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Indian Journal of Dermatology

Latha M Sneha, Sunitha Ramaswamy, Sai Shalini, Julius Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Vibhuti Dayanand Ambawade, Swati Bipin Ghanghurde, Madhuri S Kate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Sarita Sasidharanpillai, Saleem Rahima, Manikoth Payyanadan Binitha, Ettapurath N Abdul Latheef, Aparna Govindan, Dhanya Prashant, Rajwa Rahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Takenobu Ohashi, Toshiyuki Yamamoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Sarabjit Kaur, Parul Aggarwal, Ankita Sangwan, Kamal Aggarwal, Surabhi Dayal, Vijay Kumar Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Mohammad Sajjad Imen, Ali Ahmadabadi, Seyed Hassan Tavousi, Alireza Sedaghat
Phytophotodermatitis is a condition which is caused by contact with some plants containing furocoumarins. Furocoumarins in sap of fig tree are the main cause of its irritability when come in contact with the skin. The main symptoms are burning sensation and pain, itchy erythema, and edema, which usually begin 24 h after exposure. The leaf and root sap of the fig tree are the most potent parts causing irritant reaction. We report four children who were playing with fig tree leaves during a family picnic. They were referred to a burn center with second-degree burn in about 10% of total body surface area, due to phytophotodermatitis...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Hasan Mete Aksoy, Berna Aksoy, Emel Çalikoglu
Systemic retinoids such as isotretinoin and acitretin are associated with numerous side effects but are therapeutically valuable in dermatological practice. Several studies have reported the wound-healing effects of treatment with concurrent systemic retinoids in addition to surgical treatments. Herein, we describe two patients with scar dehiscence that developed after initiation of systemic retinoid treatment following cutaneous surgery. In Case 1, isotretinoin was thought to decrease collagen production to a greater degree than did degradation during the wound remodeling phase, which resulted in wound dehiscence...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Reena Kumari Sharma, Mudita Gupta
Lymphedema is extravasation of lymphatic fluid into extracellular spaces and may be primary or secondary. Primary lymphedema may be caused by truncular lymphatic malformation. Long-standing lymphedema may result in various complications due to increased porosity of lymphatics, defective valves, and increased lymphatic pressure. There are few reports of normolipidemic xanthoma in association with lymphedema. We report a case of giant xanthoma associated with primary lymphedema.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Vineet Relhan, Jaspriya Sandhu, Vijay Kumar Garg, Nita Khurana
Lichen nitidus is a common dermatosis described classically as shiny, skin-colored, nonfollicular, flat-topped papules. A number of variants have been described in literature including localized, generalized, actinic, vesicular, perforating, hemorrhagic, palmar/plantar, purpuric, and linear forms. Here, we report an unusual case of linear lichen nitidus in an 11-year-old boy mimicking lichen striatus along the left thumb with isolated nail involvement of the affected digit. Nail involvement in lichen nitidus is very rare; there are only seven cases of lichen nitidus associated nail changes reported in the literature...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Pallavi Goyal, Surabhi Dayal, Priyadarshini Sahu
Livedo reticularis can present with progressive ischemia and diffuse cutaneous involvement with or without any evidence of systemic diseases. Livedo reticularis (LR) is a livedoid discoloration of the skin in a reticular pattern. We report the case of a 30-year-old male who presented with an asymptomatic, red-colored, net-like rash all over the body for 4 years. Laboratory investigations were performed to rule out any systemic involvement. Biopsy showed perivascular mononuclear cell infiltrate and occasional arteriole showed thickening of the wall with obliteration of the lumen and extensive collagenization in dermis, suggesting a diagnosis of LR...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Guru Prasad Reddy, Brijesh Mishra, Divya Narain Upadhyaya
Cutis laxa is an uncommon connective tissue disorder affecting the elastin fibers leading to lax and pendulous skin and in generalized form can present with systemic involvement. Congenital cutis laxa is common in comparison to acquired cutis laxa and has varied inheritance patterns. Treatment is chiefly observation in congenital cutis laxa, and there is a paucity of literature on surgical management in acquired cutis laxa. We report a rare case of acquired localized cutis laxa with a review of literature on the role of plastic surgery in this condition...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Mankul Goyal, Sujay Khandpur, M Ramam, Vinod Kumar Sharma, Manoj Kumar Singh
Background: Transverse sections of scalp biopsies are performed for the assessment of alopecias and are considered advantageous over vertical sections. Aim: The aim was to study the histopathological features of alopecias on transverse sections of scalp biopsies. Methods: It was a descriptive study. Clinically confirmed cases of noncicatricial and cicatricial alopecias were subjected to 4 mm scalp biopsies, which were sectioned transversely and analyzed...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Thankanadar Arul Kumar, Veeran Veeravarmal, Ramdas Madhavan Nirmal, Ramamoorthy Amsaveni, Mohamed Hanifa Mohamed Nassar, Ganesan Kesavan
Background/Purpose: Lichen planus is a T-cell-mediated mucocutaneous disorder characterized histopathologically by a band of chronic inflammatory cells in the subepithelial zone and degeneration of basal layer. The present study was aimed to evaluate the distribution and quantitative assessment of cluster of differentiation 1a (CD1a)-positive Langerhans cells (LCs) in oral lichen planus (OLP), thus to determine the role of LCs pertaining to the changes occurring in OLP. Materials and Methods: Five cases of normal oral mucosa and 20 cases of OLP were immunostained with CD1a antibody; the positive cells were counted manually in the photomicrographs and statistically analyzed using t -test, Mann-Whitney test, and Wilcoxon signed-rank test...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Jarmila Celakovsk√°, Josef Bukac, Karel Ettler, Jaroslava Vaneckova, Irena Krcmova, Kvetuse Ettlerova, Jan Krejsek
Background: Eosinophils play an important pathogenic role in atopic dermatitis (AD), but its exact function remains to be determined. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to correlate the eosinophil count with the manifestations such as asthma bronchiale, rhinitis, level of total IgE, sensitization to mites, animal dander, bird feather, dust, mixture of grass, mixture of trees, mixture of fungi, duration of lesions (persistent or occasional during last year), family history about atopy, and onset of AD (under or above 5 year of age)...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Projna Biswas, Dayamay Pal, Abhishek De, Gobinda Chatterjee, Arghyaprasun Ghosh, Sudip Das, Pijush Kanti Das, Aarti Sarda, Sumit Sen
Introduction: Primary cutaneous amyloidosis (PCA) can be classified into four principal categories: macular amyloidosis, lichen amyloidosis, biphasic, and nodular amyloidosis. Some unusual variants such as widespread diffuse hyperpigmentation without papules, poikiloderma like involvement, lesions following Blaschko's line, etc., have also been reported. However, not much data are available regarding the demography, epidemiology, clinical patterns, and distribution and histopathological findings, especially from the eastern part of India...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Mukunda Ranga Swaroop, B Manohara Kumar, B D Sathyanarayana, D Yogesh, J C Raghavendra, Priyanka Kumari
Background: Men with premature androgenetic alopecia (AGA) are found to be susceptible to cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome (MS), diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and also premature baldness can have a definite negative impact on self-image and self-esteem in these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the strength of association between MS and/or insulin resistance (IR) in males with early-onset AGA. Methods: A total of 50 male patients with premature AGA and equal number of age-matched controls were enrolled in the study...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Rita V Vora, Rahul Krishna Suresh Kumar Kota, Rochit R Singhal, Gopikrishnan Anjaneyan
Context: Androgenic alopecia (AGA) is a hereditary androgen-dependent disorder, characterized by gradual conversion of terminal hair into miniaturized hair and defined by various patterns. Common age group affected is between 30 and 50 years. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that include diabetes and prediabetes, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. The relationship between androgenic alopecia and MetS is still poorly understood. Aim: The aim was to study the clinical profile of androgenic alopecia and its association with cardiovascular risk factors...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Pinar Incel-Uysal, Neslihan Akdogan, Nuran Alli, Ayse Oktem, Tuba Candar, Canan Topcuoglu, Turan Turhan
Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune-mediated hair follicle disorder. In the literature, there is no study evaluating metabolic syndrome and levels of ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) which is proposed as an oxidative stress biomarker in patients with AA. Aims: The aim was to investigate the presence of metabolic syndrome and the levels of IMA, small dense low-density lipoprotein (sd-LDL), and visfatin levels in AA patients. Settings and Design: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was undertaken among AA patients and controls...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Goknur Ozaydin-Yavuz, Ibrahim Halil Yavuz, Halit Demir, Canan Demir, Serap Gunes Bilgili
Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a noncicatricial alopecia affecting any hair-bearing area. Although AA is considered to be an autoimmune disease, oxidative stress has been shown to be an important factor in the etiology of AA. Trace elements are highly essential for humans since they form the building blocks of large molecules, function as the cofactors of enzymes, and have some key biological functions. The aim of this study was to investigate serum levels of heavy metals like iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), magnesium (Mg), cobalt (Co), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in patients with AA...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Zhigang Zhang, Xiaoli Wang, Rongqiang Zhang
Background: Alopecia areata (AA) describes a sudden localized patchy alopecia. The cause of AA is not completely clear and its incidence may be related to genetic, autoimmune, and environmental factors. Aim: To explore the possible mechanisms of AA and to provide a basis for the early diagnosis and treatment of AA. Methods: Gene microarray data from 122 scalp skin biopsy tissue samples from patients with AA or healthy controls from the Gene-Cloud of Biotechnology Information database were analyzed using bioinformatics analysis methods...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dermatology
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