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Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica

Ugne Spancerniene, Juozas Grigas, Jurate Buitkuviene, Judita Zymantiene, Vida Juozaitiene, Milda Stankeviciute, Dainius Razukevicius, Dainius Zienius, Arunas Stankevicius
Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified of a typing error in the "Discussion" section.
January 31, 2019: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Thomas Henniger, Pauline Henniger, Thekla Grossmann, Ottmar Distl, Martin Ganter, Friederike D von Loewenich
Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified of a typing error under the "Laboratory test results" section.
January 30, 2019: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Julie Føske Johnsen, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Knut Egil Bøe, Stine Margrethe Gulliksen, Annabelle Beaver, Ann Margaret Grøndahl, Tore Sivertsen, Cecilie Marie Mejdell
BACKGROUND: For suckling dairy calves, different management routines to ensure sufficient colostrum intake are applied: visual assessment, hand feeding supplemental colostrum or assistance. However, knowledge on the efficacy of these methods to prevent failure of passive transfer [FPT: serum immunoglobulin (IgG) < 10 g/L] is lacking. Our objectives were to explore FPT prevalence in suckling dairy calves and associations with common management routines to ensure colostrum intake...
January 30, 2019: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Birgit Aasmäe, Liidia Häkkinen, Tanel Kaart, Piret Kalmus
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of resistant Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp. in food-producing animals has increased worldwide. The objective of the study was to investigate the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis isolated from healthy and diseased swine and cattle in Estonia. Clinical specimen and faecal samples were collected during 2010 to 2015. The in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility was determined using the microdilution method...
January 21, 2019: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Celine Kaae Laforet, Gunita Deksne, Heidi Huus Petersen, Pikka Jokelainen, Maria Vang Johansen, Brian Lassen
Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic parasite of worldwide importance. In this study, we estimated T. gondii seroprevalence in extensively farmed wild boars in Denmark, where little is known about T. gondii in animal hosts. Our study focused on wild boars because they are considered good indicator species for the presence of T. gondii, and wild boar meat is used for human consumption. Serum samples from 101 wild boars collected in 2016-2018 from five different locations from the continental part of Denmark, Jutland, were screened for anti-T...
January 15, 2019: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Gessica Giusto, Selina Iussich, Massimiliano Tursi, Giovanni Perona, Marco Gandini
BACKGROUND: Hand-sewn intestinal anastomoses are a fundamental procedure in both open and laparoscopic intestinal surgery. Self-retaining barbed suture devices have been tested for a variety of surgical applications. With the exception of clinical reports and various experimental studies on enterotomy, little has been published so far on the use of barbed suture for end-to-end intestinal anastomoses. The aim of the study was to compare two different barbed suture materials for end-to-end jejuno-jejunal anastomosis in pigs...
January 5, 2019: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Leslie Antonio González-Grajales, Laura Pieper, Philipp Görner, Stefan Görner, Rudolf Staufenbiel
BACKGROUND: Standardization of the intravenous glucose tolerance test (ivGTT) in cattle has received little attention despite its widespread use to monitor glucose metabolism. The impact of management practices including several sensorial stimuli on test responses has not yet been described in young cattle. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of noise exposure, and visual food stimuli in combination with physical restraint on ivGTT and insulin traits in Holstein cattle...
January 5, 2019: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Sandra Schöniger, Enrika Schütze, Dominik Michalski, Joana Puchta, Matthias Kaiser, Wolfgang Härtig
BACKGROUND: This case report describes a focal brain lesion in an alpaca (Vicugna pacos). Although this is a restricted study based on a single animal, neuropathological features are reported that are most likely attributed to a vascular event with either ischemic or hemorrhagic pathology. Concerning translational issues, these findings extend neurovascular unit concept to the alpacas' brain and qualify a larger panel of stroke tissue markers for further exploration of ischemic or hemorrhagic consequences beyond the usually used small animal models in stroke research...
January 3, 2019: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Anna Bergh, Constanza Bernardita Gómez Álvarez, Marie Rhodin, Pia Gustås
BACKGROUND: Swinging limb lameness is defined as a motion disturbance ascribed to a limb in swing phase. Little is known about its biomechanics in dogs, particularly about the body motions that accompany it, such as vertical head and pelvic motion asymmetry. The aim of this study was to describe the changes in vertical head and pelvic motion asymmetry in dogs with induced swinging limb motion disturbance, mimicking a swinging limb lameness. Fore- and hind-limb lameness was induced in ten sound dogs by placing a weight (200 g) proximal to the carpus or tarsus, respectively...
December 29, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Katia Marioni-Henry, Debiao Zaho, Pablo Amengual-Batle, Nina Marie Rzechorzek, Michael Clinton
In this pilot study we investigated the expression of 14 microRNAs in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of dogs with neoplastic, inflammatory and degenerative disorders affecting the central nervous system (CNS). CSF microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles were compared to those from dogs with neurological signs but no evidence of structural or inflammatory CNS disease. Seven miRNAs were easily detected in all samples: miR-10b-5p, miR-19b, miR-21-5p, miR-30b-5p, miR-103a-3p, miR-124, and miR-128-3p. Expression of miR-10b-5p was significantly higher in the neoplastic group compared to other groups...
December 18, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Lauge Hjorth Mikkelsen, Frederik Holm, Erik Clasen-Linde, Pernille Engraff, Steffen Heegaard
BACKGROUND: Eyelid tumours are frequently found in dogs, most of these being benign. In case of an ulcerating eyelid tumour, malignancy must be considered. We report a unique case of a low-grade peripheral T-cell lymphoma in the eyelid of a 9-year-old English Setter. CASE PRESENTATION: A 9-year-old Setter presented with a 6-month history of an eyelid ulcer. A malignant eyelid neoplasm was suspected, and the lesion was surgically excised. No other treatment was applied, and 19 months after excision the dog was still well...
December 6, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Marjolein Lisette den Toom, Guy Grinwis, Robert-Jan van Suylen, Susanne Adetokunbo Boroffka, Pim de Jong, Frank Geurt van Steenbeek, Viktor Szatmári
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare cause of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in humans and can be classified in idiopathic, heritable, drug and radiation-induced, and associated with connective tissue disease or human immunodeficiency virus infection. Recently, biallelic mutations of the EIF2AK4 gene have been discovered as a cause for an autosomal recessive form of PVOD in humans. In dogs, PAH is poorly characterized and is generally considered to be idiopathic or secondary to (for example) congenital left-to right cardiovascular shunts or heartworm disease...
December 5, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Carl Ekstrand, Carina Ingvast-Larsson, Ulf Bondesson, Mikael Hedeland, Lena Olsén
BACKGROUND: Cetirizine is an antihistamine used in dogs, but plasma concentrations in relation to effect after oral administration are not well studied. This study investigated cetirizine exposure and the plasma cetirizine concentration-antihistamine response relation in the dog following oral administration of cetirizine. RESULTS: Eight Beagle dogs were included in a cross-over study consisting of two treatments. In treatment one, cetirizine 2-4 mg/kg was administered per os once daily for 3 days...
November 26, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Kamil Dobrzyn, Nina Smolinska, Marta Kiezun, Karol Szeszko, Edyta Rytelewska, Katarzyna Kisielewska, Marlena Gudelska, Tadeusz Kaminski
BACKGROUND: Orexin A (OXA) and orexin B (OXB) are hypothalamic-derived peptides that participate in the regulation of energy metabolism, food intake and reproductive function by influencing the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Orexins are also produced in the endometrium, myometrium and placenta, which suggests that they could act as a link between energy metabolism and the reproductive system. Changes in the expression of orexin and the orexin receptor genes and proteins during the oestrous cycle and early gestation in pigs imply that orexin activity may be regulated by local factors within the uterus...
November 26, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Raquel Álvarez-Alonso, Jesús Felix Barandika, Francisco Ruiz-Fons, Ione Ortega-Araiztegi, Isabel Jado, Ana Hurtado, Ana Luisa García-Pérez
Bulk tank milk (BTM) samples were collected from 81 sheep flocks in the Basque Country, Spain, in 2015 and were analysed for antibodies against Coxiella burnetii by ELISA and for C. burnetii DNA by real-time PCR. Thirty-two percent of the flocks had BTM antibodies against C. burnetii. Presence of C. burnetii DNA in BTM was detected in 23% of the flocks, suggesting recent C. burnetii infections. Retrospective data of BTM samples obtained from 154 sheep flocks investigated in 2005 in the same geographic area were compiled to assess temporal changes in C...
November 20, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Florian Martin Niethammer, Julia Ade, Ludwig Eduard Hoelzle, Benjamin Schade
BACKGROUND: The significance of hemotrophic mycoplasma in cattle remains unclear. Especially in Europe, their epidemiological parameters as well as pathophysiological influence on cows are lacking. The objectives of this study were: (1) to describe the prevalence of 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemobos' ('C. M. haemobos') and Mycoplasma wenyonii (M. wenyonii) in Bavaria, Germany; (2) to evaluate their association with several blood parameters; (3) to explore the potential of vertical transmission in Simmental cattle; and (4) to evaluate the accuracy of acridine-orange-stained blood smears compared to real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results to detect hemotrophic mycoplasma...
November 16, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Julie Melsted Birch, Jens Frederik Agger, Bent Aalbæk, Tina Struve, Anne Sofie Hammer, Henrik Elvang Jensen
BACKGROUND: Pre-weaning diarrhea (PWD) in mink, also known as "sticky kits", is a frequently occurring syndrome in suckling mink kits on commercial mink farms. Outbreaks of PWD result in weakened kits, increased mortality and reduced growth and welfare as well as considerable economic losses for the farmers. The syndrome is regarded as multifactorial with a complex etiology, and studies have focused on associations with environment, management and dam characteristics. The present study was conducted from May to June 2015 and included 70 dams with mink litters with and without PWD...
November 12, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Jan-Niklas Mehl, Matthias Lüpke, Ann-Cathrin Brenner, Peter Dziallas, Patrick Wefstaedt, Hermann Seifert
BACKGROUND: Nephropathies are among the most common diseases in dogs. Regular examination of the kidney function plays an important role for an adequate treatment scheme. The determination of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is seen as the gold standard in assessing the kidney status. Most of the tests have the disadvantage that only the complete glomerular filtration rate of both kidneys can be assessed and not the single kidney glomerular filtration rate. Imaging examination techniques like dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging have the potential to evaluate the single kidney GFR...
November 6, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Hirotaka Tokushige, Atsushi Okano, Daisuke Arima, Hideki Ito, Yoshinori Kambayashi, Yohei Minamijima, Minoru Ohta
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate clinical efficacy of constant rate infusions (CRIs) of medetomidine-propofol combined with sevoflurane anesthesia in Thoroughbred racehorses undergoing arthroscopic surgery. Thirty horses were sedated intravenously (IV) with medetomidine (6.0 μg/kg) and midazolam (0.02 mg/kg) and induced IV with ketamine (1.0 mg/kg) and propofol (1.0 mg/kg). These horses were randomly allocated to three groups and maintained with sevoflurane and CRI of either medetomidine (3...
November 5, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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