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Australian Dental Journal

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676647/the-distribution-of-allied-dental-practitioners-in-australia-socio-economics-and-rurality-as-a-driver-of-better-health-service-accessibility
#1
Gillian Jean, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of the distribution of allied dental practitioners relative to the socio-economic profile of the population, to develop a baseline of employment demographics at a time of proposed deregulation of practicing restrictions. METHODS: A database of allied dental practitioners (ADP - oral health therapists, dental therapists and dental hygienists) was compiled from the public access register of the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency...
January 24, 2019: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30629292/the-monitor-practice-program-implications-for-dentistry-and-dental-education
#2
R W Evans
The restorative model of care, known colloquially as drilling and filling, has been challenged on the basis of its inappropriateness. The Caries Management System protocol was developed as an evidence-based strategy for non-surgical treatment of caries lesions and the Monitor Practice Program was designed to test the hypothesis that use of the protocol would reduce risk of dental caries experience. After 7 years, patients attending intervention practices, compared with those attending control practices, needed: 30-50% fewer restorative interventions; 55% fewer first time restorative interventions; 32% fewer repeat restorative interventions; and were only 23% as likely to be classified as high risk...
January 10, 2019: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30629287/general-health-benefits-from-good-oral-health
#3
LETTER
Joerg Eberhard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30628088/comparing-the-periodontal-tissue-response-to-non-surgical-scaling-and-root-planing-alone-adjunctive-azithromycin-or-adjunctive-amoxicillin-plus-metronidazole-in-generalized-chronic-moderate-to-severe-periodontitis-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
A Liaw, C Miller, A Nimmo
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of administrating adjunctive systemic antibiotics to expedite healing of periodontal tissues is a topic of interest given the lack of clear guidelines. AIM: To compare clinical outcomes in patients given adjunctive azithromycin (AZ), adjunctive amoxicillin plus metronidazole (AMX + MTZ), or scaling and root planing (SRP) alone in the treatment of moderate-to-severe chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients were randomly assigned into: SRP alone; 500 mg AMX plus 400 mg MTZ three times per day for 7 days; or 500 mg AZ for 3 days...
January 9, 2019: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525221/the-healing-of-dental-extraction-sockets-in-insulin-dependent-diabetic-patients-a-prospective-controlled-observational-study
#5
D J Power, P J Sambrook, A N Goss
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether there was a difference in delayed healing following dental extractions for insulin-dependent diabetics as compared to non-diabetic patients. METHODS: Prospective patients referred to the Adelaide Dental Hospital exodontia clinic for dental extractions were recruited into two groups: Known insulin-dependent diabetics and healthy non-diabetics. All had a random blood glucose level (BGL). Delayed healing cases were identified, and statistical evaluation was performed...
December 7, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525205/orofacial-neuralgia-associated-with-a-middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysm
#6
Raoul Julio Mascarenhas, Narada Dhitimantha Hapangama, Peter James Mews, Arjun Burlakoti, Sarbin Ranjitkar
Chronic orofacial pain of neuropathic origin can present diagnostic and management dilemmas to dental practitioners and also affect the patient's quality of life. Intracranial aneurysms are a potential cause of stroke, with associated sub-arachnoid haemorrhage leading to high rates of mortality and morbidity. A patient who had been previously managed for symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) presented with sharp, shooting pain of moderate intensity. It was precipitated by swallowing, and radiated to the right throat, posterior border of the mandible, ear and temporomandibular joint...
December 7, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30478859/missing-canines-a-novel-aetiology
#7
S M Roberts, S D Currell, Y Abdalla
Infant oral mutilation is the practice of removing developing tooth germs, commonly the mandibular canine, in infants up to the age of 1 year. Subsequent complications include missing, impacted or hypoplastic permanent anterior and canine teeth. We report on a case of bilaterally missing lower canines thought to be due to infant oral mutilation. It is important that general dental practitioners are aware of this practice and resulting complications when treating families from sub-Saharan East Africa.
November 27, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30467882/continuing-professional-development-quiz
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30467880/are-you-an-expert
#9
EDITORIAL
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30182386/peri-implant-inflammation-and-marginal-bone-level-changes-around-dental-implants-in-relation-to-proximity-with-and-bone-level-of-adjacent-teeth
#10
K T Ng, Mhm Fan, M C Leung, G Fokas, N Mattheos
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study assessed radiographic bone changes and prevalence of inflammation around teeth and neighbouring implants supporting a single-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP), in relation to implant- positioning and characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with an implant-supported FDP in function for at least 1 year were recruited. The radiographic horizontal and vertical position of the implants were identified. Probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and radiographic bone level around implants and adjacent teeth at the time of placement, prosthesis delivery, and the most recent review were assessed...
December 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30169909/medical-emergencies-in-dental-practice-management-requirements-and-international-practitioner-proficiency-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
M Vaughan, A Park, A Sholapurkar, A Esterman
The management of medical emergencies is widely considered a requisite skill for all dentists. Timely intervention of an emergency can significantly alter the outcome for a patient's morbidity and possible mortality. This scoping review examines the prevalence of medical emergencies in dental practice, as well as dentists' attitude, confidence, and competence, of medical emergency management within a dental setting. Key findings include a lack of preparedness towards medical emergencies, despite a universal recognition of the importance and desire to improve key medical skills...
December 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30144095/-spontaneous-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-two-case-reports-and-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
A Khominsky, Mawt Lim
Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a severe adverse drug effect consisting of bone destruction of the maxilla and/or mandible. The most common precipitating event described in the literature is the extraction of a tooth followed by "spontaneous" occurrence with no clear predisposing event. Current studies are investigating methods of managing dental extractions in patients at risk of MRONJ; however, no studies to date examine the aetiology and management of "spontaneous" MRONJ...
December 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30125372/caries-experience-of-children-with-cardiac-conditions-attending-the-royal-children-s-hospital-of-melbourne
#13
K J Oliver, Mmh Cheung, K Hallett, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Poor oral health in children with cardiac conditions can have negative effects on quality of life and increased risk of infective endocarditis. The aim of this study was to investigate the caries experience in children with cardiac conditions attending the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne. METHODS: Medical and dental records of 428 children aged <12 years were examined. Cardiac and other medical diagnoses, decayed, missing and filled surfaces/teeth were recorded and analysed...
December 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30069879/deciduous-dentition-approximal-caries-lesion-progression-and-regression-following-preventive-treatment-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
A Pakdaman, A Montazeri, R W Evans
The objective of this review was to investigate rates of caries lesion progression, arrest, and regression in approximal surfaces of deciduous teeth following secondary preventive interventions in order to inform caries management protocols. Studies published in English and other languages from 1960 till February 2017 were searched in electronic databases. Inclusion criteria were: randomized controlled clinical trials and longitudinal studies that involved non-invasive preventive treatment. We excluded: in vivo studies and incidence studies...
December 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30007068/antibiotic-resistance-and-relevance-to-general-dental-practice-in-australia
#15
REVIEW
L Teoh, K Stewart, R Marino, M McCullough
Antibiotic resistance is a well-established global public health crisis, with the use and misuse of antibiotics being the principal cause of bacterial resistance. Studies in both Australia and overseas have demonstrated that the dental prescribing of antibiotics is increasing and that dentists tend to prescribe antibiotics unnecessarily and for incorrect clinical indications. Dental practitioners in Australia also prefer to prescribe moderate to broad-spectrum antibacterial agents and make some inappropriate antibiotic prescribing choices...
December 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29963705/dentomaxillofacial-radiology-in-australia-and-dentist-satisfaction-with-radiology-reports
#16
D G Selim, C Sexton, P Monsour
BACKGROUND: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology (DMFR) is comprised of the smallest cohort of specialists in Australia. A survey was undertaken to assess awareness of DMFR, radiology reporting and referring protocols as well as dental practitioners' satisfaction with their radiology reporting arrangements. METHODS: An original online survey created using Checkbox† was sent to dental practitioners. The survey was promoted on Australian-based dental Facebook forums and emailed to targeted members via Australian professional dental associations...
December 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29947419/factors-affecting-periodontal-disease-referral-and-the-adherence-to-guidelines-among-general-dentists
#17
J Sum, V J O'Rourke
BACKGROUND: Current research highlights a need to investigate the factors affecting periodontal disease referral. Limited literature exists on periodontal disease referral in Australia and no comparison to the periodontal disease referral guidelines exists. OBJECTIVE: This study analyses the factors affecting periodontal disease referral and the adherence to guidelines in general dentists in Queensland, Australia. METHODS: Fifty-seven general dentists who are members of the Australian Dental Association (Queensland) undertook an online survey...
December 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30444538/does-poverty-cause-dental-caries
#18
Michael Foley, Harry F Akers
Dental caries generates significant health, financial and social costs to individuals and communities, but risk factors are not spread randomly and evenly throughout populations. People from lower socioeconomic status (SES) and disadvantaged groups suffer a disproportionately greater disease burden. Clinicians and public health experts view this problem through a different lens. Dentists at the clinical coalface consider individual risk factors and behaviours, for example sugar consumption, cariogenic bacteria and poor oral hygiene, as major causes of dental caries...
November 16, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30422323/arthrocentesis-in-the-management-of-internal-derangement-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#19
Kathryn A Briggs, Omar Breik, Ko Ito, Alastair Norman Goss
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) cover a wide spectrum of disorder; myalgic, arthralgic and psychogenic. The procedure of TMJ arthrocentesis has a role in managing patients with arthralgic pain and limitation if they fail to respond to non-surgical therapy. METHOD: The patient records of a single private specialist OMS were searched over the nine year period of 2006-2014 to identify patients who had arthrocentesis as part of their multidisciplinary management...
November 13, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30388299/a-call-for-greater-inclusion-of-gerodontology-in-the-dental-curriculum-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Angie Nilsson, Louise Young, Felicity Croker
AIM: This literature review explores the need for greater prominence of gerodontology in the undergraduate dental curriculum, focusing on the significance of gerodontology for dental students on clinical placements. BACKGROUND: As Australia's population ages the number of dentate older people is increasing. An assessment of the dental profession's preparedness, including that of future providers, is needed to ensure that this public health issue is addressed. METHODS: A database search was performed in MEDLINE (Ovid), CINAHL, and JCU OneSearch...
November 2, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
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