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British Journal of Sociology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30864152/making-space-for-the-social-connecting-sociology-and-professional-practices-in-urban-lighting-design1
#1
Joanne Entwistle, Don Slater
Lighting is increasingly recognized as a significant social intervention by both lighting professionals and academic social scientists. However, what counts as 'the social' is diverse and contested, with consequences for what kind of 'social' is performed or invented. Based on a long-term research programme, we argue that collaboration between sociologists and lighting professionals requires negotiating discourses and practices of 'the social'. This paper explores the quality and kinds of spaces made for 'the social' in professional practices and academic collaborations, focusing on two case studies of urban lighting that demonstrate how the space of 'the social' is constrained and impoverished by an institutionalized division between technical and aesthetic lighting...
March 12, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30843195/normalizing-covert-surveillance-the-subterranean-world-of-policing
#2
Bethan Loftus
In this article, I draw on data derived from an ethnographic field study of covert policing in the United Kingdom to demonstrate that the deployment of covert surveillance has become normalized, both in policing thought and operational practice. In a break with earlier patterns, the methods of covert surveillance are used extensively and are no longer regarded as a tactic of last resort. Covert policing is well anchored within organizational arrangements, empowered by a series of internal rationales mobilized to justify the expansion of covert tactics over and above more traditional, overt forms...
March 6, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767197/social-network-engagement-and-subjective-well-being-a-life-course-perspective
#3
Daniel Wheatley, Sarah L Buglass
Social networking is a digital phenomenon embraced by billions worldwide. Use of online social platforms has the potential to generate a number of benefits including to well-being from enhanced social connectedness and social capital accumulation, but is also associated with several negative behaviours and impacts. Employing a life-course perspective, this paper explores social networking use and its relationship with measures of subjective well-being. Large-scale UK panel data from wave 3 (2011-12) and 6 (2014-15) of Understanding Society reveals that social network users are on average younger, aged under 25, but that rising use is reported across the life-course including into old age...
February 14, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30740650/everyone-deserves-quiche-french-school-lunch-programmes-and-national-culture-in-a-globalized-world-1
#4
Rahsaan Maxwell
Globalization poses many challenges for national cultural unity, especially in Europe. Some doubt whether national cultures will be able to survive, but there are many counter-trends pushing to maintain national cultural unity. I analyse the dual trends of global diversity and maintaining unity through an everyday manifestation of French culture: elementary school lunches. French school lunch programmes are part of the nation-building process because they are designed to teach students how to eat, which is especially important in France where the art of gastronomy is a key source of identity and pride...
February 11, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30740652/comment-on-rogers-brubaker-and-mat%C3%A3-as-fern%C3%A3-ndez-cross-domain-comparison-and-the-politics-of-difference-for-british-journal-of-sociology
#5
Chinyere Osuji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664248/cross-domain-comparison-and-the-politics-of-difference
#6
Rogers Brubaker, Matías Fernández
This paper makes the case for cross-domain comparison as an undertheorized form of comparative analysis. The units of analysis in such comparisons are not (as in most comparative analysis) predefined units within a domain or system of formally similar yet substantively different categories or entities; they are the domains or systems of categorically organized differences themselves. Focusing on domains of categorical difference that are central to the contemporary politics of difference, we consider two examples of cross-domain comparison...
January 21, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30656641/a-thirst-for-the-authentic-craft-drinks-producers-and-the-narration-of-authenticity
#7
Thomas Thurnell-Read
There is a long academic tradition which positions the desire for authenticity as emerging as a symptom of dissatisfactions with modernity. Most recently, this has involved consumption of products that are valued for being authentic in contrast to mass produced commodities which are seen as being homogeneous, standardized and therefore inauthentic. A recent resurgence in interest in the idea of craft and craftwork has brought to the fore concerns about re-establishing connections between products, consumers and producers beyond rational market exchange...
January 17, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624786/agency-and-clientship-in-public-encounters-co-constructing-neediness-and-worthiness-in-shelter-placement-meetings
#8
Nanna Mik-Meyer, David Silverman
This article seeks to develop our understanding of the agency of vulnerable groups who at first sight may not seem to have much agency in their lives. It explores the co-constructed nature of agency in three Danish homeless shelters. Unlike earlier interview-based studies, our research is based on naturalistic data drawn from 23 video-recorded placement meetings. Using concepts from Goffman, we examine how versions of the neediness and worthiness of homeless people are negotiated verbally and bodily between staff and clients...
January 9, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613946/terrorism-and-lethal-moralism-in-the-united-states-and-united-kingdom-1970-2017
#9
Joseph H Michalski
The current paper examines terrorism as a special form of moralistic violence, with several key features that distinguish such behaviour from other types of violence. The theory of lethal moralism highlights the importance of social polarization, characterized by vast differences in social space and inequality between adversaries as crucial to explaining deadly terrorist attacks. Where the differences are more permanent or chronic - and the groups in question define and justify their existence specifically in contradistinction to 'other' groups - then the polarization intensifies and attacks tend to be more lethal...
January 4, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613941/curriculum-requirements-and-subsequent-civic-engagement-is-there-a-difference-between-forced-and-free-community-service
#10
Ailsa Henderson, Steven D Brown, S Mark Pancer
Despite figures showing the growth of mandatory community service programmes, there is mixed empirical evidence of their effectiveness. This paper addresses the relationship of mandated community service to one of its purported aims: subsequent volunteerism. It compares current volunteerism among four university student cohorts: those doing no service in secondary school, those volunteering with no requirement, those volunteering both before and after the introduction of a requirement, and those introduced to service through a requirement...
January 4, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30681155/editorial
#11
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548471/from-democratic-participation-to-civic-resistance-the-loss-of-institutional-trust-as-an-outcome-of-activism-in-the-refugee-solidarity-movement
#12
Jonas Toubøl
Adding to the literature on non-institutional political action and trust, this article argues that the loss of institutional trust is not only a cause but also an outcome of political activism. Studying the Danish refugee solidarity movement in a mixed-methods research design including survey and qualitative interview data, the article shows that three kinds of activism - political activism, humanitarian activity, and civil disobedience - relate differently to the loss of trust in the institutions of the Parliament, the legal system, and the police...
December 12, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30575968/introduction-to-bjs-special-section-new-approaches-to-socal-mobility
#13
EDITORIAL
Andrew Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30575967/socio-spatial-mobilities-and-narratives-of-class-identity-in-britain
#14
Andrew Miles, Adrian Leguina
In this article we carry out the most comprehensive analysis of social and spatial mobility in the UK to date and the first to directly link different dimensions of mobility to processes of social class formation. Using new analytical techniques in this field, we integrate quantitative and qualitative data from the 1958 Birth Cohort Study, combining text-mining and correspondence analysis in order to examine the intersection of geographical and social mobility with class identities. This work reflects a revival of interest in the spatialization of class inequalities, which is connected to policy concerns about the regional dimension of Britain's mobility 'crisis' that have intensified in the wake of the 'Brexit' vote...
December 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30460990/a-dynamic-and-multifunctional-account-of-middle-range-theories
#15
Tuukka Kaidesoja
This article develops a novel account of middle-range theories for combining theoretical and empirical analysis in explanatory sociology. I first revisit Robert K. Merton's original ideas on middle-range theories and identify a tension between his developmental approach to middle-range theorizing that recognizes multiple functions of theories in sociological research and his static definition of the concept of middle-range theory that focuses only on empirical testing of theories. Drawing on Merton's ideas on theorizing and recent discussions on mechanism-based explanations, I argue that this tension can be resolved by decomposing a middle-range theory into three interrelated and evolving components that perform different functions in sociological research: (i) a conceptual framework about social phenomena that is a set of interrelated concepts that evolve in close connection with empirical analysis; (ii) a mechanism schema that is an abstract and incomplete description of a social mechanism; and (iii) a cluster of all mechanism-based explanations of social phenomena that are based on the particular mechanism schema...
November 21, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30460987/agency-of-internal-transnationalism-in-social-memory
#16
Nelly Bekus
The article examines the limitations of methodological nationalism in the studies of social memory through a case study of memory of Stalinist repression in Belarus. It analyses how various social agencies - national and local activists, religious organisations, and international foundations - use the memory of repression for constructing post-Soviet Belarusian identity by embedding their national representations in larger transnational frameworks. Drawing on the concept of 'internal globalisation', this article develops the idea of 'internal transnationalism' that suggests the importance of wider transnational configurations for the definition of nation...
November 21, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30417322/class-and-status-on-the-misconstrual-of-the-conceptual-distinction-and-a-neo-bourdieusian-alternative
#17
Magne Paalgard Flemmen, Vegard Jarness, Lennart Rosenlund
In this article, we address the classical debate about the relationship between the economic and cultural aspects of social stratification, typically cast in terms of Weber's distinction between class and status. We discuss in particular Chan and Goldthorpe's influential, yet largely unchallenged, attempt to reinstate a strict version of the class-status distinction, mounted as an attack on 'Bourdieusian' accounts. We argue that this is unconvincing in two respects: There are fundamental problems with their conceptualization of status, producing a peculiar account where one expression of status honour explains the other; in addition, their portrayal of the Bourdieusian approach as one-dimensional is highly questionable...
November 11, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30411333/money-as-a-social-relation-beyond-the-state-a-contribution-to-the-institutionalist-approach-based-on-the-argentinian-trueque
#18
Hadrien Saiag
This paper provides a contribution to the institutionalist approach to money through ethnographic research carried out in two local currency systems in Argentina (known as trueque). It argues that Argentinian local currencies must be considered as monies in their own right even if they differ from state and bank issued currencies, because they can be understood as systems of evaluation and settlement of debts denominated in a specific unit of account (the crédito). Money is said to be an ambivalent social relation because in the two cases studied it mediates very different dynamics, exacerbating inequality in one context and promoting collective emancipation in another...
November 8, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30408159/the-collective-affective-practice-of-cancer-survivorship
#19
Alex Broom, Katherine Kenny, Emma Kirby, Zarnie Lwin
Whether within an atmosphere of hope, or amidst relations of fear, the emotions of cancer are unavoidably collectively produced. Yet persistent individualistic paradigms continue to obscure how the emotions of cancer operate relationally - between bodies, subjects, discourses, and practices - and are intertwined with circulating beliefs, cultural desires, and various forms of normativity. Drawing on interviews with 80 people living with cancer in Australia, this paper illustrates why recognition of the collective enterprise of survivorship - and the collective production of emotion, more generally - is important in light of persistent, culturally dominant conceptions of the individual patient as the primary 'afflicted', 'feeling', and 'treated' subject...
November 8, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30408158/group-formation-styles-and-grammars-of-commonality-in-local-activism
#20
Eeva Luhtakallio
This article argues that in order to analyse democracy as a pattern constantly processed in a given society, it is useful to look at activist groups' agenda setting and recruitment principles, group bonds and boundaries, and how these actions direct and influence ways of creating the common. Based on an ethnographic study on bicycle activism in Helsinki, Finland, it describes a local critical mass movement that was successful in promoting a bicycle friendly and sustainable city, yet dissolved due to lack of people involved, and the bicycle demonstrations stopped at a moment of high public interest...
November 8, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
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