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International Journal of Biometeorology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30783761/comparison-of-microclimate-measurements-and-perceptions-as-part-of-a-global-evaluation-of-environmental-quality-at-neighbourhood-scale
#1
A Lemonsu, A Amossé, D Chouillou, N Gaudio, S Haouès-Jouve, J Hidalgo, J Le Bras, D Legain, S Marchandise, B Tudoux
The EUREQUA project raises the issue of the definition and evaluation of the environmental quality of neighbourhoods. The approach consists of integrating and cross-referencing observable data characterising the physical environment and people's perception of their quality of life. The study area is a neighbourhood in Toulouse (France) with high social and typo-morphological diversity, subject to noise and air pollution nuisances. Three 3-day field campaigns were organised in January, April, and June 2014. Instrumented and commented walks took place three times per day...
February 19, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30778684/assessment-of-neural-networks-and-time-series-analysis-to-forecast-airborne-parietaria-pollen-presence-in-the-atlantic-coastal-regions
#2
J A Valencia, G Astray, M Fernández-González, M J Aira, F J Rodríguez-Rajo
Pollen forecasting models are a useful tool with which to predict episodes of type I allergenic risk and other environmental or biological processes. Parietaria is a wind-pollinated perennial herb that is responsible for many cases of severe pollinosis due to its high pollen production, the long persistence of the pollen grains in the atmosphere and the abundant presence of allergens in their cytoplasm and walls. The aim of this paper is to develop artificial neural networks (ANNs) to predict airborne Parietaria pollen concentrations in the northwestern part of Spain using a 19-year data set (1999-2017)...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30756175/risk-assessment-of-frost-damage-to-sugar-beet-simulated-under-cold-and-semi-arid-environments
#3
Reza Deihimfard, Sajjad Rahimi-Moghaddam, Karine Chenu
In the semi-arid climatic conditions, water shortage is a key factor to generate crop production. Planting in autumn and winter and using precipitation can help cope with the problem. But in the semi-arid areas with cold winter, frost is another limited factor affecting crop production. For this purpose, in the present study, a simple and universal crop growth simulator (SUCROS) model was used to estimate the potential yield of sugar beets and frost damage from 1993 to 2009 for four autumn sowing dates (2 October, 17 October, 1 November, and 16 November) and two spring dates (6 March and 6 May) in eight locations (Birjand, Bojnord, Ghaen, Mashhad, Torbat-e Heydarieh, Neyshabor, Torbat-e Jam, and Ghochan) of the Khorasan province in northeastern Iran as a semi-arid and cold area...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747321/outdoor-environment-management-through-air-enthalpy-analysis
#4
Firmo Sousa Campos, Valéria Cristina Rodrigues Sarnighausen, Carla Dos Santos Riccardi
With the ever-progressing urbanization of human society comes lingering public issues, primarily those related to human health and the need to provide environments where the population can be routinely frequent. Also, the effects of climatic changes tend to aggravate such public health issues, mainly respiratory and cardiac symptoms. As such, analyzing and studying those environments can be crucial for public administrations in the decision-making processes. One such method of analysis involves using an air enthalpy index to profile and provide a picture of stress situations, helping expedite preventive measures and hospital logistics...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739159/the-predictability-of-heat-related-mortality-in-prague-czech-republic-during-summer-2015-a-comparison-of-selected-thermal-indices
#5
Aleš Urban, David M Hondula, Hana Hanzlíková, Jan Kyselý
We compared selected thermal indices in their ability to predict heat-related mortality in Prague, Czech Republic, during the extraordinary summer 2015. Relatively, novel thermal indices-Universal Thermal Climate Index and Excess Heat Factor (EHF)-were compared with more traditional ones (apparent temperature, simplified wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT), and physiologically equivalent temperature). The relationships between thermal indices and all-cause relative mortality deviations from the baseline (excess mortality) were estimated by generalized additive models for the extended summer season (May-September) during 1994-2014...
February 9, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739158/an-overview-of-heat-stress-relief-with-global-warming-in-perspective
#6
A Berman
Global warming seems more probable, whether as gradual warming or increased frequency of warmer episodes. The productivity of cattle in temperate countries will decline unless counteracting steps are adopted. The probability of pre-emptive breeding for maintaining temperate breed performance coupled with heat stress tolerance is too low to be adopted for counteracting warming. The expected warming will mostly involve temperature increases. These will indirectly affect radiant heat gain in animals owing to reduced radiant heat dissipation from the body by convective heat loss, which results in an increased sensitivity to incoming radiant heat at higher air temperatures...
February 9, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734127/spring-and-fall-flowering-species-show-diverging-phenological-responses-to-climate-in-the-southeast-usa
#7
Katelin D Pearson
Plant phenological shifts (e.g., earlier flowering dates) are known consequences of climate change that may alter ecosystem functioning, productivity, and ecological interactions across trophic levels. Temperate, subalpine, and alpine regions have largely experienced advancement of spring phenology with climate warming, but the effects of climate change in warm, humid regions and on autumn phenology are less well understood. In this study, nearly 10,000 digitized herbarium specimen records were used to examine the phenological sensitivities of fall- and spring-flowering asteraceous plants to temperature and precipitation in the US Southeastern Coastal Plain...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734126/evidence-for-the-therapeutic-effect-of-the-organic-content-in-szigetv%C3%A3-r-thermal-water-on-osteoarthritis-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Adrienn Hanzel, Károly Berényi, Krisztina Horváth, Katalin Szendi, Balázs Németh, Csaba Varga
The therapeutic effects of mineral waters have been attributed to the inorganic components alone; however, biologically active organic components are also present. We aimed to investigate whether the healing effect of Szigetvár thermal mineral water could relate to the organic matter in patients suffering from osteoarthritis of the hips and the knees. XAD macroreticular resins were used to prepare the organic fraction. Patients received a 30-min thermal water (34 °C) treatment in a bath tub, five times a week for 3 weeks...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729305/climatic-determinants-impacting-the-distribution-of-greenness-in-china-regional-differentiation-and-spatial-variability
#9
Kewei Jiao, Jiangbo Gao, Shaohong Wu
This study investigated climatic determinants for regional greenness in China and spatially variable correlations between climatic determinants and vegetation in specific regions using the geographical detector and geographically weighted regression (GWR) methodologies. The analyses were based on normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and interpolations of climatic determinants from 652 Chinese meteorological stations. The study period (1982-2013) was divided into two stages (T1-T2) before and after the inflection year identified by the accumulative anomaly of NDVI...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712063/effects-of-deciduous-shade-trees-on-surface-temperature-and-pedestrian-thermal-stress-during-summer-and-autumn
#10
Luciano Massetti, Martina Petralli, Marco Napoli, Giada Brandani, Simone Orlandini, David Pearlmutter
In a context of urban warming, the effects of trees on outdoor thermal stress are important even during the increasingly hot autumn season. This study examines the effects of a deciduous tree species (Tilia x europaea L) on surface temperature over different ground materials and in turn on human thermal comfort, with a particular focus on tree shade variation due to leaf fall. Grass, asphalt, and gravel-covered ground surfaces, both sun-exposed and under the Tilia, were monitored in Florence, Italy, during the summer (2014) and autumn (2017) seasons...
February 2, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710251/activity-modification-in-heat-critical-assessment-of-guidelines-across-athletic-occupational-and-military-settings-in-the-usa
#11
Yuri Hosokawa, Douglas J Casa, Juli M Trtanj, Luke N Belval, Patricia A Deuster, Sarah M Giltz, Andrew J Grundstein, Michelle D Hawkins, Robert A Huggins, Brenda Jacklitsch, John F Jardine, Hunter Jones, Josh B Kazman, Mark E Reynolds, Rebecca L Stearns, Jennifer K Vanos, Alan L Williams, W Jon Williams
Exertional heat illness (EHI) risk is a serious concern among athletes, laborers, and warfighters. US Governing organizations have established various activity modification guidelines (AMGs) and other risk mitigation plans to help ensure the health and safety of their workers. The extent of metabolic heat production and heat gain that ensue from their work are the core reasons for EHI in the aforementioned population. Therefore, the major focus of AMGs in all settings is to modulate the work intensity and duration with additional modification in adjustable extrinsic risk factors (e...
February 2, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710250/short-term-heat-shock-proteins-70-and-90-mrna-expression-profile-and-its-relation-to-thermo-physiological-parameters-in-goats-exposed-to-heat-stress
#12
M F El-Zarei, A M Alseaf, A A Alhaidary, E F Mousa, A B Okab, E M Samara, K A Abdoun
To follow the inheritance potential for heat tolerance after a crossing program in goats, 24 kids from four groups of goat kids (6 kids in each) from Aradi (A) and Damascus (D), their crossbred first-generation F1 (½D½A) and second-generation F2 (¾D¼A), were exposed to acute elevated environmental temperature in controlled climatic chambers. Rectal temperature (RT), respiratory rate (RR), heat tolerance coefficient (HTC), adaptability coefficient (AC), and mRNA expression of heat shock proteins 70 and 90 ((HSP70 and HASP90, respectively), using real-time PCR were estimated...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706207/changes-in-agro-climatic-indices-related-to-temperature-in-central-chile
#13
Adrian Piticar
Climate change has profound environmental and socio-economic implications. To analyze climate change in relation to crops, a wide variety of agro-climatic indices has been proposed by the scientific community. In this study, changes in a set of 12 agro-climatic indices related to temperature were investigated in Central Chile over a 56-year period (1961-2016). The indices were computed based on data referring to daily maximum and minimum temperatures (TX and TN). They were organized in two categories: (1) cold- and (2) heat-related indices...
January 31, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30694395/differences-in-the-impact-of-heat-waves-according-to-urban-and-peri-urban-factors-in-madrid
#14
J A López-Bueno, J Díaz, C Linares
Aside from climatic factors, the impact of heat waves on mortality depends on the demographic and socio-economic structure of the population as well as variables relating to local housing. Hence, this study's main aim was to ascertain whether there might be a differential impact of heat waves on daily mortality by area of residence. The study is a time-series analysis (2000-2009) of daily mortality and minimum and maximum daily temperatures (°C) in five geographical areas of the Madrid region. The impact of such waves on heat-related mortality due to natural causes (ICD-10: A00- R99), circulatory causes (ICD-10: I00-I99) and respiratory causes (ICD-10: J00-J99) was obtained by calculating the relative risk (RR) and attributable risk (AR), using GLM models with the Poisson link and controlling for trend, seasonalities and the autoregressive nature of the series...
January 29, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30694394/the-short-term-effects-of-outdoor-temperature-on-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents-finding-from-a-large-sample-cross-sectional-study-in-suzhou-china
#15
Jia Hu, Hui Shen, Chen-Gang Teng, Di Han, Guang-Ping Chu, Yi-Kai Zhou, Qi Wang, Bo Wang, Jing-Zhi Wu, Qi Xiao, Fang Liu, Hai-Bing Yang
Although several studies have demonstrated a short-term association between outdoor temperature and blood pressure (BP) among various adult groups, evidence among children and adolescents is lacking. One hundred ninety-four thousand one hundred four participants from 2016 Health Promotion Program for Children and Adolescents (HPPCA) were analyzed through generalized linear mixed-effects models to estimate the short-term effects of two outdoor temperature variables (average and minimum temperature) on participants' BP...
January 29, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687906/breeding-birds-actively-modify-the-initial-microclimate-of-occupied-tree-cavities
#16
Marta Maziarz
The microclimate of cavities used by endothermic animals may depend on dynamic relationships between a cavity's physical properties and the heating activity of cavity users, but the rudiments of these relationships are unclear. I compared the temperature and relative humidity of active tree cavities that were occupied by nesting marsh tits Poecile palustris with the conditions in vacant tree cavities previously used for breeding by this species. I tested how presence of active nests modified initial cavity microclimate, and if this modification changed with nest progression or cavity insulation...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687905/migrating-birds-avoid-flying-through-fog-and-low-clouds
#17
M Panuccio, G Dell'Omo, G Bogliani, C Catoni, N Sapir
Different weather conditions are known to affect bird migration, yet the influence of fog and low clouds on migrating birds has been rarely examined so far, and hence, their impact on bird movement is not well understood. Fog avoidance could be a consequence of visual limitations within the fog or may be the outcome of deteriorated soaring conditions due to the obstruction of the sun. We carried out a radar study at the Strait of Messina, which is a bottleneck for migrating birds traversing the Central Mediterranean Sea, to determine if the intensity of diurnal soaring bird migration was influenced by fog and other weather variables...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687904/using-the-excess-heat-factor-to-indicate-heatwave-related-urinary-disease-a-case-study-in-adelaide-south-australia
#18
Matthew Borg, Monika Nitschke, Susan Williams, Stephen McDonald, John Nairn, Peng Bi
The excess heat factor (EHF) is being adopted nationally for heatwave forecasting in Australia, but there is limited research utilizing it as a predictor for heat-related morbidity from diseases of the urinary system (urinary diseases). In this study, the incidence of eight temperature-prone specific urinary disease categories was analyzed in relation to the EHF. Daily data for maximum and minimum temperature and data for metropolitan hospital emergency department presentations and inpatient admissions for urinary disease were acquired in Adelaide, South Australia, from 1 July 2003 to 31 March 2014...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687903/can-the-development-of-drought-tolerant-ideotype-sustain-australian-chickpea-yield
#19
Peter Kaloki, Qunying Luo, Richard Trethowan, Daniel K Y Tan
Terminal drought is a major problem in many areas where chickpea is grown on stored soil moisture. This is exacerbated by the lack of a targeted breeding approach focusing on key traits contributing to yield formation under water-limited conditions. There is no study to develop a chickpea ideotype and test it against commercial varieties under various management systems across the Australian grain belt. This study proposed a chickpea ideotype that can be grown in water deficit areas and compared its performance with commercial chickpea genotypes across the Australian grain belt...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685788/quantifying-the-effects-of-a-low-ozone-event-and-shallow-stratocumulus-clouds-on-ultraviolet-erythemal-radiation-exposure
#20
A Kelbch, M Wittlich, A Bott
Meteorological and dosimetric ultraviolet (UV) erythemal radiation (UVER) measurements were performed in Didcot, England, on 6 and 7 April 2017. Both days were characterized by clear-sky conditions in the morning and the afternoon with development of shallow stratocumulus clouds (SSC) around noon. In addition, a low-ozone event occurred on 7 April characterized by a 34 DU (Dobson Unit) drop in total stratospheric ozone content. Compared to 6 April, the ozone mini-hole caused UVER increases of 2.67 standard erythema dose (SED) for diffuse and 4...
January 26, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
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