHD in preschool children. The clinical presentation of ADHD in preschool children, its persistence into later childhood, the applicability of DSM-5 criteria for preschoolers with ADHD, and early predictors of long-term trajectories are addressed, as well as current findings from randomized controlled trials of both nonpharmacological and pharmacological interventions...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30648742/the-importance-of-the-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-of-cognitions-and-mood-in-traumatized-children-and-adolescents-two-network-approaches
#7
Lasse Bartels, Lucy Berliner, Tonje Holt, Tine Jensen, Nathaniel Jungbluth, Paul Plener, Elizabeth Risch, Roberto Rojas, Rita Rosner, Cedric Sachser
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to provide a better understanding of the central symptoms of DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents from the perspective of the child and its caregiver. Identifying core symptoms of PTSD can help clinicians to understand what may be relevant targets for treatment. PTSD may present itself differently in children and adolescents compared to adults, and no study so far has investigated the DSM-5 PTSD conceptualization using network analysis...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548855/practitioner-review-mental-health-problems-of-refugee-children-and-adolescents-and-their-management
#8
REVIEW
Matthew Hodes, Panos Vostanis
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the numbers of refugees have increased and around half are under 18 years of age. It is known that experience of organised violence, displacement and resettlement increases the risk for psychiatric disorders and psychosocial impairment. This review integrates recent research into the risk and protective factors for psychopathology with service and treatment issues. METHODS: We draw on and critically evaluate key systematic reviews in the selected areas, innovative robust studies and relevant government reports...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30515808/annual-research-review-maternal-antidepressant-use-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-neurodevelopmental-problems-a-critical-review-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#9
REVIEW
Ayesha C Sujan, A Sara Öberg, Patrick D Quinn, Brian M D'Onofrio
Children of women treated with antidepressants during pregnancy are more likely to develop neurodevelopmental problems than are unexposed children. Associations between prenatal antidepressant exposure and neurodevelopmental problems could reflect a causal effect or could be partially or fully explained by other factors that differ between exposed and unexposed offspring, including having mothers with conditions requiring antidepressant treatment (e.g. depression), environmental risk factors, and/or genetic risk factors shared across disorders...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30506566/the-dysregulation-profile-in-preschoolers-with-and-without-a-family-history-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Meghan Miller, Ana-Maria Iosif, Gregory S Young, Laura J Bell, A J Schwichtenberg, Ted Hutman, Sally Ozonoff
BACKGROUND: The 'dysregulation profile' (DP) is a measure of emotional and behavioral dysregulation that may cut across diagnostic boundaries. Siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who do not develop ASD themselves are at risk for atypical outcomes including behavioral challenges and therefore may be a useful population in which to investigate the structure of the DP in preschoolers. METHODS: We sought to examine the factor structure and predictors of the DP in a sample enriched for a wide range of phenotypic variation-36-month-olds with and without family histories of ASD-and to determine whether children with genetic liability for ASD are at risk for a phenotype characterized by elevated dysregulation...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30485419/research-review-internalising-symptoms-in-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Serif Omer, Ana M Jijon, Hayley C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) affects 5%-6% of children. There is growing evidence that DCD is associated with greater levels of internalising symptoms (i.e. depression and anxiety). This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the magnitude of this effect, the quality of the evidence and potential moderators. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify studies reporting a comparison between individuals with DCD/probable DCD and typically developing (TD) individuals on measures of internalising symptoms...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786021/editorial-can-dysregulated-myelination-be-linked-to-adhd-pathogenesis-and-persistence
#12
EDITORIAL
Klaus-Peter Lesch
Converging evidence from new epidemiologic, genetic, epigenetic, neuroimaging, and experimental model findings are further refining a long-standing concept, regarding the underlying neurobiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): that ADHD onset and its persistence into adulthood are the result of dysregulated myelination and associated alterations in neuronal plasticity - linked to disrupted brain maturation and the persistence of cognitive and emotional impairments across the life span. If supported by further work, this concept represents a pathophysiologic mechanism amenable to therapeutic intervention...
March 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786020/editorial-perspective-questioning-kids-applying-the-lessons-from-developmentally-sensitive-investigative-interviewing-to-the-research-context
#13
EDITORIAL
Lindsay C Malloy, Stacia N Stolzenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30673138/editorial-perspective-furthering-research-on-temperament-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
EDITORIAL
Lacey Chetcuti, Mirko Uljarević, Kristelle Hudry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30673137/editorial-closing-in-on-causal-links-between-environmental-exposures-and-human-development-using-observational-data-confound-those-confounders
#15
EDITORIAL
Pasco Fearon
A central goal of developmental psychopathology research is to understand the mechanisms linking environmental exposures in childhood to variations in mental health and development across the lifespan. The Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry has featured many influential studies and reviews addressing this important topic. This month's issue of the journal presents papers which address several specific environmental exposures, including prenatal factors, parenting and adverse childhood experiences, and illustrate important principles that should be used as a basis for taking the field forward...
February 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29741788/cumulative-childhood-risk-is-associated-with-a-new-measure-of-chronic-inflammation-in-adulthood
#16
Line Jee Hartmann Rasmussen, Terrie E Moffitt, Jesper Eugen-Olsen, Daniel W Belsky, Andrea Danese, HonaLee Harrington, Renate M Houts, Richie Poulton, Karen Sugden, Benjamin Williams, Avshalom Caspi
BACKGROUND: Childhood risk factors are associated with elevated inflammatory biomarkers in adulthood, but it is unknown whether these risk factors are associated with increased adult levels of the chronic inflammation marker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR). We aimed to test the hypothesis that childhood exposure to risk factors for adult disease is associated with elevated suPAR in adulthood and to compare suPAR with the oft-reported inflammatory biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP)...
February 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30556608/editorial-it-s-a-family-affair-the-social-drivers-of-child-and-adolescent-resilience
#17
EDITORIAL
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
Studies of risk and vulnerability processes may provide important ways of identifying new treatment targets - based on the principle that mending something is much easier if you know in what way it is broken. However, in our field, knowing its source may not always tell us about how to remediate impairment. Studies focusing on resilience may be more informative from this perspective. In this editorial I discuss four papers that highlight the value of resilience studies from a translational perspective - in particular contrasting the strengths and limitations of observational and experimental designs...
January 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30556607/autism-s-existential-crisis-a-reflection-on-livingston-et-al-2018
#18
James C McPartland
Livingston and colleagues present an empirical investigation of the compensatory framework describing the autism clinical phenotype as the sum of intrinsic neurocognitive deficits and compensatory mechanisms. This commentary highlights several methodologic features of the study that are pertinent to interpretation and reflects on the reduction of social behavior to cognitive processes. Taken together, the notion of compensation calls into question the validity and utility of the current behavioral diagnosis of autism...
January 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30556606/erratum
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30556605/no-better-than-chance-developments-in-predicting-adolescent-suicide-a-commentary-on-mars-et-al-2018-and-beckman-et-al-2018
#20
Rosemary Sedgwick, Dennis Ougrin
Suicide is the second leading cause of death in young people aged 10-24 globally (Patton et al., 2009) and it is therefore of vital importance that we understand more about how to identify those at risk. Many of those who proceed to die by suicide will not have interacted with mental health services (Kidger et al., 2012), and therefore predictors of suicide attempts and completed suicides are relevant not only to mental health services but also to schools and communities. Despite years of research, it continues to be challenging to identify those young people who undergo transition from thinking about suicide to attempting suicide as well as those young people who undergo transition from self-harm to completed suicide...
January 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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