Shahla Rostamirad, Shima Daneshpour, Mohammad Reza Mofid, Alireza Andalib, Abbasali Eskandariyan, Somayeh Mousavi, Hossein Yousofi Darani
BACKGROUND: Hydatid cyst is the larval stage of the tape worm Echinococcus granulosus which is located in human and livestock viscera. There are some scientific evidences indicating that parasitic infections induce antitumor activity against certain types of cancers. In this study, the effects of a fraction of hydatid cyst fluid on colon cancer tumor in BALB/c mice were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental work six groups of mice were challenged with mouse colon cancer cells...
March 15, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Shuang Wang, Shi Meng, Xiao Yang, Bohan Zhang, Jian Hui Zhang, Zhi Kun Bai, Ming Xin Song
Trichinella spiralis is a zoonotic parasite with worldwide distribution that can seriously harm human health and animal husbandry. Ornithine decarboxylase is a component of the acid resistance (AR) system in Escherichia coli. The aim of this study was to investigate the role that T. spiralis ornithine decarboxylase (TsODC) plays in the acid resistance mechanism of T. spiralis. This study involved assessing the transcription and expression of TsODC in worms under acidic conditions. According to mRNA sequences published by NCBI and the results of molecular biology experiments, the complete TsODC sequence was cloned and expressed...
March 14, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Andreas Borchel, Christiane Eichner, Aina-Cathrine Øvergård
Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus are two parasitic copepod species posing a significant threat to salmonid aquaculture. Consequently, several gene expression studies are executed each year to gain new knowledge and treatment strategies. Though, to enable accurate gene expression measurements by quantitative real time PCR, stable reference genes are needed. Previous studies have mainly focused on a few genes selected based on their function as housekeeping genes, as these are often stably expressed in various cells and tissues...
March 13, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Shereen Mahfouz Mansour, Amina Mohamed Ibrahim
Schistosomiasis is a snail-born, neglected tropical disease (NTD) caused by blood flukes (trematode worms) of the genusSchistosoma. It is the second most socioeconomically devastating parasitic disease after malaria. Urogenital schistosomiasis is caused by Schistosoma haematobium which is transmitted by snail intermediate host of the genus Bulinus. This genus is a model system for the study of polyploidy in animals. This study aims to investigate ploidy levels existing among the Bulinus species and their compatibility with S...
March 11, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Haoran Zhong, Fanglin Qin, Yuqi Ren, Xiaochun Li, Ling Hou, Shaopeng Gu, Yamei Jin
Schistosomiasis is an important zoonotic disease affecting up to 40 kinds of animals and is responsible for ∼250 million human cases per year. Due to the extensive use of praziquantel for the treatment of parasitic diseases, drug resistance has been reported. Consequently, novel drugs and effective vaccines are urgently needed for sustained control of schistosomiasis. Targeting reproductive development of Schistosoma japonicum could contribute to the control of schistosomiasis. In this study, five highly expressed proteins (S...
March 11, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Natali de França Nibbering Santos, Natanael da Silva Bezerra Junior, Jamerson Ferreira de Oliveira, Denise Maria Figueiredo Araújo Duarte, José Cleberson Dos Santos Soares, Diego Santa Clara Marques, Aline Caroline da Silva Santos, Fátima Nogueira, Valéria Rêgo Alves Pereira, Maria Carmo Alves de Lima, Iranildo José da Cruz Filho
In this work, 13 thiosemicarbazones (1a - m) and 16 thiazoles (2a - p) were obtained, which were properly characterized by spectroscopic and spectrometric techniques. The pharmacokinetic properties obtained in silico revealed that the derivatives are in accordance with the parameters established by lipinski and veber, showing that such compounds have good bioavailability or permeability when administered orally. In assays of antioxidant activity, thiosemicarbazones showed moderate to high antioxidant potential when compared to thiazoles...
March 10, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Shakil Ahmed, Mohammad Nahian Rahman, Mahamudul Hasan, Md Asibul Hasan, Md Mukthar Mia
Cyclospora cayetanensis infections, also known as cyclosporiasis, persist to be the prevalent emerging protozoan parasite and an opportunist that causes digestive illness in immunocompromised individuals. In contrast, this causal agent can affect people of all ages, with children and foreigners being the most susceptible populations. For most immunocompetent patients, the disease is self-limiting; in extreme circumstances, this illness can manifest as severe or persistent diarrhea as well as colonize on secondary digestive organs leading to death...
March 9, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
H F Santos Souza, S Marsiccobetre, R O O Souza, L A Luévano-Martínez, A M Silber
Leucine, isoleucine, and valine, collectively termed Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), are hydrophobic amino acids (AAs) and are essential for most eukaryotes since in these organisms they cannot be biosynthesized and must be supplied by the diet. These AAs are structurally relevant for muscle cells and, of course, important for the protein synthesis process. The metabolism of BCAA and its participation in different biological processes in mammals have been relatively well described. However, for other organisms as pathogenic parasites, the literature is really scarce...
March 8, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Olugbenga Akinola, Elizabeth Ategbero, Amusan I Abiodun I, Olusola G Gbotosho
The introduction of artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs) against malaria infections opened up a window of possibilities to combat malaria in pregnancy. However, the usefulness of ACTs in all stages of pregnancy must be critically assessed. This study was designed to evaluate dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHAP) as a suitable alternative to sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) in the treatment of malaria during third-trimester pregnancy in mice. Experimental animals were inoculated with a parasitic dose of 1x106 Plasmodium berghei (ANKA strain) infected erythrocytes and randomly allocated into treatment groups...
March 7, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Iqbal Bin Imran, Marica T Engström, Maarit Karonen, Andrew R Williams, Juha-Pekka Salminen
Proanthocyanidins (PAs) are a class of plant specialized metabolites with well-documented bioactivities such as anti-parasitic effects. However, little is known about how the modification of PAs influences their bioactivity. The objective of this study was to investigate a wide range of PA-containing plant samples to determine if extracts containing PAs modified by oxidation had altered antiparasitic activities, compared to the original extracts that had not been modified in alkaline conditions. We extracted and analysed samples from 61 proanthocyanidin-rich plants...
March 6, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Juan Felipe Osorio-Méndez, Germán Alberto Téllez, Daniela Zapata-López, Sebastián Echeverry, Jhon Carlos Castaño
Trypanosoma cruzi is an obligate parasite that uses glucose as one of the main resources to maintain its survival and proliferation. In eukaryotic cells glucose transport across membranes is mediated by facilitated transport through a variety of transporters. Herein, genes from the recently described SWEET family of carbohydrate transporters were identified in trypanosomatid parasites, including the medically important species T. cruzi and Leishmania spp. The identified genes have sequences with the typical attributes of known SWEET transporters...
March 4, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Duschan Shukhratovich Sapaev, Farkhod Radjabovich Yakubov, Siroj Shavkatovich Yakhshiboev
The aim of this article is to evaluate the factors influencing the choice of laparoscopic echinococcectomy (LapEE) in liver echinococcosis (LE) and its impact on postoperative outcomes. The article presents a retrospective analysis of the effectiveness of LapEE depending on gender, age, cyst location, size and stage of echinococcal cysts (EC) development, also taking into account the performance of drainage or abdominal interventions in relation to the residual cavity (RC). The study included patients with the primary form of LE - 46 patients who underwent LapEE at the State Institution "Republican Specialized Scientific and Practical Medical Center for Surgery, named after the academician V...
March 3, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Tahereh Mikaeili Galeh, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Alireza Khalilian, Seyed Abdollah Hosseini, Ahmad Daryani
Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is one of the most important foodborne pathogens that infects a large number of vertebrate species and has a cosmopolitan distribution. Birds as intermediate hosts are very important in the life cycle of T. gondii and they can be a main source of infection for humans and felids, as well as other animals. Most species of birds feed from the ground and are the best indicator for soil contamination with T. gondii oocysts. Hence, T. gondii strains isolated from birds can represent different genotypes circulating in the environment and their main predators and consumers...
February 28, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Xueyong Zhang, Yingna Jian, Zhi Li, Hong Duo, Zhihong Guo, Yong Fu
Echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic life-threatening parasitic disease caused by metacestodes of Echinococcus spp., and appropriate sensitive diagnosis and genotyping techniques are required to detect infections and study the genetic characterization of Echinococcus spp. isolates. In this study, a single-tube nested PCR (STNPCR) method was developed and evaluated for the detection of Echinococcus spp. DNA based on the COX1 gene. STNPCR was 100 times more sensitive than conventional PCR and showed the same sensitivity to common nested PCR (NPCR); but with a lower risk of cross-contamination...
February 25, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Ayra Diandra Carvalho-de-Araújo, Luiz Fernando Carvalho-Kelly, José Roberto Meyer-Fernandes
Mucosal-associated parasites, such as Giardia intestinalis, Entamoeba histolytica, and Trichomonas vaginalis, have significant clinical relevance. The pathologies associated with infection by these parasites are among those with the highest incidence of gastroenteritis (giardiasis and amoebiasis) and sexually transmitted infections (trichomoniasis). The treatment of these diseases is based on drugs that act on the anaerobic metabolism of these parasites, such as nitroimidazole and benzimidazole derivatives...
February 23, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Miguel H Santamaría, Luisa Delgado Ríos, Ricardo S Corral
Sustained interaction between the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and its functional receptor, fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14), has been linked to cardiovascular disorders. Chagas cardiomyopathy, elicited by Trypanosoma cruzi infection, is associated with chronic inflammation, fibrosis and hypertrophy. This study aimed to explore the involvement of the TWEAK/Fn 14 axis in development of Chagas heart disease. Parasite infection in vitro triggered Fn14 overexpression in atrial HL-1 myocytes and cardiac MCF fibroblasts...
February 23, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Mariana Eduarda A S A Lopes, Juliana M Ribeiro, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho, Silvane M F Murta, Elaine M Souza-Fagundes
The discovery and development of new drugs for the treatment of Chagas disease is urgent due to the high toxicity and low cure efficacy, mainly during the chronic phase of this disease. Other chemotherapeutic approaches for Chagas disease treatment are being researched and require screening assays suitable for evaluating the effectivity of new biologically active compounds. This study aims to evaluate a functional assay using the internalization of epimastigotes forms of Trypanosoma cruzi by human peripheral blood leukocytes from healthy volunteers and analyses by flow cytometry of cytotoxicity, anti-T...
February 19, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Christiane de Oliveira Goveia, Roberta Lima Caldeira, Rafael Ribeiro Barata, Poliana da Silva Lemos, Márcio Roberto Teixeira Nunes, Isabelle Helena Lima Dias, Martin Johannes Enk
INTRODUCTION: Mollusks belonging to Biomphalaria genus are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni. In the Pará State, Northern Region of Brazil, there are reports of B. glabrata, B. straminea, B. schrammi, B. occidentalis, and B. kuhniana occurrence. Here, we report for the first time the presence of B. tenagophila in Belém, capital of Pará state. METHODS: A total of 79 mollusks were collected and examined to search for possible S. mansoni infection...
February 17, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Aline de Jesus Lustosa Nogueira, Renato Juvino de Aragão Mendes, Clícia Rosane Costa França Nino, Yasmim Dos Santos Oliveira, Cláudia Quintino da Rocha, Halana Tereza Marques de Jesus Ambrósio, Gustavo Oliveira Everton, Ivone Garros Rosa, Adalberto Alves Pereira Filho
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection of great prevalence worldwide, affecting 250 million people in 78 countries. Faced with this problem, studies that seek to analyze molluscicidal activity from plant extracts have stood out. The present work aimed to obtain the phytochemical characterization and investigate the molluscicidal activity in the hydroalcoholic extract of Ricinus communis leaves on Biomphalaria glabrata. The hydroalcoholic extract was prepared by macerated with solvent ethanol P.A 96%, followed by filtration and concentration in rotary evaporator...
February 11, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
Symon Paulino, Lucas Santos, Marcelo Rabello, Paulo da Silva, Jamerson Oliveira, Maria do Carmo Lima, Thâmara Rocha, Mônica Albuquerque, Victor Santos, Luiz Alves, Fábio Brayner, Tarcyla Gomes, André Aires, Pedro Rolim Neto, Rosali Silva
Schistosomiasis is an endemic disease in Brazil. It is important to broaden the treatment options to control and containment of the disease. Thiazolidine derivatives appear as important alternatives to treatment. In vitro studies have demonstrated excellent schistosomiasis activity for LPSF/GQ-238. The molecule, however, has poorly water-soluble. This study focused on increasing the aqueous solubility of LPSF/GQ-238 by obtaining solid dispersions. Were prepared by the solvent techniques, using Soluplus®, Polyethylene glycol (PEG), and Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP-K30) as carriers...
February 8, 2023: Experimental Parasitology
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