Sandeep Attawar, Imthiaz Manoly, Unmil Shah
Lung transplantation is gaining widespread acceptance as the preferred therapeutic option for selected cases of end-stage lung disease in India. The indications of lung transplantation are increasing, with better post-operative survival, including the COVID affected lung, if we choose our patients well. The national acceptance of expanded criteria in lung donation, streamlining of the process of lung transplantation by governmental, and non-governmental organizations and significant increase in the number of organ donations in India have strengthened the lung transplantation program within the country...
January 16, 2023: Indian Journal of Surgery
Dhananjaya Sharma, Sandeep Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2023: Indian Journal of Surgery
Alberto Riojas-Garza, Carlos A Morales-Morales, Adolfo Leyva-Alvizo, Alejandro H Rodríguez
UNLABELLED: Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) remains underutilized in the management of common bile duct (CBD) stones. The exact cause of this under-utilization remains unclear; however, identified barriers to LCBDE implementation include lack of training and unavailability of dedicated instruments. LCBDE is an attractive alternative for stone retrieval in patients with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass given the anatomical difficulty in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopaneatography (ERCP)...
December 15, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Muralidhar Kanchi, Kedar Bangal, Prakash Pvs, Sanjay Orathi Patangi
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a modality utilized for partially or completely supporting the cardiac and/or pulmonary function. There are multiple vascular access techniques depending upon the necessity and the mode of ECMO used. ECMO has evolved over the years as an integral part of the cardiac care discipline. Historically, this lifesaving modality began as an extension of cardiopulmonary bypass and was associated with adverse outcomes. Currently, ECMO has evolved as an accepted and viable solution to patients with severe cardiac/respiratory/cardiorespiratory failure that is refractory to conservative management...
December 7, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
G Siddesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Davinder Sandhu, Vikram Gill, Osamah Otoom, Dhananjaya Sharma
Approximately 6-9% of trainees will have performance issues of variable degrees with 3-5% of trainees struggling to complete their training and requiring additional targeted time or an extension of training. Some even leave the profession. The environment is complex, often chaotic and overstretched, and, now, made more difficult due to the impact of COVID-19 on medical training. Addressing learning and implementing new behaviours is a challenge and important, as there are still 'never events', and medical errors sadly can include wilful neglect and assault...
November 1, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Kaushik Bhattacharya, Neela Bhattacharya, Utpal De
Leslie Harold Blumgart was the surgeon behind making Hepatopancreaticobiliary surgery a speciality and his recent demise will always leave a void in that field. He was the person who classified anatomical variations in the biliary tract and devised a special anastomotic technique to decrease the rate of postoperative pancreatic duct fistula after Whipple's pancreaticoduodenectomy. His contribution in managing hepatobiliary oncology cases with chemotherapy and radiotherapy was also significant. No wonder, he was designated as the "living legend" by the International Hepatopancreaticobiliary Association...
October 27, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Weier Wang, Zhifei Wang, Haibo Gong, Liming Jin, Fangqiang Wei
This is a pilot study to assess the utility of applying 5G-assisted remote guidance in laparoscopic simulation training. A single trainee of a junior surgeon was recruited to complete three steps of tasks including basic task 1, basic task 2, and model task, and the performance was recorded and evaluated. The operator completed each task three times. Except for basic task 1, all tasks were remotely guided by a more experienced surgeon using 5G technology. Tasks completion time and a 30-point objective structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS) score were utilized to assess the results of simulation training...
October 24, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Manjeet Kumar, Pawan Kaundal, Sunish Sharma, Kirti Rana
Mucormycosis is a fungal infection involving rhinocerebral, pulmonary, cutaneous, gastrointestinal and disseminated forms with high morbidity and mortality with rare involvement of the urinary bladder. Diagnosis is made by examining under a microscope, identifying broad, nonseptate, irregular and ribbon-shaped hyphae. Timely diagnosis and starting antifungal drugs are key to successful treatment.
August 31, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
K Madan, H K Rudresh, Akshay Rao, S Sandeep, N Monica, Anupam Gupta
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is primarily considered to be a respiratory ailment. Hitherto, abdominal symptoms have been reported with variable frequency in acute COVID-19. The purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency of abdominal symptoms at presentation among patients hospitalised with COVID-19 infection, and to determine their association with disease severity. This was a single-centre cross-sectional observational study conducted at a COVID-19 tertiary care hospital (CTRI/2021/10/037195, registered on 08/10/2021)...
August 22, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Kaushik Bhattacharya, Praveenchandra Reddy, Prem Dorjee Bhutia
Abscess of the ligamentum teres is one of the rarest causes of acute abdomen and causes severe dilemma and real challenge in clinching the diagnosis. A 69-year-old lady with severe upper abdominal pain with history of gall stones underwent MRI upper abdomen and was diagnosed as abscess of the ligamentum teres. There are only very few reported cases of this entity in the literature.
August 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Thukten Chophel, Sangay Tshering, Namkha Dorji, Ugyen Tshomo
Stomach cancer is a common public health problem in South East Asia including Bhutan. Chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori is regarded as the principal cause of stomach cancer. Herein, we present the incidence of stomach cancer in Bhutan for eight years (from 2014 to 2021). We also discuss the steps taken for the prevention and early detection of stomach cancer.
July 23, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Muhammet Ali Beyoglu, Mehmet Furkan Sahin, Sinan Turkkan, Alkin Yazicioglu, Erdal Yekeler
 Management of tracheal complications due to endotracheal intubation in patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an important concern. This study aimed to present the  results of patients who had undergone tracheal resection and reconstruction due to COVID-19-related complex post-intubation tracheal stenosis (PITS). We evaluated 15 patients who underwent tracheal resection and reconstruction due to complex PITS between March 2020 and April 2021 in a single center. Seven patients (46.6%) who underwent endotracheal intubation due to the COVID-19 constituted the COVID-19 group, and the remaining 8 patients (53...
July 7, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Marwa Gargouri, Héla Gargouri, Houda Ghorbel, Ahmed Tlili
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS COV2) had rapidly spread and caused a global pandemic worldwide. The most common symptoms in adults are respiratory with dry cough, dyspnea, and fever. Occasionally, extra-respiratory presentations may be seen such as gastrointestinal involvement with diarrhea, vomiting or abdominal pain. Acute intestinal intussusception is the most common cause of bowel obstruction in infants (2-4 months of age) but rarely could it be encountered in adult. It is a very rare gastro-intestinal manifestation of COVID-19 with an invagination of a segment of the bowel within a more distal one...
May 13, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Himanshu Prasad, Smruti R Ghetla, Ushma Butala, Amruta Kesarkar, Shrikrishna Parab
Blood levels of amylase and lipase are the result of a balance between production and clearance of these enzymes. Normal blood level of amylase and lipase is 0-90 U/L and 0-70 U/L, respectively. Rise in blood levels of lipase and amylase was observed in pancreatic injury. This is an observational, cross-sectional study involving 279 patients [176 COVID-positive and 103 COVID-negative] admitted at a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai during COVID pandemic. The mean age was 45 years with SD of 15 years with men:women ratio of 2...
May 11, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Ailin Shan, Muhammad Hasnain, Ping Liu
This meta-analysis aims to identify urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with different levels of age groups. For both diagnosis and treatment of UTIs, antibiotics have been widely used in nursing home settings. We also aimed to evaluate the duration of catheterization in UTI patients to reduce catheter-associated complications. We conducted a systematic review that was performed following the "Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses" (PRISMA) guidelines and recommendations from Cochrane Collaboration...
May 10, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Ajay Kumar Khanna, Divya Khanna
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was declared as pandemic by World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020. The outbreak has caused 5,232,562 deaths worldwide until December 3rd, 2021. Though primarily affecting the respiratory system, involvement of other organ systems have been reported in severe disease. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been recognized as an important complication. Previous studies have reported the prevalence of VTE in intensive care unit (ICU) patients between 7 and 85% and in non-ICU patients between 0 and 19%...
May 4, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Gaurav Panchal, Ritesh Dubey, Nirbhesh Saxena, G S Nagi, Isha Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Anling He, Mingkai Chen
Injection sclerotherapy for all grades of interhemorrhoids in various situations and co-morbidities has become popular method of treatment. Several types of surgical operations both conventional and stapled hemorrhoidectomy has many and serious described side effects. On the contrary, proctoscopic injection sclerotherapy using some of the modern sclerosants and thin bore needle injections is an office-based ambulatory method of treatment of internal hemorrhoids; it is low in cost, devoid of any major complications besides it is quite successful as reported...
April 20, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
Guy Pines, Ofir Ben-Ishay, David Hochstein, Guy Lahat, Gil Ohana, Gilbert Sebbag, Yoram Kluger, Ariel Halvey
The oral board examination in general surgery in Israel was recently revised aiming for improved objectivity and standardization. Herein, we describe the current exam model. Between 05/2018 and 11/2020, two exams per year were conducted with the current exam model. The examination consists of 12 stations, each focusing on a different field. Passing score is 80%. At the end of the examination, examiners and candidates complete a questionnaire regarding the examination's process and quality (scale 1-5). A total of 142 residents attended six oral board examinations...
April 14, 2022: Indian Journal of Surgery
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