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Anne-Claude Luisier, Geneviève Petitpierre, Annick Clerc Bérod, Anne-Raphaëlle Richoz, Junpeng Lao, Roberto Caldara, Moustafa Bensafi
The present study examined whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing (TD) children differed in visual perception of food stimuli at both sensorimotor and affective levels. A potential link between visual perception and food neophobia was also investigated. To these aims, 11 children with ASD and 11 TD children were tested. Visual pictures of food were used, and food neophobia was assessed by the parents. Results revealed that children with ASD explored visually longer food stimuli than TD children...
February 13, 2019: Perception
Armin Saysani
Crossmodal correspondences between seemingly independent sensory modalities are often observed in normal participants. For instance, colours commonly map consistently onto pure tones. In this study, we investigated colour-tone mapping in both normal trichromats and in people with congenital blindness. Participants were asked to match tones of differing pitch to named colours. In both cases, the tones selected varied consistently with the colour. The blind responses were similar to those of the trichromats, except in the case of red and green; the blind did not differentiate these colours, whereas the trichromats associated red with a higher tone and green with a lower tone...
February 12, 2019: Perception
Joshua Harvey, Takuma Morimoto, Manuel Spitschan
At this year's European Conference on Visual Perception, we debuted a novel colour science demonstration-and visual illusion-for the Un mare di illusioni exhibition. Under carefully curated lighting conditions, cycling through different illuminant spectra, certain fruits and vegetables appear to glow and dim in an unchanging environment. Encouraged by the positive reactions it received, and the numerous and specific questions from conference delegates, we here describe what this illusion is, why we believe it may work, and how this particular low-cost setup may be assembled and demonstrated for the amazement of your friends, students, and members of the public...
February 7, 2019: Perception
Nicholas Watier, Brock DeGagne
This study examined whether latent facial signals of threat can be detected at more extreme ranges of spatial frequencies (SFs), and thus with fewer frequencies from an optimal middle band for face identification, compared with latent nonthreatening facial signals. Using an adaptive staircase procedure and a two-interval forced-choice same-different task, SF thresholds from the lower and higher ends of the SF spectrum were obtained for nonexpressive threatening and nonthreatening faces. Threatening faces were discriminated from neutral faces more quickly and accurately, and engendered more extreme SF thresholds, compared with nonthreatening faces...
February 6, 2019: Perception
Brian Rogers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2019: Perception
Ruth Hofrichter, M D Rutherford
Preferential attention to animate motion develops early in life, and adults and infants are particularly attuned to chasing motion. Adults can detect chasing objects among up to 10 distractors and are better at detecting a chase among nonchasing distractors than a nonchase among chasing distractors. We tested whether an attentional preference for chasing has developed by the age of 4, and whether 4-year-olds can explicitly point out chasing objects. On a touch screen, participants were shown a chasing pair of circles among a varying number of distractors (2,4,6,8,10)...
February 6, 2019: Perception
Shane L Rogers, Oliver Guidetti, Craig P Speelman, Melissa Longmuir, Ruben Phillips
In a simple experiment, we demonstrate that you don't need to mindfully look at the eyes of your audience to be perceived as making eye contact during face-to-face conversation. Simply gazing somewhere around the face/head area will suffice. Or to borrow a term from Mareschal and colleagues, direct gaze will suffice. For those readers who experience anxiety when gazing specifically at another person's eyes, or when being gazed at, we expect this is welcome news.
February 4, 2019: Perception
Ailish Byrne, Catherine Preston
Our brain continually integrates bottom-up sensory signals to create a coherent experience of the body. This bodily experience is also constrained by top-down knowledge of body appearance. However, the extent of these constraints has been challenged. Here, we explore top-down limits on body ownership with the invisible finger stretching illusion, in which synchronous visuotactile stimulation applied to the real fingers and an area of empty space elicits the illusion of owning elongating fingers. The results demonstrate that it is possible to experience stretchy fingers like Mr Fantastic without visual stimuli of a fake hand, even if we do not actually feel invisible like The Invisible Man...
January 3, 2019: Perception
Teppo Felin, Mia Felin, Joachim I Krueger, Jan Koenderink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2019: Perception
Nicolas Davidenko, Hema Kopalle, Bruce Bridgeman
There is a consistent left-gaze bias when observers fixate upright faces, but it is unknown how this bias manifests in rotated faces, where the two eyes appear at different heights on the face. In two eye-tracking experiments, we measured participants' first and second fixations, while they judged the expressions of upright and rotated faces. We hypothesized that rotated faces might elicit a bias to fixate the upper eye. Our results strongly confirmed this hypothesis, with the upper eye bias completely dominating the left-gaze bias in ±45° faces in Experiment 1, and across a range of face orientations (±11...
December 27, 2018: Perception
Myron Tsikandilakis, Persefoni Bali, Peter Chapman
Previous research suggests that facial attractiveness relies on features such as symmetry, averageness and above-average sexual dimorphic characteristics. Due to the evolutionary and sociobiological value of these characteristics, it has been suggested that attractiveness can be processed in the absence of conscious awareness. This raises the possibility that attractiveness can also be appraised without conscious awareness. In this study, we addressed this hypothesis. We presented neutral and emotional faces that were rated high, medium and low for attractiveness during a pilot experimental stage...
December 19, 2018: Perception
Jamie Bowden, David Whitaker, Matt J Dunn
The flashed face distortion effect is a phenomenon whereby images of faces, presented at 4-5 Hz in the visual periphery, appear distorted. It has been hypothesized that the effect is driven by cortical, rather than retinal, components. Here, we investigated the role of peripheral viewing on the effect. Normally sighted participants viewed the stimulus peripherally, centrally, and centrally with a blurring lens (to match visual acuity in the peripheral location). Participants rated the level of distortion using a Visual Analogue Scale...
December 19, 2018: Perception
Claudia Muth, Sabine Ebert, Slobodan Marković, Claus-Christian Carbon
Perceptual insight, like recognizing hidden figures, increases the appreciation of visually perceived objects. We examined this Aesthetic Aha paradigm in the haptic domain. Participants were thinking aloud during haptic exploration of 11 visually nonaccessible panels. They explored them again evaluating them on liking, pleasingness, complexity, and interestingness. Afterwards they rated photographs of the panels on the same variables. Haptic pleasingness was predictable by the strength of insight (Aha!) during free exploration and the material feel...
December 19, 2018: Perception
Julia F Christensen, Anna Lambrechts, Manos Tsakiris
The Warburg Dance Movement Library is a validated set of 234 video clips of dance movements for empirical research in the fields of cognitive science and neuroscience of action perception, affect perception and neuroaesthetics. The library contains two categories of video clips of dance movement sequences. Of each pair, one version of the movement sequence is emotionally expressive (Clip a), while the other version of the same sequence (Clip b) is not expressive but as technically correct as the expressive version (Clip a)...
December 17, 2018: Perception
Benjamin Balas, Jacob Gable, Hannah Pearson
When viewing unfamiliar faces that vary in expressions, angles, and image quality, observers make many recognition errors. Specifically, in unconstrained identity-sorting tasks, observers struggle to cope with variation across different images of the same person while succeeding at telling different people apart. The use of ambient face images in this simple card-sorting task reveals the magnitude of these face recognition errors and suggests a useful platform to reexamine the nature of face processing using naturalistic stimuli...
December 8, 2018: Perception
Michael Kavšek, Stephanie Braun
The addition of crossed horizontal disparity enhances the clarity of illusory contours compared to pictorial illusory contours and illusory contours with uncrossed horizontal disparity. Two infant-controlled habituation-dishabituation experiments explored the presence of this effect in infants 5 months of age. Experiment 1 examined whether infants are able to distinguish between a Kanizsa figure with crossed horizontal disparity and a Kanizsa figure with uncrossed horizontal disparity. Experiment 2 tested infants for their ability to differentiate between a Kanizsa figure with crossed horizontal disparity and a two-dimensional Kanizsa figure...
November 14, 2018: Perception
Aleksandra Swiderska, Dennis Küster
Previous research has shown that when people read vignettes about the infliction of harm upon an entity appearing to have no more than a liminal mind, their attributions of mind to that entity increased. Currently, we investigated if the presence of a facial wound enhanced the perception of mental capacities (experience and agency) in response to images of robotic and human-like avatars, compared with unharmed avatars. The results revealed that harmed versions of both robotic and human-like avatars were imbued with mind to a higher degree, irrespective of the baseline level of mind attributed to their unharmed counterparts...
November 9, 2018: Perception
Julián Villegas, Naoki Fukasawa
Changes in frequency such as those found in Risset tones have been associated with moving sound sources in the vertical plane (Pratt effect) and the horizontal plane (Doppler illusion). We investigated the reported origin and motion of unspatialized Risset tones presented monotically and diotically, and Risset tones simulated to be in the sagittal or coronal plane, approaching or receding, from above or horizontally. Independent of the artificial spatialization used (none, spatializing frequency components collectively or individually, elevated or not), upward glissandi were more likely to be judged as approaching than receding, and downward glissandi as receding than approaching, in most cases from the horizon...
November 7, 2018: Perception
J Farley Norman, Sydney P Wheeler, Lauren E Pedersen, Catherine J Dowell
In the current study of haptic distance perception, 20 younger (median age: 22 years) and 20 older adults (median age: 72 years) used active touch to estimate distance ratios(one length relative to another). Nine tactile stimuli were created from wooden dowels; each consisted of two perpendicular dowels. The stimulus distance ratios ranged from 1.0 to 5.0. Each participant used both hands (without vision) to actively explore (30 s) a single stimulus object on every trial. The task was to numerically estimate the distance ratio...
October 29, 2018: Perception
Midori Takashima
This study examined whether auditory pitch and loudness affect the perception of object's weight. Two series experiments showed that the object with High-Pitch sound was perceived as being lighter than the object with Low-Pitch sound and that the perceived weight was not affected by loudness. Because auditory pitch has a relationship to the weight of an object while loudness has a relationship to the distance of a placed object, the perceived weight was affected by auditory pitch not loudness. Given these results, perhaps sound effects may make it easier to carry heavy luggage?...
October 23, 2018: Perception
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