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Shabi Abbas Zaidi
Apart from being a vital catecholamine molecule responsible for the proper functioning of the central nervous system (CNS), hormonal and renal systems, dopamine (DA) has also been increasingly employed as a functional monomer in the fabrication of surface molecular imprinting polymers (MIPs) for valuable analytes. Herein, we demonstrate the effective imprinting of 6-thioguanine (6-TG), an anticancer drug, via mussel-inspired self-polymerization of dopamine conducted in a weakly alkaline solution over reduced graphene oxide (rGO)...
February 20, 2019: Analyst
Yishan Fang, Yanping Li, Ming Zhang, Bo Cui, Qiong Hu, Lishi Wang
This work was aimed at designing a novel and ultrasensitive electrochemical immunoassay strategy to detect neuron-specific enolase (NSE) with a triple signal amplification strategy. A greatly enhanced sensitive detection of NSE was achieved by using porous three-dimensional graphene-starch architecture (3D-GNS) modified on the immunosensor's surface to construct a unique 3D immunoelectrode, which would greatly accelerate electron transfer and capture more protein molecules. 3D-GNS was prepared with starch as a crosslinking agent and stabilizer, which is biocompatible and environmentally friendly...
February 20, 2019: Analyst
Fu Rui Zhang, Jiao Yang Lu, Qing Feng Yao, Qiu Yan Zhu, Xin Xing Zhang, Wei Tao Huang, Li Qiu Xia, Xue Zhi Ding
Tumorigenesis, metastasis, and the recurrence of cancer, which may result from the abnormal presence or activation of cancer stem cells (CSCs), are involved in disorders of exchanged matter (biomarkers), energy and information in living organisms. Rapid and sensitive detection and imaging of CSC biomarkers (such as CD133) are helpful for early diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation of tumors. Recently, a preliminary exploration of a few affinity molecules (like peptide-based probes) has just begun for chemical measurements and imaging of CSC biomarker CD133...
February 20, 2019: Analyst
Ravikumar A, Panneerselvam P
In this study, we report the dual detection of kanamycin (KMY) and oxytetracycline (OTC) using metal polydopamine frameworks (MPDA) for the first time. This sensing system employed metal polydopamine frameworks (MPDA), which acted as a fluorescence quencher in the interaction between MPDA and dye-labeled DNA molecules; the metal polydopamine frameworks exhibited an excellent fluorescence quenching behaviour and good analytical response towards the detection of the biomolecules KMY and OTC. The accumulated kanamycin and oxytetracycline in the sensing system were recovered, and changes in their fluorescence intensity were monitored at 525 and 583 nm...
February 19, 2019: Analyst
Hyeok Jung Kim, Chanho Kwon, Byung Sub Lee, Hyeran Noh
Managing food contamination from bacteria has been an ongoing issue in the public health and industrial fields. Enzymatic substrates possessing optical properties, e.g. fluorescence or color manifestation, are widely exploited in pathogenic/non-pathogenic bacteria culture methods. Recently, various chromogenic substrates have been utilized in the development of point-of-care diagnostic tools. Herein, four types of chromogenic substrates were exploited to develop paper-based sensors for major foodborne pathogens...
February 18, 2019: Analyst
Binbin Yao, Sha Zhu, Xinyu Xu, Ninghan Feng, Yaping Tian, Nandi Zhou
An ultrasensitive electrochemical detection of the androgen receptor (AR) was developed based on the protection of a DNA duplex by the AR from restriction endonuclease-mediated digestion and a subsequent hybridization chain reaction (HCR). Two partially complementary DNA probes P1 and P2 were designed to form an androgen receptor binding probe (ARBP) through hybridization. The ARBP contains a duplex at one end and two single-stranded tails at the other end. The duplex part containing the recognition sites of the AR and NspI restriction endonuclease was immobilized on an Au electrode, whereas the single-stranded parts served as capture probes to activate the HCR...
February 15, 2019: Analyst
Qiong Li, Zhi Liu, Danhua Zhou, Jiafeng Pan, Chengshuai Liu, Junhua Chen
In this work, a label-free fluorescence biosensor for simple detection of the HIV-1 gene was proposed by using toehold-mediated strand displacement reactions (TMSDRs) combined with a non-enzymatic target recycling amplification strategy. In this system, two TMSDRs were used. In the presence of the HIV-1 gene, an autocatalytic DNA machine can be activated. This leads to the generation of numerous free G-rich sequences, which can associate with a fluorescent dye N-methylmesoporphyrin IX (NMM) to yield an amplified fluorescence signal for the target detection...
February 15, 2019: Analyst
Chandu Byram, Sree Satya Bharati Moram, Venugopal Rao Soma
Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a cutting edge analytical tool for trace analyte detection due to its highly sensitive, non-destructive and fingerprinting capability. Herein, we report the detection of multiple analytes from various mixtures using gold nanoparticles (NPs) and nanostructures (NSs) as SERS platforms. NPs and NSs were achieved through the simple approach of laser ablation in liquids (LAL) and their morphological studies were conducted with a UV-Visible absorption spectrometer, a high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) and a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM)...
February 15, 2019: Analyst
Dingkun Lu, Chang Liu, Jingjing Deng, Xinguang Zhou, Guoyue Shi, Tianshu Zhou
In this study, a functionalized ionic liquid (IL), 3-methyl-1-(ethoxycarbonylmethyl) imidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)-imide ([MimCH2COOCH3][NTf2]), was rationally designed and explored as an extraction solvent in dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) combined with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) for the sensitive determination of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs). As π-π stacking interaction between the parent imidazolium cation core and the OPs is one of the most important factors, the proposed IL exhibited a high extraction efficiency...
February 14, 2019: Analyst
Cai Li Song, Sergei G Kazarian
The depth of penetration and effective thickness in ATR-FTIR spectroscopic imaging are dependent on the wavelength and angle of incidence of the incoming light beam. We have demonstrated, for the first time, that variable angle micro ATR-FTIR, which is created via the insertion of circular apertures, is intrinsic at examining embedded components within a prostate tissue specimen. This is done by constructing a 3D model from the stacks of 2D chemical images obtained, each of which represents the spatial distribution of a chosen spectral band assigned to the component of interest at a different probing depth...
February 13, 2019: Analyst
Feiyue Liu, Hui Dong, Yang Tian
As a reactive oxygen species (ROS), peroxynitrite (ONOO-) generated by nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide anion (O2˙-) plays important roles in physiological and pathological processes in the brain. However, the lack of reliable and durable analytical methods in vivo is still a bottleneck to understanding the signal pathway of ONOO- in the brain. In this work, a ratiometric electrochemical biosensor was developed for real-time monitoring and accurate quantification of ONOO- in the rat brain followed by cerebral ischemia...
February 12, 2019: Analyst
Hiroki Segawa, Takao Fukuoka, Tamitake Itoh, Yuichi Imai, Yuko T Iwata, Tadashi Yamamuro, Kenji Kuwayama, Kenji Tsujikawa, Tatsuyuki Kanamori, Hiroyuki Inoue
Sensitive detection of drugs using a method with high qualification capability is important for forensic drug analysis. Vibrational spectroscopy is a powerful screening technique because it can provide detailed structural information of the compounds included in samples with simple experimental protocols. Among various spectroscopic techniques, surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy has attracted enormous attention owing to its ultra-high sensitivity. In this study, we developed a method for rapid detection of hypnotics using SERS with gold nanoparticle co-aggregation in a wet system...
February 12, 2019: Analyst
Günnur Güler, Ummu Guven, Gulperi Oktem
Current cancer treatments destroy the tumor mass but cannot prevent the recurrence of cancer. The heterogeneous structure of the tumor mass includes cancer stem cells that are responsible for tumor relapse, treatment resistance, invasion and metastasis. The biology of these cells is still not fully understood; therefore, effective treatments cannot be developed sufficiently. Herein, attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, combined with unsupervised multivariate analysis, was applied to prostate cancer stem cells (CSCs), non-stem cancer cells (non-CSCs) and normal prostate epithelial cells to elucidate the molecular mechanisms and features of CSCs, which are crucial to improving the target specific therapies...
February 11, 2019: Analyst
Ying Liu, Zhencai Zhu, Chao Wang, Rui Gao, Xiaoyan Yang, Shufeng Liu
The development of simple, flexible, cost-effective and sensitive electrochemical biosensing strategies is highly desirable to advance their applications in disease diagnostics and clinical biomedicine. Herein, we fabricated a new enzyme-based electrochemical aptasensor with the use of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and thrombin as model targets on the basis of a responsive surface bioaffinity binding strategy. It took full advantage of an immobilized complex duplex probe (hybrids of a hairpin-like aptamer probe with a digoxigenin (Dig)-labeled immobilization strand) to effectively inhibit the approach of the bulky horseradish peroxidase linked-anti-Dig antibody (anti-Dig-HRP) to the Dig on the electrode due to the steric effect...
February 11, 2019: Analyst
Markus Nordberg, Lars Landström
Different chemical (hyperspectral) imaging techniques have proven to be powerful tools to provide and illustrate insightful data within a broad range of research areas. The present communication includes proof-of-principle results of UV Raman hyperspectral imaging, achieved via compressed sensing measurements using coded apertures (CA) and a reconstruction algorithm. The simple and cheap CA set up, obtained by a 50% overall transmissive random binary mask (chromium on fused silica with 100 μm × 100 μm pixel size) positioned at the entrance plane of an imaging spectrograph, resulted in an overall high throughput for the UV region of interest...
February 11, 2019: Analyst
Zhuo Ye, Qingwei Wang, Jiantong Qiao, Yuanyuan Xu, Gaiping Li
A novel type of sandwich MOF was successfully synthesized on reduced graphene oxide (denoted as M@Pt@M-rGO) by an in situ synthesis method. The obtained M@Pt@M-rGO possesses excellent electrochemical properties. The surface morphology and structure of M@Pt@M-rGO were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), etc. By using M@Pt@M-rGO, a novel electrochemical sensor was constructed and successfully used for the simultaneous and sensitive detection of three isomers: hydroquinone (HQ), catechol (CT) and resorcinol (RS), with wider linear ranges of concentrations of 0...
February 11, 2019: Analyst
Sthitodhi Ghosh, Chong H Ahn
Over the last few years, lateral flow assay (LFA) devices have grown to be the most common point-of-care test (POCT) platform facilitating disease diagnostics in low-resource environments. However, the lack of consistency and the limited sensitivity of these devices often lead to misdiagnosis and generates the need for an alternate approach. A chemiluminescence based microchannel-based lateral flow assay (MLFA) in a POCT platform can result in a much higher sensitivity but involves multiple additional steps of liquid reagents for the sequential execution of the signal amplification protocol...
February 11, 2019: Analyst
M Lasalvia, G Perna, P Pisciotta, F P Cammarata, L Manti, V Capozzi
Among different radiotherapy techniques, proton irradiation is an established and effective method for treatment of several types of cancer, because less healthy tissue is exposed with respect to conventional radiotherapy by photons/electrons. Recently, proton therapy has been proposed for the treatment of breast cancer. In vitro studies of proton irradiated normal human breast cells can provide information about cellular radioresponse, particularly as far as healthy tissue is concerned. In this paper, a study of the effects at different time points, following proton irradiation at different doses, of human normal MCF10A breast cells is performed by Raman spectroscopy...
February 8, 2019: Analyst
Yuanzhao Ding, Yufan Zhou, Juan Yao, Yijia Xiong, Zihua Zhu, Xiao-Ying Yu
Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 wild-type and a hyper-adhesive mutant CP2-1-S1 are used as model organisms and Cr(vi) is selected as a toxic chemical to study biofilm and toxic chemical interactions. Biofilms are cultured in a microfluidic device for in situ time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry imaging. This approach is viable for studying biofilms' responses to antimicrobial resistance.
February 8, 2019: Analyst
Claudia C Rullich, Johannes Kiefer
Enantioselective Raman (esR) spectroscopy is an innovative technique with a high potential for online process monitoring in chiral media, e.g. in the pharmaceutical industry. A prerequisite for an effective application is to combine the experimental approach with suitable concepts for data analysis. In this work, we present a chemometric approach to analyze the esR spectra recorded in an automatized polarization-resolved Raman set-up. It is demonstrated that the proposed method is capable of distinguishing between the enantiomers of the chiral alcohol 4-methylpentan-2-ol in a fully unsupervised fashion...
February 8, 2019: Analyst
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