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Journals Canadian Journal of Surgery. J...

Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie

https://read.qxmd.com/read/36653031/comparison-of-trauma-care-structures-processes-and-outcomes-between-the-english-national-health-service-and-quebec-canada
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Samy Bouderba, Fiona Lecky, Kahina Soltana, Xavier Neveu, Dhushy Surendra Kumar, Omar Bouamra, Timothy J Coats, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Amina Belcaid, Catherine Gonthier, Lynne Moore
BACKGROUND: Comparisons across trauma systems are key to identifying opportunities to improve trauma care. We aimed to compare trauma service structures, processes and outcomes between the English National Health Service (NHS) and the province of Quebec, Canada. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre cohort study including admissions of patients aged older than 15 years with major trauma to major trauma centres (MTCs) from 2014/15 to 2016/17. We compared structures descriptively, and time to MTC and time in the emergency department (ED) using Wilcoxon tests...
2023: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36653030/preoperative-oral-fluoroquinolone-antibiotics-in-elective-colorectal-surgery-to-prevent-surgical-site-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Garrett Johnson, Jennifer Ziegler, Ramzi Helewa, Nicole Askin, Rasheda Rabbani, Ahmed M Abou-Setta
BACKGROUND: Preoperative treatment with oral neomycin combined with erythromycin or metronidazole is recommended to decrease the risk of surgical site infections (SSIs) in elective colorectal surgery. However, oral neomycin is not commercially available in Canada, and therefore it is not routinely used. Fluoroquinolones are widely available and have excellent activity against aerobic Gram-negative bacteria. The aim of this systematic review was to identify, critically appraise and summarize the evidence on the efficacy and safety of preoperative use of oral fluoroquinolone antibiotics for the prevention of SSIs in adult patients undergoing elective colorectal resection...
2023: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36596587/operating-room-use-for-emergency-general-surgery-cases-analysis-of-the-patterns-of-complex-emergency-general-surgery-in-canada-study
#3
MULTICENTER STUDY
Michael T Meschino, Kelly N Vogt, Laura Allen, Maisa Saddik, Rahima Nenshi, Rardi Van Heest, Fady Saleh, Sandy Widder, Samuel Minor, Emilie Joos, Neil G Parry, Patrick B Murphy, Chad G Ball, Morad Hameed, Paul T Engels
BACKGROUND: Access to the operating room (OR) is variable among emergency general surgery (EGS) services, with some having dedicated EGS ORs, and others only a shared queue. Currently in Canada, only a limited number of acute care surgery services have dedicated daytime operating room (OR) access; hence, we aimed to describe the burden of after-hours EGS operating in Canada and differences associated with OR access. METHODS: In this multicentre retrospective cohort study, we used data from a previously conducted study designed to evaluate nonappendiceal, nonbiliary disease across 8 Canadian hospitals...
2023: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36596586/a-comparison-of-perineal-stapled-prolapse-resection-and-the-altemeier-procedure-at-2-canadian-academic-hospitals
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haven M Roy, Zarrukh Baig, Ahmer A Karimmudin, Manoj J Raval, Carl J Brown, P Terry Phang, Dilip Gill, D Nathan Ginther
BACKGROUND: The preferred perineal repair method for full-thickness rectal prolapse is the Altemeier procedure, a perineal proctosigmoidectomy with handsewn anastomosis. A recently described variant of this procedure combines the resection and anastomosis into 1 step by means of linear and transverse stapling. There are few published data comparing the characteristics and outcomes of these 2 approaches. METHODS: This retrospective review, performed at 2 Canadian academic hospitals, compares surgical and cost outcomes between the perineal stapled prolapse resection (PSPR) and the Altemeier procedure...
2023: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36596585/use-of-multidisciplinary-positive-deviance-seminars-to-improve-efficiency-in-a-high-volume-arthroplasty-practice-a-pilot-study
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Richard Gold, Farid Al Zoubi, Julia Brillinger, Cheryl Kreviazuk, Dennis Garvin, David Schramm, Pascal Fallavollita, Andrew J E Seely, Paul E Beaulé
BACKGROUND: Positive deviance (PD) seminars, which have shown excellent results in improving the quality of surgical practices, use individual performance feedback to identify team members who outperform their peers; the strategies from those with exemplary performance are used to improve team members' practices. Our study aimed to use the PD approach with arthroplasty surgeons and nurses to identify multidisciplinary strategies and recommendations to improve operating room (OR) efficiency...
2023: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36384687/five-year-outcomes-after-surgery-for-class-1-obesity-a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-canadian-bariatric-centre-s-experience
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anne-Sophie Studer, Mark Magdy, Simon L Bacon, Ronald Denis, Radu Pescarus, Pierre Y Garneau, Henri Atlas
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature exploring the role of bariatric surgery in class 1 obesity. We evaluated the 5-year outcomes after bariatric surgery in patients with class 1 obesity, assessing weight loss, resolution/reduction of obesity-related comorbidities, morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We performed a single-centre retrospective analysis of patients who underwent bariatric surgery (laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy [LSG] or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass [LRYGB)]) for class 1 obesity (body mass index [BMI] 30...
November 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36347536/implementation-results-and-face-validity-of-the-consultation-and-relational-empathy-measure-in-a-canadian-department-of-surgery
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ogi Solaja, Husein Moloo, Erik Hopkins, Nadia Khan, Richard W Gilbert, Amy Neville, Dalibor Kubelik, Donna Maziak, Neal Rowe, Michael Odell, Moein Momtazi
BACKGROUND: The Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) Measure, a validated questionnaire designed to assess patients' perceptions of their physician's communication skills and empathy, has been used to assess empathy in medical specialties but has seldom been applied to surgery. We assessed empathy and communication skills among a group of surgeons within a single academic institution. METHODS: All surgeons within our department of surgery were invited to participate...
November 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36347535/evaluation-of-a-tiered-operating-room-strategy-at-an-academic-centre-comparing-high-efficiency-and-conventional-operating-rooms
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Moaz Chohan, Aurelia Bihari, Christina Tieszer, Melanie MacNevin, Cheryl Churcher, Cathy Vandersluis, Florence Cassar, Cheng Lin, Emil Schemitsch, David Sanders, Abdel-Rahman Lawendy
BACKGROUND: Wait times for many elective orthopedic surgical procedures in Ontario have become unacceptably long and substantially exceed the recommended guidelines. As a consequence, many patients experience chronic pain, disability and other poor health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to test a novel, resource-saving redesign of outpatient operating room (OR) services, based on tiered grouping of surgical cases, to maximize health benefits for patients while improving efficiency and decreasing wait times...
November 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36323442/appropriate-scenarios-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula
#9
LETTER
Bao Jin, Huayu Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36323441/environmental-impact-should-be-considered-an-important-outcome-in-studies
#10
LETTER
Husein Moloo, Rajajee Selvam, Victoria Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36302134/correction-to-decolonizing-global-surgery-bethune-round-table-2022-conference-on-global-surgery-abstract-on-creating-concise-reference-videos-for-a-low-resource-essential-surgical-skills-training-program
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36302131/graft-survival-after-kidney-transplantation-with-standard-versus-prolonged-kidney-procurement-time
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Francisco Reyna-Sepulveda, David Badrudin, Boris L Gala-Lopez
BACKGROUND: During kidney procurement, after ice removal, kidneys located in the retroperitoneum are at risk for rewarming owing to the time taken to retrieve other abdominal and thoracic organs, which may lead to poorer outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of prolonged kidney procurement time (PKP) on outcomes of kidney transplantation performed at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of all adult (age ≥ 18 yr) patients who underwent kidney transplantation at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre between Jan...
September 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36302128/the-cost-of-outpatient-versus-inpatient-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-randomized-trial
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bryn O Zomar, Jacquelyn D Marsh, Dianne M Bryant, Brent A Lanting
BACKGROUND: One route to mitigate the increasing costs of total hip arthroplasty (THA) is outpatient THA, discharging patients on the same day as their surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the cost of outpatient THA to standard overnight stay in hospital. METHODS: This was a preliminary analysis of the first group of patients to complete follow-up in a larger randomized controlled trial among patients who underwent primary THA through a direct anterior approach between June 2015 and November 2017...
September 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36302127/delayed-discharge-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-complications
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mina W Morcos, Lauren Nowak, Emil Schemitsch
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of discharge timing on 30-day complication rates following total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We identified patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty between 2011 and 2017 from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. Using propensity score matching, we matched patients who were discharged from the hospital on the day of surgery to those discharged on postoperative days 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively...
September 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36283698/a-canadian-centre-s-experience-with-prone-retroperitoneoscopic-adrenalectomy
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kathleen Garber, Adrienne Melck, Khalil Merali
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive adrenalectomy is the standard of care for the surgical management of benign adrenal disease. The transperitoneal laparoscopic approach (TLA) is the most common approach used worldwide; however, many centres have adopted a posterior retroperitoneoscopic approach (PRA), as it is reported to offer several advantages. We describe our experience with PRA. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the charts of patients who underwent minimally invasive adrenalectomy via PRA or TLA performed by a single endocrine surgeon between September 2010 and December 2019 at a tertiary academic centre in British Columbia, Canada...
September 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36283697/simultaneous-versus-rapid-serial-interventions-in-a-hybrid-operating-suite-for-severely-injured-patients-a-prospective-evaluation-of-differences-in-raptor-techniques-and-outcomes
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chad G Ball, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Jason K Wong, Thomas Clements
BACKGROUND: Open surgical and percutaneous endovascular procedures aimed at arresting traumatic life-threatening hemorrhage are usually performed in rapid serial fashion by surgeons and interventional radiologists; truly simultaneous procedures require modifications in technique, workflow and team collaboration. The primary objective of this study was to prospectively audit outcomes in patients with ongoing hemorrhage who underwent truly simultaneous open and percutaneous procedures. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the cases of all severely injured patients who required an open and percutaneous procedure within the hybrid RAPTOR (resuscitation with angiography, percutaneous techniques and operative repair) suite at the Foothills Medical Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, between Apr...
September 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36265901/excellence-des-soins-infirmiers-en-temps-de-crise-sanitaire
#17
EDITORIAL
Chad G Ball
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36265900/nursing-excellence-in-a-time-of-health-care-crisis
#18
EDITORIAL
Chad G Ball
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36265899/reduction-of-opioid-use-after-orthopedic-surgery-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Jessica Gormley, Kyle Gouveia, Seaher Sakha, Veronica Stewart, Ushwin Emmanuel, Michael Shehata, Daniel Tushinski, Harsha Shanthanna, Kim Madden
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic is one of the biggest public health crises of our time, and overprescribing of opioids after surgery has the potential to lead to long-term use. The purpose of this review was to identify and summarize the available evidence on interventions aimed at reducing opioid use after orthopedic surgery. METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, Embase and Medline from inception until August 2019 for studies comparing interventions aimed at reducing opioid use after orthopedic surgery to a control group...
September 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36265898/role-of-a-skin-bridge-incision-and-prophylactic-incisional-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-the-prevention-of-surgical-site-infection-after-inguinal-lymph-node-dissection
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Giuseppe Frenda, Laura Baker, Yimeng Zhang, Carolyn Nessim
BACKGROUND: Modification of the surgical technique to a 2-incision technique with skin bridge from the traditional lazy S (LS) incision, as well as use of prophylactic incisional negative-pressure wound therapy (iNPWT), are theorized to reduce the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) after inguinal lymph node dissection (ILND). We sought to investigate the role of a perioperative ILND bundle on adverse events after ILND and lymph node harvest. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent ILND before and after implementation of the ILND bundle (September 2016) at 1 centre in southeastern Ontario between 2013 and 2018...
September 2022: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
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