journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38963814/are-older-adults-more-prosocial-than-younger-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Duo Li, Yuan Cao, Bryant P H Hui, David H K Shum
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prosociality refers to voluntary behaviors that intend to benefit others. Most of the existing literature suggests that older adults tend to act more prosocially compared to younger adults, while some studies show that older adults might not be that prosocial under certain conditions. The current study aimed to summarize the mixed findings and quantify the age difference in prosociality by conducting a qualitative systematic review and a quantitative meta-analysis...
July 4, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38953432/care-resistant-behavior-trajectories-during-mouth-care-among-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chunhong Xiao, Frank Puga, Carolyn Pickering, Hsiao-Lan Wang, Maria Geisinger, Cindy Cain, Peng Li, Rita Jablonski
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined day-to-day variation in care-resistant behaviors (CRBs) exhibited by persons living with dementia during mouth health care and the potential influence of time-of-day on CRB trajectories. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted on a sample of 75 nursing home-dwelling persons living with dementia who exhibited CRBs during mouth care activities. Over 21 days, CRBs were measured using the revised Resistiveness to Care Scale (RTC-r) during morning and afternoon mouth care sessions...
July 2, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38953169/learning-from-people-with-dementia-what-works-well-for-well-being-interviews-and-focus-groups
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Noortje Kloos, Annemiek Bielderman, Debby Gerritsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous research has tended to prioritize the condition of dementia when investigating positive lived experiences, while there is no evidence that well-being becomes fundamentally different when living with dementia. The current exploratory qualitative study examined how people living with dementia describe how they realize their well-being, without treating dementia as a central concern, and specifically addressed people who are successful in maintaining their well-being...
July 2, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38946163/comparing-unmet-service-needs-between-rural-and-urban-family-caregivers-of-people-living-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-dementias-a-multi-site-study
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christina E Miyawaki, Angela McClellan, David Russell, Erin D Bouldin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The scarcity of resources and available caregiving services in rural areas in the United States has been well-documented. However, less research has compared unmet service needs between caregivers of people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) in rural versus urban areas. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using semi-structured interviews guided by theories of health service use and dependent care, we interviewed 20 family caregivers residing in rural areas of Western North Carolina and 18 caregivers within the urban setting of Houston, Texas, and compared their unmet service needs and contextual factors that facilitate their service use...
July 1, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38943554/beyond-the-focus-on-individuals-adding-environment-into-the-redefined-successful-aging-paradigm
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Li Zhuo, Jiawei Cao
Since the origin of the Successful Aging (SA) model by Rowe and Kahn, scholars have been working on enriching the content of SA and taking actions to promote this concept worldwide. While most studies primarily focus on older individuals, only a few scholars have considered the environmental aspect of SA. However, the environment, directly and indirectly, enhances older adults' abilities to achieve SA. To measure SA comprehensively and address inequalities among older adults, this theoretical article aims to challenge current SA models by incorporating both individual and environmental aspects and proposing four measurement dimensions: inclusivity of disadvantaged groups, culture-specific adaptation, balance between physical and social environments, and dynamics of the whole lifecycle...
June 29, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38943547/psychometric-properties-and-measurement-invariance-of-the-awareness-of-age-related-change-short-form-in-older-adult-samples-from-taiwan-and-germany
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Han-Yun Tseng, Chi-Shin Wu, Chun-Yi Lee, I-Chien Wu, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Roman Kaspar, Hans-Werner Wahl, Manfred Diehl
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the psychometric properties and measurement invariance of the 10-item Awareness of Age-Related Change Short Form (AARC-SF) questionnaire in a Chinese-speaking sample of older adults in Taiwan. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from 292 participants (Mage = 77.64 years) in the Healthy Aging Longitudinal Study in Taiwan (HALST) cohort were used for Study 1, whereas data from young-old adult samples in Germany were used for Study 2...
June 29, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38943477/brief-aging-education-impacts-continuing-education-preferences-and-behaviors-of-mental-health-providers
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicholas E Schmidt, Brian Carpenter, Ann M Steffen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the impact of receiving foundational information about aging on continuing education (CE) interests, preferences, and behaviors of mental health providers. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHOD: Participants were practicing licensed professional counselors (LPCs; N = 120) recruited from a random sampling of a state registry. The study employed a three-group randomized controlled design with participants assigned to one of three conditions: an aging-specific reading, an Opioid Use Disorder-specific reading, and a CE requirement-specific reading...
June 29, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38898816/examining-first-and-second-level-digital-divide-at-the-intersection-of-race-ethnicity-gender-and-socioeconomic-status-an-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-aging-trends-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kun Wang, Xiayu Summer Chen, Danan Gu, Brenda D Smith, Yanjun Dong, Jared Zak Peet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Significant societal and technological changes in the 2010s called for an up-to-date understanding of the digital divide among older adults in the United States (U.S.). This trend study aimed to examine the effects of race/ethnicity and the intersecting effects of race/ethnicity with other marginalized identities related to gender, income, education, and occupation on the first- and second-level digital divide. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Utilizing a nationally representative sample of older community dwellers from the National Health and Aging Trends Study, we conducted weighted logistic regressions at three time points (2011/2013, 2015, and 2019)...
June 20, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38874563/needs-and-challenges-for-volunteering-in-rural-areas-lessons-learned-from-a-survey-of-a-service-organization-in-rural-michigan
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rita Xiaochen Hu, Jay Kayser, Ruth E Dunkle, Julie Tarr
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Volunteers are the foundation of social service agencies in rural communities, yet limited research exists on their needs and challenges. Motivated by the multi-dimensional older voluntarism sustainability framework, this study aims to understand (1) the characteristics of volunteers, (2) the relationships between volunteers' sense of community and their own aging and volunteer retention, and (3) the unique challenges faced by volunteers and volunteer-based agencies...
June 14, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38874215/ageism-and-successful-digital-engagement-a-proposed-theoretical-model
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ittay Mannheim, Hanna K├Âttl
Recently, scholars have highlighted the detrimental consequences of technology-based ageism. Digital technology (DT) is commonly discoursed as an opportunity to promote Successful Aging. Nevertheless, the theoretical implications of ageism, DT, and Successful Aging are underexplored. This paper presents a new theoretical model of Digital Engagement and Ageism (D-EngAge), which elaborates on the potential impacts of ageism on DT engagement and participation in later life and explains how ageism may pose a threat to realizing the potential of DT to promote Successful Aging...
June 14, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38869891/persons-with-cognitive-impairment-and-care-partner-motivations-and-experiences-of-undergoing-an-amyloid-scan-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elyse Couch, Miriam T Ashford, Matthew Prina
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) scans can enhance the accuracy of dementia diagnoses. However, the perspectives and experiences of people with cognitive impairment and their care partners undergoing an amyloid scan are less well understood. Therefore, this review aimed to identify and summarize qualitative studies exploring patient and care partner experiences of undergoing an amyloid scan. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We searched Embase, MEDLINE, and PsychInfo in March 2024...
June 13, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38868982/admission-and-discharge-practices-among-assisted-living-communities-the-role-of-state-regulations-and-organizational-characteristics
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cassandra L Hua, Lindsey Smith, Sheryl Zimmerman, Gauri Gadkari, Paula Carder, Philip D Sloane, Christopher J Wretman, Kali S Thomas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A better understanding of factors associated with assisted living admission and discharge practices can help identify communities that are more likely to allow residents to age in place. This study examined how state regulations and assisted living organizational characteristics relate to community admission and discharge practices for bathing, getting out of bed, and feeding. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using data from a representative sample of 250 assisted living communities in 7 states and a database of assisted living state regulations, we employed multilevel logistic regression models to examine regulatory and organizational correlates of assisted living community admission and discharge practices for three activities of daily living (ADLs [bathing, getting out of bed, and feeding])...
June 13, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38864593/an-environmental-scan-of-tools-that-help-individuals-living-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-or-neurocognitive-disorders-ncd-achieve-their-preferred-health-or-well-being
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stuart W Grande, Greg Kotzbauer, Shanda Hunt, Karynn Yee-Huey Tan, Supriya Yagnik, Michael Ellenbogen, Jane Pederson, Andreas Hager, Heidi Hoppe, Lisa Sutton, Alberto Villarejo-Galende, Mikele Epperly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Older adults experiencing neurocognitive disease (NCD) contend with complex care often characterized by high emotional strain. Mitigating complex care with decision support tools can clarify options. When used in conjunction with the practice of Shared Decision Making (SDM) these tools can improve satisfaction and confidence in treatment. Use of these tools for cognitive health has increased but more is needed to understand how these tools incorporate social needs into treatment plans...
June 12, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38860660/cognitive-impairment-and-social-determinants-of-health-among-indigenous-women
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Soonhee Roh, Yeon-Shim Lee, Heehyul Moon, Joel S Steele, Donald K Warne, Jung-Ah Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) pose significant challenges for Indigenous populations, necessitating urgent research. Limited evidence suggests that high rates of ADRD among Indigenous peoples are associated with social determinants of health (SDOH), such as education, income, health literacy, religion, and social engagement. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Collaborating with a Northern Plains tribe, participants were recruited 123 self-identified Indigenous women aged 40 to 70 through a comprehensive recruitment strategy...
June 11, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38859563/medicaid-enrollment-and-intergenerational-transfers-of-wealth-among-older-adults
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amanda Spishak-Thomas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medicaid look-back periods are meant to prevent Medicaid applicants from gifting assets to meet eligibility requirements. These policies have the potential to impact families across generations given their ability to restrict the transfer of assets between parent and child. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using 2008-2018 data from the Health and Retirement Study, this study analyzed the estate planning and familial wealth transfer behaviors of a cohort of older adults 65 and older who became Medicaid recipients during a 10-year period...
June 11, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38853657/covid-19-stress-and-cognitive-disparities-in-black-mena-and-white-older-adults
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kristine J Ajrouch, Laura B Zahodne, Simon Brauer, Wassim Tarraf, Toni C Antonucci
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Population aging has led to an increased interest in cognitive health, and, in particular, the role that stress plays in cognitive disparities. This paper extends previous work by characterizing COVID-19 stress type prevalence and its association with cognitive health in metro-Detroit among Black, Middle Eastern/Arab (MENA) and White older adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data come from a regionally representative sample of adults aged 65+ in metro-Detroit (N=600; MENA n=199; Black n=205; White n=196)...
June 10, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38853407/self-directed-home-and-community-based-services-improve-outcomes-for-family-caregivers-a-systematic-review
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Supakorn Kueakomoldej, Emily Dinelli, Molly Beestrum, Tonie Sadler, Joseph Caldwell, Megan McHugh, Allen W Heinemann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Self-direction is an approach that allows older adults and people with disabilities to determine the home and community-based services they receive, including the ability to hire caregivers of their choice. Self-direction has been shown to improve outcomes for the service recipients. The promotion of choice and control in self-direction may also affect family caregivers. We conducted a systematic review examining the impact of self-direction on a broad range of caregiver outcomes...
June 10, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38843088/virtual-group-cognitive-stimulation-therapy-vcst-for-dementia-mixed-methods-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aimee Spector, Nur Diyanah Abdul Wahab, Joshua Stott, Emily Fisher, Esther K Hui, Luke Perkins, Wing Gi Leung, Rachel Evans, Gloria Wong, Cerne Felstead
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) is an evidence-based group intervention for people with dementia , with benefits for cognition and quality of life when delivered face-to-face. Many people are unable to attend face-to-face groups for reasons including health and transport issues. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of online or 'virtual' CST (vCST). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Single-blind, randomised controlled feasibility design with qualitative interviews...
June 6, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38835216/leadership-matters-investigating-the-association-between-nursing-home-administrator-turnover-and-quality
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rohit Pradhan, Akbar Ghiasi, Robert Weech-Maldonado
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Existing research has associated nursing home (NH) staff turnover with poor performance, yet the impact of nursing home administrator (NHA) turnover remains relatively understudied. This study aimed to explore the relationship between NHA turnover and NH quality, and to determine if this relationship was mediated by registered nurse (RN) turnover. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Utilizing data from multiple secondary sources, including the Care Compare: Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program (SNF QRP) and LTCFocus...
June 5, 2024: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38835197/digital-skills-stem-occupation-and-job-automation-risks-among-the-older-workers-in-the-united-states
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Takashi Yamashita, Donnette Narine, Runcie C W Chidebe, Jenna W Kramer, Rita Karam, Phyllis A Cummins, Thomas J Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Advancing automation technologies are replacing certain occupations such as those involving simple food preparation more than occupations such as those in STEM fields (e.g., engineering, health care). Older workers generally face higher job automation risks in part due to their lower levels of digital skills. A better understanding of the associations between job automation risk, digital skills, and type of occupation (e.g., STEM vs. non-STEM) can facilitate preparations for job automation and workforce population aging...
June 5, 2024: Gerontologist
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