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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

Angharad N de Cates, Gennaro Catone, Paul Bebbington, Matthew R Broome
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity may be an important risk factor in terms of future self-harm. However, the extent of this, whether it may relate to self-harm that is new in onset and/or repetition of self-harm, and the detail of any interaction with mood instability (MI) and childhood sexual abuse (CSA) requires detailed examination. AIMS: We used the 2000 Adult Psychiatry Morbidity Survey and an 18-month follow-up data to test hypotheses relating to the role of impulsivity, CSA and MI in the inception and persistence of self-harm...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sang-Mi Park
BACKGROUND: Korea has the highest rate of suicide in the world and has held this rank for the last decade. Suicide has risen especially sharply among 45- to 54-year-old Koreans; there were about 32.1 suicides per 100,000 individuals in 2015, and this contributed significantly to the rising suicide rate in Korea. Recently, adverse work conditions, including insecure employment and shift work, have been suggested as a suicide risk factor. However, little is known about the influence of insecure employment on suicidal ideation among middle-aged adults...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Andrew Stickley, Hans Oh, Ai Koyanagi, Mall Leinsalu, Zui Narita, Bayard Roberts, Martin McKee
BACKGROUND: Perceived discrimination has been linked to worse mental health. However, little is known about this association in the countries of the former Soviet Union (fSU). AIM: To address this deficit, this study examined the link between perceived discrimination and psychological distress in nine fSU countries. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 18,000 adults aged ⩾18 years obtained during the Health in Times of Transition (HITT) survey undertaken in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine in 2010 and 2011...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sneha B Vadher, Bharat N Panchal, Ashok U Vala, Imran J Ratnani, Kinjal J Vasava, Rishi S Desai, Aayushi H Shah
BACKGROUND: Problematic Internet use (PIU) is the inability of individuals to control their Internet use, resulting in marked distress and/or functional impairment in daily life. AIM/OBJECTIVE: We assessed the frequency of PIU and predictors of PIU, including social anxiety disorder (SAD), quality of sleep, quality of life and Internet-related demographic variables among school going adolescents. METHODS: This was an observational, single-centered, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study of 1,312 school going adolescents studying in Grades 10, 11 and 12 in Bhavnagar, India...
February 11, 2019: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Jude Stansfield, Ruth Bell
BACKGROUND: Mental health can help explain how social inequalities impact on health. Many current public health challenges are shaped by social, economic and environmental conditions that take a mental toll on society. PURPOSE: This article describes a conceptual framework illustrating the psychosocial pathways that link the wider conditions to health behaviours and outcomes. It draws out implications of this framework for mental health practice that aim to support policy and decision-making on future action to reduce health inequalities and presents practical examples of what can be done...
January 17, 2019: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Nuray A Karanci, Aylin Aras, Guler Beril Kumpasoğlu, Demet Can, Ekin Çakır, Cemrenur Karaaslan, Mine Semerci, Duygu Tüzün
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness affecting the social and occupational lives of the sufferers and posing a considerable burden on the patients and their families. Furthermore, negative societal reactions and the internalization of these attitudes exacerbate the difficulties encountered. This study examines the perspectives of Turkish people with schizophrenia on how they view the impact of the illness on their lives, the societal reactions and attitudes to schizophrenia and whether they agree with these reactions...
January 8, 2019: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Vishal Bhavsar, Shuo Zhang, Dinesh Bhugra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2019: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Michael Kron, Rupinder Grewal, John Idso, Michael Prough, Cassandra Sundaram, Scott Klein, John Nida, Desmond Jumbam, Kaya Garringer
BACKGROUND: The World Economic Forum (2011) concluded that the economic impact of mental illness is the single most important contributor among all non-communicable diseases to loss of productivity. The 21 economies represented by Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) responded to that information with efforts to address mental health as an integral component of economic development. AIM: In order to help assess the progress of APEC region compared to other regions of the world, the World Health Organization (WHO) granted us access to a subset of the 2014 Mental Health Atlas database containing health indicators from all 21 APEC economies...
December 29, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Ioannis Diakogiannis, Ioannis Nimatoudis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Faraaz Mahomed, Michael Ashley Stein, Ajay Chauhan, Soumitra Pathare
BACKGROUND: Family life is a near-universal condition and a fundamental human right. It can also have a significant impact on mental health, including recovery from mental health conditions. In India, families play a considerable role, representing a source of social, cultural, religious and, often, financial support. However, families can also play a stigmatising role. AIM: To examine the experiences of mental health service users (MHSUs) relating to stigma and support provided by family members and to consider ways in which family support can be improved...
December 5, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sucharita Maji, Shikha Dixit
The connection between gender and health has intrigued health professionals in the last few decades. Silencing-the-self theory has brought a considerable clarity in this matter. After around three decades of the theory, the literature related to the theory has immensely flourished and has covered different branches of psychology. The aim of the present work is to provide a comprehensive picture of the qualitative and quantitative research findings that have connected self-silencing to health and well-being of women...
December 5, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Antoine Jeri-Yabar, Alejandra Sanchez-Carbonel, Karen Tito, Jimena Ramirez-delCastillo, Alessandra Torres-Alcantara, Daniela Denegri, Yhuri Carreazo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between social media dependence and depressive symptoms and also, to characterize the level of dependence. It was a transversal, analytical research. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The stratified sample was 212 students from a private university that used Facebook, Instagram and/or Twitter. To measure depressive symptoms, Beck Depression Inventory was used, and to measure the dependence to social media, the Social Media Addiction Test was used, adapted from the Internet Addiction Test of Echeburúa...
November 30, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Ka-Fai Chung, Samson Tse, Chit-Tat Lee, Michael Ming-Cheuk Wong, Wing-Man Chan
BACKGROUND: Public expenditure on mental health education has grown exponentially in the past two decades. Does the experience of stigma among people with mental health problems improve over time? Our study aims to compare the levels of perceived stigmatization, rejection experiences and stigma-coping among mental health service users in Hong Kong between 2001 and 2017 using longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional study design. METHOD: The baseline survey was completed by 193 psychiatric outpatients in 2001...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Robert J Cramer, Susan Rasmussen, Wesley B Webber, Victoria L Sime, Caitlin Haile, Claire McFadden, Moira C McManus
BACKGROUND: Suicide prevention literature currently suffers from inconsistent measurement and incomplete theoretical development. AIMS: Using a recommended suicide measurement approach for epidemiological studies (i.e. the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R)), the present investigation assessed United Kingdom young adult suicide prevalence rates. This study also investigated the utility of a Preferences in Information Processing (PIP) model of suicide in identifying those at increased odds for elevated suicide risk, as well as lifetime ideation and attempt...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Camila Corrêa Matias Pereira, João Mazzoncini de Azevedo Marques, Amanda Heloisa Santana da Silva, Isabela Dos Santos Martin, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti Dantas, Jacqueline de Souza, Sueli Aparecida Frari Galera, Edilaine Cristina da Silva Gherardi-Donato
BACKGROUND: Families are the main caregivers of people with schizophrenia. Family dynamic and expressed emotion (EE) of relatives are fundamental determinants on the course of schizophrenia. METHOD: This study analyzed socio-demographic and clinical factors related to EE components. A total of 94 dyads (patients with schizophrenia and their relatives) were recruited from three mental health clinics. A form containing socio-demographic and clinical variables and the Brazilian version of Family Questionnaire were used and the data were analyzed through regression model...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Annika Claire Sweetland, Andrea Norcini Pala, Jennifer Mootz, Jennifer Chien-Wen Kao, Catherine Carlson, Maria A Oquendo, Bryan Cheng, Gary Belkin, Milton Wainberg
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, mental and substance-related disorders account for 19% of all years lived with disability, yet the intersection between poverty and mental distress is poorly understood since most psychiatric research is conducted in high-income countries. AIMS: To examine the prevalence of and associations between food insecurity, mental distress and suicidal ideation in three rural village clusters in sub-Saharan Africa. METHOD: Cross-sectional multivariate analysis of sociodemographic variables associated with mental distress and suicidal ideation in three countries...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Miyuru Chandradasa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Albert Persaud, Geraint Day, Antonio Ventriglio, Susham Gupta, Padmavati Ramachandran, Roxanna Ruiz, Egor Chumakov, Geetha Desai, Joao Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Julio Torales, Edgardo Juan Tolentino, Kamaldeep Bhui, Dinesh Bhugra
In the previous accompanying paper, we described geopolitical factors which affect mental health of individuals who suffer directly and indirectly. These disasters whether they are natural or man-made often attract significant amounts of aid and resources - financial and human. In addition, those who offer foreign aid need to be aware of where and how the aid is being spent. In this paper, we propose that aid giving agencies give due attention to the impact the aid should have on mental health of recipients...
December 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Albert Persaud, Geraint Day, Susham Gupta, Antonio Ventriglio, Roxanna Ruiz, Egor Chumakov, Geetha Desai, Joao Castaldelli-Maia, Julio Torales, Edgardo Juan Tolentino, Kamaldeep Bhui, Dinesh Bhugra
Natural and man-made disasters carry with them major burden and very often the focus is on immediate survival and management of resulting infectious diseases. The impact of disasters directly and indirectly on the well-being and mental health of those affected often gets ignored. The reasons are often stigma and lack of attention to mental health consequences. In addition, often the focus is on preventing the spread of infectious diseases such as waterborne or airborne diseases. This is further complicated by the fact that often aid agencies in offering aid tend to focus on communicable diseases and not on mental health of populations...
December 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Máté Kapitány-Fövény, Mara J Richman, Zsolt Demetrovics, Mihály Sulyok
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders may show inherent cross-national variability in their prevalence. A considerable number of meta-analyses attribute this heterogeneity to the methodological diversity in published epidemiological studies. Cultural values are characteristically not assessed in meta-regression models as potential covariates. AIM: Our aim was to conduct a meta-regression analysis to explore to what extent certain cultural values and immigration rates (as indicator of cultural diversity) might be associated with the cross-national heterogeneity of prevalence rates...
November 11, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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