Adriana Czerwik, Tereza Jarešová, Agnieszka Olszewska, Daniela Farke, Martin Jürgen Schmidt, Hendrik Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Acute canine polyradiculoneuritis is one of the most common polyneuropathies occurring in dogs. The disease is very similar to the Guillain-Barré syndrome in humans. In veterinary medicine, there is no established treatment for this disease, while in human medicine, therapeutic plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin administration are two main immunotherapy treatments of this syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old male Jack Russel Terrier was presented with a history of acute weakness of the pelvic limbs progressing to flaccid tetraplegia with respiratory compromise...
March 27, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Krista Tuominen, Sara Frosth, Karl Pedersen, Thomas Rosendal, Susanna Sternberg Lewerin
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) is widely spread in pig herds in many countries. However, the knowledge regarding the survival of LA-MRSA in the pig farm environment is currently limited. The aim of this study was to assess the survival of LA-MRSA on different surface materials found in the farm environment. The study investigated the survival of two different LA-MRSA strains belonging to the clonal complex (CC) 398 on four different surfaces: stainless steel, polypropylene plastic, K30 concrete and commercial concrete disk coupons...
March 21, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Maria Bennet Hörnfeldt, Jacob Kvesel Mortensen
Mammary gland tumours are the most frequent tumours in intact female dogs and surgery remains the main treatment modality. Surgery is traditionally performed according to the lymphatic drainage of the mammary glands, but robust evidence is still lacking on what surgical dose is the smallest and results in the best outcome. The objective of the study was to investigate whether choice of surgical dose influences treatment outcome in dogs with mammary tumours and to identify current gaps in research that need to be filled in future studies for identifying the smallest surgical dose with the best possible outcome...
March 11, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Outi Marita Turkki, Kristina Westberg Sunesson, Erik den Hertog, Katarina Varjonen
BACKGROUND: Pyometra is commonly seen in intact bitches and is usually treated by ovariohysterectomy. Few studies have reported the frequency of postoperative complications, particularly beyond the immediate postoperative period. Swedish national antibiotic prescription guideline provides suggestions about which antibiotics should be used and when in individuals undergoing surgery. Studies on how well clinicians adhere to these guidelines, and on the outcome for these patients, have not been evaluated for cases of canine pyometra...
March 6, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Luca Bellini, Magdalena Schrank, Irene Alessandra Veladiano, Barbara Contiero, Antonio Mollo
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal intubation in rabbits is challenging and supraglottic airway devices, such as laryngeal masks (LMA), represent an alternative as they are easy to insert, and do not stimulate the larynx requiring therefore a lighter plane of anaesthesia for their insertion and positioning than the endotracheal tubes. We investigated whether, compared to an endotracheal tube, the LMA can reduce the negative effects of general anaesthetics on some cardiovascular and respiratory parameters routinely monitored in rabbits anaesthetized for elective gonadectomy...
March 1, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Edyta Kaczorek-Łukowska, Kerstin Wernike, Martin Beer, Alicja Blank, Joanna Małaczewska, Mirosława Blank, Anna Jałonicka, Andrzej Krzysztof Siwicki
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first identified in China by the end of 2019 and was responsible for a pandemic in the human population that resulted in millions of deaths worldwide. Since the beginning of the pandemic, the role of animals as spill-over or reservoir hosts was discussed. In addition to cats and dogs, ferrets are becoming increasingly popular as companion animals. Under experimental conditions, ferrets are susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 and it appears that they can also be infected through contact with a SARS-CoV-2 positive owner...
February 28, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Morten Tryland, Cristina Wetzel Cunha, Boris Fuchs, Eva Marie Breines, Hong Li, Pikka Jokelainen, Sauli Laaksonen
BACKGROUND: Reindeer herding and husbandry is a traditional and important livelihood in Fennoscandia, and about 200,000 semi-domesticated reindeer are herded in Finland. Climatic changes, leading to ice-locked winter pastures, and encroachment of pasture-land have led to changes in reindeer husbandry, increasing the extent of supplementary or full ration feeding, which has become very common in Finland. Keeping reindeer in corrals or gathering them at permanent feeding sites will increase nose-to-nose contact between animals and they may be exposed to poor hygienic conditions...
February 22, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Vanessa Cunningham Gmyterco, Tomasz Jagielski, Gustavo Baldasso, Louise Helene Bacher, Márcio Garcia Ribeiro, Marconi Rodrigues de Farias
BACKGROUND: Protothecosis is a rare infectious disease caused by unicellular, achlorophyllous, microalgae of the genus Prototheca, ubiquitously distributed in nature. The algae are emerging pathogens, whose incidence is increasing in both human and animal populations and serious systemic infections related to this pathogen have been increasingly described in humans in recent years. After mastitis in dairy cows, canine protothecosis is the second most prevalent form of the protothecal disease in animals...
February 21, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Benjamin Ulrich Bauer, Martin Runge, Melanie Schneider, Laura Könenkamp, Imke Steffen, Wiebke Rubel, Martin Ganter, Clara Schoneberg
The intracellular bacteria Anaplasma spp. and Coxiella burnetii and the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) are tick-transmitted pathogens circulating in the southern German sheep population. Knowledge of interaction among Anaplasma spp., C. burnetii and TBEV in sheep is lacking, but together they might promote and reinforce disease progression. The current study aimed to identify co-exposure of sheep to Anaplasma spp., C. burnetii and TBEV. For this purpose, 1,406 serum samples from 36 sheep flocks located in both southern German federal states, Baden-Wuerttemberg and Bavaria, were analysed by ELISAs to determine the antibody levels of the three pathogens...
February 15, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Teresa Pirollo, Alberto Perolo, Simone Mantegari, Ilaria Barbieri, Federico Scali, Giovanni Loris Alborali, Cristian Salogni
BACKGROUND: Streptococcal infections are one of the main causes of fish disease. During the last decade, Streptococcus iniae has become one of the most important aquatic pathogens worldwide, causing high losses in marine and freshwater finfish. Clinical signs in farmed fish include loss of appetite, lethargy and grouping at the bottom of the tank. Gross changes comprise darkening of the skin and haemorrhage at the basis of fins and opercula. To date, S. iniae has been isolated from several wild and farmed fish species but never in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla)...
February 14, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Hai-Feng Liu, Xiao-Yao Huang, Zhe-Meng Li, Zi-Yao Zhou, Zhi-Jun Zhong, Guang-Neng Peng
BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug resistance among enterococci makes effective treatment of enterococcal infections more challenging. Giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) are vulnerable to oral trauma and lesions as they feast on bamboo. Enterococci may contaminate such oral lesions and cause infection necessitating treatment with antibiotics. However, few studies have focused on the virulence and drug resistance of oral-derived enterococci, including Enterococcus faecium, in giant pandas...
February 3, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Dominique Leu, Beatriz Vidondo, Veronika Stein, Franck Forterre
BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) is a common diagnosis and well-investigated pathological condition in French Bulldogs with neurological deficiencies. However there is currently only one recently published retrospective descriptive study looking for recurrence rates of IVDD in French Bulldogs. Medical reports of French Bulldogs with a first episode of IVDD and surgical treatment were evaluated and reviewed for clinical signs of recurrence. Risk factors for Total-Recurrence, Cervical- and Thoracolumbar-Recurrence were evaluated by means of logistic regression models...
February 2, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Dimitrios T Matralis, Alexander F Koutinas, Ioanna E Papadogiannaki, Elias G Papadopoulos, Emmanouil I Papadogiannakis
BACKGROUND: Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) is a systemic disease caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania infantum with a wide spectrum of clinical signs, with cutaneous, ocular, renal and lymphoreactive conditions prevailing in the clinical setting. The immune system plays a pivotal role in the evolution of Leishmania infection and its response to antileishmanial treatment. Cytokines are important immune response mediators that are released by activated lymphocytes and less so by other immunocytes...
January 26, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Ida Sofie Thuesen, Helena Mejer, Jørgen Steen Agerholm, Stine Thorsø Nielsen, Pikka Jokelainen, Stig Milan Thamsborg, Peter Sandøe
BACKGROUND: Populations of unowned unsocialised cats are present worldwide. Generally, there is concern about their welfare. Low body condition score (BCS) is a potentially relevant indicator that is relatively easy to assess: emaciated cats are likely to have welfare problems while thin cats may be at risk of becoming emaciated. The objective of this study was to assess the association of low BSC with a selection of factors relating to the host, disease, and infection in unowned unsocialised domestic cats...
January 23, 2023: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Petra Heikkinen, Marja Isomursu, Antti Oksanen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2022: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Magdalena Schrank, Marco Sozzi, Antonio Mollo
BACKGROUND: Dystocia is an important limiting factor in animal breeding due to its cost, stress for the mother and risk of death for the neonates. Assessment of incidence and characteristics of dystocia and the inherent risk of Cesarean section are of major importance. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reproductive performance of Bernese Mountain Dogs in Switzerland, with a particular focus on the prevalence of Cesarean sections due to dystocia, and identification of possible risk factors...
December 28, 2022: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Ueli Braun, Karl Nuss, Sarah Reif, Monika Hilbe, Christian Gerspach
BACKGROUND: Although left and right displacement of the abomasum and abomasal volvulus are well-known disorders of cattle, a comparative evaluation of the clinical, laboratory and ultrasonographic findings of these types of abomasal displacements has not been undertaken. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare these conditions in a large population of cows. The medical records of 1982 dairy cows with left displaced abomasum (LDA, n = 1341), right displaced absomasum (RDA, n = 338) and abomasal volvulus (AV, n = 303) were searched for the results of clinical, laboratory and ultrasonographic evaluations...
December 20, 2022: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Hertta Pirkkalainen, Dörte Döpfer, Timo Soveri, Minna Kujala-Wirth
Digital dermatitis (DD) is the most significant infectious hoof disorder of cattle in Europe. Hoof baths are one of the most common control methods. Copper sulphate and formalin are commonly used in hoof baths, but their use is problematic in many European countries for health, environmental and safety reasons. Ozonated water and acidified copper sulphate were tested as prevention of DD in a 5-month study. Data were derived from 302 hind feet of Holstein and Estonian Red cows (no. of cows = 151) from a commercial dairy farm in Estonia...
December 20, 2022: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Tuuli Maria Åhlberg, Tarja Susanna Jokinen, Hanna Maija Salonen, Outi Maria Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Sari Helena Mölsä
BACKGROUND: Perineal hernia (PH) is a relatively common condition in intact male dogs, but the etiology remains unclear. The objective of this study was to assess the contribution of gastrointestinal (GI), neurological, and orthopedic conditions to the development of PH in male dogs. Patient history with a focus on chronic GI disease was assessed using an owner questionnaire. Neurological conditions were explored, applying neurological, electromyographic (EMG), and motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) examinations and combining these with computed tomography (CT) imaging...
December 17, 2022: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Kamilla Pedersen, Linda Loisa Kruhøffer, Jens Lykkesfeldt, Birgitte Saima Kousholt
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular blocking agents are frequently administered to pigs used for research. In humans, administration of the drugs is not without risk and may result in accidental awareness under general anaesthesia and postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade that can lead to serious respiratory complications. Despite the extensive administration, the pharmacodynamics of neuromuscular blocking agents are not thoroughly studied in pigs. Therefore, this study investigates the neuromuscular response of two infusion rates of rocuronium, a commonly used non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent...
December 15, 2022: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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