journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38603938/stress-and-compulsive-buying-shopping-disorder-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Tobias A Thomas, Anna M Schmid, Annica Kessling, Oliver T Wolf, Matthias Brand, Sabine Steins-Loeber, Astrid Müller
INTRODUCTION: Theoretical frameworks of behavioral addictions mostly acknowledge the role of stress in the development and maintenance of these disorders, models of compulsive buying-shopping disorder (CBSD) however rarely incorporated stress. The association between stress and CBSD has not been reviewed yet. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to evaluate empirical results on the association between stress and CBSD. A comprehensive search string was employed in three databases...
April 8, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38555700/role-of-f-18-fdg-pet-ct-in-neuropsychiatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bianca D Berndorfler, James M Warwick, Alex G G Doruyter
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. To date no single clinical, laboratory or imaging test has proven accurate for NPSLE diagnosis which is a testament to the intricate and multifactorial pathophysiological mechanisms suspected to exist. Functional imaging with FDG PET-CT has shown promise in NPSLE diagnosis, detecting abnormalities prior to changes evident on anatomical imaging...
March 27, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38552348/beyond-the-surface-understanding-obsessive-symptoms-and-body-perceptions-from-shape-concerns-to-fear-of-blushing
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S Tempia Valenta, G Campanile, U Albert, F Marcolini, G Faedi, D De Ronchi, A R Atti
INTRODUCTION: Recent reclassifications have expanded the understanding of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders (OCDs), now incorporated into a broader category known as Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Related Disorders (OCRDs). This study sought to assess obsessive-compulsive symptoms and body uneasiness among outpatients seeking treatment for Eating Disorders (ED). Additionally, we aimed to explore associations and potential mediation effects between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and body uneasiness...
March 27, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38564872/meta-analysis-of-the-comparative-efficacy-of-benzodiazepines-and-antidepressants-for-psychic-versus-somatic-symptoms-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chad Beyer, Christopher B Currin, Taryn Williams, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines and antidepressants are effective agents for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), with the HAM-A frequently used as a primary outcome measure. The GAD literature is inconsistent regarding which medications are more effective for somatic versus psychic symptoms of GAD, and treatment guidelines do not advocate for prescribing based on subtype. This meta-analysis aimed to determine whether benzodiazepines and antidepressants have a differential impact on the somatic versus psychic subscales of the HAM-A in GAD...
March 24, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38547572/individual-stigma-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-associations-with-public-stigma-psychological-capital-cognitive-appraisal-and-coping-orientations
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiuxiu Shi, Xuhai Sun, Chong Zhang, Zheng Li
INTRODUCTION: The reason why some people with severe mental illness (SMI) maintain positive self-identity, while some are affected by the stigmatized environment is unclear. AIMS: To describe the status of individual stigma and explore the relationship between self-stigma, stigma resistance and related variables in people with SMI. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2021 to March 2022. The Chinese version of Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale and Stigma Resistance Scale were used to assess individual stigma...
March 21, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38522259/the-course-of-borderline-personality-disorder-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-a-5-year-follow-up-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mie Sedoc Jørgensen, Lise Møller, Sune Bo, Mickey Kongerslev, Lene Halling Hastrup, Andrew Chanen, Ole Jakob Storebø, Stig Poulsen, Emma Beck, Erik Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Studies of the medium- to long-term clinical and functional course for treatment-seeking adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are lacking. This study aims to outline the psychopathological and functional status of participants, five years after being diagnosed with BPD during adolescence. METHODS: Participants were originally enrolled in a randomized clinical trial that compared mentalization-based group treatment with treatment as usual for adolescents with BPD...
March 21, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38552349/an-investigation-into-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-and-emotion-regulation-among-older-adolescents-from-low-income-settings-in-south-africa
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
C Ward-Smith, K Sorsdahl, C van der Westhuizen
INTRODUCTION: Mental health conditions (MHC) among adolescents in low- and middle-income countries, including South Africa, are estimated to be high. Adaptive emotion regulation (ER) skills can protect against MHC among adolescents. In South Africa, there is limited adolescent mental health prevalence data as well as little understanding of the associations between MHC and ER among adolescents. This study aimed to address these gaps by describing the psychosocial characteristics of older South African adolescents from low-income settings as well as investigating associations between depression and anxiety symptoms and ER...
March 19, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38583298/adaption-and-validation-of-the-rwandese-version-of-the-mood-disorder-questionnaire-for-the-screening-of-bipolar-disorder
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
E Musoni-Rwililiza, C J Arnbjerg, N U Rurangwa, J Carlsson, P Kallestrup, E Vindbjerg, D Gishoma
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is challenging to diagnose. In Rwanda, a sub-Saharan country with a limited number of psychiatrists, the number of people with an undetected diagnosis of bipolar disorder could be high. Still, no screening tool for the disorder is available in the country. This study aimed to adapt and validate the Mood Disorder Questionnaire in the Rwandan population. METHODS: The Mood Disorder Questionnaire was translated into Kinyarwanda. The process involved back-translation, cross-cultural adaptation, field testing of the pre-final version, and final adjustments...
March 18, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38531178/subjective-and-objective-assessments-of-executive-functions-are-independently-predictive-of-aggressive-tendencies-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorder
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sebastian Pichlmeier, Judith Streb, Franziska Anna Rösel, Hannah Dobler, Manuela Dudeck, Michael Fritz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Impairments in executive functions have been found to influence violent behavior. Executive functions are crucial in the treatment of patients with substance use disorders because substance use generally impairs cognitive processes and is therefore detrimental for executive functions thereby reducing control of behavior and thus of consumption impulses. We studied correlations between subjective, i.e. self-report, and objective, i.e. behavior-based, assessment of executive functions and the predictive validity of these measures for aggression in patients with substance use disorder...
March 18, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38513451/associations-of-rumination-with-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-amongst-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-12-month-longitudinal-study-in-china
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xinyu Huang, Beifang Fan, Yingcheng Jiang, Yanzhi Li, Ya Chen, Hao Zhao, Yunbin Jiang, Wanxin Wang, Lan Guo, Yan Chen, Yifeng Liu, Zehui Li, Sabrina Wong, Roger S McIntyre, Xue Han, Ciyong Lu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the longitudinal associations of rumination with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Participants were derived from the Depression Cohort in China study (DCC). Those who completed at least one follow-up visit during the 12 months were included in the analysis. Dimensions of rumination including brooding and reflection were each measured using five items of the Ruminative Responses Scale...
March 11, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38503003/epidemiology-of-dsm-5-psychiatric-disorders-in-kenyan-youth-with-low-and-high-psychosis-risk
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rebekka H Sæle, David M Ndetei, Victoria N Mutiso, Daniel Mamah
INTRODUCTION: There are few psychiatric epidemiology studies among Kenyan youth and fewer among those at high psychosis risk (HR). METHODS: This study assessed the epidemiology of DSM-5 psychiatric disorders in HR and low-risk (LR) individuals to inform research and mental health services. 567 participants (aged 15-25) in HR (n = 246) and LR (n = 260) groups based on Washington Early Recognition Center Affectivity and Psychosis (WERCAP) Screen scores...
March 11, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38484480/symptoms-and-functional-impairments-in-patients-with-internet-use-disorders-participating-in-an-online-short-term-therapy
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lara Basenach, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Michael Dreier, Harriet Salbach, Babette Renneberg, Olivia Gnauert, Klaus Wölfling
BACKGROUND: Internet use disorders (IUD) have been recognized as a serious mental health concern. In order to promote consensus on core features of IUD, further studies involving clinical samples are required. AIMS: A clinical evaluation of patients with IUD was conducted as part of the scientific monitoring of a novel online short-term therapy, embedded in the randomized controlled trial Stepped Care Approach for Problematic Internet use Treatment (SCAPIT; ID: DRKS00025994)...
March 11, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38479235/development-and-validation-of-the-autonomy-scale-amsterdam
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jessy Bergamin, Monja Hoven, Ruth J van Holst, Claudi L Bockting, Damiaan Denys, Barbara Nevicka, Judy Luigjes
This paper describes the development and validation of the Autonomy Scale Amsterdam (ASA). We propose that a new measure of autonomy is needed and, as such, we developed and validated an autonomy scale relevant for psychiatry. Based on literature, an expert meeting and three samples of the general population (N = 298, N = 207, N = 309) we provide evidence (a) that supports a 6-factor structure model as a better fit than alternative models with a high reliability to capture the concept of autonomy consisting of: Self-integration, Engagement with life, Goal-directedness, Self-control, External constraints and Social support, (b) for the scale's convergent and discriminant validity with constructs in autonomy's nomological network and (c) for the scale's criterion validity with well-established well-being outcomes, and (d) that the measure is not redundant with a prior measure of autonomy, the autonomy-connectedness scale, and demonstrates incremental validity in the prediction of mental health over and above an existing measure of autonomy...
March 7, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38461564/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-among-young-school-going-adolescents-in-the-western-cape-province-of-south-africa
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mirriam Mkhize, Claire van der Westhuizen, Katherine Sorsdahl
INTRODUCTION: Between 10 and 20% of children and adolescents globally experience common mental health conditions such as depression or anxiety. Given the dearth of mental health services in low- and middle-income countries, most mental health conditions among adolescents remain undiagnosed and untreated. In South Africa, few studies have explored the prevalence of depression and anxiety among young adolescents aged 10-14 years. This study examined the prevalence of, and factors associated with depression and anxiety among young school-going adolescents in the Western Cape Province of South Africa...
March 7, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38394926/identifying-unique-subgroups-in-suicide-risks-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eun Namgung, Eunji Ha, Sujung Yoon, Yumi Song, Hyangwon Lee, Hee-Ju Kang, Jung-Soo Han, Jae-Min Kim, Wonhye Lee, In Kyoon Lyoo, Seog Ju Kim
BACKGROUND: The presence of psychiatric disorders is widely recognized as one of the primary risk factors for suicide. A significant proportion of individuals receiving outpatient psychiatric treatment exhibit varying degrees of suicidal behaviors, which may range from mild suicidal ideations to overt suicide attempts. This study aims to elucidate the transdiagnostic symptom dimensions and associated suicidal features among psychiatric outpatients. METHODS: The study enrolled patients who attended the psychiatry outpatient clinic at a tertiary hospital in South Korea (n = 1, 849, age range = 18-81; 61% women)...
February 17, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38394925/sex-differential-patterns-of-neuropsychological-functioning-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yu-Ju Lin, Meng-Chuan Lai, Li-Kuang Yang, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND: The sex-differential prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) varies across the lifespan, but little is known about sex differences in executive functions in adults with ADHD. METHODS: We assessed 261 adults, aged 18-40 years, diagnosed with ADHD (170 males [assigned at birth], aged 25.81 ± 5.49; 91 females, aged 27.76 ± 5.42) and 308 neurotypical adults (176 males, aged 24.62 ± 5...
February 17, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38387168/covid-19-and-mental-health-services-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-critical-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Tafadzwa Dzinamarira, Patrick Gad Iradukunda, Eric Saramba, Pierre Gashema, Enos Moyo, Walter Mangezi, Godfrey Musuka
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has wrought a profound impact on mental health in Sub- Saharan Africa, exacerbating existing disparities and rendering individuals undergoing treatment particularly susceptible. This comprehensive critical review delves into the scope, nature, and extent of COVID-19 impact on mental health services in Sub- Saharan Africa, while concurrently elucidating pivotal lessons and exemplary practices learnt from periods of lockdown. METHODS: The methodology was guided by Jesson & Laccy's guide on how to conduct critical literature reviews...
February 17, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38354586/pallidum-volume-as-a-predictor-for-the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-and-psycho-education-in-unmedicated-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chen Zhang, Xiaochen Zhang, Wenqing Li, Tianran Zhang, Zongfeng Zhang, Lu Lu, Fabrizio Didonna, Qing Fan
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been documented to be effective in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the neurobiological basis of MBCT remains largely elusive, which makes it clinically challenging to predict which patients are more likely to respond poorly. Hence, identifying biomarkers for predicting treatment outcomes holds both scientific and clinical values. This prognostic study aims to investigate whether pre-treatment brain morphological metrics can predict the effectiveness of MBCT, compared with psycho-education (PE) as an active placebo, among patients with OCD...
February 10, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38335572/multimodal-based-machine-learning-approach-to-classify-features-of-internet-gaming-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-a-sensor-level-and-source-level-resting-state-electroencephalography-activity-and-neuropsychological-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ji-Yoon Lee, Myeong Seop Song, So Young Yoo, Joon Hwan Jang, Deokjong Lee, Young-Chul Jung, Woo-Young Ahn, Jung-Seok Choi
OBJECTIVES: Addictions have recently been classified as substance use disorder (SUD) and behavioral addiction (BA), but the concept of BA is still debatable. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct further neuroscientific research to understand the mechanisms of BA to the same extent as SUD. The present study used machine learning (ML) algorithms to investigate the neuropsychological and neurophysiological aspects of addictions in individuals with internet gaming disorder (IGD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD)...
February 5, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38335571/associations-between-adhd-traits-and-self-reported-strengths-in-the-general-population
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L M Schippers, C U Greven, M Hoogman
BACKGROUND: ADHD research has had a clear focus on symptoms, their negative consequences and the treatment of ADHD. However, previous qualitative research found that people with a diagnosis of ADHD also self-report to experience strengths related to their ADHD. This is one of the first quantitative studies to investigate multiple self-reported strengths in relation to ADHD traits in a general population sample. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the relationship between multiple self-reported strengths with ADHD traits in the general population using quantitative measures...
February 5, 2024: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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